Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
_ FAIR ft MILDER FORECAST HIGH FRIDAY NEAR 35 VOL. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTION'S 28 PACKS km i HIDDEN UNDER GROUND-THis sketch by Montreal In Presse artist Raymond Tremblay shows the location ol the hidden tunnel in which the Rase brothers and Francis Simard, in connection with kidnapping charges, hid during two police raids on the St. Luc farm- house south of Montreal. issue By KENNETH L. DAVIS MADRID (AP) If nothing else, the Basque in- dependence movement and the sentences that grew out of it have- provided a sounding board for diverse politi- cal elements in Spain. Communists, anarchists, Socialists and Falangists have been grabbing the opportunity to thump their tubs. So have people who fall into no special category except that they either support or oppose Gen. Fran- cisco Franco. The political reality in Spain is still the general who has led the nation for three decades. The issue of independence for the Basque region is not dividing Spain. There is no evidence that more than a handful of Spaniards want a separate Basque nation. Nor is there a clear sign that Basques in gen- eral think they have a chance to split off the area where they live. But most Spaniards have decided opinions about 73-year-old Franco, and the Basque issue lias been seized by both Francophobes and Francophiles. There seems little doubt that Franco's commuta- tion of Ihe death sentences met the wish of many Spaniards. But the fear of losing economic advantages built up in recent years is expressed again and again. It has been a factor in the action of Spaniards in labor rela- tions, politics and economics. Not all the manoeuvring has been done by enemies of Franco. The Falange, the political group that helped the general win the Spanish civil war, had virtually faded from existence beiore the Burgos court1 martial. Then it helped organize massive pro-Franco demonstra- tions. The Falange also took Ihe occasion to blast Opus Dei, a religious movement that has many technocrats in the Franco govcrmnont. Cabinet members who sup- port Opus Dei arc reported to have opposed the death sentences. One of the fruits of an authoritarian regime is the number of rumors it that often take years to prove out, if they do at all. One current rumor suggests that the army opposed the showcase court martial at Burgos, on the ground that the armed forces were having to take responsibility that belonged to Admiral Luis Carrero, Ihe vice-president. A corollary is that the army deliberately sentenced the Basques sternly, dumping the situation back into the cabinet's lap. In recent years Franco has virtually turned over day-to-day responsibility to Carrcro. He is in effect prime minister without the title. sente U.S. and South Vietnamese forces began observing a 24-hour New Year's ceasefire tonight as the allied commands announced sharp in- creases ir. their casualties last week despite the Christmas truce. The U.S. command said 41 Americans were billed in action, 18 more than the week before, while South Vietnamese combat dead increased to 301 from 266 last week. Viet Cong and North Vietnamese casualties dropped, however, with reported killed last week compared with a week earlier. With the start of the New Year's truce, U.S'. and allied forces were instructed to cease all combat operations except in self-defence until 6 p.m. Friday a.m. EST. The Viet Cong proclaimed a 72-hour ceasefire beginning 17 hours before the Southern allied truce, but the Saigon govern- ment reported that the Viet Cong broke this ceasefire 20 minutes after it started with a lightning attack that killed 19 persons at a hamlet 24 miles northwest of Saigon. AUSTRALIANS STRIKE A few hours later, Australian infantry ambushed a Viet Cong force of about 100 men 60 miles southwest of S'aigon and killed 21 of them without taking any casualties of their own. The U.S. command in Saigon disclosed details of a 10-day se- ries of air raids that it claimed knocked out a giant North Viet- namese supply centre on the Ho Chi Minn trail in southeastern Laos. Pilots flying in the raids esti- mated at least 40 trucks were destroyed and there were more than secondary explosions and 225 sustained fires. More than 200 fighter-bomb- ers too'r -Y iho backed up by combers. ovie Coal after disaster ciea m train collision TEHRAN (AP) Seventy persons were feared killed today when a passenger train and a freight train collided 37 miles from the Iranian town of Ardekan, the newspaper Kay- han reported. The paper reported by noon SO bodies had been recovered from the wreckage. Reporting from Ihe scene, the paper's correspondent said 130 persons were seriously injured, "some still crying under tons of steel." Most of the 300 persons on board the passenger train were mine and railway workers head- ing for Isfahan, 200 miles south of Tehran, for the weekend holi- day. IIYDEN, Ky. (AP) Rescue workers found two more bodies deep inside a mountain today, bringing to 38 the number killed in a blast at a mine cited ear- lier tills year by federal inspec- tors for safety violations. H. N. Kirkpalric, Kentucky state commissioner of mines, announced the Finlcy Coal Co. mine was being closed until Sat- urday when iaspection teams will move in. The only known survivor of the blast was in hospital with minor injuries, incurred when he was blown out of the tunnel. Charles Finley, co-owner of the mine, acknowledged there were "small violations" charged by federal inspectors under the federal Mine Safety Act but