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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 31, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta ivingf Inequities appear in all areas Working women still paid less than men Maternity ward activities viewed from behind scenes By JUDE TLR1C Staff Writer The extent of an average person's experience of a maternity ward is usually limited to visiting the new mother, or staring at the new baby. But there's more to it than plate glass windows and roses. Behind.the scenes, a day can be hectic or serene, yet like'y as not, it'll start early. At 9 a.m. Michael began his life. He'd already made the fart known to his mother, the doctor, and several nurses. And now, he was announcing himself to the world a.s they wheeled him down the hall in the incubator. Michael had some important appointments to keep, all with the nursery staff, and was taken directly there to meet them. Sister Marie Albert, nursery head, greeted him with soft assurances that all would be well, and between baby talk began to run his bath. Although Michael's protests continued with full-throated effort, the other occupants of the nursery didn't seem to mind and slept peacefully, as Sister washed and cleaned him, The original bluish tinge of Ms skin faded into the normal baby-like glow, his crying subdued, and having been measured, weighed and diapered, little Mike was returned to the incubator. No food, explained Sister, would be given to him for 12 hours, as it is better to give the child's system a chance to adjust and clean itself out- She continued her explanation of doctor's orders, checked baby bottle labels, and mused about how cute the babies are, before being interrupted by Mike's father wanting to see him- To see dad beam and say, "is it a boy? is he O.K-?" would have done all the Marcus Welbys of the world good. With Mike safe and quiet, Sister tended to her other duties. On the regular agenda was the feeding of the babies, and a careful check of each bottle label before they were taken to the mothers. Each child has complete and precise record kept of the amount of formula taken, what type it is, and the time of feedings. Records of weight increases are similarly kept up to date. After Uk- br'oies have had their feedings, the mothers who have delivered at least two days before are shown how to bathe Jiedr child properly and with the least amount of wear and tear on eithc � party. Although this might seem to bs a "natural thing," many mothers can experience some anxiety and unsureness in handling the small child, so they are shown safe and easy ways to bathe and turn the baby. From here on, there only remains a few days before mother and child are discharged and leave the hospital. On the technical side of things- the facilities at St. Michael's are modern and well equipped. The maternity ward itself accommodates either two or four per room, and there are also private rooms available. There is a three-bed labor room, two private labor rooms, and three case rooms where the actual deliveries are made. Under hospital regulations, only the husband of the expectant woman is allowed to enter the labor room, while no one is allowed in the case room. Exceptions are made to ad-low the father to watch the birth if permission has been given by the doctor, the hospital, and if the couple has attended pre-natal classes. The nursery is capab'e of handling 30 babies at once as a maximum, but is seldom called upon to do so. Included in its facilities are incubators and isolation units for the premature. Although dedktion may be a word too often used to describe the nursing profession, it seems the only one thoroughly applicable and justified in referring to the nurses of St. Michael's maternity ward. By SUSAN BECKER OTTAWA (CP) - The last 10 years have produced a dramatic increase in the number of women working outside the home but they still tend to be paid less than men in similar jobs, says a government booklet just released. The booklet, Women in the Labor Force 1970, was produced by the women's bureau of the federal labor department. Working women numbered 2,690,000 in 1970, an increase of 62.3 per cent since I960, the booklet says. The number of married women has increased to 56.7 per cent of the female labor force, compared with 45 per cent a decade ago. Last year, women comprised 71 per cent of persons in clerical occupations and 60 per cent of those in service occupations. One-quarter of all employed women worked part-time. The booklet shows that men were paid higher hourly wage rates than women in all but two out of 56 similarly described