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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, December 30, 1971 Josepli Krnfl Compromise results in weak head of UN More talking needed NATIONS, Phil Hie Bartender''' Now thai things have cooled down somewhat in South Asia, the danger that a heating up may occur in the Middle East has to be faced again, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's statements about 1971 being a "year of decision" as regards peace and war between his country and Israel hang threateningly over the situa- tion. An outbreak of war in the Middle East holds fearful prospects of Big Power involvement. The fact that In- dia and Pakistan were allowed to fight their war without outsiders be- coming engaged should not delude anyone into thinking the Powers will stand aside if there is another war in the Middle East. Since the 1967 war in that region, the .Soviets have placed airmen and missile crews in Egypt. There is a determination not to allow expensive military hardware to be captured or destroyed again as it was previously due to Egyptian unfamiliarity with it. Although the U.S. does not feel the same need to man the equipment it has supplied to Israel, the Sixth Fleet is nearby and direct American involvement seems a distinct possib- ility. The American and Soviet presence in the Middle East could he the sav- ing factor. It does not seem pos- sible that either Power wants war be- tween their proteges when it so clear- ly implies escalation to war between themselves. In fact the expressed de- sires on the part of both for greater harmony, signalled by such things as President Nixon's scheduled visit to Moscow, appear to be genuine. Thus it is reasonable to believe that at- tempts may already be under way to keep local leaders from rash ac- tions. Some new diplomatic initiative seems to be urgently required. Pres- ident Sadat needs to be rescued from the limb on which he has placed him- self with his war statements. That none of the proposals made previous- ly bore fruit, so far as progress to- ward settlement is concerned, should not be cons i d e r e d discouraging. They were all productive in staving off open conflict. Talking is much to be preferred to fighting. graphcr asked a reporter here at the United Nations the oth- nnd non-Communist worlds and conic for'vard was Max .Itikob- son of Finland. He is a diplo- mat and journalist of note, ex- perienced in Uie Communist er day. And that question faith- fully expresses the spirit which animated the choice of former Austrian foreign minster Kurt Waldheim to succeed U Thant as secretary general. The voting was a process whereby the grcal powers eliminated candidates of merit. The result is a man almost certain to bring the office of secretary general down to the low estate already reached by the Security Council and the General Assembly. Probably the best man to at the United Nations, and with the special zeal so many Scan- dinavians have for interna- tional organizations. Mr. Jakob- son was the preferred Ameri- can candidate. But he had shown particu- larly in a book on the Husso- Finnish war of 1939-i940 a true feeling for freedom and a disposition to protect the rights of smaller countries. So the Russians vetoed Mr. Jakobson in all three rounds of the bal- loting, saying that he was un- acceptable to the Arabs be- cause of a Jewish background. A second candidate of merit was Felipe Herrera of Chile, an economist and banker of high competence who headed1 the I ii t c r-Amcrican Develop- ment Bank during its forma- tive years. But Mr. Hen-era has been a supporter of the popular front government set up by President Salvador Allende with Communist back- ing. Ho Uie United Stales indi- cated it could not support him, and mustered enough opposi- tion to keep him from winning the required two-thirds of the 15-member Security Council. A third man of high quality who emerged as Jakobson went down was Gunnar Jan-lag, Ihe Su-edish ambassador in Mos- cow who has been charged with the UN peace-making mis- sion in the Near East. Hi1.1., be- cause of his role in the Near East, Jarring looked like the candidate of the Russians and the Americans. The Chinese Communists have set themselves up as the leaders of the rest of the world againsl the super-powers. So they vetoed Jan-ing. A fourth candidate of note who emerged in the balloting was Ambassador Carlos Ortiz de Rozas of the Argentine. He had played a particularly force- ful and independent role in the Security Council debale on the India-Pakistan conflict. But the Site reconsideration Leadership on the library site is- sue is coming from the right source when it comes from the library board and the librarian. Who understands better what suits the need than the people who are most closely involved in the planning for tiie new library? Since the Central School site has now been strongly endorsed publicly by the chairman of the board and the librarian, those on the city coun- cil who opposed it owe it to the com- munity to take another look at the matter. It is quite possible that they did not see all the factors involved or did not give sufficient weight to some considerations. The responsibility for making the decision about the library site rests with the members of city council. They do not have to yield to every pressure group that surfaces. But elected representatives need to be sensitive to concerns that might well reflect wide community feeling, es- pecially when it coincides with ex- pert opinion. Reversing a decision is not necessarily a sign of weakness; it could be an evidence of wisdom. A good case is being made for the Central School site by the library board. City Council needs to be able to counter with a stronger case if it is going to convince the public that standing by its decision is the right thing to do. I'm a bit depressed, it's because my secretary is going to this