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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuesday, Ftbruary 1, 1972 THi lETHBRIDOf HERAID 5 Eva Breicsler A fresh ook at Israe 's progress CARID, Israel The prob- iems which have beset Is- rael, from tho establishment (if tile state to Hie present clay, stagger the imagination ami. as one Israeli friend put it: "I would not wish I hem on my worst enemy." However, some- how, she has managed, so far, to cope with cliffieullies of eco- nomics, immigration and mi- norities, employing policies often contrary to those applied by wealthier Western nations dealing with similar problems. To find out more about Is- rael's economic headaches, the first person I went lo .'-ec was Schlomo Rosen, financial '.viz- ard and economic adviser to the Knesset {Parliament He has been a member of Kibbutz Sarid for 46 years and, as us- ual, was home for the week- end. I had known him and his wife, Zilla, for the past 20 years, yet, when they invited me to their house recently I could not find them, simply be- cause it never occurred to mo to look for them in the small. one-roomed house they lisd lived in for as long as I can remember. Knowing the posi- tion he holds, the many vis- itors he has to receive even at home, I searched all the lux- urious new buildings that had sprung up since my last visit three years ago. "Please don't he said when I finally found him in the communal dining hall. "Come for afternoon coffee and I'll try and make up to you for your search." Zilla and Schlomo Rosen's house is the same as everybody else's. The one and only difference is his private telephone and a few extraordinarily lovely paint- ings he collected in foreign countries he traveled lo in his official capacities. That he is also an extraor- dinary person, came in our one hour long conversation in English, French aiv! He never to '.vn-ui! IT'.- ords and kc'jp.s, not only Is- rael's fads and figures in his head, but those of any other country you care to mention. He gives me so much interest- ing information, it made my head spin, but here are just a few bits I found particularly fascinating: At the last census, early in 1971, Israel's less than 8.000 square miles (not including occupied territories) hclri a population of and is now well over the three million mark. Si n e e Independence, when there were only the Jewish population has quad- rupled and two thirds of that increase is due to immigration. The Arab population has tripled since 1948, partly by natural increase, partly by ad- mission of relatives from Arab countries and partly due to the re-unification of Jerusalem. Of the Jews, less than half arc native born; the rest came from a hundred different coun- tries in Europe, North and South Am-rica, Africa, Asia ar.d Pacific Islands. Israel regards it as the right of every Jew, from wherever he may enrne, to live in the country. Thus, every immi- grant is accorded immediate and automatic citizenship, lite ministry of immigration en- sures there is no "red tape" slowing down the process of immigration, no age limit or selectivity with regard to skills, professions, personal property or even physical heslth. In short, there are none of the limitations even the big- gest and wealthiest western nations, including Canada and the U.S. find it necessary to impose. The integration of so many people in so small a country would, in itself, pose an almost insurmounta b 1 e problem else- where. Adding to the difficul- ties is the fact that the immi- grants' cultural and educa- tional background is as varied as their lands of origin and the color of their skin. All they have in common is their Jew- ish heritage, the Bible, but that seems to be sufficient to bind them together into one proud nation. During the last decade, by far the greatest number of peo- ple have come from Asian and African countries and were often, in education and c i v i 1 i z a tion, centuries behind fhrir European and American brothers. To help these immigrants who lacked means and skills, Israel, with the assistance of funds subscribed by Jews all over the world, provided them with free transport from their lands of origin and spent vast sums to receive, house and tram them, to give them im- mediate employment and steady jobs in agriculture and industry. Villages and small towns were buil' and public, social and educational services were expanded. The Asian and African immi- gration was at first motivated by hardships, persecution or duress. Now, most immigrants come entirely voluntarily and motivated by idealism. Most have skills and professions making their integration eas- Book Review ier. However, they loo need in- formation and advice, mostly obtained from Jewish agencies abroad and have to be re- ceived in hostels and absorp- tion centres on arrival. They have the right to free housing and employment and the gov- ernment helps them to find both. They also receive cus- toms tax concessions as well as aid in higher education for I h e i r children. Special leaching facilities to learn He- brew arc provided to all new- comers and various organiza- tions arrange courses, youth meetings and entertain- ment for them. The latest wave of immi- grants, coming from Russia, poses a new problem: Con- trary to popular belief, Rus- sian Jews are used to and ex- pect far more consideration and physical comfort than any group of newcomers before them. Not for them the discom- fort of absorption centres. Lux- ury apartments are built and ready for them on arrival. They find every comfort the