Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Soi'J.doy, December 31, 1972 THE IFrHBSIDGt HfPAVD 5 Book reviews Religious outlook now anachronistic "What Shall We Tell The by John Wren- Lewis (Constable, S10, 230 pages, distributed by jjian Canada A fundamental skepticism about rt-Ugion is pervasive today in the '..ake of a witch From traditional authority to the experimental approach science which has transpired over the past thrte centuries. Even the devout believers are affected to some by a lack of conviction about statements implying belief in realities behind the scenes. Tne time has come. thinks John to honestly face up to the irnpo'sibility of retaining tr.e traditional out- look of religion ar.d stop con- fusing children. Contrary to tome religious apologists, r-e thinks the traditions! and mod- ern approach !o reality cannot co-exist and that the experi- mental outlook v.ill win. It de- serves to win, ha thmks, be- cause of its positive concern with depth and meaning ar.d purpose in the world of ordinary experience, and particularly in it-' potentialities for future. For the notion that the experimental outlook necessarily leads to a mechan- ar.d materialistic interpre- tation is wrong. "Materialistic he says. hit as ircomaa'.ihle v.ith the positive outlcok as are met- aphysics of the more tradition- El kind which claim that every- thing is 'really' the con- trol of astrological forces, or of Er.gals or demons, or is a manifestation of Universal Con- sciousness.'1 The scientific approach rloos !e3d to rr.c-ch- aniza'Jor.; it has in fact offerer! tr-e prospect of setting free from mechanization. It is rot aiv.'ays remembered that it v.-as the monument builders, such as the ancient Egyptians, who mechanized their societies con-ipletclv. This vras pvn- becaiivi the Grand Designs ff the traditional outlook had the effect of making people feel themselves tfl be cogs in a vast machine far more than most people ever do in mod- em industrial society where al- to organisations 3" ?iven sirntjh' as a v.'ay of earning money. is aUo impatient the notion that the decline of the traditional outlook has been accompanied by a lower- ing of mental he-dill) and of moral visior. and the experi- mental approach is therefore something to regret if not re- pudiate. Violence, perversion and neurosis have not newly emerged in modern times; they existed in the past but escaped notice because they were b'Jilt into the structure of society it- self. "The societies of pre-m- dustrial civilizations vio- lence for granted in frequent small wars, in public execu- tions or floggings for relatively trivial crimes, and in the sav- age persecution of heretics The enormities which shocked the world in Nazi Germany would have been accepted by tome of the mediaeval Popes as normal business v> be at- tended to before or after Mass." Also sexual deviations in tradi- tirnal societies often "flourish- ed in disguised forms behind the facades of church, army, court and home." And finally, the simple and ccri'erjted peo- of pre-industrial societies were frequently full of fear and "riddled v.ith taboos and com- pulsions unmistakably neuro- tic." Some religious thinkers, such as Bishop John A. T. Robinson in Honest to God, have attempt- ed to come to terms with the experimental outlook. But V Yen-Lewis says they have fail- ed to grasp just how far away from traditional it is necessary to move in order to take the modern outlook really seriously. Ln his advocacy of a new kind c! religion creatively based on the experimental approach, V.'ren-Lev.is quite unjustifiably, it seems U> me, seeks to find support in the prophets of the Old Testament, Jesus, and the rabbis of classical times. lie thinks they meant something quite different from what they are ordinarily t-jken to they were concerned with over- coming mankind's traditional outlook rather than living in terms with it. This strikes me as being contrary to the very scientific approach to which Vrren-Lewis is attached. The prophets, Jesus, ard the rabbis lived in pre scientific times ar.d can hardly be expected to be so in advance of their time B.S to have a modern outlook. Only by ignoring Mstor-y ar.d reading into the records a later view of things is it pos- sible to see what Wren-Lewis sees. But that docs violence to the ancients, say nothing of what it does to the scientific spirit of our time. The first half of thh book is ger.erally incisive ard interest- ing but the second half seems woolly and tedious. It is here that the author attempts to ex- plore the possibility of replac- ing traditional religious con- cepts with ones more appfjpi- iate to the scientific outlook. Willingness to give credence to the elair.i that drugs such as LSD assist in the creative ex- ploration of life is no doubt consonant v.ith the openness characteristic of the experi- mental approach. Nevertheless, some skepticism also i-.