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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuesday, December 31, 1974 THE LETHBRIPGE HERALD 21 History will begin judgement of Nixon and cohorts in 1975 WASHINGTON (CP) For the sick man of San Cle- for his acolytes and will be the year the judgment of history begins. The muddy flood of Water- gate crested in 1974, with only one major trial remaining to go before the courts. As the year waned, the box- score of corruption showed more than 50 convictions reg- istered against corporations and individuals both inside and outside the White House. The most important trial of all, the Watergate cover-up case, was winding down with the old year. Should there be any further bombshells arising from what the White House once termed "only a third-rate certainly there should be none to rival that which exploded on Aug. 9, 1974. On that date, Richard Nix- president of the United the first president to resign his of- fice. Still to be heard in the spr- ing is the case of John Con- nally, former treasury secretary and once governor of Texas. The Democrat- turned-Republican is charged with perjury and with accept- ing a bribe from milk interests in a Watergate-re- lated case. JUDGED BY HISTORY But for Nixon, convalescing at his home in San Clemente, Calif., the man who once said he would be content to leave to history the judgment of himself and his adminis- tration, that process appears to be starting. Henry Petersen, resigning as head of the criminal divi- sion of the devastated justice department, summed up a general hunger for the per- spectives of the future by looking ahead 50 years. "Maybe by he said, "the highly irrational conduct of the recent past will become understandable." Then he cast back 100 years. "My best guess is that Nix- on will emerge in history 'something like Ulysses Grant; he did a good job in some respects but was flawed by far reaching corruption." The scholars and historians should have much to work with. The Watergate affair broke open in mid-June, 1972, with the almost accidental dis- covery of burglars in the of- fices of the Democratic Na- tional Committee, then hous- ed in the huge apartment- hotel shopping complex which gave its name to the scandal. The country then lived through a summer of shock and surprise as primarily Washington Post- printed almost a chapter a day in the chronicle of cor- ruption. This led to the dramatic Senate hearings. Almost over- night, seven senators became television personalities as they and their staffs peeled back the layers of political es- pionage like the skin from a rotting onion. The Senate investigation later was upstaged by the wrangling, again on live tele- vision, of the House judiciary committee panel for only the second time in question of presi- dential impeachment. And almost incidentally there was the no less damaging to the ad- and resignation of Vice-President Spiro Agnew. Through it all, Nixon fought to keep inviolate the tape recordings he had set up like an electronic diary to record for posterity his time in the Oval Office. Ironically, it was this ges- ture to history that may, more than anything else, dictate his position in history. PRESIDENT LIED Among other things, the tapes showed that the presi- dent had lied to the people for more than two years. The judiciary committee voted for impeachment and drew up appropriate articles for the House to debate as a whole. It ruled that Nixon had violated his oath of office, the criminal laws of the land, and the constitution. But the House was spared a divisive debate by Nixon's resignation. The representa- tives accepted the committee report 10 days after the presi- dent had left office. Peter Rodino, the once-ob- scure congressman from New Jersey who led the committee 1975 looms as possible record strike year OTTAWA (CP) The repu- tation of 1974 as the year of the strike may be short-lived with an even heavier bargain- ing calendar facing union and company negotiators in the coming year. Contracts for an estimated organized workers expire in 1975 amid pre- dictions of high inflation and increased unemployment. Bargaining next year will begin in an atmosphere of la- bor militancy carried over from 1974, when a record to- tal of time was lost due to work stoppages. In the first nine months, 8.1 million man-days were lost because of strikes and lock- outs, exceeding the previous annual record total of 7.8 mil- lion man-days in 1972. Many of the most disruptive strikes, including some in the federal public service, were illegal and some occurred dur- ing the life of collective agreements as workers sought interim pay raises to keep up with inflation. Among major contracts to be renewed in 1975 are those affecting postal employees, construction workers in On- tario and Alberta, Quebec and Ontario provincial employees, longshoremen on the east and west coasts, airline machin- ists, Thunder Bay and Mon- treal grain handlers, steel- workers at Stelco, Algoma Steel and International Nickel, paperworkers, textile workers and Quebec iron min- ers. One bright spot is that 000 railway workers have recently ratified a one-year collective agreement to the end of 1975. It was the first time that the non-operating employees, shopcraft tradesmen and the running reached a new agreement before the old one expired. Negotiations for a railway agreement beyond 1975 will begin next fall. Leaders of the Canadian Labor Congress, which