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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, Docombor 31, 1970-------- Joseph Kraft Israel's intention (o resume peace talks is no surprise. Hopes had been raised during the last few weeks, but the i'ear that they would come to nothing has now been dis- pelled. There are bound to be stag- gering problems ahead and it. is far too soon to cheer; but the beginning is to be made, the issues are less murky, though by no means clear, and it can be said that the prospect of eventual peace in the Aliddle-East lias moved a step closer, in spite ol the hosttile tone of Egyptian Presi- dent Aniwar Sadat's statements this week. The catalyst which lias precipitated Mrs. Meir'and her cabinet into a changed attitude regarding the peace talks' is her renewed confidence in the integrity of the U.S. attitude, and in particular, Secretary of State Rogers' public offer of U.S. participa- tion in a UN peace keeping force. Israel is obsessed and no one could blame her with the question of security. It is fear of total destruc- tion by the enemies on her borders that led to her refusal to accept the withdrawal provisions of the Security Council resolution of Nov. 22, 1967, as they have been interpreted by the Arabs, by the Soviet Union, and with some minor reservations by the United States. The old armistice lines, Israel has insisted, do not pro- vide the buffer zones between her and her enemies, which would give her defensible borders. As the New York Times puts it editorially, "In Hie short run, it is certainly true that more territory means more security but it is equally certain that there cannot be peace without Israeli withdrawal from the bulk of the territories oc- cupied in 1907." Israel knows however that in- creased territory, an extension of her borders, will never offer more than temporary respite. The Arabs are bound to come into possession of more sophisticated military technol- ogy which will threaten tiny Israel with extinction. Besides, there is the continuing threat of increased Soviet military involvement on the Arab side. In other words Israel is forced to acknowledge that she cannot go it alone, that the hope for long-range salvation lies in strong reliable in- ternational guarantees. There are tremendous risks in- volved with direct big-power peace- keeping involvement. But the effort has to be made in view of the terrible alternatives resulting from a break down of the present cease-fire. Without minimizing the dangers it is possible this year to express a hopeful LASHONAH TOIVAII Israel! Franco, the benevolent The Spanish time bomb has been temporarily defused by the old cau- dillo himself General Francisco Franco. The commutation of death sentences meted out to six Basque terrorists is a relief to the Spanish people but it can only be viewed as a temporary gesture forced on Fran- co by pressure from abroad and the violent protest within his'own country. Franco and the far-right military element in Spain are surely aware that their clays are limited Fran- co's, because of the inexorable laws of nature; his supporter's because dictatorships are fast going out of style in the increasingly socially con- scious world with which Spain must deal if it is to prosper economically and politically. The method of trial, the strong suspicion that the terrorists had in- deed suffered appalling torture in Spanish prisons before the trials took place, and the protests engendered all over Spain by all classes of so- ciety have focussed publicity on the kind of repression and injustice which still exists in this predomi- nantly Roman Catholic country. The Pope himself sent in an appeal for clemency. The forces of protest can- not be put down indefinitely and there are already rumors of a split in government circles between the right and the moderates. These will undoubtedly become more pro- nounced when Franco dies or steps down. In this connection it is interest- ing to read the remarks of C. L. Sulzbcrger, writing in Paris for the International Herald Tribune a short time ago. Mr. Sulzberger deplores the identification of the U.S. with the present dictatorship which now rules'Spain. "American he says, "has been myopic on Spain and allows a reasonable military desire for base rights to obscure everything else. This is particularly short sighted because the Spanish regime is doomed and more than half the population is under 30 and unneces- sarily anti-American." Now is the time for the U.S. and indeed for all countries in the free to encourage greater political freedom in Spain. The time is unfortunately perhaps overripe. Thoughts on Centred School By Terrence Morris PENTRAL SCHOOL is now officially dead. The name 'Central' has been struck from the record and soon the wreckers will come in lo tear down the building. During the last weeks of this semester the grade six students were given a chance to say what they really felt about their school and the impending closure. Their replies were interesting and in- fo'nrative. Nearly everyone wrote about the roomi- ness of their school. 