- propriate especially since it was may b-? an f-" reality. What is that drug i are not mere -j form ti'.-.-pl r.o'.v s'. v.hi- I taxe fro-T in Er-i from Business dominance "Corporate Canada" edited by Mark Starowicz anrl Rae Murphy (James Ltwis anrl 155 pages, SI, 65 These 33 short essays on the Canadian "branih plant eco- nomy1' eontf'n some of tr.e best popular v.Tiling done in the country say 5 Mel in an c-qually able introduction. Material comes from the pages of Last Post magazine, a lively Canadian monthly BtarU-d in 1960. It deab with problems crea- ted by big business the re- luctance of Canadians to face up to the necessary' action, tays Mr. V.'atkins. an Ontario academic and acti'.ri.-.t in the Democratic Party. "No more striking example of the effecUver.erss of techniques is to be found than in the regular rtportrj of opin- ion poilstc-rs that the public re- gards hi 2 mere of a threat to thorn big and ranLs niq rr.en t a th e r. 'jm be r t v; o fcrcrny." he 'ATI'K. ''IJiit '.'.hat i.s to v.t.en a urJon Efltment of a 1C cf.-r.t intf-a.-.e over t'.'.o ye ar s m Ls a head ir.e on ir.crea.-yj jn profits of 32 per cent is buried in a t'.vo-paragraph on page 22 and hailed by the financial collimnists as evidence of a business recovery" Reflecting the public mood, government has been timJd. SenaUr Stanbury tells us that 95 corporations bankroll the Liberal party, you and I know the odds are that tv.o out of three of them are foreign-controlled Appropriately, the first of three sections in the book is en- titled: waking up from the na- tional dream. It contains essays on Eatons, the family empire built on pa- ternalism and poor wages; the Canadian Pacific empire, crea- ted with public assistance, but now devoted to private profits alone; and the declining farm economy, the vicitm of "urban U.S. liberalism." One- of the most disturbing reports tells of Canada's dying computer industry. A serious question of national security is posod because "data banks" containing huge amounts of in- formation about Canadians will be- located south of the border. Other articles deal v.ith the Americanization of the National league, energy policy, federal jroverr.mer.t efforts and more. GREG McINTYRE Visiting Venice "Art a 53. CO Dc7pi.fi >5 r c h Uc c t u r in hy Konald and Jack- Fl is [rJ fir; for V- lake ori tr.eir of ti.e major v.-orks hy famous .-Irtish given iri vfinojs f-.ec- tio-s of Ore- is to th'j nv.'.t- ifrrrjfi of hiiiH- injrs in the; Piazza San M.'.rc-o, St. Mark's and the rxipf-'s I'aiaft. ?m arm- will enjoy the r through tl.e tr.fr rooms in P, OT.C f'in firxl gtttn at the of the Cam- panile, the bronze sacristy door hy San.vivino, arxi the Paradise by Tinlwclto. The main body oi the book in aIphahetical ordtr the etc. that srr- worth visiting. The Acca- the Galleria d'Arte Mod- erria, Ca d'Oro, Museo Correr ar.d the Frari are only a few of the more famws ones from a lont? list. m afterpieces described rsnge from The Storm by The As- sumption by Tilian, The Flight Into Kgypt by to rn r.. e recent works by Ben N'i- Matisse SJid Some 55 plates at the end tr.e Vr'jk depicting the various buildings ar.d paintings also as an in- trorluctirm to this urxiiuc city> there are one v.Yjnld like to POC included. All in all, this book is highly rec- OTJ rn f r.d 11 f nr a nyowi plan- r.ir.g to visit Venice, SIMON HO Nature's s-cubrture by En route to death by automobile The Voice Of One -By DR. fRANK S. MORLEV iuork Christmas T-.e day after Candle-miss is called St. Distaff s Day because women resumed their spinning after the Christmas festivities and. holidayb. Men were a bit longer getting bilk to thtir pioughinj, trie first Mori- day af'.er ci. Monday. Everyone and ererjlhing lakes on an air of grim earr.fcstr.Ks with a return to business as usual. Did not the shepherd; and men go back to v.ori: after tr.--.-ir ney txj BathUnem'; When the (Canadian Girls in Training ti'je siogan cf "ti.e work of Ciiri.t- mas'' for I'JTS, triis rnay not rx: exactly what thsj- hid in mind. Laujence Hous.'naa lotlud that ha was unabie to itsent Christ chiid and trie Virgin Mary in his piiy, to an Cisc'--ic '..as pl-iccd in the maa- ger to g.ve a radiance v.T.ich v.void ti'e CrL-ist child. UniuppLy an electrician t.'