Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 1, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBKIDGE HERAID Monday, hbtuary I, Bruce Hutchison Who's next? Now that some of the fog has been cleared in reports coming out of the latest military coup in Africa, that is, in Uganda, the reasons for it are quite plain. The London Daily Times says that the only surprise is that Obote s overthrow has so long been delayed. He is or was head of a ruthless, corrupt and racist regime and stands accused of favoring members of ms own tribe in military and govern- ment appointments. He appeared to be anxious to modernize his country, but in his impatience to get things done in the way he believed they should be done, he overrode his ad- visers and assumed dictatorial pow- ers. Like other African leaders be- fore him, he must have been unaware of the brewing resentment or lie would hardly have left the country even for such an important meeting as that of the Commonwealth prime ministers. The hope is now that the new mili- tary regime will be modelled on the more successful and orderly admin- istrations of Ghana and Nigeria. The fear is that the shakier African gov- ernments like those of Zambia and Tanzania, may meet with the same kind of upset. A chain reaction could be a disaster as the Yorkshire Post remarks; "If the events in Uganda have proved anj'thing, it is that Bri- tain cannot arrange her defence re- quirements on the assumption of a stable Commonwealth. One must ask the question; who's Agreeable neighbors The new industrial co-operation agreement between Canada and the Soviet Union ought to bring huzzas from every section of Canada. Al- though the particulars have not been spelled out it is safe to say that it will very likely open new outlets for trade. It should also lay the ground- work for an exchange of information about Arctic exploration and technol- ogical data concerning construction on permafrost, a sphere in which Canada could use a lot more know- how, according to Farley Mowat who has travelled extensively in Arctic regions in botn Canada and the U.S.S.R. The effects of the agreement will not be felt immediately, but the long- range results could very well mean a tremendous boost to the Canadian economy. Po 1 i ti c al considerations have taken second place to practical ones. The Soviet Union and Canada are poles apart ideologically and are likely to remain that way in the fore- seeable future. But it makes sense for them to explore their common inter- ests together. In a world that has been shrunk by technology no nation is very far from any other nation. The U.S.S.R. lies just over the polar ice cap from Canada and is closer to Canada than almost all countries except the Uni- ted States. If neighbors cannot find ways of getting along together there isn't much hope for the future of the world. The new agreement is wel- comed, above all, as a step in the direction that has to be taken to- ward a conscious world community. Improvement on arrest laws The new Arrest and Bail bill intro- duced recently in the House of Com- mons should be welcomed by the pub- lic and law enforcement agencies alike. A vast improvement on the one which died on the order paper in the previous parliamentary session, the current bill provides greater protec- tion for policemen in carrying out their duties, while at the same time eliminating needless arrests and sub- stantially reducing the number of peo- ple kept in custody awaiting trial. Under the original bill, a policeman could be sued for making an unrea- sonable arrest. While the new bill also allows for the policeman to be sued, it spells out in specific terms the grounds upon which an arrest should be made. This provision in part shifts the responsibility to the complainant for proving that the ar- rest was unnecessary. The injustice of holding a suspect in jail pending trial has long been a bone of contention in Canadian law, for it implies presumed guilt. The slow moving process of the courts also weighed against people in cus- tody, so that they were often held for overly-long periods of time. There is to be much less 'emphasis on cash bail which is welcome for it has always worked unfairly against the poor, while the more affluent, ap- prehended on the same charge, could usually scrape up the necessary funds. If and when the new rules become law, police and court officials will be called upon to exercise more judg- ment in spelling out the letter of the law. But all in all, if they are ap- plied properly they should give both private citizen as well as the police better protection. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON The president, wheth- er he likes it or not, is the trend-setter in this country, and when he speaks in superlatives it is no surprise that every- one starts picking up the habit. I imagine the first time we kiew we had a president who pulls out all stops was after our astronauts landed on the moon. The president was quoted as saying: "This is the greatest week in the history of the world since the creation." Then last week, before he gave his State of the Union speech, the president called it "the most comprehensive, the most far- reaching, the most bold program in the domestic field ever presented to an Ameri- can Congress." This kind of talk cannot but affect all American families. For example, the other night, just as our family sat down lo dinner, my wife an- nounced, "I hope everyone has washed his hands, because I have cooked the greatest meal ever served in the Western Hemi- sphere." "That's I said, "because I've had the hardest day anyone has ever had since Gutenberg invented the printing press." My 15-year-old daughter said, "We had the worst test in school today since the Spanish Inquisition." did your fooiball game I asked iry 17-year-old son. "It was the most magnificent cop'.c.