industry occupations in 1969. In 40 of Hie occupations, men were paid at least 15 psr cent mere than women for similar work. DIFFERENCES VARY The percentage difference in pay ranged from a high of 74 per cent more for male sewing machine operators in the women's clothing industry to a low of less than one per cent for men dishwashers in hotels with less than 200 employees. Women earned 10.3 per cent more than men who worked as graders of synthetic textiles and 5.6 per cent more than men working as dishwashers in hotels with more than 200 employees. Statistics were available for Last rites for new8tvoitw,n MONTREAL (CP) - Funeral services will be held today for Joy Guild, 45, food editor of The Gazette, who died Tuesday night at her home in suburban Bale d'Urfe. Cause of death was not disclosed. Miss Guild, whose last food column appeared in Wednesday's paper, has been associated wih newspapeds for most of her working life since graduating from Montreal's Macdon-aid College in 1947 with a degree in home economics. She joined the now-defunct Family Herald, a farm journal, in 1950, where she became women's editor until the journal ceased publication in July, 1968. She joined The Gazette in May, 1969, after a brief stint in Ottawa in a government job. Miss Guild, born in the suburb of Ste. Anne de Bellevue, is survived by her mother and an uncle. TRY SEASONING Potatoes are' tasty when seasoned with herbs such as sa-vory, rosemary, basil and dill. monthly salary rates in only a few occupations described as similar for women and men. But in each case, the rate paid men exceeded that paid women in 1969. The highest percentage difference was for front-room clerks in railway hotels, where men's salaries exceeded those of women by about 24 per cent. Median annual salaries for men and women university teachers also show a tendency to higher wages for the men. As many persons have earnings above a median level as below it. MEN GET MORE Taking all university fields together, the highest percentage difference is in the ungraded professor rank, where men's salaries exceed those of women by almost 49 per cent. Men's median salaries exceed those of women by about 63 per cent for teachers with a baccalaureate earned 20 to 24 years ago, to a low of four per cent for teachers with a doctorate earned less than five years ago. Men elementary public school teachers had median annual salaries almost 30 per cent higher than women in 1969-70 and men secondary public school teachers had salaries almost 19 per cent higher. Other findings by the women's bureau, directed by Sulva Gel-ber, are: -In 1970, about 85 per cent of all single women aged 25 to 34 were in the labor force, compared with 19 per cent in 1960; -The number of women in the labor force is highest in Ontario and lowest in the Atlantic provinces; -Last year 1.55 per cent of women full-time employees were absent from work because of illness for the whole of a given week, compared with 1.85 per cent of men employees. -In 1968 about 20 per cent of women paid workers belonged to trade unions, compared with almost 40 per cent of men workers. The median earnings of men in the social sciences exceed those of women by slightly more than 51 per cent. For men working in the physical sciences the difference is almost 35 per cent. While all men engineers and scientists had median earnings 41 per cent higher than women, 52 per cent of women engineers and scientists hold master's or doctorate degrees compared to 23 per cent of men. HAPPY BIRTHDAY MICHAEL! TOP TWELVE 45 R.P.M. Daughter of black leader discusses life? problems LOOK WHAT GRANDMA DID - Cape Dorset graphic artist Pitseolak, left, shows a copy of her new book, Pictures out of my Life, to a grandchild and daughter-in-law Mary Ashoona at her home in Cape Dorset recently. The Department of Education of the Northwest Territories will distribute the book, edited from tape recorded interviews and containing drawings, to Arctic schools. PUBLIC BINGO 16 GAMES 2 $500 JACKPOTS LETHBRIDGE ELKS LODGE ROOM (Upstairs) EVERY THURS-8 p.m. AT ' LEISTER'S | MAIL ORDERS! Tick off the selections you want and send to i us. You'll receive your records for only $1.00 each. | Please add 15c postage on orders $4.00 and under. [ ] 1. CHERISH-David Cassidy [ ] 2. DESIDERATA-Les Crane [1 3. DO I LOVE YOU-Paul Anka [ 1 4. IMAGINE-John Lennon Plastic Ono Band [ ] 5. THEME FROM SUMMER OF 42-Peter Nero [ ] 6. BABY I'M A WANT YOU-Bread [ ] 7. I'D LIKE TO TEACH THE WORLD TO SING-New Seekers [ ] 8. TURN YOUR RADIO ON-Ray Stevens [ ] 9. STONES-Neil Diamond [ ] 10. THEME FROM SHAFT-Isaac Hayes [ ] 11. TURNED 21-Fludd [ ] 12. FOR