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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 1, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, February 1, 1973 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - 13 Lack of planning, waste, big factors No easy answer for drop in U.S. energy supplies The American dream is wrapped in an electric blanket, says a shrcwii observer as the United States faces an energy crisis mid trc-m e n d o ii s waste. Peter Buckley, senior Canadian Press Washington correspondent, discusses the promotional dilemma in the second of his two-part series on this major issue. . By PETER BUCKLEY . WASHINGTON (CP) - Pop-eye is running out of spinach." Policeman and friends Police Constable James S. Yates, 25, walks with youngsters, white and black, on his beat in London's Noting Hill Gate area, famous for its race riots in the 1950s. Yates, by using -the ordinary calling card, has in less than a year, become the accepted friend of most of the people he meets, white and black, on one of the toughest police beat* in London. _ iC LIMITEJ Announces their move to new premises . . . Located at: 816 4th Avenue South LETHBRIDGE as of February 5th, 1973 Telephone 327-8521 and P.O. Box 1087 Remain Unchanged Air talks not going smoothly OTTAWA - External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp admitted in the Commons Tuesday that negotiations with the United States over bilateral air rights aren't going along too smoothly. Mr. Sharp was replying to questions raised by Alberta MP Marcel Lambert (PC Edmonton West) who stressed the importance of "priorities" being given to the cities of Calgary and Edmonton. Mr. Lambert wanted Mr. Sharp to give a "status report" on the bilateral air talks which Alberta officials are hoping will result in more adequate and equitable service between their province and various points in the United States. He also stressed that he wanted to know whether the Ca nadian negotiating delegation had given renewed emphasis to the pleas by Calgary and Edmonton. The external affairs minister admitted that the talks were continuing-but that was about all. "There is considerable difficulty and these are very tough negotiations,' he said. However, Mr. Sharp said he could "re-assure' Mr. Lambert that there was no change in the importance Canada attached to better air service for both the Alberta cities. This description of the United States energy dilemma comes from former commerce secretary Peter Peterson. It means domestic supplies of oil and natural gas have started to decline at a time when: -American demand for energy is doubling every 15 years. -Exports of oil and gas from such convenient suppliers as Canada and Venezuela can't keep pace with U.S. needs because of their own growing requirements. -Popular concern about the environment has reduced use of the country's 500-year reserves of coal, severely disrupted timetables for atomic energy and offshore drilling, and scuttled plans for refineries, hydro plants, pipelines and transmission lines. -Exotic new sources of energy-the sun, the tides, the earth's internal heat, nuclear fusion, tar shale and synthetic fuels-all are at least 10 years away from significant production. The shock of running short of fuel, as many communities are doing this winter, probably is no greater than the shock to the public of discovering that an "energy crisis" faces the U.S. ANSWERS NOT EASY There is no easy answer. But anyone exploring the U.S. plight is struck by such factors as lack of planning, waste, irresponsible promotion of energy use and irrational price structures. Among the most frequent targets for criticism has been the U.S. government. Sixty four federal agencies and departments have some responsibility in the field of energy, without a single over-riding boss or over-all energy program. "It's not true that we haven't had a national energy policy," says Monte Canfield, co-ordinator of a private study project on energy. "It's just that we don't like the one we've got. "The policy we have calls for massive consumption and low costs. The whole Ameri can dream has been wrapped up in an electric blanket." President Nixon is working on a new energy policy. And Congress is preparing its own set of alternatives after hearings conducted by Democratic Senator Henry Jackson of Washington. They must decide how to lessen the impact of the domestic shortages and the increased imparts that are inevitable for the next decade. They also must determine which alternative fuels to develop most vigorously for future needs, and how the economy can finance the massive expenditures required. If past psrformanca is a criterion, the new policies will give only a token nod to conserving energy and reducing waste. Administration spokesmen, including Interior Secretary Rogers Morton, seem to suggest that a lack of headlong growth is un-American. The oil and gas industry with profit margins at stake, is even more ready to support that argument. Yet the waste is phenomenal. Energy experts calculate that more than half the energy produced is wasted in one way or another. Electrical energy in the U.S. is produced mainly by burning oil, coal or gas. The pi-ocess uses 25 per cent of the national energy supplies- and wastes 70 per cent of the fuel through conversion and transmission. Nevertheless, 25 per cent of all new office buildings will be heated and cooled by electricity. Because most also will be faced with glass, the temperature-control systems will be constantly at war with the | climate and with each other, cooling the sunny south side and warming the shaded north. Automobiles get the same 12 miles on a gallon of gasoline that they got 50 years ago. There are 100 million cars in the U.S. and they consume 13 per cent of all energy supplies, wasting up to 87 per cent of their transport efficiency. Typically, a 4,000-pound car will carry a 115-pound housewife five miles to the store for a 10-pound grocery order. Transportation department officials estimate that, in terms of fuel consumption, a train can be Vk times more efficient than a car and six times more efficient than a plane. Yet in the congested Northeast Corridor between Boston and Washington, 75 per cent of inter-city travel is by car and 12 per cent by air. Only eight per cent is by rail. The Mitre Corp., a private think-tank, calculates that by merely increasing the average number of persons per car in city travel to two from the current 1.4, the U.S. could save 10 per cent of its transportation energy. Even the gas range in the average U.S. kitchen manages to waste one-third of its fuel just feeding the pilot light. The history of the energy industry's promotional efforts also becomes pertinent. Fr years, as various sections of the industry fed statistics into the government about declining reserves and strained facilities, the same industries promoted an increasing use of energy through discount rates for volume consumers and aggressive campaigns for new customers and new uses of their products. One of the earliest examples concerns atomic energy. After the first shock of the Hiroshima bomb, atomic power was touted by industry and government as the fuel of the future. Billions were invested in development. Some said it would make power so cheap, the government would yank out the electric meters and give electricity away. Twenty-seven years later, atomic energy provides only one-third of one per cent of U.S. energy consumption. It has proven costlier and more complex to develop than the scientists expected. Public concern about its impact on the environment has tended to slow development. One result of the early promotion of atomic fuel was to retard the coal industry, which hasn't opened a new underground mine since the Second World War. INSURANCE  LIABILITY  BONDS  AUTO  FIRE R0SSITER AGENCIES ITD. ESTABLISHED 1911 | Lower Floor 517 4lh Ave. S. Phone 327-1541 OPEN TONIGHT ccN'T WORK IT PAYS TO LEASE! Leasing frees your working capital  Leasing provides reliable transportation at low cost  You just sign a contract and pay ONE regular monthly fee  Your lease can include maintenance, licence and insurance coverage Contact BORIS KORESHENKOV, Leasing and Insurance Dept. 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These models feature: c Philcomatic I tuning system. Just select the channel, a push of the Philcomatic button puts into full operation automatic tint, color, and A.C.T. for a beautiful color picture c Philcomatrix I black matrix picture tube c Transistorized solid state signal system c Cosmetic color circuit � Transistorized UHF/VHF tuners Instant response c 75 OHM input Model 26C371 NOW ONLY * e * Model 26C332WA Enjoy a 7\ to AVAILABLE NOW AT . . . 11 1 \ V I If COLLEGE MALL - Phone 328-9443 and 1242 3rd AVENUE SOUTH - Phone 328-0032 ;