Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
Godaddyseal image
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 5

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 20

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives

googlemap

Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta December 30, THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID 5 Need Ascherson Po ish hopes rea ized in treaty A.'', MIDDAY on December 7, in the hall of Uie Radzi- will Palace in Warsaw, Chan- cellor Willy Brandt sat down and accepted the gold-capped fountain pen passed to him by officials. He signed the Polish- West German Treaty, his pen moving with an extraordinary, dreamlike slowness across the paper. The Polish Prune Min- ister, Mr. Jozef Cyrankicwicz, signed wiiii a quick practised flourish. Brandt took eight full seconds to write his name. Then doors opened, champagne was served, hands were shaken. And then the silence fell again. The signing of the treaty, which at last Mings West Ger- man recognition of the Polish western border, was an instant of history which deserved its deliberation and its silence. Between Germans and Poles lie 31 years of hatred; the five years of Nazi occupation which cost the lives of one Pole in five and left the country in mourning and in rums, and then the 26 years of confronta- tion while the new West Ger- man state refused to accept the loss of the old German east and maintained its claim to Polish territory. And behind that most recent past lies the history of Poland as a nation, and its search for stable and accepted frontiers. The groups of Slav peoples who settled between the Oder and the Bug in the dark ages had, it is true, the Baltic coast to the north and the Carpathian chain of mountains to the south. But to east and west the flat plains extended feature- lessly across central Europe. In the direction of what were to become the Russian and German empires, there were no natural frontiers. To the armed horsemen and, at the end, to the armored tank col- umn, the Polish lands lay help- lessly open. In the early Middle Ages there began the eastward movement of German settlers across the Elbe and later across the Oder. The Order of the Teutonic Knights moved east along the Baltic shore and carved out a great dominion for itself in what was to become East Prussia. In Silesia, the old heart of the first Polish state in the JOlh century, Ger- man colonists established themselves. The town of Wro- claw gradually became the German city of Breslau. The advance of the Teutonic Knights was halted at the bat- tle of Gnimvuld. Later, in the llilh century, there arose a powerful Polish slate of a new type: the "Commonwealth of Willy Brandt: man of the year BONN Willy Brandt is the man of the year this seems an unchallengable choice to a journalist who has been watching the European scene in 1970. Beyond even the expectations of his admirers the West Ger- man Chancellor has establish- ed himself in a relatively short time as a European statesman of major significance. Edward Heath in Britain and Georges Pompidou in France may be skilful politicians who grasp the day to day needs of their countries but they lack the ex- tra dimension of vision and moral strength that Brandt has revealed in his 14 months as Chancellor. He is the first Western lead- er since John F. Kennedy to possess an inspirational qual- ity. It required immense cour- age to sweep away the illusions fostered for years by the Chris- tian Democrats (CDU) in Ger- many and accept the realities of post-war Europe. By rec- ognizing the Oder-Neisse fron- tier Brandt fulfilled one of the main preconditions for di- minished tension in Europe. He also made a major con- tribution to detente by acknowl- edging the existence of two stales in Germany and by "educating" Germans to real- ize that reunification is a very distant goal which can only be achieved within the framework of a wider European settle- ment. Brandt has taken, in 1970, the essential steps to improve East-West relations and it is now up to the Russians and their allies to indicate their By Boris Kiilel response. During t h e coming year Berlin will be the test of Soviet intentions. Certainly for Brandt his Ostpolitik does not signify merely an attempt to enhance West Germany's role in the w o r 1 d by opening up direct communications with Commun- ist countries. He regards it very much as a moral duty to clear up the tensions that are a direct consequence of the Sec- ond World War and to make a German contribution to a more secure peace in Europe. A West German civil servant, politically uncommitted, who has been working in the Chan- cellery for the past year, re- marked the other day that it was Brandt's integrity and sense of morality that had im- pressed him most as he watch- ed him at fairly close quarters. "Most politicians are motivated by self-interest or they try to promote their party or their country's he said. "But with Brandt it seems en- tirely different. Watching him So They Say Consumer experience in the United Kingdom, as in all in- dustrial countries, is that it is becoming more, not less, diffi- cult to get value for money. Dame Elizabeth Ackroyd. I think black is beautiful, but so is white. And neither is beautiful all the time. American Reri Grist. opera singer at work I realize there are oc- casions where he acts out of