Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1320 THK PAGE MNP AND THE NEW By G. R. Mvnpch, Pmident, Board of Trade, and Chairman, Irrigation Development Auocistion. WE SPEND OUR YEARS AS A TALE THAT IS TOLD" Retrospect and Prospect The F uture cheats -brain; The Pitt no ffttjtn can bring Pmmt, vilh its gtlden grain Is gemtrtti ty ffitt, OP PHODUOTION Bound r-bout this Kmc year, in'looking backwards at ihc were contemplating a situation widely different from that in which'wt .now find ourselves. Taking it by and large the production'that has resulted from our in 1920 hu been very good; a gram orop that will run over bushels, alfalfa and hay crops from irrigated lands- amounting to tame itona, fair crops of potatoes and vegetables, a wool dip of pounds, fair shipments of sieep and cattle; as well as a coal production of over Was from the mines around City, and tons1 from the mines in the adjacent Crow's Nest Paw, these are the very considerable reeulU from tho year's efforts the country surrounding Lethbridge. The total volume of business that has resulted is Terj fairly "iditated m the 1920 bank at Lethbridge, which ml! aniount to about Tho crop season of 1920 was entered upon with but a 'slight supply of reserve moisture stored up in the soil; but fortunately the April rainj and the crop got away to a good start, the Ifaj were less than age, and the June precipitation was short, July brought rather more than the usual amount for that mouth None of thc rjins, houcicr, were quite general throughout thei district, to that all through the season there was a certain apprehensjon as to the fi'ial result, and some crops that looktd very indeed, did not fill as ijell as had been expected Tnen ilicre were the areas that suffered so from the that did so much damage in the early part of the sea son, culminating as they uid m the very heavy storm of the eighth of Juce, In spit" of all of these conditions thl grain crop i', m the the third largest that has ever been feroxin in tho district v Tho season proved very favourable for the alfalfa and hay nops grown on the irrigated lands around Magrath, Raymond Coaldale and Lethbndgo, and the crops produced were on the hole of very good quality The results from the season's work on the wholfcof the areas irrigated throughout been tabulated, and they show 8 grn" MaM, of per acre The shown rams, bnf got the "y men at 'of To PortlaAcI MONTANA, US. A. the Dominion after the wind storm in June and then made the.Btatera'ent that, if approaches were made bv the Dominion would find the money, at a low rate of interest Uy till now; .however, the most urgent representations from farmers and business mea of this part of th'e country have bsen nnsTjUifcjr in altering the attitude the Alberta adminis- tration, which is, that they trill not on any cousid-raUofl make t th early aa the stock summer months, m order ear ora ere in the i of 1919 and that obtaining this The sheep and cattle went into n, and the winter up till thovend of December lias been very mild x CROP! While this 1920 gram crop of bushels in the aggregate 13 Ihe third Iarge4 in the history of the district, it has been the most expensive crop we have produced in for preparation, seeding, harvesting and market- ing. ,Tho expenses of all of these operations have borne very farmers handling large acreages, and in only a Farm labour that used to be hired at per been paid the cost of board for the hos alsoi been high, is] provided in'.addition by the farmer, rarm 'machinery anything from 50% to over 100% more thaii pre-war prices; for instance, used to sell at S3E-5 against now; a wagon that-could have been bought throw Iway good seed, energy, ana time; let us not forgeCthat it is bushels, and not acres, that couuf, and that iii four years out of five it does not pay fo sow land that is not. in proper condition." The success .that has attended the growing of winter rye on many small acreages throughout the'district will undoubt- edly lend an mipetus to a greatly extended planting of this in the many farmers who planted rye in an effort o make use of their lands; that were blown are riot discouraged ly the comparatively poor results that followed, because they recognize that the preparation that they were able-to give lo the land in .which it .was sown was not by any means perfect, ard further, that the moisture" conditions-, later on were par- iicuiiriyliinfavQrirqb'je-, Jesuits from.Lhe rye crop that; was well put in in the fall of, 1919 have been very eiico'uragiug. considerable areas oLland that were summer-fallowed in 1919. that missed the 'showers in 19SO; if thise are prepared iii'the springjfor rye to be. sown, in, the late summer thev will that "of the'spring aud sunnner" of-1923; this would give p'omise of crop. A great deal.of.attention has been directed this year to better methods of summer-fallowing, particularly with a.view lo min- imftnjg.; the 'effects of soil-drifting. At" the meetings' of the Western -Association in-Leihbridge in July a whole to ttiis and kindred subjects, and the farmers v.-ho attended, as wpll as thc'many more who havo read thejfii'xjrts of. the, prorieenings in IhqV'Jrrigation have derived considerable benefit froni the advice that was given by President 'Jnrdiuo of the Agricultural College, other exptris, ail of whom spoke from actual exper- soil-drifting. Every, one of them stated that, irrigation was the one Euro cure, but President Jnfdine said, to those whose lands would lie above tho irrigation canals, "Soil-drifting was a nightmare lo us in Kansas a few years ago, but now, if a man says' lie has his soil blown out. we'kind V i- of smile, because we know ho has been asleep at his post." Dean Nebraska or any part of tho great plains region. We havo it in Saskatchewan and in Manitoba. .On the worn soils of western Manitoba it is tho most serious problem we have Jo face today. 