Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 1, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, Ffbruiry 1, 197S THE LETHBRIPQE HERALD People of the south By Chris Stewart Happiness is serving others THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Motley Want to be productive, happy and well? Follow 87 year old Albert T. King's ad- vice and change your lifestyle. Instead of living aimlessly, choose a good purpose and you'll be the happiest person alive! The sprightly, Cockney par- son, believed to be Canada's sole remaining active Congregational minister, whose recipe for happiness is best expressed in the Presbyterian church's catechism, "to know God and enjoy Him forever" claims this theme gives motivation, dimension and a goal to life. He admits many won't agree with him but that, doesn't alter his view. His only regret, he says, is that individuals are missing the adventure such a purpose offers and he wishes today's youth could be challenged to choose it. "They're looking for excite- ment and he said, "when nothing can possibly compare with the challenge of Christian commitment." He should know. His chosen purpose, to give his life to spreading the Christian gospel, made over 60 years ago in his native London, has taken him from Scotland's stormy North Sea coast to Southern Alberta's Chinook belt. In the northerly Orkney and Shetland islands and Arbroth he ministered to God fearing fisher folk who followed the herring fleet south to Yarmouth. Even though he lacked a guaranteed income, a fixed address and the side benefits expected by wage earners, he identified with and developed a sensi- tivity to the warm-hearted, generous Scots with their deep dependence on God for safety and sustenance as they comb- ed the sea for food. It was in Scotland in 1915 he married fellow missionary Ann Jefferson from Hull, England. Following his First World War military service in North Wales and Salisbury Plains she accompanied him as a missionary to Newfoundland in 1919 and tirelessly sup- ported him until her death four years In Newfoundland he learned to steer the two masted vessel, "Mary through miles of treacherous Atlantic seas; served as a doc- tor, dentist, minister, teacher and school administrator at Little Bay East, Fortune Bay and even as scribe to the young lovers who asked him to write and decipher their love letters (only the postmaster and store manager among the village's 32 residents could read or The only clergyman and medical person available and known as both "father" and "doctor" (a physician served the area only three months a year) he learned to set bones and pull teeth with surprising success, thanks to his brief London medical .course plus the help from invaluable medical books he carried with him. With the nearest hospital 300 miles away by sea, the closest neighboring settle- ment five miles distant and no telephones available, his com- munication was almost nil. Totally dependent on islanders coming by boat to summon him for help he kept his medical supplies and two bunk craft ready to leave for distant coves at a moment's notice. He trusted the Lord and good common sense when faced with puzzling cases and even surprised himself at his splendid recovery rate. He knew he was unable to help the man brought to him lying flat in the bottom of a dory, too sick to stand up. He could only send him home to die and be buried in a village built coffin placed on a rocky ledge and cemented over to preserve it from the wind and rain, as was done with all mid winter burials when the ground was too frozen for digging. As school administrator he frequently would pinch hit for the lone female teacher who served the three, tiny Fortune Bay schools opened at two-month intervals. His strong sense of humor saved him in many difficult situations like the time he, in an attempt to furnish milk for his family, imported a cow by coastal steamer only to learn no one at Fortune Bay could milk it. There was nothing to do but import a milk -maid as well, who ended up staying with the Kings and assisting with housework. He saw humor in his dilemma follow- ing his purchase of what he believed to be sacks of pullets at 25 cents apiece. He had had visions of omelets and sponge cakes for days (they hadn't seen an egg since their New- foundland arrival) until he discovered to his dismay he hadn't a cackling hen among them, only crowing roosters running about everywhere. In desperation he ordered corn from St. John's to fatten them and then treated his family to so much roasted rooster they too were practically crowing. Grey rabbits, cariboo and wild birds were plentiful but since fresh vegetables arrived only annually by steamer and the village store was limited to selling molasses, tea and flour, Mrs. King's nutritious oatmeal bread augmented their frugal diet and kept the King family healthy. In one emergency, when supplies ran out, the village men trekked 30 miles to Placentia Bay for government sponsored sacks of Hour. Deciding to leave New- foundland following his three year assignment, due to lack of adequate schooling for his children, but unwilling to return to England, he emigrated to North Sydney, Nova Scotia, where the im- migration officer, learning he was both jobless and homeless simply threw up his hands in disgust and wished him luck while the surprised mis- sionary, confident God would lead him, concluded here was yet another man who "didn't know the 23rd Psalm." Hadn't God supplied for him before and wouldn't he'continue to do so, he reasoned. Assured, he wired the Congregational Church's Montreal head- quarters for directions and was assigned to New Brunswick's historioSheffield Church near Fredericton, originally built in 1763 by Massachusetts settlers. The old, white structure, resembling a New England meeting hall, with its gallery around three sides, square box pews, equipped with in- dividual doors