Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
Godaddyseal image
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 4

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 40

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives

googlemap

Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD December 1973 Americans dramatically aware of Canada in '73 Contentious issue The results of today's election in Israel will have a large bearing on some of the issues to be settled in the Middle East peace talks. There are varying attitudes among the candidates on withdrawing from occupied for instance. One highly contentious finds the Israelis with a nearly un- animous position Jerusalem must re- main undivided and a part of Israel. An indication of how contentious the issue of Jerusalem remains is to be found in a recent statement by Pope Paul VI who repeated a call for the inter- nationalization of the city under a charter guaranteed by the United Nations. He is anxious that the holy places of Christian tradition be accessible. This parallels a concern of Islamic leaders for their holy places. The Israelis might be more sym- pathetic to the Pope's insistence on a different status for Jerusalem if there had been some protest from Christians when for 19 years prior to 1967 no Jew was allowed to go into the old city where the holy places of Judaism also are found. since the Israelis are willing to let Christians and Moslems administer their holy places they cannot see why the status of Jerusalem needs to be changed. C. L. the New York Times' roving has suggested that a Moslem be created in Jerusalem similar to that existing in Rome under the Pope's rule. This might at least the demands of the Moslems. While it does not address itself to the concern of the Sulzberger points out that has managed to reconcile itself to foreign rule over its own shrines ever since the last crusades. Maybe this spirit of realistic tolerance could some day prove The shortage of oil How scarce is oil in the present world The London whose skepticism borders on suspicion if not has raised this question periodically for several weeks and has attempted to establish some facts through the screen of rhetoric which sur- rounds the subject. It has counted tankers unloading in which refines a large percentage of the oil destined for Euro- pean it has noted the super- tankers waiting to unload near Milford Haven than ever and has come up with figures on tanker sailings from four Arabian oil terminals. The latter figures are from one of the few independent sources of infor- since the Arabs and the oil com- panies have a monopoly on information as to what is really going on in the Gulf. According to the the latest sailings from the four Arabian terminals are 40 per cent greater than a year ago. Adding this to the fact that Arabian oil production increased drastically during the first 10 months of 1973 by 33 per cent in Saudi Arabia and 35 per cent in Iraq and on the basis of other shipping that produc- tion has not been cut as drastically as the Arabs the magazine stated categorically in is not yet visibly scarce in In the Economist's the Arabs have milked the situation for maximum political advantage without actually destroying Western economy and oil firms have had their reasons for going along with this. These reasons are not hard to deduce. The companies have been warning for some time about an oil without assuming any respon- sibility for it. Now the whole world is listening and the Arabs are getting the blame. The weekly concludes that the oil- buying as well as are in the oil firms' hands and recalls that the chairman of Royal Dutch ad- mitted that the multinationals consider they have the responsibility of running their own world system of rationing. The German Die sub- stantiates this conclusion in a similar story in which it indicated that the only guide line to the true oil supply was in the amounts of oil landed in Western Euro- pean terminals and in which it spoke of the reticence of the oil companies to dis- close information. And Canadians will remember that Energy Minister Donald Macdonald admitted in forecasting possible oil shortages in Eastern he had to rely on figures supplied him by the oil companies. Whether one is disturbed by the power of the international oil companies in the distribution and production of oil depends upon one's reaction to the hypothesis that what is good for the oil companies is good for everyone. Or to put it as a rhetorical in the style of the the head of Exx- on may be a but is he ERIC NICOL Canada is easily forgotten Will 1974 see the start of the Third World You won't pry the answer out of me. All I'm prepared to say at this time is that if the Third World War does break Canada will be the last to know. External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp as when he complained to other NATO countries about exclusion of Canada Irom efforts to resolve differences between the United States and European members of the Atlantic Alliance. These differences were aggravated when President Nixon put the U.S. armed forces on full during the Middle East crisis. He did so without advising the Europeans. He didn't tell either. The Europeans got mad at the without in- viting Canada to get mad with them. We didn't even get to participate in the snit. What is it about Canada that makes it so easy for other members of our family of nations to take us for We are not Mother. Or Father. Canada is one of the kids. Physically bigger than any other member of the family. How come we aon't stand out in a The question is not altogether academic. To be the last to know that you have bad breath .is one thing. It is quite a different matter to be left off the list of those informed that President Nixon has turned The pushed The and retired to The Bunker till the radioactive dust settles. When Nixon called the alert a few weeks the Canadian officers at NORAD in Colorado Springs took up their battle