summer, and it'll years before we can aliard lo "I think you're reached the paint now you can Stop trying to count calories and start trying to Aecfl your big lot mouth Russians vetoed him on that ground, saying of all irrele- vant things that Argentina was not a true representative of the Third World. With four strong men block- ed, the prospect of a long deadlock ahead, the hour of Ambassador Waldheim came round. Many delegates and net a few officials in the sec- retariat could have voiced a strong case against him. It is that he not only looks like a head waiter but acts lika one; that he is superficial and without strong moral force; that lie has done nothing of note except IK pliant with all comers, beginning with the Nazis whom he served in the Second World War. But what does all that sig- nify for the great powers? Am- bassador Waldheim was the preferred Russian candidate precisely because of his plian- cy. High office changes men, and it may be that Herr Waldheim will emerge as a strong secre- tary general willing to use the considerable power of that of- fice as Dag Hammarskjold did, and U Thant did not. But the odds are heavily against it. In his first public statement after nomination by the Security Council, he emphasized that "in this position one has to know the limits." Moreover, the world his changed since the days of Hammarskjold. Not only is Western influence important- ly diminished, but the Ameri- can attitude is different. In Uie past Washington always want- ed a strong secretary general, at least in principle. Now it is a question whether the Nixon ad- ministration, having con- demned the parliamentary ma- chinery of the United States for its voting on Chinese admis- sion, even cares what happens to the executive end of the op- eration. (Field Enterprises, tnc.) Paul Whitelaiv A new secretary-general past ar not seen Quebec's problems eased i AnnnVtin nf crtivitnH ntl Choice of Austria's Dr. Kurt Wald- heim as the new secretary general of the U.K. has by no means met enthusiastic public response. He's been criticized as "weak and too much concerned with correctness and principle to be influ- ential in the job, particularly at a time when public confidence in the world body as a peacemaking mech- anism is at its lowest ebb. It's far too soon to predict how Dr. Waldheim, a man of extensive ex- perience in the diplomatic field in Europe and Canada, as well as in the choice on the basis of Dr. Wald- heim's service in the German anny during the war have found that he is quite capable of spirited response on his own behalf. Further, he has in- dicated that he intends to under- take initiatives and to contribute ac- tively in the solution of political prob- lems, always keeping within the lim- its of the UN charter. One of Waldheim's colleagues was asked to describe the new secre- tary general remarked that he "is like a pup with a tough bone. He'll pull, he'll gnaw and he'll keep at it until he cracks it." His job is the toughest diplomatic bone in the world. One can only wish him good luck, adding the hope that he has indestructible teeth and jaws. He'll need them. 'Them that has gets' By Ed Ryan D ,ESPITE Uie claims that education is free" and all children have equal op- portunities, I'm afraid that it's far from being free and still farther away from be- ing the "great leveller" that it's assumed to be. The truth of the matter is that the educational system merely perpetuates the social, economic and educational inequali- ties that already exist in the home. And, most of the advantages and benefits tend to accrue to children from upper-income fam- ilies. Take the matter of the costs involved in getting a high school education, and you'll readily see thai it's by no means free. Some of the expenses include, among oth- er things: textbooks, workbooks, binders, paper, pencils, pens; student union fees, club memberships, field trips and school excursions; admission fees for athletic con- tests, school dances, concerts, dances, parties and various other school functions; special fees for woodworking, shop classes, art, home-making and other courses; ex- penses for gym clothing, equipment., uni- forms, lockers and instruments; expendi- tures for various school drives and chari- ties, as well as money for classroom and Individual photographs, examination fees, yearbooks, graduation banquet tickets, graduation pictures, etc. Add to these the costs of clothing, trans- portation, meals, lunches, insurance, movies, parties and a host of other mis- cellaneous items, and it becomes apparent that for many low-income families the costs of a high school education arc not only tremendously burdensome but even down- right prohibitive. Aside from the financial problems faced by low-income families in helping their children acquire a "free" education, there ore startling discrepancies and inequalities in the quality of education that their chil- dren receive. A fairly recent study covering more than youngsters in Toronto's primary nnd secondary schools illustrated some of these discrepancies and Inequalities. The main findings were these: 1. The majority of students in slow-learn- er classes and vocational schools come from low-income families. The study found that children of arc 16 times more likely to attend vocational schools as are children of professional parents. 2. Students of low-income parents are more likely to be behind their age-grade level. In plain and simple language, this means that youngsters of low-income fam- ilies tend to fail to a greater degree than youngsters of upper-income families. A similar study in the United States found that the failure rate among kids of low- income families was more than 10 times greater than among kids of high-income families. 3. Laborer's children are 24 times as like- ly as children of professional parents to be in special education classes. Special edu- cation classes, incidentally, are generally for children with problems that interfere with school performance. 