and three large front entrances (the centre one reserved for settlers' slaves) was a stately edifice compared to the humble sanc- tuary Albert King had known in Little Bay East. It was here he claims his late wife Ann .introduced women's lib when, with her minister husband ill in bed, she mounted the high steps leading to the pulpit on Easter Sunday morning to preach a resurrection sermon to startled parishioners who had never heard of a woman preacher before, let alone seen one! Awaiting the congregation's reaction the Kings were surprised when several elders arrived next day to report, "You can be sick as often as you like with a wife like that to do the Completing his required correspondence courses at Montreal University, Rev. King was ordained to the ministry (by the father of Dr. A. B, B. Moore, past moderator of the United Church of Canada) and ap- pointed by the Maritime United Church conference (before the 1925 union of the Congregational, United and Presbyterian churches) to a Presbyterian church at New Carlisle, Quebec, with a view to bringing it into union. He subsequently served several Maritime-congregations until two decades ago when his son, Rev. Albert E. King, then assistant to Dr. Nelson Mercer at. Southminster United Church asked him to come to Fort Macleod. Hav- ing then reached the accepted retirement age of 65, but still fired with the urge to "go west, young man" he, at what he prefers to term the "re treading" age, commenced an exciting western career. Later named assistant at Southminster, in charge of home and hospital visitation for the past 18 years, he has officiated at hundreds of wed- dings and funerals and has preached in numerous area churches. He officiated at the wedding of his own daughter, Muriel Holbertoh of Calgary and sons, Albert, minister at Victoria's Metropolitan United Church for the last 10 years and Ernest, engaged in electronics in Montreal. He has 10 grandchildren. Rev. King shuns idleness. He claims he has been busier these past 20 odd years than at any time in his life. When approached, hd offers valued advice, attends workshops on worship and evangelism like those offered at McKillop United Church recently, accepts preaching engage- ments and is busy assist- ing fellow guests at the Green Acres Lodge where he resides. He's off to Victoria in early February to contribute to the 114th anniversary of the Metropolitan Church after participating in his last ser- vice at Southminster at 11 a.m. Feb. 2. As ex chairman of the Senior Citizen's Home Service and board member of the Original Pensioners and Senior Citizen's Society he was honored by fellow members Thursday prior to departing from Lethbridge to make his home in Calgary. He was also instrumental in bringing senior citizen's hous- ing to the city when the Gait Nursing Home and additional residences were used to house some 60 pensioners, (before the Green Acres Lodge, one of the provinces initial 50 senior citizen's residences was I'll long remember Rev. King's views on aging. "If a man doesn't learn to live hap- pily before he's 65 he certainly won't do so he said, and "If you don't retire gratefully you'll never grow old gracefully." Claiming to be modern in his theology while evangelical in his delivery he refutes the view that education alone can change the world. "What is he said, "is a recognition of Christ as the Redeemer, the One who can give spiritual life to all who believe in Him. This alone can provide the moral foundation the world needs." He laughed as he warned, "You'll never get rich follow- ing my but somehow, after interviewing this tall, gentle minister the thought of acquiring material wealth seemed paltry to me. He had so impressed me with his emphasis that "more impor- tant than making a living was making a and that "the greatness of man is not measured by his length of life, his breadth of influence or his height of success, but rather by the depth of his love and devotion." Rev. A. T. King Kcrher photo Book review History from the wives' viewpoint "Red Serge author and editor, Mrs. Joy Duncan (Centennial Book Committee, 247 A fitting title for the first chapter of the book, Red Serge Wives, is They Also Served, a tribute to the earliest wives of the North West Mounted Police. Mrs. Joy Duncan writes of the few references found in early documents of wives of the men in scarlet. Her opening paragraphs barely mentions the work she must have done to ferret out these stories. Mrs. Duncan, nurse, wife and mother of two, lives in High River. Her first novel, Cry of the Loon, is with the publisher now. This busy lass had but two months to research material for the first and third part of Red Serge Wives as well as edit the stories submitted by the wives of veterans across Canada! We have heard so much of Colonel James F. Macleod and his men in the last two years, now we read of Mrs. Mary Macleod coping with her new life and a story of Mrs. Bray, the daughter of an early settler of the Cypress Hills who married Sgt. J. H. G. Bray in 1876. Constable McKay's wife (no first name) shared great danger with her husband during the Riel Rebellion. Now we read of social life in Fort Macleod and Lethbridge and the par- ticipation of the wives of of- ficers. tion of the wives of officers. Being personally involved with the history and life of the force, I find myself rereading the book. Joy Duncan brings to life the few facts found regarding the women of the force, and they truly are the "women" of the force. They had to, and still have to, be "approved" to become the wife of a member. How often when a group of friends get together, telling stories of what used to be, it is said "We could write a book." Well, four RCMP veterans, wives did just that. They gathered stories from across Canada and these reminiscences make up the second portion of Red Serge Wives. .One might at first feel they are repetitious, living