-.t ever waged in intramural he replied. "I made two the most unbe- lievable catches in the history of the game." "And what did you do I asked my M-year-old dmrnMer. "I hctl (he greatest C'oca Cola I've ever drunk in rny life." My soiTod the roa.sl. "I hope everyone likes if IHTJIIIM' it'.s Ilic most pensive pul nt.'iM any liulchrr lias ever Trudeau and Nixon: two men in a trap CTEW ART. ALSOP, a veteran White House watcher, paints a psychic portrait of Richard Nixon which almost de- picts our own Pierre Trudeau, in reverse. Yet both men arc caught in the same trap and will not live long enough to fight their way out of it. Writing from Washington in Newsweek, Mr. Alsop notes the obvious fact that the president, in office, is enforcing the poli- cies that he denounced in op- position. This will surprise no- body but excited headline writ- ers, nervous Republican spin- sters and the more stupid brok- ers of Wall Street. Everybody else should know by now that an opposition immediate- ly stands on its head when it becomes a government, as Mr. Nixon is doing. Thus the old 'hawk of Viet- nam conducts what Mr. Alsop calls "the greatest retreat in American history" and drasti- cally cuts defence spending. The old right-tying conservative outflanks the Democrats on the left by proposing a state-guar- anteed income for all citizens. The old critic of the New Pea! confesses, with a visible blush, that he is now a "Keynesian" and is desperately trying to pump up the economy by in- flationary finance while prom- ising, of course, to stop infla- tion. If all this seems strange, the posture of the Democrats is stranger still. Since they can- not allow the president credit for anything, he is attacked for following Democratic policies. But both these partisan pos- tures are quite normal. They simply mean, as Mr. Alsop says, that any president is "a captive of the national situa- tion" and does what he has to do at any given time, not what he promised or wanted to do at an earlier time. In Mr. Nixon's case "the na- tional situation has pushed him to the !eft of himself, while his natural constituency and his natural mind-set keep pushing him to the right." In contrast, observe the Canadian situation which already has pushed Mr. Trudeau to the right of himself while his natural mind-set pushes him in the opposite di- rection. The old civil rights fighter finds it necessary to impose the War Measures Act in peace- time. The old radical socialist of his CCF days imposes a strictly orthodox, conservative fiscal policy. The old bosom friend of the labor unions con- demns them for inflating the economy and then, as he pre- dicted, causing unemployment. What, then, are we to make of a conservative president at- tempting to swcllow the liber- als without choking? Of a lib- eral prime minister quarreling with the conservatives who at- tempt to out-liberalize him? The case of Mr. Nixon seems clear enough he is preparing for next year's election and knows where to find the neces- sary votes. The case of Mr. Trudeau, also en the way to the polls of 1972, is somewhat different, at least in his private philosophy. We are unlikely ever to un- derstand such a complex and paradoxical mind but we hear a haunting echo from that mys- terious region in the first sen- tence of his famous book: "The only constant factor to be found in my thinking over the years has been opposition to accepted opinions. In high school... I had already made up my mind to swim against the tide." So he still swims today, against a tide which perhaps he, but not many others, may partially understand. The tide "It is truly I said, "and it explains why we have the .highest food bills of anyone en the Eastern Seaboard." My wife took this as a personal criti- cism. "I can't help it if we're living in the highest inflationary period in modern times." i'y son saved the day by asking, "Can I have the car -What I said. "I'm going to the greatest movie ever made." "What's the name of "I forgot." My 15-year-old daughter said, "Someone has to drive me to Jody's birthday party. It's supposed to be the greatest party ever given in the nation's capital." My 14-year-old daughter said, "Then how come you were My 15-year-old daughter said, "That's the most insulting thing anyone lias ever said to me. You can take off my best blouse right now." "Shut up." my wife saitl, "and cat your Brussels sprouts. I'm sick and lired of preparing the most fantastic meals ever served in this country, and having vege- tables left on the plates." "Your mother is I said, "be- sides, I hate to hear fighting during the most momentous banquet I have ever at- tended in this dining room." My wife said, "After the most delicious apple pic anyone has ever tasted. I want everyone lo help me with the largest pile of flirty dishes I've ever seen." There were (lie loudest screams nf pro- tests r.ver uttered by an American family hut no