declined to elaborate. Finley said there were about 100 miners employed oil three sliif ts inside the non-union plant. He said their pay averaged "better than a day." The original list provided by (lie company showed men were working Wednesday when the blast occurred. But officials said one of the men apparently was not in the mine. SUGGEST CAUSE Everett Bartlett, supervisor of the Hazard district of tile Ken- tucky department of mines and minerals, attributed the disaster to one of two things: "Either they were shooting dynamiting the coal in there or it was a bldnn electrical cable." In federal inspections earlier Ibis year, the mine was cited for a variety of mine safety law violations, the Louisville Courier Journal reported. The newspaper said records show that in June a federal inspector found an "imminent danger" because of loose coal, Happy Neioyear that's right SLEEPY EYE, Minn (AP) For most people, it's just happy New Year to- night and Friday. But residents of Sleepy Eye have him year-round. Happy Newyear moved here about 30 years ago from Nebraska. He and his wife are retired. and coal dust accumulations and ordered mining stopped until deficiencies were correct- ed. There was no indication that the earlier violations re- lated to Wednesday's Iho newspaper said. Kosfer collapses TORONTO (CP) Singer Wally Koster is in only fair con- dition with a heart condition in St. Michael's Hospital following his second collapse this week from overwork. EDWARD KUZXETSON slow dfr'ath MOSCOW (AP) The Su- preme Court of the Russian Federation commuted today the desih sentences of the two Jews convicted of treason on Christ- mas Eve in the Leningrad lii- jack case. The court reduced the sent- ences of Edward Kuznetsov and Mark Dymshits to 15-year terms in a labor camp. It also reduced tho labor camp terms given in Leningrad to three other defendants but upheld the other six sentences. The trial and sentencing of the Jews set off a storm of pro- tests in Western Europe, Israel. Canada and the United States, inspect ST. LUC, Que. (CP) The prime suspects in the kidnap- killing of Pierre Laporte. for- mer Quebec labor minister, spent their last hours of free- dom holed up in an underground hideaway barely large enough for a man to crawl through. The hideout was inspected Wednesday by Judge Jacques Trahan, coroner conducting the inquest into the death of Mr. Laporte. Brothers Jacque; and Paul Eose and Francis Simard, sought since October in connec- tion with the kidnapping, sur- rendered to police Monday after negotiating from the Hidden pas- sageway where they hoped to elude police for a second time. They had previously escaped a police raid by secreting them- selves behind a false wall in a clothes closet in a Montreal apartment in November. This time they had dug a 25- foot tunnel behind a small frame farmhouse in this com- munity about 20 miles southeast of Montreal a.nd had hollowed out a tiny resting place, about four feet high, four feet wide and five feet long. CHECK THREE TIMES Police visited the house three times since Oct. 23 without find- ing the suspects but pounced successfully the fourth time Monday after a glimmer of light revealed action in the apparent- ly-empty house. It was under constant surveillance by police on snowmobiles. When Judge Jacques Trahan Visited the house with court offi- cials and reporters tiie muddy tunnel was swimming in an inch of water, Mr. Laporte was kidnapped Oct. 10 by terrorists and stran- gled one week later. The out- lawed Front de Liberation du Quebec claimed responsibility for the kidnapping and killing. The inquest resumes Monday and ihe Eose brothers and Si- mard are to appear. They had already appeared briefly, Tuesday, long enough to be told formally that they are being held as material wit- nesses in the Laporfe killing. 12 GRANTED BAIL Wednesday, bail was granted to 12 persons lield under the War Measures Act', invoked Oct. 16 to combat Quebec terrorists who had abducted Mr. Laporte and British diplomat James Cross. Six other applications for bail were rejected and five were withdrawn. Those granted bail Wednes- day included Jacques Larue- Langlois and Gerard Pelletier, both facing charges of seditious conspiracy among other off- ences. Bail was set at Jacques Geoffrey, brother of convicted bomber Pierre-Paul Geoffrey, was granted bail of Court was told lie was found in possession of "thou- sands" of seditious pamphlets. The same bail was set for Pierre Bourret, facing a charge of seditious conspiracy. Bail of property was set for Luc Samson, charged with membership in the outlawed PLQ. How to cure hangover from New Year's Eve Found slaiii First reports said the passen- r.f Al fm ;r train had been given a given a green light as it passed through Kassan station but the signal op- erator appeared to have failed to notice (he approach of the freight train. Seen and heard About town T'lTY hall staffers gather- ing for a surprise birth- day party for Tommy Fergu- son then having to hide the cake when they discovered they were a day early Meyer and Jill John- son bringing home pine cones in place of groceries they couldn't get because the store was closed Bill Falconer, fearless prognosticates, pre- dicting .1971 would arrive on Friday this year. GLEICHEN (CP) Dominic Yellow Old Woman, 55, was found slain Wednesday on the Blackfoot Reserve about 60 miles east of Calgary. RCMP said she had been at- tacked about the head and neck with a knife. Robert Isadore Wolf Leg. 21, of Gleichen is being held for questioning, RCMP said, but no