Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
December 1973 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD 5 Even 'fierce9 tribal chiefs change minds This is the second of three reports on the struggle currently underway in remote the biggest and poorest province in for political control of the 2.5 million residents of that vast desolate area. By DANIEL SOUTHERLAND Christian Science Monitor Pakistan At the center of controversy in the troubled province of Baluchistan is a beard- ed man named Muhammad Akbar Khan Bugti. As befits his size and fierce demeanor. Mr. Bugti is gover- nor of the largest and wildest province of Pakistan. Mr. Bugti also is a tribal chief who has earned a reputa- tion for dispensing swift and brutal frontier justice. But he is equally at home with rough- mannered tribesmen and polished diplomats. He enjoys trips to and speaks near flawless English. Mr. Bugti recently sub- mitted his resignation as governor of this sparsely populated province covering nearly hall ol Pakistan. But Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto asked him to stay on in the job until a replacement can be found. Meantime. Mr. Bugti has been expressing his unhap- piness with the way things are 'going here. The chief of one of Baluchistan's largest has been particularly critical of the way in which the Pakistani Army has gone about trying to suppress rebelling tribesmen. Earlier. Mr Bugti had offended many of his fellow tribal leaders by accepting the governorship to begin with and by siding with Mr. Bhutto after Mr. Bhutto had ousted the previous provincial government led by the opposi- tion National Awami Party. Now Mr. Bugti is apparently not so sure he did the right thing. In a talk with two newsmen not long ago. he complained that Prime Minister Bhutto had been sending more and more troops to Baluchistan and that the Army was using heavy-handed tactics with the Baluch tribesmen. Into this already troubled and complex picture came the assassination on Dec. 2 of the head of the National Awami Party in Abdul Samad Khan Achakzai. A hand grenade thrown into his house is reported to have kill- ed Mr. Achakzai instantly. The provincial capital of Quetta was described as the grip of following the incident. Governor Bugti had ex- pressed concern earlier that if the situation in his province deteriorated. Iran Pakistan's powerfully armed neighbor to the west might feel compelled to move into Baluchistan. The Shah of Iran has his own restless Baluchis to worry and has stated that if Pakistan were threatened by a Husak pleads for Western PRAGUE Gustav Czechoslovak Communist party has called on countries which have had differences of opi- nion with Czechoslovakia in the past to base their present relations on a desire for co- operation. In an interview with Reuters news first with a Western cor- respondent since he became party leader in said he believes all states wish to maintain good relations with country that is factually and with its leadership and its In a reference to Western criticism of the Soviet inva- sion of Czechoslovakia which ended the reformist move- ment of he can have various opinions on what spoilt our relations in the but the important thing is that they wish to co-operate Husak indicated that in internal Czechoslovak affairs there is no question about forgetting 1968. When asked about he referred to the stand taken at the 14th con- gress of the Czechoslovak Communist Party in which he said was accepted and supported by our DROP LAW SUIT NEW YORK Lawyers for Jacqueline Onassis said Friday they have dropped a law suit against her husband Aristotle for non- payment of legal fees. The fees were for a suit Mrs. Onassis brought against a free-lance photographer in 1972. The firm declined to comment on reports that the suit was dropped after Mrs. Onassis paid from her own funds to settle the case. The resolution passed at this congress stated that the chief danger to Communism in Czechoslovakia was rightwing official term for the political path taken by Husak's liberal Alexander Debcek. NO MERIT IN BOOKS He said the West is giving publicity to banned Czech- oslovak writers because of their negative at- and not because of ar- tistic merit. Asked about Milan who recently won a French lit- erary prize for a book banned in he it I am has been writing lor 15 to 20 but he got the prize only after he came into political conflict with our social Asked whether the East- conference in Vienna on troop cuts in central Europe would deal with Czechoslova- kia. Husak said the Commun- ist countries had propoded to reduce both national forces and forces based in the territ- ory of other countries. are the co-sponsors of this and that is our East-West detente is of nsiderable and immediate im- to as ihc country has been affec- ted by all the major European he said. On the question of cultural he never had we never shall have in the future any in- terest in exchanging doubtful Human contacts must deve- lop harmony with the valid principles andnorms of rela- tions among while re- spect is paid to the laws in lorce in individual countries jancl their customs and hab- CAREER CHEVRON STANDARD LTD. requires an AUDITOR A permanent position is available within the Finance Department of a major international oil company. Initial assignment will be in Calgary. Preference will be given to applicants who have qualified as a Chartered Accountant or who possess a B.Comm. degree with an accounting major. Full