majority of people have work- ed for for years and that causes a certain amount of bad feeling amongst the less fortunate. However, on the whole, they are made welcome as is everybody who chooses to make fsrae! his home. A lot of fuss has been made over a few who want to return to their land of origin but it is only a very few of the Russians, ap- parently, who are homesick. Victims of injustice "No One Will Listen" by Lois G. Forer (John Day Co. Inc. and reprinted by The Universal Library, .'152 pages, S3.7.i, distributed by George J. McLeod, book dispels the myth Amonea is the hind of the free. .Airs, Forer takes a critical look at the American justice system from the inside and what she sees is shocking, cruel, almost Tlie "turnstile justice" in Ju- venile courts sees children rail- roaded into jails for indefinite periods for such "crimes" as truancy, incorrigibility or steal- ing a Tootsie Roll. In almost all cases, the vic- tims of the injustices that take place in the juvenile courts are poor, black children. These children can be arrest- ed without a warrant, tried without a Iaw7er and sen- tenced on hearsay they are raped of their legal rights. Many times. Uicse same chil- dren are. arrested and im- prisoned for crimes they did not commit. During the years she spent as a lawyer for the poor in Phil- adelphia, Mrs. Forer uncover- ed one instance after another where children have been wronged by Uie system that is supposed to protect them. Her book demands an ac- counting by those who arc re- sponsible for the system it demands t h e system be cor- rected. RON CALDWELL. Although, by Ihe very na- ture of hostile relations be- tween Israel and her Arab neighbors, there are bound to be some difficulties. Israel does her level best to ensure, by law and action, equality for all her non-Jewish communi- ties. Thus, vast sums and a lot of effort have been spent, to creste equal prosperity and to provide them with public ser- vices on the national level. Almost half of the Arab pop- ulation lives in about ]00 vil- lages and two fifth in towns. The rest are semi-nomadic Bedouins. Arabs who voluntarily stay- ed in Israel when others were encouraged by n e i g h boring states to flee the country, are now well integrated politically and economically. They play an active role in Parliament where they have seven seats, two deputy ministers and a deputy What we mean by "Together we're both First, let's set the stage. And, let's start with you. You grow up. You set cercain goals for yourself. And then, after some time.along come the linlc you's. And with them, a whole new set of goals. A home, a car, maybe a cottage. You want the good things. And. seeing that you work hard for your not? do we fit fee! two heads are better than one. We figure it two people set out to achieve the same might cornea litticsooner. And easier. You sec, we're m the money business.We invest money to make money, so that we can lend you money. But all of it isn't worth a plugged nickel if somebody doesn't use it, or our services, or our facilities. No, we Ye not trying to talk you into a loan or a deposit. It's not like that. We feel these things will come naturally with what we have to offer. And dial offer is partnership in achieving goals. Your goals, and our goals. Let's call it something like, Us, You Sons. We know you work hard for your money. We understand things don't come easy. For any ot us. And that's what we mean by. "You and the Commerce.Together we're both stronger" Because together, we are. CANADIAN IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE You and the Commerce. IDgether we're both stronger. speaker. Both, Hebrew and Arabic are official languages and can both be used in Par- liament and in the courts. Stamps, coins and banknotes bear Arabic inscriptions nd summries of supreme court decisions are issued in Arabic to Arab lawyers. Arabs have their own local and municipal governments. The government has already completed one f i v e-year plan to provide services such as roads, piped water, telephones, electricity and schools for Arab villages. A second one is now in progress to expand housing in areas where employment, educational and health ser- vices are available. All this is over and above jhe expendi- ture on projects b'enefiting Uie population as a whole. Belonging to the same later organizations as Jewish work- ers, they receive the same pay for equal work and 'the aver- age yearly income of the Arab family is about the same as that of a Jewish family. Their number in the civil service is growing steadily and the sta- tus of their wTomen has un- proved too since abolition of polygamy and child marriage. In agriculture as well, the output of the Arab farmer has increased sixfold due to finan- cial and technical aid from the government which has also fi- nanced irrigation and land reclamation schemes as well as modern, mechanical farm- ing methods and agricultural training. fn spite of the trernendous cost of all these projects and despite the enormous burden of defence which amounts to about 25 per cent of the gross national product, Israel's eco- nomy has grown rapidly since Independence. The annual in- crease in the GNP of nine per cent in 1970-71, compares fa- vorably with that of the Uni- ted Stales three per cent, West Germany 5.3 per cent, topped only by Japan's per rent. This year the increase in GNP has dropped to 7.5 per cent which is still enor- mous considering the other countries mentioned above have fared very much worse in world economics if not, as hi West Germany, for