charges have been laid. SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Nobel laureate Linus Pauling, who started a run on vitamin C with his view that it can cure the common cold, also thinks the vitamin might out- muscle the hangover. Others think differently. In an interview, the Stan- ford University chemistry professor said Wednesday, eve of the eve when lots of hangovers are born, that as- corbic acid has a "detoxifying effect that certainly could be worthwhile." Pauling added that he hasn't had much experience with hangovers. He was enthusiastic, how- ever over the beneficial prop- erties of niacin and thiarr.ine in the battle against the New Year's Day malaise. Those members of the vi- tamin B complex family, he said, have been used effec- tively in the treatment of some nervous disorders and "a hangover could qualify." Dr. Erwin Braff, director of the city health department's bureau of disease control. says common aspirin is his special weapon. "That's what I cou- ple of aspirin just before I go to bed instead of he said, F1 o r e 11 e Pomeroy, Sail Francisco director of the Na- tional Council on Alcoholism, said there is only one way for the average drinker to fend off the limit of V.? ounces of alcohol an hour. "At that rate there's little chance for a hangover to de- velop. The body's metabolism is able to deal with that amount of alcohol." Bank workers taken hostages NEW YORK (AP) Three men held up a bank in suburban Locust Valley and fled toward the city with three women hos- tages today. They were cap- tured after an exchange of gun- fire on a Brooklyn street, police said. The women were reported un- harmed. and a number of governments and world leaders appealed to the Soviet government for clem- ency. The appeal court reversed tho death sentences less than 2-1 hours after Generalissimo Fran- cisco Franco, the Spanish chief of state, commuted the death sentences of six Basque nation- alists, and Russians sympa- thetic to the Leningrad defend- ants said the Russian court un- doubtedly was influenced by Franco's action. The 11 Jews and two arrested in June as they prepared to board a small Soviet airliner in Leningrad for Finland. At the trial, which began Dec. 15 and ended Christmas Eve, the Jews admitted planning to hijack the plane because tile Soviet gov- ernment refused to Jet them em- igrate to Israel. They were charged with treason. DEATH 'EXCEPTIONAL' "In considering their ap- the Soviet news agency Tass reported, "the Supreme Court proceeded from the lad that the liijack attempt was averted in time and that under the Soviet law the death penalty is an exceptional measure of punishment." The court acted after a hear- ing that lasted a day and a half. Barred from the courtroom, s'-pporters of the defendants stood outside the building in the rain and snow as the arguments went on inside. Kuznetsov, who had a pistol viien he was arrested, was or- dered confined under "espe- cially strict meaning he will be allowed only one vis- itor a year, a subsistence diet of about one-tliird the number o! calories required to sustain good health, and no food parcels from outside. Dymshits, who was to have flown the plane, was sentenced to "strict regime" confinement, meaning reduced visiting and mail privileges and fewer food parcels than ordinary prisoners. LIKE SLOW DEATH Friends of the defendants said Kuznetsov's confinement would be "like a slow death" because of the poor diet and prolonged isolation. But "it's better than a fast one said. The appeal court reduced the sentences given to losif Mende- lyevich, 23, to 12 from 15 years, t'liat of Ari Klinokh, 25, to 10 from 13 years, and that of Ana- toly Altman to 19 from 12 years. The judges upheld these sent- ences: Sylvia Zalmanson, 27, 10 years; Israel Zalmanson, 21, eight years; Alexei Murzhenko, 28, 14 years; Yuri Fyodorov, 27, 15 years; Boris Penson, 23, 10 years, and Mendel Bodny, 32, four years. Murzhenko and Fyodorov are the two defendants who are not Jewish. Foreign correspondents were barred from both the Leningrad trial and the hearing in Mos- cow, but court officials said some relatives of the defendants were allowed in. Canada plans to expand aid program OTTAWA (CP) External Affairs Minister Sharp says that Canada plans stepped-up aid to French-speaking A f r i c a n na- tions and Latin American coun- tries in the coming year. He said in a recent inter-view v.lth the CBC international serv- ice that the government is de- veloping an assistance program that will double Canadian aid to Latin America. Additional personnel would be appointed to Latin American countries to administer the ex- panded aid program. Canada is also considering joining such organizations as the Pan American Health Or- ganization and is appointing a senior officer at the Canadian embassy in Washington as liai- son officer wilh the Organiza- tion of American States, the ex- ternal affairs minister said. Mr. Sharp said the govern- ment decided some years ago that French-speaking' African nations do not receive enough Canadian development aid. "It's taken a little time to go1, these programs under way, but now they're moving quite quickly and I expect that the proportion of our aid going to Francophone countries will rise nuiffi steadily." Assistance to Caribbean coun- tries was also being increased. No Herald on Friday The Herald will not publish Friday, Jan, 1, New Year's Day. There will b e a regular edition Saturday, Jan. 2, with full coverage of world and local news and spoiling cvenfs occurring during the New Year Holidav.