.ilciied off ail the ligi.U, leavjig the man- ger in total darkness. The manege- angrily called oat in an audib'.e stagi "Key; You've eff Per- haps this is what the CGIT meant. didn't want Jesus switched offl Christmas sho'jld be the bc-ginning of a jouiT.ey, not the end. It is the Incarnation, Word maie flesh. means liter- ajly "by ar.d to believe in Christmas means to live a life of eternal oimensions, to live with a of am the aoor." said Jes'js. "Behold, 1 br.r.g you good tidings o: great sang the angelic messenger. Barnabas described the early Christians as "the children of joy." and St. Clement said, "Ail li-'e has become a song." So Christmas b: i-gs us tr.e chance to work out another fcini of life tnd pov.er to THE UNIVERSITY OF IETHBRIDGE achieve that life. "To as many as received Him to them gave He power to become the o! God." As an ancient liturgy ex- presses it, "If I love Him, I shall clean. If I touch Him, I shall be refir.ed. K I ern- I s'.ai: te Tnis LS Oat Tne work of Christmas is the KJngdom o! God. It is not merely a spiritual and o'.ter workily kingdom, though it is that. As tr.e Lord's prayer puts it, "Tiry will be cor.e b earth, as it is in heaven." "In earth." means in the f.esh a-i well as in tha spirit, so God's will is to te in all tr.inrs material, in silence, sex, b'-jsicess, poli'Jcs. edj-jation, ani ci'.ure. Tr.e v. ork o! Christmas is to establish a Criris- tian society ai-r-'--3 at ea- courage tr.e of man's total po- and enable him to live as a ir.vral personalily. It jr.canb the d-.--.ebp- ir.er.t of a ne-.v of man wha th-? boiundaries of race and class ani be- comes "the go-.-rl as well as a [crsonality that embodies divine. To make Christmas real, to do the ef Cliristmas. means in all things to re- flect the liie of to practice His pres- ence, to be controlled by His will, to fulfil His purposes. Amid the restless fever o! the world carrying His peace, amirj the strife, hatred and cruelty of the world dem- onstrating His lore arid in the silliness o! Vanity Fair choosing His values. Men and women c'.c-termined to do the work of Christ- mas nave written the most profound books. built the loftiest cathedrals, founded the most brilliant universities, developed the highest forms of government, and given the world the most moving and exquisite pai.-itina. sculpture ar.d music. Tirey have brought in a ncv: APERTURE B. WINCHESTER South African politics "The Death of the Auto- mobile" by John Jerome (George J. McLeod Limited, 282 John Jerome has exposed t're automobile for it really is and has put car makers in thc-ir rightful place i.n historvr, he- side the perpetrators of v.-ai and catastrophic natural disasters. Tne Death (if the Automobile is an important of vita! concern (o everyone who comes in contact v.lth the "e-j> nomic, ecological and engine- ering disaster.'' the car. The emphasis is on v.hst is called the Co'c'nn Y.'z ef r i automobile, from to when progressive steps -cAf.-A expensive accessories a r d weight to the machine and sub- tracted quality. "Shoddiness of asse'.ribly unconcern v.ith the pro- duct are the philo-.o- phies of the wrius Jerome. The car is built with the intention of making a nrofit hillion for General in 1965) and in Iho process has disrupted society to th? rrr.t where a tota! breakdown of our system ar.d life is predicted for sometime in the near future. From the sheer numbers of automobiles, nrliion in the United States and forecast ki double in a very short time. to the reluctance and delay of car makers to in safety standards, the prospects of the car surviving as the main mfrtrs- od of transporation are dimin- ishing. "If the automobile industry is not, in iu blithe unconcern, ac- tually trying to its custom- crs, it is not trying very hard U> avoid doing so." Half a mil- lion people were killed in au'o- mobile accidents during the Golden Era. The associated elftcts of the with in the involved i.n t.c'h car ar.'l car Ec-vi'.lr.fr the toui er.ce on the csr (btiyLi? a pound car for to go r.-t End buy ir.'.li: snd a loaf bread th? of cities ind il.t c'jjn'.fvsirie of conr-e. -_s edited a national auto- book on a depressing "subject. It brings t'jjtther s 11 cf the bad things you've heard about ihe car and confirms them. Although the book is negative, it is perhaps the on'y way of approaching the subject to v-ake up minions of people to tiis fact that drastic changes src' ficvKsary or there just Yir.