instance, come lo a virtual standstill. This economic growth was due mainly to Uie vast and speedy expansion of Uie labor force wThich has increased to over a million, more than dou- ble the number employed in 1950, to government initiative and to large capital imports. OUier factors were improve- ments in efficiency and better utilization of capital. This per- mitted a considerably higher standard of living throughout the country and a high rate of investment. Naturally, heavy defence ex- penditure and quick expansion led to a considerable deficit in the balance of payments. To stabilize the economy, a pack- age deal was concluded be- tween tiie government, em- ployers and trade unions in 1970. Wages, frozen since 1966, were to be raised no more than eight per cent (now up to 14 per half of which to be paid in government bonds. Employers were lo buy bonds for a further four per cent of the wage bill and peg prices. The government in return would peg taxes except on some luxury items but na- tional insurance contributions were raised and compulsory defence loans instituted. Defence costs made it neces- sary to borrow from abroad and" also to secure necessary sums by higher indirect taxa- tion and cuts in subsidies, but low-income families were com- pensated for consequent price rises which were, in spite of everything, slight. H is hoped that these measures will slow down growth in personal in- comes and thus reduce local demand, stimulate industry to expand exports "m last by 23 per cent) ami imports by local manufac- turers. The fact that Uiere is no unemployment and a defi- ciency still in the labor force of. at least, another men, skilled and unskilled, seems to indicate the success in Uiese measures. If some people think that all this amounts to excessive gov- ernment, control, they are 50011 convinced otherwise by visible results, the dynamic enthusi- asm and voluntary restraint of the Israeli people to whom sur- vival of the state means de- livery from centuries of bond- age and persecution and the revival of a personal and na- tional pride second to none. Only history will show whether Israel with her rev- oluti lary methods of policies from immigration to eco- nomics and from application of biblical principles in peace, and war to communal f.Tming, is the maverick, Don Quixote, or Scarlet Pimnmicll amongst UK nations of the world. Conservatives in Quebec Trois Rivieres Le Noiivclliste TAHE national leader of the Progressive Conservative party, Robert Stanfield, hap, just placed in Quebec a loam of 26 parly members invested with the providen- tial mission of laying the foundations for a Progressive Conservative presence in our province. A quick glance at the list of these Con- seiTstivc proponents lets us note that new blood is not the trade mark of this all- star team. In effect we find only the names of veterans who have not succeeded in the past in lighting the spark of vic- tory. Let's be realistic for a moment. In 1968, when Mr. Stanfield basked in the halo of all his prestige as new leader, when an exceptional team of very select candi- dates defended the party colors in Quebec, only one-quarter received the favors of the electoral body. We cannot honestly imagine thai four years later a miracle can be produced. Mr. Stanfield has surely not proved in Opposi- tion he presents a valid answer as a re- placement. Moreover, the party in 'juebec has suf- fered serious unrest which has led to the resignations of Fcruaiid Alie and Koeh La- salle. On the other hand, the end of Trudeau- mania could to a certain extent favor the Conservatives. However, they should cer- tainly know they will not lie UK only ones to gather the debris of the idol. New Demo- crats and Creditistes will join in. We must recognize the qualities of Mr. Slaniield his honesty, his capacity for work, his sincerity. Unfortunately, good men rarely make great politicians. If Mr. Stanfield really wants the of his own supporters, if lie really wants to help the cause of the Conservatives, he will resign his post as leader. We are convinced the Progressive Con- sen'ative parly would easily dethrone the Trudcau team if it had the courage to give itself a new leader, dynamic snd capable of understanding Quebec. In the meantime, they remain hoping fir a miracle. No easy way to do it The Financial Post TpO the exclusion of all other considera- tions, (lie world's 10 or 15 richest na- tions are jockeying to preserve their interests while reorganizing world trade and currency relationships. But what about the poor? Over the prut decade, per capita income in the developed countries has increased by more than In the developing coun- tries, by contrast the per capita increase was The burden of foreign debt on poor coun- try is growing at an alarming rate. By 1969, it had reached million. Although the GNP of rich countries is increasing, the percentage of GNP allo- cated to financial aid is decreasing. The technological gap between rich and poor world continues lo widen. These facts were recounted recently be- fore a Montreal audience by Paul Gerin- Lajoie, president of Uie Canadian Interna- tional Development Agency They don't angur at all well for the future of the trade world within which we live or even for the maintenance of the status quo. Gerin-Lajoie lays squarely on the line what has to be done to preserve us all: "Development in Uie so-called Third World depends more on fair trade policies than on foreign aid. The kind of interna- tional development assistance dispensed by CIDA cannot be a permanent