stations befbre Ottawa was aware that anything was brewing down there except Schlitz. strike speed .of intercontinental ballistic missiles being what it there is reason to believe that for Ottawa not to hear about the Third World War till it gets a post- card from one of our chaps in the States may not give this nation the time it needs to brace itself for the conflict. We in Canada need enough warning to be able to gird up our loins. Just because we have nothing to gird them up with is no reason for our allies to give our loins short shrift. Whether it is the Bay of or or confrontation in the Middle the defence posture of Canada's loins has been utterly dis- regarded by the friendly powers to whom we have entrusted the security of this vital area. We are not invited to stand up and be counted. We are left sitting. Sitting ducks. In blissful ignorance of the imminent arrival of some very hostile birds. Mr. quite is indignant about this. What is he wants to be officially notified by other NATO nations before they register their indignation about not being in- formed by President Nixon that arrangements have been made for the end of mankind. It seems little enough to ask. Yet in the moment of the U.S. looks upon Canadians not merely as cousins but as cousins several times removed. In fact we are so far removed that we blend with the horizon. Henry Kissinger monitors the international scene by flying all over the world to talk to the leaders of every country but Canada. It is doubtful that Henry could find Ottawa with a compass and an RCMP tracking dog. There must be a good reason for Canada's being The Invisible Country. The conclusion borne in upon us is that to be large means lit- tle unless you have muscle. The U.S. has muscle. fat sheiks not has muscle. But what Canada flexes is a a goosebump. readily .overlooked. No point in brooding about of course. Best thing to do think of the Third World War as sort of a surprise party. THE CASSEROLE '.Earlier in tr.t fall this editorializing on Food pointed out that dried beans and peas had remained at about same price as the year before while all ..a- them infiution was striking. It was that possibly someone just didn't '-...ov were protein foods. Investigation sMit hive now doubled in which ii act-opted as with a touch of divine that Extreme left-wing forces in Argentina have mounted an to say the cam- paign to drive multinational companies out of their country. Their methods are simple. extortion and directed at top businessmen in foreign compar.ies. Hardly an acceptable method but it seems to he ivorking. Ford whisked 22 American ex- ecutives and their families out of the country overnight and ieft operations in the hands of By I'aul WhiU'law. Ik-raid Washiiifilon commcntiiior The long- standing Canadian refrain of how Americans know little and care even less about their northern neighbor now seems dated. This was the year Americans were made dramatically aware of Canada albeit with a helping hand from the oil-rich Arabs. In the wake of a worsening fuel interest in Cana- dian politics has never been higher. Not even some veteran observers say dur- ing the Bomarc missile crisis a decade ago. As the largest single foreign exporter of oil to the United it is easy to understand why Canada has a new. higher profile in of- ficial circles here. Maintain- ing the flow of slightly more than one million barrels of crude a day which Canada sells the US. is a crucial fac- tor for the Nixon administra- tion in withstanding the Arab oil boycott. Not only high are focusing atten- tion on Canada. Major American newspapers have been carefully reporting statements by Energy Minister Donald and Prime Minister Trudeau's televised speech last month assuring that exports of oil to the U.S. would be maintained at a level was given wide coverage. Perhaps because Canada has been so in the U.S.. this sudden flurry of concern over Canadian energy policy has sparked a new awareness and interest in what goes on north of the border. Somewhat patronizing remarks at cocktail parties about how is a pretty have been replaced by anxious questions like. What's that guy Macdonald really up or informed comments on the prime minister or the Canadian scene. One's personal ex- perience may not be represen- tative. but away from the fact that there is oil under some of that Canadian snow although seemingly a newly revealed alienating the disregarding Indian rights who said running the country couldn't be Quebecer's attitudes changing By Richard Toronto Slar commmUilor The change is neither dramatic nor immediately ob- vious. Yet so far as the health of Canada is it means as much as the federalist victory in the Oc- tober Quebec election. Until a month ago virtually every political conversation in Que- bec began and ended with separatism. conver- sations may start with the energy or James and finish with or immigration or un- employment. Political debate in in other is becoming the same as political debate anywhere else in Canada. Part of the change is visible. Montreal is in the midst of a building ending its long post-Expo slump. So is Que- bec City. Both booms for the moment at the success of Premier Bourassa's policy of The important has to do with at- titudes and expectations. Que- bec is. in re-entering Confederation. Instead of the endless navel gazing dis- cussions about vs status'' vs Quebecers are discussing concrete such as the impact of the planned oil pipeline to Montreal upon Quebec's plans for a refinery industry based upon imported crude. Two individuals have played critical roles in shaping the new mood. One is Claude editor of Le the required daily reading for Quebec intellectuals. The other is Claude former minister in Bourassa's cabinet and probably the most influential figure in the in or out of politics. 