-r.'t anything left to RICHARD BURKE Inside look at racing c'.irrcd [o the nori- is wiceiy n racing despite 'itiorkS ar.rl inspec- hariics are clever at firM i-.tory Is a irj driving from lo T.OS. Ar.neles v.hich and IJan (jurnty vxr, hours and 54 r- drove 'a Ferrari ti l'K up lo 172 rn ph. desert east of Los An- I''s quite a .'tory! Mho are fn.r.if.il l.y l.arl tht: i.'i of the j'Ms r.nd i- employed with con- WALKER N. B. Winchester joined the faculty of the University of Lethhr.dge in .'uly 19.2. as an assistant professor Li the political science department. His article is based on his research and observaCons and of life in Airica during the year (1969-70) he lived in Ghana. Professor Winchester is currently completing his PhD dissertation on the topic of urban politics in Africa. He has his BA from Marqueite Univer- sity in Milwaukee and his MA from In- diana University. Last year, he laugh; at Iowa State University. To view South Africa's policy o! apar- theid favorably and state that, "the South African government is doing a tremen- dous as Marian Virtue did in a re- cent column in this paper, a person must either be politically r.alve. completely ig- norant o: what is really happening in South Africa, or simply be willing to sup- port a racist and fascist political system. In South Africa closely approxi- mates the classical political definition of fascism, a political system that forcibly suppresses opposition arid criticism, ex- tensively ccritrois indirs'.ry, commerce, ail social and political activity, emphasizes ag- gressive nationalism and is racist. A look at apartheid legislation passed since I5i5 il'usira'es that is t'.e tiUdmg rrir.cipie for all cf life in South Africa, including where people can live, v.t.i-re and kind cf empbyrnent they can seek, v-ho can schools. church you can or cannot attend, who can ov.n property and where, whom one can marry, where ore can b-s buried, etc. Needless to say, v.titt-i have extensire rights and privi- leges, Africans have All facilities are segregated by law fc- cording to race; cine- mas, bathrooms. taiis, entrances ir-A I'.me in factories, first aid facilities, etc. to the Reser- vation of Separate Amenities Act. Group Arc-as Amendment Act. and Factories and Building Work Amendment Act i. Africans are prohibited from attending any church service in a v.-'nise area th.e Amendment Act .-'vfrican workers are rk-nicfl the right to strike while white v.crkevs have thi-.! right 'K-c the Native Labor Settlement o! Dis- putes Ac! Certain occupation; iskilicc: are reierv- cd by for whiles only i Industrial Con- ciiiation Act'. Tr.e majority of Africans been ex- cluded from unemployment benefits 'Un- employment Insurance Amcndmtn; and Eridence search Tne Criminal Procedure Act empa.vers police to enter and E premises without a warrant nA tne eral Law Amendment Acts of 1M1 ar.a proride for detenuon without trial for pur- poses o! interrogation and detention with- out bail for up to 12 days. Under the Publications ana EnJ.en.ain- ments Act. thousands of books and films have been banned., such as E. R. Braiih- waite's. To Sir With Love, presumably be- cause it a black teaching white students in a white school. In addition consider the following: Afri- cans cannot vote in white South Africa: per capita income for whites is S3.K4.00 while per capita income for Africans is S117.00 (1968 the South African government annually spends SIB per Afri- can school pupil and over per white school pupil; infant mortality for whites is 27 per l.W'3 births but over 150 per 1.000 births for Africans. A recent United Na- tions report states that, "the maltreat- ment and torture of political prisoners in South Africa has become an essential fea- ture of apartheid policies in that In defence of apartheid, white South Africans would have us believe that Afri- cans eventually will be granted sc-ii-gov- crnment in territories called Bantustars where they can vote, what they neg'.ect to tell us, however, is thai although whites only 19 per cent of fe roptila- land for and ;3 per cent fcr the Africans. Tne 13 per cent reserve: for Africans consists of over 250 soparaie units which contain pozr farmland and few of South .Africa's natvra! resources. The E7 per cent reserved for whites inci-des almost ail ti-e larp? cities, seaports, har- bors, airfields, the major irrigation schemes, the gold and diamond mines, the main industries and richest farmland. Fi- nally, the Bantu Homelands Constitution Act passed last year provides a cbe as to til? kind ci they in rr.ir.d. It states in pir: a; no time rr; 10 r African' legislative assemblic-s. even after se'f-gov- emment. include defence, foreign affairs, post, and telephone, immigration, currency and b a n k i n g, and customs and e'ici'e. Furthermore. "All laws passed will rr-quire the state president's (white South Africa's head of state i approval." A very strange form of svlf-government indeed! According to Mariar, Virtue, "ih-: African goverr.mc.-nt is doing a job. Clearly the South o! Marian Virtue and- others who would support it. Ls like the emperor's "new a figment of the irr.acrination it doesn't oust. What does exist is one of the rr.ort unjust, iriljuraane t-oaucal systems e.c-r concfi-ivcd.