repre- sents about three-quarters of organized labor, have said they are willing to talk with government and business about ways of tackling in- flation. But they have re- jected suggestions that unions should moderate wage de- mands. With inflation spurring on hefty wage demands, and a push from organized labor for cost-of-living allowances, ma- jor strikes erupted in many in- dustries and in the federal public service. In April, there were illegal strikes by postal workers over technological change in the post office and by federal air- port firefighters who man- aged to tie up air traffic in several major centres. Shipping on the Great Lakt was hit by a strike by seafarers just as spring breakup occurred and by walkouts of ships' officers in late summer. Both of those strikes, as well as walkouts by Van- couver grain handlers and federal grain inspectors, ham- pered the movement of one of the country's crucial exports. There were major transit strikes in Montreal and To- ronto, a firefighters' walkout in Montreal, woodworkers' and construction employees strikes in British Columbia and a three-month walkout by Cominco mill workers and miners in British Columbia at Trail, Kimberley and Salmo. The settlement there may provide a pattern for con- tracts in the industry in 1975. BOMBS EXPLODE MONTHEY, Switzerland (CP) Two plastic charges exploded early Monday in a busy street at Monthey in Valais canton, southern Switzerland, smashing shop windows and traffic lights. No one was hurt. through its deliberations, said later: "I do not feel that history has been short-changed with- out impeachment and trial. The record is all there, 36 vol- umes of evidence fairly ar- rived at." Nothing typified Nixon's time in office more than his manner in leaving it. In January, 1974, he was saying "I have no intention whatever of ever walking away from the job the people elected me to do." A month later, he said "I'm going to stay here until I get it done." And a month after that, he scorned resignation as "an easy cop-out." As late as Aug. 6, 1974, he was pledging to fight "down to the last vote in the Senate." Three days after that ring- ing pronouncement, Richard Nixon wrote a One-sentence letter to State Secretary Henry Kissinger: "Dear Mr. Secretary: "I hereby resign the office of the President of the United States." And there was still one more bombshell to come. President Ford, a month later, granted "a free, full arid absolute pardon" to Nixon for any and all misdeeds he had or may have committed while in the White House. Then, in answer to suspi- cions that the pardon might have been a condition of res- ignation, Ford went before the judiciary committee to vow "there was no deal." An echo of such suspicions was to be revived a more subdued Ford nominated multi- millionaire Nelson Rocke- feller to be his vice-president. Rockefeller, former gover- nor of New York, had made three less-than-dynamic at- tempts at the'Republican nomination in the past and had once commented, in relation to the vice-presidency, that second-place was for losers. Yet he accepted the Ford offer, setting up the unprece- dented situation of the U.S. operating with caretakers as president and second-in-com- mand. Rockefeller was sworn in Dec. 19. The con- troversial pardon, while it re- lieved Nixon of ever having to answer for his actions, also stripped the former president of any protection under the statute which guarantees freedom from self- incrimination. John Ehrlichman, Nixon's chief domestic adviser who was fighting Watergate cover- up charges in court, imme- diately subpoenaed the for- mer president as a defence witness. Nixon, ailing with a flare-up of the phlebitis he had once shaken off to keep an urgent appointment in Moscow, was judged by a panel of court-ap- pointed doctors as too ill to testify. The trial continued without him. The Nixon presence, how- ever, hung like a shadow over the courtroom of Judge John Sirica. The ex-president's voice- querulous, sometimes de- manding, and often profane- crackled from his tapes through the earphones that hung in the jury box and at every other position in court. Richard Nixon, in a manner he could never have foreseen, was keeping his promise to posterity. NIXON BIDS WHITE HOUSE FAREWELL AFTER RESIGNING AUG. 9 To our many friends and customers from these LETHBRIDGE BUSINESS LEADERS HENRYKRAHN President KRAHN HOMES LTD. ASTRO REALTY INSURANCE LTD. BENREIMER Business Manager KRAHN HOMES LTD. ASTRO REALTY INSURANCE LTD. TOM SELNES Insurance Manager ASTRO REALTY INSURANCE LTD. DAVENEUFELD Sales Manager ASTRO REALTY INSURANCE LTD. CHESTER ROBINS Manager ROBINS PRINTING CO. LTD. 1239 3rd Ave. S. EVA MASSE Owner Ray's Recordland ED BARTEL President ED BARTEL CONSTRUCTION Phone 328-1624 DON HAMILTON Owner-Manager DON'S BUILDING SUPPLIES Phone 328-3535 LORNE SHEAD Manager WOOLWORTH'S Corner 4th Ave. 6th St. Downtown, Lethbridge TOM BAKER Assistant Manager WOOLWORTH'S Corner 4th Ave. 6th St. Downtown, Lethbridge TIMGRISAK Manager BLOCK BROS. 1240-3rd. Ave. S. BILLLAZARUK Assistant Manager BLOCK BROS. 1240-3rd Ave. S. LARRY PHILLIPS Sales Manager UNITED MOTORS CO. LTD. 302-3rd Ave. S. Paul Anctil Proprietor SOUTHERN MONUMENT AND TILE BOB HOBBS Owner-Manager PLAINSMAN SPORTS 329-7th St. S. KEN KOTKAS Owner-Manager PLAINSMAN SPORTS 329-7th St S. CASEY DEJAGER General Manager CAPITOL FURNITURE CARPETS LTD. MELGODLONTON Manager G. H. WOOD CO. 2219-2 Avenue N. Lethbridge ;