4. And, almost 90 per cent of the chil- dren in the academic high school pro- grams (for u n i v e r s i t y-bound students) were frorc upper-income homes, compared to 46 per cent of laborer's children. Children from low-income families begin school far behind their upper-income coun- terparts, and fall farther behind with each successive year. Poor readers come with unsurprising consistency from low-income homes. Difficulties in reading in the early grades lead to difficulties in almost every other subject m subsequent grades. For a variety of reasons their failure rate is much higher than that of youngsters from upper-income families. Moreover, they tend to drop out at a higher rate than upper-income chihrrcn. Many of them find their way into general "catch-all" high school programs. As a result, they are under-represented in universities and over- represented in unskilled poor-paying jobs. There are exceptions, of course. Hut these are rare and merely help to obscure Ihc vast majority of unsuccessful rases. The moral of this sad story is: family income and all that goes with it, is a fairly accurate predictor of success in school. If you know a child's family in- come, you can predict what will happen to him in school and how successful or un- successful he will be. I wonder if Ihe same kind of relationship exists in sHmols in southern Alberta or nnywlwrc to Alberta for that matter! QUEBEC CITY Unease, restlessness and uncertain- ty are features of Quebec life that failed to diminish during the past year. Despite relative caln: in com- parison to the tragic and vio- lent events of 1970, Quebec's search for identity and the question of whether it will de- fine its role within or outside Confederation remained as un- settled as ever. Against a background of sen- sational trials in the wake of the FLQ crisis, a continuing controversy over language rights and a frustrating stale- mate in constitutional talks, Premier Robert Bourassa con- tinued to struggle with a stag- nant economy which he sees as the root, of many of Quebec's problems. High unemployment left 000 to people without work most of the year, provid- ing a more fertile climate for those who claim Quebec would fare better as an independent state with a radically different social order. In fact, there was a growing polarization on the federalism- separatism issue, and a con- tinuation of all the major rifts that have divided Quebec socie- ty since Uie first stirrings of the Quiet Revolution nearly a dozen years ago. For Premier Bourassa, the last 12 months produced a dis- couraging record. Aside from the slate of the economy, there was little evidence he succeed- ed in the promise after his April, 1970, election that he would transform the National Assembly into an efficient, businesslike operation. Debate bogged down a series of im- portant bills, and the most re- cent legislative session ended with a huge backlog of unfin- ished business. The government now have lo wait until well into the new year lo fi- nalize legislation streamlining school boards, social welfare administration and other mat- ters. Mr. Bourassa was also em- barrassingly frustrated in his constitutional discussions with Ottawa and the other prov- inces. The failure of Uie other governments to accede to his demand for jurisdiction over all 'social" legislation led to the premier's decision to scut- He the Victoria constitutional charter last summer, lie has apparently had little success since then in attempts to achieve greater co-ordination with Ottawa on economic plan- ning or a deal by which Iho federal government would mail baby iMinus cheques with Que- bec deciding how money ear- marked for the province would divided. There was also litlle progress Inwards Mr. Bourassa's elec- tion pledge that he would for- mulate a clear and unambi- guous language policy. The gov- ernment is still waiting for the long-overdue report of a Que- bec royal commission studying ths matter, the uncertain situa- tion had definite effects on both the business climate and Mr. Bourassa's public image after promising to protect exiting rights while making French the "working language." Despite his avowed desire to stabilize Quebec's volatile poli- tical climate and substitute sound economics for semantics, Mr. Bourassa frequently didn't help matters. For instance, he decided to press on with controversial leg- islation which would, it passed curing the next legiilative ses- sion, claim jurisdiction over cable television for the prov- ince. And, during an jc'est- ment-seektag trip to New ork City last March, he condi. '.ed a news conference almost en- tirely in French even though Abuse of legal drugs By Don Oakley ad shows a worried looking girl with an arm- ful of books obviously a fresh- man college student. "Exposure to new friends and other influences may force her to reevaluate herself and her goals the copy reads, "Her newly stimulated intel- lectual curiosity may make her more sensitive to and apprehen- sive about national and world conditions." The headline: "To help free hsr of excessive anxiety Librium." This is one of a number of similar a d v e r tiscments in medical journals submitted by psychologist J. Maurice Rogers to back up Us contention that Rolls itself NEA Service A NEW YORK communica- lions engineer has actual- ly done something about the old problem of getting the kids and-or wife and-or hubby to roll up the toothpaste tube. John A. Wiedeman has in- vented a self collapsing tube. A permanent "curl" is heat- set in the tube; as the paste is used, the tube neatly rolls itself up. Wiedeman has been granted U.S. Patent No. and if ever an invenlion deserved a patent, this one docs. It may do more lo promote donv'slic harmony than anything the dual control electric kct. The possible wider conse- quences slagger the mind. Im- agine