one could escape. Thrn we all went into the living room lo watch Pre-idcnt Nixon give his "State of the Union" speech which Attj. Gen. John Mitchell rlr-scrihed most important since llic> v.roii1. the Constitu- tion." Toronto t'plrjsram Service) of our times is so confusing in- deed, and contains so many swirling back-eddies, that no man can understand it fully. Nevertheless, a president or a prime minister must pretend to manage the events that manage him. Otherwise government, al- ways relying more on public acceptance and a vague faith among the people more than on specific policy, would soon dis- integrate for lack of credibility. In short, we have to.live as if we knev what we were doing, even if we don't, in order to live c.t all on any unmapped terrain constantly shaken by earthquakes. Only a Jew of these pressures are understand- able, so far, and they drive president and prime minister alike. The North American drift away from the free market to- ward more and more state con- trols of business and private Me; the certainty of ever-in- creasing taxes to repair, if we can, our terrible damage to na- ture and the grisly mismanage- ment of our cities; the need of rapid economic growth to main- tain even our present standard of living; and, as against that, the sudden disenchantment of the young with the whole idea of growth and affluence all these conflicting forces bewild- er and strain the ablest men like Nixon and Trudeau, how- ever they disguise their bewild- erment. Hence it is only a harmless parlor game, a meaningless crossword puzzle, to categor- ize, pigeon-hole and label our statesmen as if they were fixed points in the universe like the North Star. It doesn't matter, for instance, whether you call Mr. Nixon a liberal or Mr. Trudeau a conservative. What alone matters is where they are trying to go, however they describe themselves, and wheth- er they are honest in both their original intentions and later re- versals. The supreme test of any leader is not his brilliance, his consistency or even his po- litical success, but his charac- ter. Since the leader, unlike the philosopher, cannot see many miles ahead, or remain long in power, we shall never really know, hi our brief lives, where these men are leading us, or rather where 'events are lead- ing them. But on our past, ex- perience we can feel pretty sure that the next phase in the endless adventure will not be what we expect now and en- tirely sure that it will be in- teresting, in a grim fashion. On that journey the labels, the rhetoric and all the pat theories are only surplus baggage. (Herald Special Service) International Grains Agreement faces difficulties By Cyril Wiss, in The Winnipeg Free Press TJOME: The present period is proving extremely diffi- cult for world cereals, while attempts are being made to re- new the International Grains Agreement. A detailed examination of the situation reveals that world production of cereals, particu- larly corn and wheat, should be lighter this' year than in 1969 when crops were already seven per cent below those of 1968. In order to remedy the matter of Letter to the editor over production in recent years, which resulted in the breakdown of the IGA the scope of which was to stabilize production and markets the main producing countries agreed to reduce their plant- ings. The only exception was made by the Argentine. The government of that country op- posed crop restrictions and, at the same time, demanded abo- lition of government subsidies by other countries. Hockey needs reform Your editorial on "Hooli- ganism in Hockey" certainly spoke the truth when you stated that hockey is rapidly degenerating because of the acceptance of hooliganism as part of the sport. As one who has played, coached and acted as an exe- cutive in minor hockey circles, you would think that I would take issue with you on your opinions. Not so. some of what I have seen recently in juve- nile and junior hockey, has be- come very distasteful to me. The behavior of two juvenile teams, namely the Lcthbridge Warriors and Medicine Hat Wheelers, in recent games, was certainly indicative of root causes of violence in minor hockey circles. Unnecessary s'ick swinging, spearing, inti- midating, throning sticks into the crowd and dirty play seems to he an obsession with these teams. They have made war out of the fun of playing hockey and resorted to the cull of the impersonal "win the game at ;ill costs." Botli of these teams have the ability to win games without resorting to this type of play. I have no quarrel with those in minor hockey associations, but those involved should be qualified personnel. 