conditions are continually mentioned as being less than suitable. However, anyone subject to transfer will agree that it is something with which a wife has to cope. The stories therefore substantiate each other rather than repeat themselves. Living conditions in some northern and small communities haven't improv- ed stories are still being told. This year the first uni- formed, on strength, female members of the RCMP are about to graduate, but there were women "on strength" before. The experiences related reveal the part these young wives were forced to take, helping (heir husbands serve the people. It is appall- ing to read that a prisoner could be chained to the kitchen stove, awaiting a trip to jail. Imagine a young bride stepping around an offender while doing her housework. Imagine being the only person available to stitch a wound. Imagine being attacked by sled dogs. The fears, the bravery, the humor, the joys all that makes up the lives of the women of the force; the stories are there and they are true. Loneliness and despair are there as well, a diary (early 1900s) is the third and final portion, it speaks for many, past and present. A remarkable book, bound to bring tears to the eyes of pioneer women from all walks of life, be they tears of laughter, sadness or tears of a kindred soul. DONNA COULTER Books in brief "Lonesome Little Colt" by C. W. Anderson; (Collier Mac- millan Canada, Ltd., J.K, 47 This large print paperback is a charming little story for pre schoolers and not so young horse fanciers. H is beautifully illustrated with full page sketches of children and animals on every second sheet. MARY HEINITZ That queer nature It is said that man is a machine, but he is the only machine that blushes or needs to. That phrase, "needs is the real punch of the epigram. This strange creature is made ftp of an infinitely complex network of intellectual, emotional, and spiritual forces that defy the organization of scientist and engineer. This was brought out in homely fashion in the conversation of a man and his wife. He was reading to her from an article that predicted very shortly the establishment of a completely socialized order. She asked him what a "socialized order" meant. He replied that the government would -run everything. The wife replied thoughtfully, "Well, they're going to have a hard time with the Jones boy." Exactly! Mr. Lester Pearson found that out the hard way. Back in the early sixties he and his brain trust decided that politics should enter the computer age and become more scientific. He had some brigh t young fellows who believ- ed that politics should be streamlined, be a matter of push buttons and mechanics. It did not work out that way. Human motives are too unpredictable to fit any technology. Indeed there is a profound resentment against being treated as part of the industrial and social automation, as well there might be when one considers where technological development has taken society, the degrada- tion of cities and the countryside, the loss of serenity and beauty. A large body of opinion has come to challenge the modern mystical conviction that scientific and technical developments necessarily contribute to the health, happiness, and physical or mental goodness of human beings. When anyone makes the statement, "Survival of the he is likely to be met with the question, "Fittest for Could it be that the Advancement of Learn- ing could lead to the Regression of Man? Lewis Mumford thinks so and contends that the archetypal hero of our time is no other than Eichniann, "the correct functionary, the perfect bureaucrat, proud to the end that he never allowed a moral scruple or a human sentiment to keep him from carrying out the orders that came from above." Recently in the Watergate and associated crimes the same mentality and morality appeared odiously. Man, having been schooled on Darwin, Nietzsche, Marx, and Freud, con- sidering himself the product of a simian ancestry and environment, a puppet doomed fatalistically by mechanical evolution, is condemned to a world without values and in- different to personality. His lot in life: to fit the cogs of industry which has lost its high function in the service of humanity and exists for production, consumption, and profit. In the U.S: in a year a million persons are hospitalized for mental disease, over 10 million are considered in need of psychiatric treatment, at least commit suicide, and over a billion tablets of meprobamate are sold in a year. Strangely the highest rates of drug addiction, suicide, divorce, and alcoholism occur in countries enjoying the greatest material prosperity and highest level of social legislation and material stan- dard of living. These countries also suffer most from boredom and loneliness. The worst fallacy afflicting Western civilization is that there is no problem that enough money will not cure. Money will get the scientists who can solve anything. Such nonsense leads to waste of scientists as well as expenditures on trivial and futile matters. John Maynard Keynes held, that the Western World had the resources and techni- ques to reduce the economic problem to secondary importance, so that mankind could pass on to the "real problems" of moral and spiritual life, of creation and behavior and religion. There is no sign of this transition, no sign that man is aware of his real problem. So Lord Rutherford could say to Samuel Alex- ander, the English philosopher, "What is it that you have been saying all your life, Alex- ander? Hot air, nothing but hot air." Seduced by -technology and science, man lives in a literally eccentric world having lost the spiritual centre of being and looks out into an infinite emptiness in space where there is no joy but only godless terror. Man is trying to organize his life before he has decided what life is for, what its purpose is, and what man's nature is. Man has been downgraded to