the beneficial effects na- tionwide flowing from the re- moval of this prime source of frustration and discard in mil- lions of homes. As Confucius said: "The an- cients desiring to order wet their states, first regulated tlv.'ir families." What belter token of a well- regulated family tluin a rolled- up toothpaste tube? there is an epidemic of legal drug abuse larger and ever more Uireatening t o society than illegal drug use. Rogers is director of pro- gram development and re- search with San Francisco Community Mental Health Ser- vices. "Depression, social i n a d- equacy, anxiety, apathy, mari- tal discord, children's misbe- havior and other psychological and social problems of living are now being redefined as medical problems, to be solved by physicians with prescription he charges in Psycho- logy Today magazine. Doctors, he says, are strong- ly encouraged in tlu's "pill-for- every problem" .syndrome by drug manufacturers, who bombard them to the fantastic tune of per physician per year in advertising in psychia- tric and medical journals. Rogers seems to be one of the few people who hasn't jumped on tho methadone bandwagon. He notes that just as metha- done has been introduced as a legal substitute for heroin, herion itself was originally in- troduced as a cure for and opium was once recom- mended as a sound treatment for alcoholism. "One of the most disturbing effects of psychoactive he writes, "is that they con- vince the drug user and those around him that psychological solu- r is just a that psy- T, can be achiev- cliemistry, rather thr.r. Many jounR people turn to dangerous illegal drugs to re- lieve unpleasant psychological slates and lo escape from per- sonal conflicls and problems. When they buy these drugs from a street pusher we are greatly distressed. It is ironic, says Rogers, that the same purposes are accept- ed as valid and desirable when such dnigs are prescribed by physicians. most of tie reporters present were Americans wrho couldn't understand a word1 he said. Both situations point to the problems of a federalist Quebec government and its leader in 1971. Aside from pleasing his own supporters, Mr. Bourassa must also be constantly on the lookout to avoid provoking the type of nationalist demonstra- tions that seriously hurt the previous Union Nationale gov- ernment. It appears as the year conies to an end that the once power- ful U-N organization has failed to recover from his 1970 election setback, despite a new leader- Gabriel Oubier and a new name, Unite Quebec. With only 17 seats in the 103- seat National Assembly, the ru- rally-oriented official opposi- tion has been overtaken in de- bates by the more vigorous Parti Quebccois. Even Uiough the PQ holds only seven scats (Uie Creditistes have it at- tracted 23 per cent of the popu- lar vole in the 1970 election and has been behaving like the official opposition. During Uie past year, the PQ demonstrated that it had sur- vived the bad publicity of the FLQ crisis going on to slight- ly increase its share of the vote, though losing out to the Liberals, in the byelection call- ed by the murder of labor Min- ister Pierre Laporte. However, the Pequistes were also troubled by falling membership in Uie lull between election years, strained finances, and increasing dissent from its ra- dical wing. Party leader Rene Lovcsque feels the PQ is on the threshold of power but only if it can maintain the "re- spectability" of the separatist option with average, middle class volers. The dispute within the PQ came to a head when Uie par- ty refused to participate in on Oct. 29 demonstration to protest the shutdown of the Montreal newspaper La Presse. The demonstration, in which mere than 100 policemen and protestors were injured and one woman died of an asthma at- tack, also marked a turning point for the Quebec labor movement. The La Presse shutdown and demonstration have become symbols for Quebec's left wing, and the reason for unprecedent- ed attempts by major labor groups to end their traditional rivalries. The Quebec Federa- tion of Labor, an affiliate of the Canadian Labor Congress, has since tacked an increasingly ra- dical course bringing it ideo- logically closer to the Confed- eration of National Trada Unions and the main teachers' syndicate. Premier Bourassa will face Uie tough, radicalized union movement early in 1972 as his government begins contract ne- gotiations wiUl public service employees. However, more trying than union pressure for Mr. Bour- assa in the New Year wfil be the embarrassment of unfulfill- ed election promises. The job of leading the Quebec govern- ment won't get any easier in 1972, which will likely sec the continuation of this year's quiet crisis of identify and uncertain- ty- (Herald Quebec Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 A collision between two street cars took place at midnight on Christmas Eve, with damages to a Blue Line car lo the extent of lown of Barons now boasls daily motor bus service to points north and south. 1MI Authoritative quar- ters in Ottawa indicated that the number of men to be called for compulsory military train- ing in January would consider- ably exceed the already ordered to report January 3. Playgoers of Lclli- bridge second seasonal produc- tion will hil the boards at the Civic Spcrls Centre when members of the :ocal amateur theatre group present "Angel S'ireet." wei The Lcthbrldge Broders won Ihe Canadian Se- nior "A" Men's Basketball crown, by winning Ihc scries three slraighl games. The Lethkukje Herald 504 ?th St. S., LeUibriclge, Alberta LKTHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press ana me Gflnaatsn Daily Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manner JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY MnnaglnQ Editof Efiitor ROY F WILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Managtr Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;