'A recent editorial by Ryan went almost unnoticed in English Canada. In it he at- tacked the demands made by Quebec at last month's federal provincial conference on com- munications. The point was that for the first criticized Quebec on the grounds its brief went too far in demanding jurisdiction from the federal government. Quebec's he wrote were and risk taking Canada into a less ef- ficient form of This about the health of Canada as a whole as opposed to that of Quebec mirrors the views which Castonguay expressed in two long interviews he gave to Le Devoir late last month. The importance of what Castonguay said is hard to overestimate. While a his reputation towered above that of the rest of the cabinet. He was often fiercely critical of and it was his objections that decided Bourassa to reject the constitutional revision for- mula agreed on at the 1971 Victoria conference. He retired late last summer. The Parti Quebecois sought him as a and had he joined the election results would have been different. Instead. Castonguay said nothing until three weeks ago. Castonguay told Le had too much in dealing with its social and economic problems because of the endless and sterile debate about independence. balance of Confederation is by no means Quite apart from economic benefits he accused the Parti Que- becois of under-estimating the economic dislocations that separation would there were other anglo-saxon tradition of in- dividual and easy access to the international political. Quebec must continue to demand what it yet a national coherence must that the country can func- Explaining his own Ryan told reached the conclusion some months ago that Le Devoir had become too too sourpuss if you will. There has to be give as well as By themselves. Ryan's and Castonguay's influence is limited largely to Quebec's small and somewhat circle of intellec- tuals. But there is evidence that their views are shared by growing numbers of young Quebecers. Communications Minister Gerard Pelletier thought he detected a shift in the climate a year ago when he made a 'kamikaze' tour of campuses during the federal election and found that although he was almost booed off the stage at Laval at the junior colleges he received hardly a question on separatism. wanted to know about capital economic about not As another Ryan cited the experience of the Bank of Nova which after years of struggling against open hostility in its campus recruiting cam- this summer found students lining up for inter- views. Perhaps the most interesting evidence is that of the recent survey which show- ed that while close to 44 per cent of the 21-24 age group supported the Parti Quebec- ois. this proportion dropped to 32 per cent among 18-21 year- olds. Rene Levesque believed that means is that when 18 year olds become 21 they become smart enough to become The difference rather is between the generation of the come of age amid terrorist and Ottawa-Quebec and the generation of the looking for its own new worlds to conquer. truth is making Americans more aware of their neighbor. Hardly the in any is genuine. Chastising the press recently. President Nixon noted at a news conference that one can become angry only with those one respects. claimed he wasn't Extending that line of one might conclude that anxiety over Canadian policies even occasional anger is better than benign indifference. During the the focus of concern in Canadian- American relations shifted to energy from trade and economics. the belligerence and fears over economic matters which marked relations between the two countries in and in 1971 after Mr. Nixon devalued the were relegated to history. Although the American trade deficit with Canada largely because of increased dependence on natural resources especial- ly oil. the world balance of trade improved markedly for the U.S. Neither was the Canadian-U.S. automobile agreement the issue it was two years ago. While the auto pact resulted for several years in an automotive trade surplus for the U.S. was once again running a sur- plus. The Nixon administra- tion would still like to renegotiate the but it is not longer an urgent prior- t.v- The appointment of Henry Kissinger as secretary of state this year has raised the hopes of Canadian diplomats here that relations with the United States will become more direct and decisive. Although the former William was always courteous and well-disposed to he had little real control over foreign policy. That power rested in the White House and then presidential adviser Henry Kissinger. For a middle-sized power like with little or no access to the White it was never certain whether its views were known to top of- ficials. Canadian diplomats hope that the usefulness of go- ing through the official channels of the state depart- ment will now be more effec- tive. There wasn't much oppor- for this op- timistic theory to be tested. Within weeks of his confir- mation. Dr. Kissinger became absorbed in the Middle East crisis. He met briefly in New York in September with Ex- ternal Affairs Minister Mitchell but the talks were inconclusive. The two men decided to meet again in November in Ottawa a hopeful sign which indicated the secretary's interest in relations with Canada but the trip was cancelled because of the Arab-Israeli war. Their meeting has not been rescheduled. While there were important developments in Canadian- American relations during 1973. news from the United States in Canadian new- spapers was dominated by Watergate. The domestic scandals which buffeted the Nixon ad- had no direct bearing or. but it produced one interesting side effect. The recurring debate over whether Canada should adopt a republican form of government appeared to have been indefinitely silenced. capers Hy lime you'vi' k'arnecl l.hi1 answers i.hey'vs ail The Letftbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Alberia LETHBRIDCG GERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and PuDlishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K.- WALKER Editorial Pago Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager dear didn't hit a single oolice roadblock either.' HERALD SERVES THE ;