'We have lots of space here', said one student, while another wrote of the 'lovely big basements where we can play if the weather is bad.' Chil- dren want and need lots of space where they can spread themselves out and be- have as children. They need a place where they can be noisy, loud, messy, and ac- tive. They also need spare rooms where they go to watch films, or listen to radio and TV programs. The importance that children place on space that can be ac- tively used should be appreciated by those who design schools. Distance from school also received a lot of attention. The children liked the fact that their school was so accessible to home and the downtown area. 'We have a short walking distance and can get home for was one comment. It is sad to note that with Central closed down many children will no longer be able to go home and have lunch with mom and dad. Fam- ily life is so imporlant and it is a pity that, with no consultation, one group of young children will be forced to spend all clay away from home. Perhaps the most revealing comment came from one student who said, 'You can really live in this building.' This is what we should be able to say about' any school. We should make our schools such an in- tegral part of the local community that everyone could look upon it as 'our school' which is in use from dawn to dusk and every evening if necessary. One of the great advantages of the older school is that it can take a great deal of normal rough treatment that is to be expected when it is in constant use. You don't have to deny cliildren an outside recess break for fear that they may get the beautiful carpeting a little dirty. You learn to ex- pect and even welcome some scratches and a little split paint because these are the things that go with children who arc growing up. It is the absence of these minor upsets that should make us wonder if all is well with our children. Let's re- member that the prime pin-pose of our schools, old or new, is to provide an en- vironment in which children can live and learn. So there are. Space, roominess, easy access lo school, and liveability are some- of the most important advantages remem- bered by the students of Central School. They are excellent points and it is hoped that they will be considered by the people whose duty it is to plan and administer our school system. What an advantage it would be if the designers of our new schools would consult with the teachers, parents, and students about the kind of sclxwis that we need in our community. We pay our respects to the old and look with confidence to the new. Consultation and co-operation plus a lot of goodwill can give us a new school that will he a credit to the citizens of Lelhbridge. A. due lo the mystery ANE MORNING recently I around in my bureau drawer fnr pair of socks and came up with five un- matched ones. Klspeih apparently isn't as devious Ar.dovsnn v.-ho confess- ed in one of her columns she hides singletons !o questions. Elspcth doesn't to the mystery. Jolm at a meeting tho By Doug Walker scrabbled other day, thought there was something un- usual about his shirt sleeve and upon in- vestigation found a stocking adhering to the inside. Since John is an advocate of the cnrcfut husbanding of resources 1 expect lie took that stocking home and had it matched up. The fascinating Khrushchev Memoirs WASHINGTON The one certain impression that emerges from Nikila Khru- rhchcv's fascinating memoir is that leadership in the Soviet Union remains divided. Rela- tively speaking, (hero continue to he good guys and bad guys in the Kremlin. The American interest is to make life easier for the good guys. But it is a question whether present 'American pol- icy truly serves that purpose. Many aspects of the Khrush- chev memoir, to be sure, re- main mysterious. In particular, there arc strategic omissions- no direct account of TVlr. Khru- shchev's downfall in MM. hard- ly any comment on his suc- cessors. Presumably there was heavy censorship by interested parties in the secret services before the manuscript was passed on to the West. But no- body in the West knows who doctored the text, nor what they excised, nor for what pur- pose, nor even why they re- leased it. Even so, the vigorous, earthy style leaves no doubt that Khrushchev himself is the au- thor. Nor is there any question of his continuing fidelity to Communist doctrine and tho .Soviet system. "We he writes in a trenchant passage, "be- lieve that capitalism is a hell in which laboring people are condemned to slavery. We aro building socialism. We have al- ready been successful in many respects, and we will be even more successful in the future. Our way of life is undoubtedly the most progressive in tho world at the present stage of humanity's development. To use the language of the Bible again, our way of life is para- ci.'se for mankind." But within that framework of dedicated belief, differences crop up. From first to last the central theme of the the psychological raison d'etre, so 10 speak centres on the absolute uncompromising need lo break with the Stalinist tradition. But the present No. 1 man hi Moscow, First Sec- ictary Leonid Brezhnev, has tried to stop the campaign against Stalin. Apart from that unspoken ex- pression of differences at the top, m o r c o v e r, Khrushchev raises two questions which must constantly bo debated in- side the Soviet leadership. First, there is the mailer of Hie military share of na- tional resources. Khrushchev acknowledges that "you can find people especially in the will tell you that our reduction of the Soviet Union's armed