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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETH6RIDGE HERALD Tuesday, December 31, 1974 CIA spies It might be hard to pick out the least surprising news of 1974, but the revela- tion that the CIA spied at home on American citizens would have to be con- sidered for the honor. This may be news to President Ford, but it was the com- mon assumption of a certain segment of the American population those who disagreed with that nation's conduct in the Vietnam War and those who were militant on behalf of minority rights. And as a matter of fact, some of them reacted to the notion with a certain amount of hilarity Now that proof seems forthcoming that the CIA did spy illegally on American citizens, a wave of indignation will probably sweep that country. It should include in its tide the same people who became indignant when President Nixon was exposed in all his to use his own terminology, although others had seen those "warts" long before. Generations of Americans have been nurtured on the myths that honor is the well-spring of success, that competition and sacrifice are needed to build character, and that wealth is testimony to hard work, not greed To have myths exploded is always a source of anger. And that anger is frequently vented, not against the persons who misbehaved, but against those who exposed the mis- behavior A certain percentage of the Ameri- can people still refuses to believe the evidence against Nixon and prefers to think that the press and his enemies maligned him. The same may well be true of the exposure of the CIA. And some of the public may believe that the CIA action was justified. President Ford, whose directness is sometimes mistaken for naivete, is not apt to take this point of view. He spent 25 years in Congress, where the CIA was a thorn in almost everyone's flesh because its activities were secret even from those who had to approve appropriations for the agency. Further- more, he may possibly be influenced in this matter by his children, who are less susceptible to myths than those of his predecessors In the re-examination of the American constitution that was precipitated by Watergate, much attention was focused on the writing and speeches of James Madison, the fourth U.S. president who was known as the father of the con- stitution Madison once said something very appropriate to the CIA affair "I believe there are more instances of the abridgment of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachment of those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations All of this may seem to be only an American problem But Canadians grow up with many of the same preconcep- tions and some of the same indifferences to the rights of others ERIC NICOL Down to the last quarter 1975 The Twentieth Century is down to its last quarter People who were around when the century was born can only boggle at what it has done with three fourths of its lifesnan This cen- tury has lived it up My. has it lived it up Conceived in the image of Queen Victoria, at 75 the Twentieth Century looks like something dredged from a drunk tank It has had more historic dates than Richard Burton, and looks it It has bags under its eras Every wrinkle tells a story unsuitable for children The century that began with vast enthusiasm for a steam driven automobile capable of 25 miles an hour, has, in only three score and 15 years, gone through the combus- tion engine car good for 300 miles an hour through jet propelled craft by land, sea and air, through rockets to the moon and beyond, and now gazes bleanly at the feasibility of a steam driven automobile capable of 25 miles an hour The century made its entree with the poor measuring out lumps of coal Seventy five years later it finds the rich measuring out lumps of sugar It has been a lumpy epoch With more than seven decades of its life spent the Twentieth Century bears a floral symbol the poppy The poppies grow in Flanders fields and more profitably in Turkey The century that began in dread of disease such as polio, TB and syphilis has developed effective substitutes for mere germs, m alcohol nicotine and heroin It has shown remarkable ingenuity in renewing its sources of suffering The major discovery of this aging century, however, has been sex From what was large- ly a mystery compounded by rather frantic groping, these years have seen the transition to sex as a science whose techniques have been examined more exhaustively than any other type of technological exploration, including that of the Alberta tar sands Indeed there is a real danger that, at 75, our century may have overdone it Excessive ex- ploitation of base appetite, in films, books and the neighborhood bar, may have killed the goose that laid the golden urge The old rake may totter into the period of la fin du siecle leaning heavily on Victorian prudery, on a restoration of puritanism, as the wages of a misspent youth In the circumstances, living in the 20th cen- tury that has the body of a 50th century, we would seem to be called upon to make something special in the way of New Year's resolution It smacks of trifling, to resolve to smell nicer in 75, when we know that the aerosol can releases a gas that is ac- cumulating in the atmosphere to the fatal detriment of the planet How do we spend it the last quarter9 Can anything be done at all, to save from further folly this profligate, belligerent, raunchy sep- tuagenarian of a century' No point in asking the old geezer holding a scythe he's being picketed by the grain inspectors as a scab reaper As for the nude kid in the top hat (Baby New his diaper contains no message that we haven't already found in the year-end and stock- market summary This corner wishes us all, for 1975, a twelve month of greater wisdom Lest what remains of our century be just a matter of time Letters Disagrees with argument The world as hostage By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator PARIS All foreign ministries are convinced a brand new Arab-Israeli crisis very likely followed by war will erupt in 1975 Moreover, this time, the confiontation would be more dangerous than its predecessors The reasons are evident Four Middle Eastern countries are now armed at a level that equals or surpasses the