a monstrous nonentity, an industrial and political unity, a biological phenomenon, a being with no song on his lips who amounts to very little, whose existence is an absurdity, and whose whole nature has been reduced to a vulgar fraction. How thrilling it would be if man could recover the real meaning of his mission on earth: "Now are we the sons of God and it doth not yet appear what we shall be." This is the true man, the complex man, the being with' infinite possibilities, as someone said, "man is a folder of unfinished business." The University of Lelhbridge APERTURE Dr. Cluirles Srhotl The problem of vandalism Dr. Charles Schott received his PhD degree in social sciences from Syracuse University. After teaching at Syracuse and Dubuque Universities Dr. Schott came to the Universi- ty of Lethbridge Faculty of Education in 1968. His special interests lie in educational foun- dations and he has recently concluded an ex- tensive research project on school van- dalism. In the last few years school vandalism, an incident formerly associated with the presence in school of a few destructive "bad boys" and, perhaps, some has taken on the magnitude of a major social and economic problem for educators. The cost to Alberta taxpayers is conservatively es- timated at annually. For the most part the attitude has been, and for many administrators still is, to clean up and repair the damage and "suffer in silence." For others a bit more militant and less patient, the immediate solution lies in a "beefed-up1 security system one that would convert the schools within their system into forbidding fortresses capable of repell- ing all invaders. Most school districts which face vandalism as a problem report trying at least one or more kinds of security measures. Included are various electronic surveillance systems; "silent" alarms; outside flood lighting; in- side night lighting; use of guard dogs; zone policing; police in the schools; security guard forces; chain wire fencing'; 24 hour custodial schedules and parent vigilante groups. It must be emphasized at this time that the total cost of vandalism in Canada is an uncer- tain and at best an educated guess, there is accurate tally sheet. There is no national repository where such losses are reported by the provincial governments. Nor do the provinces themselves keep any kind of definitive records. However, surveys have been made recently by various school districts within the province of Alberta in an effort to both pin- point the magnitude of the loss and how to best deal with it. The Calgary Public School Board has been involved in a systematic study of school vandalism since 1971 while Edmonton is just beginning a similar effort. The problem for the researcher in this par- ticular aspect of delinquency is that the nature and accuracy of record keeping by the various school districts and divisions seems to be a function of size. That is to say, to the extent that school superintendents do not see vandalism as a particular problem in their school system, records are not kept at all or, at best, in a desultory fashion. The rationale in many instances being that the financial losses due to vandalism in the schools do not warrant the extra time and expense for keep- ing specific records of this kind accurate and current. In attempting to ascertain the "why" of vandalism, one is further hampered by the fact that all too few of the perpetrators are apprehended. This applies particularly to vandal acts committed after school hours. Only about five per cent are ever apprehend- ed and of those many are turned over by the police to juvenile court authorities who quiet- ly deal with the case and, in an effort to protect the identity of the juvenile, Sometimes do not even bother to inform of- ficials about the ultimate disposition. While the literature is replete with many studies on juvenile deliquency and in- numerable articles appear in the mass media describing vandalism, very little attention has been directed toward the development of a socio psychological profile of the vandal which would lead to a better understanding of what the vandal is like, and just why he com- mits acts of vandalism, particularly against schools.. In the latter respect, the belief has been popularly held that much of school vandalism was the result of the repression and failure of a rigid and traditional system of schooling, and the act was simply a manifestation of the individual's frustration and anger with the authoritative system. The impression has often been that it is a predatory and deliberate act when in actuality the deliberately planned vandalism act against the school is indeed rare and much property destruction by juveniles is the spontaneous outgrowth of group interaction having social, cultural and ecological determinants. Research has shown that a wide variety of anti vandalism measures are currently un- der way or under consideration by school boards throughout Alberta and other provinces. Yet it is not possible at this time to make valid judgments about their effect on the rate of vandalism. The fact is that no matter what procedures are subsequently adopted, they are bound to add substantially to the over-all cost of vandalism to the dis- trict. The disturbing feature is the indication that school trustees and administrators are utiliz- ing what I call a "castor oil approach" to deal with the problem of the vandalism "tum- myache." That is to say, vandalism is being employed. The research into this field, while revealing a host of procedures undertaken to bring the rate of vandalism under control, has failed to uncover any one technique that could be universally applied to all school dis- tricts. Whereas, it is pointed out, one procedure may have worked well under one set of environmental factors, it does not necessarily follow that it would function as effectively in a school in a different setting.