forces was a m i a t a k e." But he stands squarely on tho record of cuts "It, it's the Happy-New-Year bit I've come to see you about, sir he made in the past, lie miles: "We must make sure that we don't allow ourselves to get in- volved in a lot of senseless competition with the Weil over military spending. We must re- member that the fewer people we have in the army, the more people we have available for other, more productive kinds of work. This realization would be a common point of de- parture for the progressive forces of the world in their stuiggle for peaceful co-exis- tence. If one side were to cur- tail its accumulation of mili- tary means, it would be easier for the other side to do the same." Secondly, llicre is the matter of cultural relations between Soviet citizens and the outside world. Khrushchev acknowl- edges that "some people argue, 'Look, we have a class struc- ture of society, and we can't let the class enemies of tho pro- letariat come and go at will.' B 'i t he also comes out squarely against that argu- ment. "I think it's time to show the world that our people are free; they work willingly; and they are building socialism be- cause of their convictions, not because they have no choice We liquidated the hostile classes 50 years ago, and any argument that raises the spec- tre of class enemies inside the Soviet Union is for fools." On each of those issues, the Khrushchev side of the argu- ment is clearly the good-guy side of the argument as far as the United States is concerned. It is in the American interest that the Soviet Union curtail military spending and loosen the shackles which now bind Russians inside the territory of th? Soviet Union. For such con- ditions foster an easing of ten- sion which will allow a more sensible allocation of resources and efforts in the United States and friendly countries. But do the policies of the Nixon administration really lip the balance inside the Soviet Union toward the Khrushchev side of the argument? Almost certainly not. All signs indicate that the President's disposition to read every Soviet move as a test of his toughness only rein- forces the hard-liners on the other side. And it. is the inlcr- play of mutually reinforcing hard-liners that makes the out- look for a genuine easing of tensions so bleak. (Field Enterprises, IncO Maurice Western A deal that might turn out to be a reckless gamble rvTTAWA An application to the National Energy Board by Boise Cascade Corpor- ation (the Ontario Minncs o t a Pulp and Paper Company) for a license to export electric pow- er appears innocent enough on its face. The amount involved is not, in absolute terms, particu- larly large and the company has in fact been exporting pow- er from Northwestern Ontario for many years. Nevertheless, the application has aroused concern among many citizens of the area, in- cluding the federal member, John Reid. There is reason for disquiet in the surrounding cir- cumstances; quite enough, it would appear, to justify the en- ergy board in deferring a de- cision pending very long and dispassionate study. For many years Canadian governments of boih parties re- fused to sanction further ex- ports of hydro electric power. This altitude was not a rcflec- Letter To The Editor tion of economic nationalism or anti Americanism. It merely recognized two highly practical considerations, both underlined by hard experience. In the first place, power is not like the ordinary commod- ities of international commerce. It is the lifeblood of industry. In a competitive position the export of power, is the export of a natural advantage; in oth- er words the export of potential jobs. Secondly, regardless of what may be written in agreements or contracts, power exports are not recoverable. They make possible economic activity, which in turn creates commu- nities. Both are dependent on power. Any attempt to cut it off appears to the recipient com- munity a breach of a moral ob- ligation. Indeed, one such ef- fort during wartime was de- nounced by an American presi- dent as an unfriendly act. The traditional Canadian at- Help tell the story J In order to tell part of the history of Alberta, the Glcnbow Museum in Calgary is plan- ning an exhibition on the story of the Depression. Many of us lived through this period but 'Crazy Capers' But suppose such a thing were to happen to a youngster can you imagine him do- ing anything but ditching it as quickly as possible? A most convincing bod I'm not wu.i Viii'e. younger generations have little understanding of the problems and hardships of the 1930's. Glenbow is attempting to lo- cate any artifacts or items which help tell the Depression s I o r y. These include such tilings as photographs of dust storms, droulli, Bennett bug- gies, strikes, people, etc., as well as relief vouchers, meal tickets, notices of hard-times dances, scrip for paying taxes, notices of sale of piupeity for taxes, letters and diaries. We arc also searching for ap- jii'opriatc artifacts such as floursack clothing or tools and ftiniitur.c made during the De- pression. We are sure that many of your readers must have items like this which they could pro- vide for the display. We hope that they will write to: Hugh A. Dempsey, Glcnbow-Alberta In- stitute, 11 Avenue, S.W., Calgary With Ihe help of ev- eryone, we should be able lo show what the