source of in- come." There is, in short, a price to be paid. "The means to help diversify production in developing nations and increase their exports cannot be created without disturb- ing certain customs of the Canadian people and of the industrialized nations as a wlule." In other words, it could cost us some jobs and some real money in UK short run. This, of course, is not something many Canadians are disposed to countenance at any time, particularly now when unemploy- ment is high, when inflation is pervasive and when Nixon's economic moves have upset the rich man's world. Nevertheless can we afford to do nothing more than we now do? Canada's largesse in foreign aid is not stove criticism. While the CIDA budget in a! million appears handsome, it is hardly a big Christmas stocking. Abou'. million of our aid budget buys Canadian a.gricultural products for the Third World. Another million goes to purchase primary resources or manufac- tured goods from Candian producers. And quite a few additional aid millions are spent on fees for the services of Canadian consulting engineers and architects. Most of our aid is tied. It is not charity. It helps Canada as well as the recipient countries. These facts should be kept in mind when next year's UN conference on trade and development pounds home the need for the rich to open up hi trade to help the de- veloping countries. Salt water pollution The Hamilton Spectator rjNTAHIO Environment Minister K e r r again has asked municipalities to co- operate in his anti-pollution campaign against dumping salt-laced snow in Ontario lakes and streams. If the municipalities continue to ignore the minister's common- sense approach, Queen's Park would be fully justified in taking legal action. Like most objectives in Uie war on pol- lution, safe snow removal isn't easy. Even salted snow dumped on the ground even- tually filters through into the water courses though the process is more gradual than direct dumping into the water. But attempts have to be made and they should be made by the municipal govern- ments which are responsible for local lead- ership as Uiey are responsible for snow re- moval. Hamilton's streets and sanitation depart- ment has performed comparatively well in dumping its streel snow on land siies and in reducing the salt content in the sand that gets sprinkled on city roads. This is a sharp contrast with Toronto's dumping of some truckloads of salted snow in the harbor, after Mr. Kerr's first request for co-operation. As the minister noted, the problem is province-wide. Having adopted an anti-pollution policy against dumping salt-laden snow in Ontar- io's waters, Uie province has to back it up. Otherwise the government will find itself in the hypocritical position of enforcing pol- lution controls on private industry but let- ting public agencies pollute at will. Dumping controls, though necessary, can't be considered the final answer to the road salt problem. More research is needed to find a harmless yet practical substitute or a safe means of disposal. One suggestion has been to dump snow on sand beds so that s-and, with trapped salt, might be used for street sand- ing the following winter. Experiments aimed at combining pollu- tion control wiUi economy could be carried cut at the local level, in addition lo pro- racial research. Unionism and politics Quebec L'Action QUEBEC Prime Minister Trudcau and Jean Marchand, rcg i o n a 1 eco- nomic expansion minister, spoke on a com- mon subject at a Liberal gathering her-; recently, saying that luiion leaders are too involved in politics and use the workers for political ends. They raised a thorny issue which has bot'tered a lot of people for several years because of the definite orientation of cer- tain union federations toward the political field. Most collective agreements leave a work- er no choice of one union over another. When a person finds work in an industry where everyone belongs to the union, and (.hat is the situation in most cases, lie must belong to and support the union lo main- tain his job. Some workers do so with en- thusiasm liecause they wholeheartedly sup- port all the aims and policies of the union; others do so with indifference so they can work regularly; while still others do so with bitterness The theory ;hat everyone must belong has brought security and well-lining to un- ions It is rather curious that in a time when everyone is demanding liberties in racial, religious, matrimonial and areas, few people are protesting a prac'icr which re- quires a free man to ono union rather than another Many unionized workers are not in agree- ment with the great decisions taken by their union federations but this does not disturb certain leaders who back up their statements by saying thay represent and are supported by a considerable num- ber of workers, whether or not the work- ers have been asked. How can a union leader come out in sup- port of a candidate in an election and bad; that candidate in the name of the union? If a poll wore to be conducted among the workers, quite often another candidate would receive union support We admit that unionism can play a con- structive role in making the public aware and improving the tot of the worker but many unions risk forgetting their first objective is to defend the workers' common interests. The remarks of Mr. Tnidc-au and Mr. Marchand will probably nit clunge lha current situation much, but they may msis people reflect on whether certain union leaders shnuM respect the majority opin- ion of their members a little more. ;