1 think they can do a belter job than they are doing at the present linio. I think Ihcy arc suffering from a case of vcrhal diarrhea. Hy this I mean the sum total of ihc association, coaches, play- ers and the general public. I get sick and tired of those associations who make token donations in support of minor hockey, and are notable by their absence at most games; of recreational directors who offer little direction, who spend hours at useless meetings on rhetoric rather than action; of Home and School Associations who could be investigating the type of recreation their chil- dren are getting. After all mi- nor hockey was formed to serve the children and young people. Perhaps an advisory board or a commission could be formed to make an informal evaluation as to the status of minor hockey in southern Alberts someone who knows what is going on. This commission could play a real leader- ship rote in strengthening the mutual confidence in the work and worth of minor hockey. True there are many good citizens who give much of their time and talents to minor hockey and I congratulate them for their efforts, but with thousands of boys involved I feel there is a need for a com- mission to toughen up on the rules, assist the coaching, tra- velling and injury insurance, etc. There's a lot of unfinished business to be done. Is it possible to do something about it? You bet it's possible and we had better do some- thing about it soon. Tabcr. AB CHERV1NSKI. At Geneva recently, a meet- ing was held between coun- tries participating in the IGA to set up the basis for a re- newal of the arrangement, and, at the same time, improving it. The question of surpluses cre- ated a number of difficulties. In practice, it appeared that all solutions were feasible, includ- ing those proposing a price re- inforcement and those requir- ing a more flexible agreement. The uncertainties of the world grain market have be- come more acute recently owing to considerable move- ment of products, especially on the American market where the U.S. department of agricul- ture evaluates a reduction of 127.1 million bushels of corn crop this year. This decline of three per cent caused consider- able anxiety in Europe, as it has provoked a price increase. European merchants are con- cerned at the fact that quite re- cently the Chicago board of trade reported the greatest number of transactions in its 122 years of existence. This has naturally resulted in an in- crease in rates of deposit on forward contracts not meeting with the approval of European dealers. These merchants are also alarmed at the ii Ca- nadian grain prices, and cable companies have beer, kept busy, wvth buyers seeking of- fers from other sources. Addi- tional concern is attributed to American reports of the corn crop being damaged by para- sites. Orders for American grain on the part of European markets have fallen off quite considerably during the last few weeks, and buyers are seeking alternative supplies such as manioca. tapioca and soya. To make matters worse, it is reported from the main East European grain-growing countries that they will have light crops this year due to serious floods, especially in Ro- mania and Hungary. What, may be termed a short 1970 grain harvest throughout the world will involve with- drawing surplus supplies and reserves, a matter that has caused basic disagreement be- tween members of the IGA. This year's short harvest will create fresh difficulties at the next meeting to be held by members of the agreement, in September. Meanwhile, in Europe French grain farmers insist upon the ECM continuing to subsidize exports of grain and flour to third countries, and the French government has indi- cated that it will provide addi- tional subsidies' for this pur- pose from its own sources. France now produces two- thirds of its durum grain re- quirements and the area laid down to this crop continues to especially in the south, following the availability of government grants. Also, in Italy the durum crop is ex- panding and taking the place of soft grains owing to the ECM: regulation that macaroni prod- ucts must be made exclusively from durum. Other member countries are strictly against this ruling. Owing to low prices for rice on. French markets, there has been a reduction in acreage this year. In any case, most of the 1969 harvest is still in store, as holders refused to sell because of low prices. Supplies were obtained by means of low-priced imports from third countries. At a recent meeting of farm- ers associations at Le Touquet there were com- plaints that grain prices had fallen on a par with devalua- tion of the franc, whereas prices for agricultural ma- chinery had increased by be- tween 8 and 24 per cent, quite apart from the increase in cost of labor. It was requested that in future grain prices be divorced from monetary ralue of the franc, and be calculated according to production costs in order to give farmers a rea- sonable income. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 The Felger farm, con- sisting of acres, situated seven miles south of the city, was put up for auction, but no bids above the reserve price were received. 1931 There are job- less in Canada at the present time, an increase of since August last year. 1911 The latest develop- ment in Paris' food shortage is the distribution of ration cards for consumption of cats, dogs and other animals. 1951 The Herald announces the contract has been let for a new building on the southwest corner of 7th St. and 5th Ave. It is expected the building will be completed in 1952. 1SBI The city's finance committee will recommend to council thai, the entire amount of the per-capita provincial grant, estimated at 5327.000 be allocated for construction of a North Lcthbridge ice centre. The Lcthkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and ruUisb Published 1905 19M, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration Ho. 001! Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CL.eo W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE M.inatiing tdilnr ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"