Depression was really like. HUGH A. DEMPSliY. Calearv. titude was abandoned some years ago for what also appear- ed a practical reason. This was a judgment, probably too has- ty, that nuclear power would rapidly displace hydro elec- tric power. There was supposed to be a danger, for this reason, that deals delayed or refused might be deals forever lost. Ev- eryt h i n g that has happened since, however, suggests a very strong and continuing Ameri- can interest in Canadian power. This i n c 1 u d es the present Boise Cascade application. It is a prime responsibility of the National Energy Board to ensure that any exports per- mitted are surplus to foresee- able Canadian needs. Since the early 1960s Boise Cascade has had an agreement witii Ontario Hydro, which sup- ports its present as does the Ontario govern- ment. Its license to export ex- pires at the end of this year. It has arranged for a tempor- ary extension. Ontario Hydro, with notable generosity, has agreed to supply its establish- ed customer at tlie old at the expense, that is to say, of less deserving customers pay- ing the new rates some eight and one-half to nine per cent higher. But the main point to be no- ticed is that the trans border applicant is seeking more than a renewal of the old deal. It wants approval of exports in- creasing over the decade from kilowatt hours to 120.000 kilowatt hours, plus ac- cess lo standby power of kilowatt hours. Thus the increment, in I e r m s of firm power, is approximately 54 per cent. In the hearings to date Boise Cascade has explained that about one Iliird of this will be required at ils International Falls plant for improvements and normal growth. The board should interest itself in the fur- Iher requirement. If additional developments are in the will they be at Ihe expense of development and jobs on the Ca- nadian side of Ihe border? Is there any relation between the company's plans for the use of Ibis electric power and n re- cently approved deal for export of natural gas. with Inter Gas Company Ltd, as supplier? Boise Cascade needs more Ihan power; It also needs wood. It formerly enjoyed cut t i n g rights in an area now reserved as Voyageur National Park. It has replaced these by purchase from Domtar (Jim Matthew Ltd.) of rights in Quetico Wil- derness Park on the Canadian side. The violation of this sanc- tuary has provoked a storm in Ontario and may develop into a major political issue. The Ontario government has a direct interest in these devel- opments because it has induced Boise Cascade through loans to- talling million (one third forgiveable) and access road to the cutting resources, to build a kraft plant at Fort Frances. Leaving aside the matter of wilderness desecration, there might be a case in economic terms for these many sided arrangements if it could be clearly demonstrated that Northwestern Ontario enjoys a surplus of power resources be- yond its prospective needs for some reasonable period. Is this the situation? Certainly there is no imme- diate shortage in the region and there is talk of future develop- ments in northern Ontario. The board, no doubt, will wish to be shown that such power is more than a gleam in Hydro's eye. What are the costs of the pro- spective power and how do they compare with the cost of the power which it is now proposed to alienate? Exhaustive inquiries of this sort, while understandably frus- trating to the applicant and ils friends in government (and Hy- dro) are necessary because de- velopment takes time (and, of course, capital) and it is im- portant, in the interval, to safe- guard the interests of the peo- ple directly concerned. Is Ihe area in surplus now? If it is not, the case for rising commitments would seem most dubious. Some present concern arises from a statement attri- buted about a year ago to a hy- dro spokesman that Northwes- tern Ontario is becoming a net importer of power. If this is so a deal, suspect for other reasons, would appear a reckless gam- ble wilh the future that ought not lo be tolerated. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1020 The opening recital of the Wesley Methodist church memorial pipe organ will be held Jan. 7, 1921. Very few towns or cities in Canada have as large or complete a pipe- organ. number of small- pox cases in Barons has reach- ed 21, with six more suspected cases. To date 600 have been vaccinated and several prosecutions have been report- ed by police for those breaking quarantine. a beautifully-worded year-end order of the day, Hit- ler declared "the year 1941 bring completion of the greatest victory in our his- tory." anonymous petition to the King offering to return the Stone of Scone if he agrees io leave it in Scotland has been leceivcd. MGO The first American- manned rocket' ride is set for early spring if a large ape sur- vives the jolt of a blastoff {rum Capt; CdiiiivOi til Ofiily in 3961. The Lethbridcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1951, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Repistrafion No, 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Associsllon and the Autlil Ciicul.iliotv. CLEG W. MOWERS, Ltiitor find Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALL A WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilor Associate EcJilcr ROY F. MILES DO'JGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;