Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tuttday, Dtctmbtr 31, 1974 THE LKTHBRIDQE HERALD 9 UN fell under shadow of 'tyranny of the majority9 in 1974 By GEORGE KITCHEN UNITED NATIONS (CP) The United Nations in 1974 fell under the shadow of what has become known as the tyranny of the majority, a devel- opment pregnant with great damage to the UN and possi- bly to the cause of inter- national peace as well. The phrase was coined by United States Ambassador John Scali in a bitter denun- ciation of the growing prac- tice of Third World countries of ganging up on the West and by majority vote railroading through the General Assembly unrealistic, unen- forceable and one-sided reso- lutions "When the rule of the ma- jority becomes the tyranny of the majority, the minority will cease to respect or obey it and the parliament will cease to Scali told the assembly. Soviet Ambassador Jacob Malik, Russia's chief delegate off and on since 1948, retorted that the U.S. and its allies had no ground for complaint and recalled the days of American pre-eminence in the UN when "solutions were forced on us ..T ruthlessly and without tak- ing minority opinions into ac- count." An Arab delegate said the underdeveloped countries were merely breaking the su- premacy "of a certain groups that used to roam the (UN) building like serene falcons in an uninhabited foresf." ARAFAT INVITED1 The Scali statement, ob- viously prepared with great thought, was prompted by a series of action in which the Third World bloc, overriding Western objections, invited Arab guerrilla leader Yasser Arafat to address the assem- bly, granted his Palestine Lib- eration Organization per- manent UN observer status and recognized the right of Palestinians to sovereignty over Palestine, including the area making up the present state of Israel Britain, France and West Germany supported Scali but Canada, though sympathetic to the Western cause, re- mained silent. An external af- fairs spokesman in Ottawa ex- plained that the Canadian silence was based on the feel- ing that pressing the issue was fruitless. With the growth of the UN from its original 50 members in 1946 to its current member- ship of 138, majority voting power has passed to a group of newly independent countries known variously as Third World or non-aligned nations. Drawn mostly from Africa, the Middle East and South America, they now call themselves the Group of 77 and on key issues can muster 85 to 95 ballots and easily out- vote the West. AIDED BY PRESIDENT In addition, the Third World has a powerful ally in the General Assembly presidency during 1974 in the person of Foreign Minister Abdelaziz Bouteflika of Algeria. His rul- ings as presiding officer in- variably favored the non- aligned states. The presidency in 1975 goes to an Australian, a fact from which the Canadian delega- tion draws some hope for eas- ier going for the West in the 1975 The UN never has enjoyed great 'popularity with the American public and the dan- ger is that the actions of the Third World bloc will further erode whatever support it has with Congress and the govern- ment. The Palestine votes prompted 71 of the 100 mem- bers of the U.S. Senate to join in a letter to President Ford calling the prominence given the PLO when Arafat was allowed to speak before the UN in November a "direct threat" to American foreign policy. suggested the U.S. Withdraw from the UN and expressed hope the as- sembly might, "with any leave New York City. The United States is the ma- jor financial contributor to the UN, paying an annual as- sessment of 25 per cent of its budget. The Soviet Union con- tributes 12.9 per cent, West Germany 7.10, France 5.86, Britain 5.31 and Canada 3.18. Assessments are based on a nation's size and wealth. By contrast, 70 members pay only .02 per that includes nearly all of the members of the non-powerful Group of 77 The Third World bloc began to make its weight felt last April during a special session it called to discuss raw materials and development. The bloc forced through the assembly a tough program of immediate and long-range aid for poorer countries, virtually all of it to be financed by the industrialized countries. The program, binding on no one, contained elements unac- ceptable to most of the West: Approval of international car- tels to control raw materials, right of nationalization of for- eign companies, participation of developing countries in all international decisions and the right of all peoples of co- lonial countries to restitution and full compensation for Rescue centre has record year VICTORIA (CP) The Pacific Rescue Co ordination Centre here reports a record year in 1974, with a 29 per cent increase of incidents since 1973. Captain Don Graham said Saturday the centre had handled calls so far in 1974, of which were marine incidents. In 1973, the centre handled incidents, of them marine distress calls. Capt. Graham said the number of mercy flights increased to 331 from 224 in 1974. OIL CRISIS MEANT CANDLES IN BRITAIN Oil crisis involved everyone in 1974 LONDON (CP) The politics of oil and world energy preoccupied statesmen and consumers alike during 1974, dampening international confidence at the start of the new year. It was a year when words such as petro- dollars and recycling became part of com- mon vocabularies, -when figures in the billions and trillions came to replace thou- sands and millions and motor cars sudden- ly started to look like luxuries. It was a time when orthodox economics was turned on its head and comfortable as- sumptions about steady, sustainable increases in personal wealth went as flat as last night's beer While national governments