traditionally strong Euro- pean powers Israel, Egypt, Syria and Iran (not involved in the Palestine dispute yet which abuts upon it geographically) have more powerful tank and perhaps jet forces than, for example, West Germany, Britain, France and Italy There is, of course, a difference Both France and Britain have national nuclear striking forces plus small but efficient navies Further- more, the third great atomic military power after America and Russia is NATO-in- Europe The United States has stored some warheads in Europe for allied use Nevertheless, the Israelis and their neighbors are in a position to fight conventional tank-plus-air battles on a far larger scale than such Se- cond World War encounters as El Alamein It is an astonishing paradox that countries with relatively small industrial infrastruc- ture and often with tiny pop- ulations can represent such martial threats A second factor, hitherto lurking in the background, has also burst into the open Everybody has suspected for years that Israel in a position to fight a nuclear war if it felt in danger of being overrun The Dimona reactor was known to be a small producer of warheads and recently the Israeli president has confirmed their possession Obviously this statement was part of the cold war that permanently surrounds the Middle East's intermittent hot war Each side tries to scare the other in order to ob- tain negotiating concessions Now Egypt is foolishly demanding a freeze on Israeli immigration But it is unlikely the superpowers would ever allow things to get to the nuclear fighting stage (although Israel could destroy Egypt by atomizing the Aswan dam and thereby un- leashing the Nile) The Russians are no more eager than the Americans to be sucked into an active confrontation with each other And, although the United States has been deliberately hinting that its forces might occupy the main Arab oilfields in case of another embargo (and even sent a naval squadron into the Per- sian this is patent bluff It is surely meant only to warn the Russians against folly Yet, although Russia does all it can to support the Arabs (and has developed a fine ex- port market for its weapons) Moscow needs Israel as a per- manent reality It is no acci- dent that the Russians raced the Americans to recognize the Zionist state's existence Israel represents the only ploy the U S S R can rely on using to exercise long-term influence in the Middle East Without Israel's implicit menace to the Arabs, there is no compelling reason for them to look to Russia They are politically divided between conservative anti-Communist regimes and those governed by various forms of in- digenous socialism virtually Clandestine English schools By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Of all the harrowing despatches of Christmas week, the most downright disturbing is the revelation that four and five year olds, egged on by their immigrant parents, are plotting against peace, order and good government in the province of Quebec There are thoughtless peo- ple elsewhere in the country who imagine that such things happen only in pantommes It is not so On the evidence of exchanges in the Quebec legislature, carefully reported in The Gazette of Montreal, toddlers numbering thousands are even now about their nefarious activities, under- mining Bill 22, threatening the future, and causing grave concern to Premier Bourassa as he goes about his important work of arranging or derang- ing the coming century Lest any reader should be inclined to dismiss the story as an invention of the media, it should be pointed out that the whole frightening business was brought to public atten- tion, drawing comment from the Premier, on the day following Christmas when members were sacrificing their normal recess in order to press ahead with the priori- ty public duty of boosting their legislative stipends The facts of the situation, as reported by The Gazette, are simple, however shattering their implications A few days ago the Quebec Government published regulations cover- ing the language tests re- quired by Bill 22 There are to be three categories of tested children Those with a "suf- ficient knowledge of French only" are to attend schools in the French-language system, those with a "sufficient knowledge of English only" schools of the English system and those with a suf- ficient knowledge of both languages will enjoy freedom of choice It first glance, a tidy arrangement, the sort of thing that citizens have come to expect of omniscient government Even as the regulators were regulating, however, there was dirty work afoot According to Jacques-Yves Monn, the Op- position Leader, ill-disposed immigrant parents have organized "clandestine" English schools presently be- ing attended, as he alleges, by some to children The shame of it While peo- ple in other provinces go about thinking kindly thoughts of Mr Bourassa, Quebec children gather in little rooms with drawn blinds and mutter seditious sentences "See Dick run See Jane run See Dick and Jane run And why are Dick and Jane running7 Why to beat the lan- guage regulators Mr Bourassa is confronted with a grave problem Such license in other countries, un- regulated reading and writing by uninspected nippers, has brought disastrous con- sequences Mr Monn, painting a black picture, warns that the practice could render Bill 22 "totally inoperative" There is nothing worse than an inoperative Bill except, occasionally, the operative ones Fortunately for the Quebec version of law and order, the Premier in his reply made plain that the Government will not stand idly by while kindergarten conspiracies subvert the state Action will be taken if necessary. The "flexibility" of the Language legislation and regulations will enable alert Ministers to "correct the situation Evidently the far-seeing technocrats who drafted the measure anticipated a certain amount of shabby behaviour by Quebec citizens. These, of course, are general assurances Governments confide only so far m the masses Mr Bourassa senses the danger but will not be trapped into disclosing details of his battle plan as he prepares to take on the immigrant toddlers One miglit think from sundry New Year's messages that we have nothing to worry about but economics. In Quebec, which is not a province