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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta LESTER PEARSONS LIFE: Pearson duy, Detember 30, 1972 THE H5SAIO 3 Uncounted conferences and crisis Uy THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Lester B. Pearson's career _ Canadian civil servant, dip- lomat, Llncra) party leader and finally prime hundreds o! conference tables End dozens of world crises iroin Ethiopia to Vietnam. More than any other man he formed and symbolized the Ca- nadian style of quiet diplomacy in the post-war years. As a diplomat, he helped to found the UN, NATO and the Colombo Plan. He v.-as chairman of tho UN committee that led to the crea- tion of the stale of Israel. As president of the UN Gen- eral Assembly in 1953, he help- ed avert the spread of th'- Kor- ean War into Communist China. As external affairs minister. he had a major part in creation of the UN Emergency Fvccs in the Suez crisis o! 1936, an achievement that v.-on him the Nobel Peace prize. As Liberal party leader for 10 years, he brought cut of opposition to five years of power, though always in a minority position. His career aUo had it; low points; his years as Libe-al leader marked by a fairly steady stream of criticism for Pearson the politician, v.ith admiration for the diplomat and Pearan the man. There were a rtsh of scandals that hurt Us govern- merit in its early years. One member of Parliament said in a Vffj House of Com- mons debate "I should like to put it in blunt, rude terms that a prime minister has to be cap- able on occasion of being a bas- tard. "It is unfortunate that our prime minister is unable to be tiiat particular sort of person." A constant theme of com- He went to work for Armour and Co where an uncle was I an executive, first confronting the sausage machine in a Ham- ilton plant and later going to Cliieago as a clerk. He stuck at it 13 months be- fore deciding to go back to the university. plaint during his years as prime minister was that the country needed a younger, more dyna- mic man In another turning point, he received a Masscy Foundation fellowship for two years' study at Oxford that earned him a i place on the University of Tor- f'carson himself believed that onto's history faculty. j a leader of that kind could wreck the country. He felt the called for careful concil In 1S23 he took the external affairs departments exams, emerging at the top of a group iation of the French-English (Of about 60. antagonisms. j first few years in the de Canadians believed if there I payment were taken up with v.-ss a second near-unanimous 12 -cries of domestic studies i verdict on his performance, it i mix'.d with an occasional trip was that be handled the Que-1 Abroad for his first taste of in- :ec problem with patience and j temational diplomacy. 'Entered diplomacy Pearson's crucial i kft it better than he found it. r might in war Pearson was the second of three sons arid was born middle a diplomat were spent _...t._................ a hospital iunit, first to England, then to back to Ottawa as as- j Egypt and on tfj Salonika in undcr-secretary of state. Greece. nors-general. He was still in London for the first two years of World War If but in mid-lMl was or- dered back to Ottawa as Within a year he was sent to SAND GRAVEL ASPHALT TOLLESTRUP SAND AND GRAVEL Construction Co, Ltd. PHONE 323-2702-327-3610 irn- muim a In as a corporal, he was v.'ashington, where he was rmn- 1 assigned to officer training counsellor, mir.Xer and] school in England. He got his i ambassador. commission and then tracsferr- it ed to the Royal Hying Corps for his unspectacular air career. He gained at least two things from the wa-: The nickname Washington, in his pcarson began Mike and the desire to study at emarge w-jth a clear public A blue oUa-dot bo-ff tie was Oxford a desire that was to surface a few years later. 1 First he completed his degree in history at Toronto, tried law j of school for a few weeks and then his trademark and a dislike of diplomatic stuffiness main feature. He took part in a succession conferences planning the school for a few weeks and then pO5t_war structure and had a i gave it up for a crack at the jj, drafting the United N'a- bisir.ess world. _____ tjons Charter. JIM and ETHEL, BING and BONNY and RUBEN and REBECCA at tfief HOUSE of WONG RESTAURANT 254 13lh STREET NORTH, LETHBRIDGE would like to Ihank ihcir mcny customers for their polror.cge in 1972 end to wish each and all of you a VERY HAPPY NEW YEAR Our holiday hours for your enjoyment will be New tear's p.m. lo 2 a.m. New Year's a.m. lo 2 a.m. Special Chinese Food Deliveries for Large or Small Holiday Parties Phone 327-0844 or 327-0974 PRESSURE ARIZONA CALIFORNIA LAS VEGAS RENO He turned down a chance to be the first director-general of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization and shut off an- other possible road. In the fall of 1946 he returned to Ottawa to the department's top post, undersecretary of state, and quickly came under pressure to move over to the political side. In 1J43, when Louis St. Laur- ent became prime minister and urged Pearson to fill his old job of external affairs minis- ter, Pearson accepted. On the day he was sworn in, reporters asked when he had become a Liberal, and he re- plied: "Today.'' Wanted UN Job Later as -prime minister Pearson frankly admitted tha I he would rather have been UN secretary general, a job twice i denied him by Russian opposi r Hon. j The first time was at the Gen eral Assembly session of in London when Norway's Try gve Lie was chosen. Tne sec ond was in New York in 19M when Dag HarrunarskjoM ua.> picked. External Affairs Minister Uarfin revealed years la'.et- .hat on this second occasion, 10 of 11 Security Council rnern- jers had indicated a preference :or Pearson. Only the Kussiaris oad turned him down. In 1952 he was asked be- come secretary' general of NATO hut decided agairr-'. it. Despite his prominent role in NATO, Pearson was one of the Western statesmen to try to build East-West bridges. He visited Russia in and his reactions from the 'rip were reflected in his Nobel EC ceptance speech f. o r> later: "Our policy and dir i as the two sides Li i f war face each coming as rigid and del' si as the trench warfare of 40 years ago, when two 3 in, dug deeper, and lived in their trenches ESSENTIAL "fi is essential that VP ST S UTHBBIOGE 327-3601 cnoger of 3 KING KOIN LAUNDERETTES Tha.-.k tc-j end OWNER EARL Edmon.d F t NORTH LETHEP.1DG5 LTD. 120 North Mayor Dri'.a Phone 326-5215 D. R. "Don" DORAM MANAGER THE HERALD PRINTERS J. M. 'Mickey" KOVAC SAtES REPRESENTATIVE THE HERAID PRINTERS Jim Van Loo ACTIVE TELEVISION SERVICE Ed Redekopp ACTIVE TELEVISION SERVICE Robert Morton ACTIVE TELEVISION SERVICE Pot Orsien ACTIVE TELEVISION ;