poured out torrents of statistics, computer analyses and experts' forecasts to explain what was going on, the man in the street and many businesses felt only the tightening squeeze on their pocketbooks. One country which suffered the dis- astrous effects of the quadrupling of world oil prices at the end of 1973 was Britain and its experience goes far to explain that of nearly every other major oil importing state in the Western world. In Britain's case, oil was being landed in 1973 for the equivalent of slightly less than a ton. In 1974, the price rocketed to a ton. That meant that in a single year billron in extra costs from oil alone were injected into the system and had to come out somewhere. Producers found their profit margins were shrinking and consequently pushed up prices of finished goods. Consumers were then called upon to pay more. Theoretically, they might have chosen to buy billion less, reducing over-all output by a corresponding amount and causing the greatest drop in living stand- ards in history. This, in a modern society was unthinkable. So, the consumer fought to increase his income to the level at which he could ab- sorb the higher prices, often by threaten- ing strikes and other forms of industrial protest But when labor won higher wages, the loss simply reverted to the company sec- tor. The process of shifting the burden had to stop somewhere and by the end of 1974 it was clear that companies had assumed the greatest weight by letting their profits drop. As a result, they found themselves unable to buy all the materials they re- quired, to pay all the workers they needed or to invest or distribute earnings at the rates they wanted. Traditionally, economies in such con- ditions would try to restore themselves through the revenues from higher ex- ports. But with the oil deficit there has been no increase in the actual volume of imports and no increase has been possible in the volume of national output because of falling profits. Thus, any increase in the allocation of resources to exports will have to be made at the cost of a decline in real consumption at home. Since this is socially unaccep- table in the long term, companies have tried to compensate by charging higher prices for the same export volume. And it was when this began to happen that the real uniqueness and magnitude of the oil crisis became apparent during 1974. depletion of their raw materials. As the General Assembly closed Dec. 18, the U.S. said it would not serve on the board of a new special fund set up at the April session to assist the most economically distress- ed countries. West Germany took similar action and the fund's preliminary operating budget immediately was scal- ed down to from Third World countries, blocked by British, American and French vetoes in the Se- curity Council in their efforts to expel South Africa, pushed through an assembly vote sus- pending the South Africans from the session. Angry oppo- nents said the move violated the UN Charter, which gives ultimate suspension power to the Security Council. Over the opposition of Can- ada, the U.S., and other in- dustrialized countries, the as- sembly approved a new eco- nomic charter, proposed by Mexico, giving countries which take over foreign pro- perties the right to decide compensation in their own courts instead of basing com- pensation on international law. The assembly voted to set up a 36-country world food council, as recommended by the World Food Conference in Rome in November, to de- cide on food aid and agricultural help for needy countries. It turned aside a drive, led by China, to oust the Cam- bodian government of Presi- dent Lon Nol in favor of a govemment-in-exile based in Peking and headed by Prince Norodom Sihanouk. Communist and Third World countries again failed to win assembly approval for the dis- mantling of the UN Military Command, set up in 1950 to de- fend South Korea from the North Korean invasion, and the withdrawal of American troops stationed in South Korea. It postponed until 1975 a de- bate on international terror- ism. Arabs contended that any anti-terrorist measures would be aimed against them and Africans expressed fear the curbs would be used to hamper liberation move- ments. Without opposition, the Se- curity Council extended for a further six months the man- dates of the UN peace forces stationed in Cyprus and the Middle East. Canada has ap- proximately officers and men serving in those contin- gents. Three new nada, Guinea-Bissau and admitted, bringing total membership to 138, and a two- year budget for 1974 and 1975 was approved. It was up million to cover inflation costs. TO ALL OUR MANY FRIENDS AND CUSTOMERS FROM THESE LETHBRIDGE BUSINESS LEADERS Garry Kohn Manager Anglo Stereo Photo 419 5th Streets. Wayne WintemutB Asst Manager Anglo Stereo Photo 419 5th Streets. Doug Anderson Photo Dept Mgr Anglo Stereo Photo 419 5th Streets. George Gerslenbuhler Service Dept Anglo Stereo Photo 419 5th Streets. Herb Shector Herb's Western Wear 308 5th Street S. Lethbndge Al Hayson Proprietor KITSON'S PHARMACY 4th Avenue 6th Street S. Charlie Watson Pharmacist KITSONS PHARMACY 4th Avenue 6th Street S. WARREN PACAUD Manager Chinook Stationers Ltd BRIAN BAINES Sales Representative Chinook Stationers Ltd. GERRY SAGE Owner Kwik Kolor FRED STORY Sales Manager Toyota Travel Centre BOB BARBER Sales Representative Toyota Travel Centre CON BARRETT Sales Representative Toyota Travel Centre ED MUELLER Sales Representative Toyota Travel Centre JIM BORDER Sales Representative Toyota Travel Centre Bill Baker General Manager BAKER APPLIANCES 812-4th Avenue S. 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