like the others, ministers have sharper per- ceptions They have grasped what most of us elsewhere had not imagined, the perils which lurk in Dick and Jane. It is unbelievable but it is happening, here in Canada, as we enter 1975 I read the editorial on dogs, For the children's sake, (The Herald, Dec. as it appeared in the Kegina Leader Post I must say that I do not agree with the arguments First I must admit a dog has a pi; ce in society. But not to run at large on city streets, bury bones in the neighbors garden, dig up other peoples gardens and flower beds, urinate on the corners of the neighbor's house and trees, rip open piles of garbage in the back alleys, bark at pedestrians walking down the streets, sometimes nipping at their heels I could go on but what's the use? I will not accept ma larky about children needing dogs Sure the child will cry his or her eyes out un- til mummy or daddy buys a pup, then as the novelty grows off the child loses interest in the dog and either the parents have to look after the dog or the neighbor has to put up with it The child will only take an interest in the dog if it gets run over and killed, then he will cry its eyes out until mummy and daddy buy another one If people need dogs, then those same people should keep them on their own property My suggestion if a dog is found loose is that the enforc- ing officer either catch the dog or follow it home and give the owner a ticket. Perhaps a fine for a first offence would do J RICHARDSON Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan all of which dislike the Marx- ist gospel according to Moscow Next year will inevitably be a year of movement It could bring a war immensely dangerous to the Middle East and also to the world sur- rounding it, or it could bring diplomatic action In the latter case, the trend will not be altogether to Israel's liking As the territorial gainer in recent conflicts, it will be forced to cough up, trading land for guaranteed security But this has always been inevitable In the summer of 1967 when Henry Kissinger had no official U S position he visited Israel and urged those with whom he spoke to yield generous cessions in exchange for durable peace Kissinger was not alone in this view but none of the others subsequent- ly became secretary of state Another missed Israeli op- portunity was to make a deal with King Hussein of Jordan This failed to come about and now Yasir Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization has replaced his regime as the body with which eventual negotiations will have to take place Kissinger achieved an astonishing ascendency over the future of the Middle East last spring by his series of dazzling bilateral nego- tiations But it looks as if they will prove to be as evanescent as the brief spring foliage that adorns the desert Brezhnev goes to Cairo next month, probably with a fistful of arms With luck, diplomatic pressures may ease the mounting Arab-Israeli ten- sion by starting another round of multilateral Geneva talks Without luck we are in for another brutal war Public behind police With interest I have read about the measures the Calgary police force is taking regarding the return of capital punishment I believe they have very good reasons for their demands, and hope that they will succeed in shaking up the powers at Ottawa However, at no time would strike action be justified to gain their demands Although my reasons in support of capital punishment are mostly biblical any mature person must by now be able to see the consequences of a judicial system that is fast becoming a mockery and a big laugh for the criminal By law, any killer of a police officer must still be put to death, but we all know how these laws are interpreted in Canada, and I believe Const McDonald of Calgary is right when he states that public opinion is behind them Note the poll that was taken throughout Canada by Weekend Magazine about a year ago So let's support the police association in being heard around the continent, but again, at anytime we must condemn the ethics of strike action J SLINGERLAND Diamond City Appalling conditions I was so looking forward to coming to Lethbndge for Christmas until I got here The condition of the streets and roads was appalling and it was impossible for us to relax and enjoy the true Christmas spirit that is supposed to bring peace and joy The moment we entered the city limits, it became im- perative to drive not just defensively but aggressively in our defence We had to maintain an unreasonable speed m residential areas, thereby endangering parked cars and pedestrians, just to avoid getting struck ourselves We couldn't even risk stopping to help others, who were stuck in the ice and snow, simply to avoid our own demise Just one block from the main downtown centre we ac- tually had to back up and turn around because it was obvious we would not get through the drifts without bogging down We do not drive a small car and we do have new studded winter grips but the roads are more than even they can cope with I found it amazing that Lethbndge residents did not share my surprise at the con- ditions They explained to me that after the new year the streets would inevitably be cleared as the cost of the exer- cise would be put to the new year's budget What I can't understand is the tolerance of Lethbridgeites at this point The dollars they save on their taxes they are losing on in- surance rates Let's face it, nobody really wins on an in- surance claim, better the dollars be spent on prevention rather than the cure So long as attitudes such as this prevail, Lethbndge will continue to be considered a small town, regardless of the size, population or growth This is not only unfortunate but devastating to the economy as a city The poten- tial is here but attitudes are stifling it If enough people cared enough to express concern, I'm sure the situa- tion would be altered Until then, I'm glad I don't live here BEV BARTON A VISITOR 1975 By NEA In "You SAY you're punishing yourself by watching all of these football games, but how do I KNOW The LethbruUje Herald 504 7th St S Lethbndge Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Secona Ciass Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager HOY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;