employee benefits are offered and salary will be commensurate with qualifications and experience. Please submit written application giving full details of education and together with telephone number The Manager Employee Relatlona Chevron Standard Limited 400 5th Avenue S.W. Alberta breakdown in he would react. is just waiting to march in here and take what it Mr. Bugti said recently. we fear is that if something like that happens we are going to completely lose our he speaking this time more as a tribesman than as a governor. Iranians may fear that the Russians will get here first if they don't he said. several Ira- nian military helicopters and a number of Iranian pilots have already been seen work- ing with and supporting the Pakistani Army inside Baluchistan Mr. Bugti's resignation and his comments indicate that he now is trying to shift away from Prime Minister Bhutto to a more independent position. But Mr. Bugti sometimes has trouble getting his com- ments across to the public here. The governor gave a press conference a few weeks ago to protest what he described as a central-government attempt to divide the Baluch tribesmen. Federal authorities ordered that his press conference be meaning that no new- spaper was supposed to publish the governor's remarks. None did. Prime Minister Bhutto has been attempting to negotiate with three prominent opposi- tion politicians from Baluchistan whom he arrested GUSTAV HUSAK Counterfeit money circulating MONTREAL A record worth of counterfeit money has been put in circulation in Canada this Mike Bajlard. direc- tor of security for the Cana- dian says. A rash of bogus and bills turned up in the Montreal area and other major Cana- dian he said. There were 5.448 counterfeit bills with a total face value of put in circulation across the country in 1972. and 80 per cent of them were I'nited States bills. Mr. Ballard and police of- ficials said the Canadian bills are of excellent and so numerous that the acceptability of a bill whether good or bad has been undermined seriously. Counterfeiters are concentrating on the and Canadian bills because of difficulties in duplicating the new design of and issued during the last three years. Mr. Ballard said. IMPORTS CAUSE WORRY Belgium The European Common Market declared Monday its readiness to use the means at its to protect its markets from Japanese imports. The declaration specified that the electronic sector was the one that most concerned the Common Market. Most countries wanted to discuss exportlimiting agreements with Japan. MAYOR SWORN IN DETROIT Coleman Young. Detroit's first black was sworn in Friday while a handful of witnesses looked on. Young announced that he will retain Phillip Ten- Governor Muhammed Akbar Khan Bugti and Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto a few months ago. They are being detained at a police training center near Rawalpindi. Some people think that the Prime Minister eventually will work out a deal with them which will leave Governor Bugti out in the cold. The prime minister dicated as much in a recent interview of his own with a European television reporter. present he meaning Mr. Bugti. suffering from schizophrenia. He doesn't like having the government negotiate with the opposition. frightened now 'because he betrayed his old friends. is a game of said the prime Mr. Bugti played his chess Prime Minister Bhutto describes the efforts of his government and army in Baluchistan as a struggle against worst form of Some of the tribal chiefs of Baluchistan would not argue about the system being feudal. Men such as Governor Bugti are considered omnipotent in their tribal homelands. They exercise power over the rangeland. mediate family and handle trade tor the whole tribe. They have the power of life and death over and sometimes they exercise it. But the chiefs contend that what they have to offer is all that their people have ever and moreover that it is better than what Mr. Bhutto has to offer. Where all this will leave a tribal leader such as Muham- mad Akbar Khan Bugti remains to be seen. But the governor has been in trouble before and survived it. Mr. Bugti was an old foe of the military regimes of Ayub Khan and Yahva which preceded the current civilian regime. He claims to have spent a total of seven years in Pakistani jails but looks none the worse for it. In 1960. Mr. Bugti was found guilty of murdering one of his own relatives in one of those manifestations of quick jus- tice which are common in Baluchistan. This gave Gen. Ayub Khan a good excuse to put Mr. Bugti in jail. But he was out again in 18 months. Of he has killed said a Pakistani who knows the governor. has had to do it to keep up his im- To rule a ferocious you have to'be ferocious was very clever to enlist the chief of one of.the most blood thirsty tribes and to use him against the other said a diplomat who happens to admire Prime Minister Bhutto. Bugli has realized that what was happening was un- dermining his own the diplomat said. was affecting his standing as a The baluchis' ef- torts to make the desert bloom TO ALL OUR MANY FRIENDS AND CUSTOMERS FROM THESE LETHBRIDGE BUSINESS LEADERS KenSupina Manager INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER Sales Service Centre Kaz Hi raga President ACME TELEVISION LTD. College Mall and 13th St. N MasShigehiro Manager ACME TELEVISION LTD. College Mall Glen Tanaka Manager ACME TELEVISION LTD. 535-13th St. N. 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