'I.cqiild tell you of ono district which has not been advertised as much as.that between Madeod and Lethbridge, vrhcre acres were blown out." UN IRRIGATION We Centered upon 1920 in the lively hope that some actual .iiogrdss wpifld'be made during the year in the construction'of Ilia Lelhbridge Northern Irrigation project, but the only actual progress in' irrigation construction has been the completion oi the small extension of (he present Alberta Ry. Irrigation Co.'a system'.towards Taber, by: which water lias been, earned to some acres. .The .Dominion Government hag during the season- pished forward-rapidly with the completion of the survey work that forms the practical foundation for the extension of the Lcth- bridge Northern project toward? Sr.r.dial, Jtellaw and Lomond, for which there is water available for another seres; well as wjtli thc work on the United project west of Card- fton, and (ho South Mnclcod project, which together provide for tlie irrigation of somo acres. Further work lias also been done on the surveys for bringing the watcv to about 300.000 acres to the areas'cast-and couth of Lethbridge. So far ti-tiie voice if this whole community on the subject of irrigation is concerned, nothing has been left undono to appnsa our governments as io our hopes and desires, as weil as what we regard as the urgent necessities of our case. Upon four great public occasions this has-been tho meeting in Lethbridgein March 1913; again in August; more recently, at the gathering in June 1920, and upon the occasion of tho Western Canada Association in July. Further progress towards getting irrigation water on the to acres that can ba watered in this district hangs upon the progress made with the Lethbridge Northern as the keystone project FINANCE, BUSINESS, AND IRRIGATION. Until the Winnipeg sub-section of the Canadian Bankers' Association took up the matter of urging irrigation progress in July, there hod been no evidence that any part of the financial' interests of the country had realized their own business interest, in this most .important matter. I Even yet there is.much to be, done, apparently, in 'arousing this interest, not alone amone.- bankers, but'aniorig mortgage and trust companies, and among the bond houses interested in thti financial welfare of the towns" and cities, school districts, etc.; and iu having them express'th'at interest to the Governments. For it is now clearly recognized that the extension Of irrigation frcilitics has political bearings; the p'articdlaf welfare of.great stretches; of the West is involved, and with thai, general'welfare of Canadian finan- cial and merchandising institutions. To emphasise tins it is only, necessary the fact'that there are at least possi- bilities of. getting irrigate water from west of Red Deer to' a great stretch of prairie country north-east of Calgary and farm buildings' improved. By'tho time that farm work opens.up in the spring there will-have been 'time for some reaction am] readjustment in the costs of labor and machinerr etc., for by, that time the effects of the crops that he farmer has had to part with all too cheaply, will have had time to work around somewhat. The future, of our agricultural and commercial progress hinges upon irrigation developments; and we look upon it as being the bouiiden- duty, as well as the privilege, of both the Dominion and -Alberta governments to further that progress, with the utmost expedition'. There is a good deal of talk about increasing our agricultural population; but, as any cd business always recbgnizcaj you must be able to say. that you are taking good care of the people you are already dealing with, before you start out to enlarge your business. There is every reason to look forward confidently to the future progress of'Lethbridge and the surrounding "towns and country. We have the confident feeling that every responsible statesman in the country, recognizes the great worth of this agricultural and coal mim'ng'tc.rrilory as part of tho assets -of Canada as a, and that, it is National duty to. sec that.thty ata'develop-: cd to the fullest extent without delay, KOUTHBUS JlUUUATlON IHSTJUUT. All .of the formalities in connection with ihe preliminaries for the formation of the Lethbridgc Northern Irrigation Dis- trict have been finally completed; this project will bring irri- gation water from the nil-Canadian Old Man River to acres of land north of Maoleod and Lethbridge at An estimated capital cost of The estimates were made at the high-peak .of. costs of mntcrisl mid labour, ami it is altogether likely that considerable saving can be made on this figure. The Albcrla Government at ill Ecesioii agreed to give a limited guarantee on thc bonds of this district, to the e.vtcnt of nn'y two years' interest during tho life of the 30 year, 7% bonds, 'in effort is being made now, under supervision of the Alberta Government to market these bonds, but this adventure to get the money on so limited a Government guarantee is not rcgardeVl hopefully. The financial propufnl.s arc absolutely sound, but they are now to the investing public, .Tljjf Albertn Government may extend their guarantee; .to what degree is not known. All the while it is known that any request from the Alberta administration to tho Dominion for flnsncia} assistance would be favourably considered. '.The mem- ber W, A, Buchanan, M.P., carefully sounded THE READJUSTMENT PERIOD The time of readjustment that everybody WKS looking for anil in some measure .was prepared for at the end of ]918, has been this long in coming upon us, see now that it is iioi; n tbfit dcs! it cr. in- dividual it "comes home' to men's business and thfi business and bosoms, of overy one. In the" complexities of civilization one great central truth lias become obscured; that the producer and manufacturer.tnd distributor have to bo paid for their efforis by each ultimate consumer; it they arc not paid, they will stop producing and distributing, nllc-ast until they recognize again more clear- ly that they are: consumers, and thafif they .will they'musl 'work. Nobody quarrels with the statement of the fact that we need1''': to produce more 01 nciirly pvcrything that used to be and biiity, and consumed. Half a century ngo Lfcbig.said; is economy of power, ami power is to Jvhich' liuskin replied. "CiviliV.alimi is the making of civil persons." Are they going to be ci-.il to each otl'cr, mitf let all of the whccla go round? Will they f'grt quarrelling about who is to bpallow- ed to work on the job? Will they be wise enough to arrive at plans for getting tho done "at rates that are fair to other? Or will they sit by idle, except to iie very busy envying those who slay workii g? .We shaJl know the answers to these1; questions by ihc end if another year; the future depends upon how wisely they are uiswercd.