BETTER-FOR WORSE-The Bells MARY and FRED LEISTER and STAFF wish all their friends and customers A Very Happy and Prosperous New Year 2 ft a 5 x LEISTER'S MUSIC LTD. PARAMOUNT THEATRE BLDG., LETHBRIDGE NAME ....................................... ADDRESS .................................... NEW YORK - "Because of! who 1 am people expect me to be really a saint or an angel," says Yolanda King, daughter of the late Martin Luther King, "I guess people don't understand that I'm just a person." Yolanda, who talks about her father, her hopes for the black people, her acting career and women's liberation in an exclusive interview in the January edition of a teen magazine, confides that she comes in contact with fame every day: "Say  . I went to an R-rated movie - 17 and over - and I'm just 16 and I saw some of my friends at the movie. They'd say, 'Ah ha, ah ha! Told you preachers' daughters were the worst ones!'" Yolanda ("I prefer Yoki. Maybe when I'm older I won't be able to stand Yoki, but Yo-lands sounds so formal!") came in for criticism recently when she played the part of a prostitute in the play, The Owl and the Pussycat. "I just feel this is part of life," she explains, "and that's the way our society is. It forces people to get out in the streets and make a living." Although she was only 12 when her father was assassinated, Yoki had already joined him in many demonstrations. She recalls that "Daddy practised exactly what he preached and was a beautiful example to my brothers, sister and me. Daddy and Mommy explained everything from the birds and the bees to religion and morals. I feel that whatever I am right now is due to my parents ..." Yolanda also expresses her opinions on: WOMEN'S LIB: "I do think what they're saying is important- But I think . . � they should not be concerned about women specifically, but everybody generally . . . Black women, I find, are not really concerned about women's liberation ... I think that because of their history of slavery and struggle, they are strong. In a lot of instances they are perhaps stronger than the men'." ACTING: "I love actir.g ... I plan to major in it in college. But I do know that I don't want to be famous." DRUGS: "I think basically the youth of today are just having so many problems ?nd they are sort of confused . .  This is their method of escaping . . . Just like I sleep to escape my problems." SCHOOL: "I enjoy Grady High School (Atlanta, Ga.) because I just like to be around people . . . But so many times the courses are uninteresting because they are irrelevant. I think the whole curriculum really needs to be examined." COLLEGE: "One of my main reasons for going to college is to try to get a liberal arts background. Take my mother, for instance - she wanted to be a singer. If she had not gone to college, right now she wouldn't be prepared or able to do what she has to do." BLACK SOLIDARITY AND SEPARATISM: "I think blacks are definitely moving together. This is good, because in order to have any movement, you've got to have togetherness. But I also feel that because of the way society is now, we cannot get along without the white man. And the way it is now, he cannot get along without us . . . We've got to go to the roots of it and just change the whole society - that's why I don't believe in what some people say about having a black state and a separate black nation. WORLD RECORD NICE, France (AP) - Paul Laurent Vicini announced his retirement from 34 years of guiding couples through civil marriage procedures at Nice's city hall. He said he had attended 117.363 weddings and claimed a world record. KEEPS MOIST To keep parsley fresh and moist for many days first wash it thoroughly in cold water, cut off stems and then place in glass fruit jar with paper towels and refrigerate. . HELP US TO HELP OTHERSI The Salvation Army Welfare Services Needs Clothing, Furniture, Toys, Household Effects CALL 328-2860 FOR PICKUP SERVICE OR LEAVE AT 412 1st AVE. S. 1 I INSTITUTE OF MOTIVATIONAL HYPNOSIS Build Sales Self-Confidence Develop Self Motivation Improve Study Habits Master Emotions , Improve Memory Eliminate Nervous Tension lr Concentration to improve Sports Abilities �* Build Self Discipline Stop: Smoking - Bed Wetting - Stuttering - Nail Biting - Other Habits * Sleep Soundly * Lose Weight * Overcome fears of Classic Phobias Incompatibility Dentistry .ndividual and group instruction available in hetro-hypnosis and self hypnosis. Free lecture service to any non-profit organization. 24 HOUR ANSWERING SERVICE PROFESSIONAL HYPNOSIS BY APPOINTMENT ONLY: 261-3840 621 4th Ave. S.W. Calgary 328-6426 324 7th St. S. Lethbridge ;