moral necessity and disregards the consequences." Nothing illustrates this facet of Brandt's personality more poignantly than his tribute to the- Warsaw ghetto. As he went down on his knees on the steps of the ghetto monument he was utterly unconcerned about the reactions at home. As he put it later he simply knew he could not behave in the same way as at any other wreath-laying ceremony. "I could not just lower my he said. The Chancellor is one of the very few German politicians who need not feel the slightest responsibility for the crimes of the Nazi regime. Yet as Brandt told the news magazine DER SPIEGEL, he felt compelled to "beg forgiveness on behalf of the German It was curious how all the German papers printed the pic- ture of the Chancellor on his knees but refrained from all comment as if they were uncer- tain how to react to a gesture without precedent in the twen- tieth century. A public opinion published by DER SPIEGEL disclosed a pro- found division of opinion in Germany. Fory-eight per cent thought Brandt's gesture was exaggerated; 41 per cent ap- proved and 11 per cent express- ed no opinion. The Chancellor found the greatest support among Germans between 16 and 29 and among people over 60. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) ma The piekof he hops the pick ,-d 4 JL of the beer. Hops do beautiful things to beer. They give it memorable flavour. "Hopping" is the art of blending hops into the brew so the flavour of the beer never varies. That's an art we cultivate for Calgary Hxport Lager. Our hops come from the World's great hop growing areas. We select them with care, pick them with gentleness, then blend them at precisely the right moment. After all, we love our beer, and because we want you to love it too, we never compromise. Next time you thirst for something beautiful, enjoy the famous taste of Calgary Export Lager Beer. Jlclow, BrewmaslcrA.J. Kcrr and Brewers R. Piesanen and S.C. O'Brien inspect the quality of 1970 hops. beer lovers JorbeerloveiS. Poland and Lithuania" in which, under the rule of Kazi- mierz the Grcul, people of many races Poles, Lithuan- ians, White Russians, Germans and even Tartars lived to- gether as equal citizens. Kazi- mierz gave refuge to the Jews, who came to the Common- wealth as fugitives from per- secution in the west. For a time the Common- wealth came near to domi- nating Muscovy, and Polish armies ranged as far as Kiev and Moscow. But the commonwealth did not survive. In the 17th cen- tury Poland was devastated by Swedish armies in the course of the Thirty Years' War, and the state began to decline. Strong neighbors the Aus- trian Empire, Russia and the rising Kingdom of Prussia manipulated the Polish nobility and kept the kings weak. At the end of the 18th century the three Powers carried out the two partitions of Poland, and the Polish slate ceased to exist. For over a century Poles straggled to regain their inde- pendence. Napoleon used Po- lish legions in his wars and re-established a short lived Grand Duchy of Warsaw. The Treaty of Vienna set up a "Congress Kingdom" within the Russian Empire. Polish history became the chronicle of heroic risings the rising of Kosciusko against the second partition, the great rising of 1830, the rising of 1863. In Prus- sian Poland, and to a lesser ex- lent in Russian Poland, Polish culture and language were de- liberately suppressed. In Prus- sia school children were tin-ashed for using their mother-tongue in class. In Si- beria every village uf eAilca had its group of Polish patriots. Only in Austrian Poland, where the Polish aristocrats played a lively part in Imperial politics, were conditions easier. Poland was resurrected in 1918, at a unique moment in history when all its neighbors were simultaneously pros- trated: Russia in the throes of revolution and civil war, Ger- many defeated and the Aus- trian Empire disintegrating. The Germans, who in the First World War had planned fresh annexations of Polish land and the msss deportation of Poles and Jews, now lost (lie West Prussian and Poznan areas and part of industrial Silesia. In the east the young Polish Republic took disastrous ad- vantage of Russian weakness to invade the Ukraine and to absorb large areas with non- Polish majorities, later occupy- ing the Wilno area of Lithu- ania as well. Gradually the two great neighbors revived, burning with anti-Polish resentment, and each fearful that the other would use Poland as an ally. Fifty years before, Bismarck- had used the partition of Poland as a cement to bind Russia and Gel-many together. History recurred. In 1939, in the secret clauses of the Nazi- Soviet Pact, the Soviet Union and Germany agreed upon an- other partition of Poland. It was carried out in September 1939. Again Poland vanished from the map of Europe. fn 1945 the Big Three design- ed a new Poland. The Ukrain- ian areas, including the Polish city of Lwow, were given to Russia. In compensation, and as a guarantee of Poland's eco- nomic viability, a great north- south swath of German terri- tory as far west as the river- Oder, including all Silesia and Pomerania and the cities of Breslau, Danzig and Stettin, were given to Poland; the Ger- man population which had not fled, numbering several mil- lions, was expelled. To the Poles these were "Re- covered ancient Polish lands and cities won back after centuries of foreign occupation. To the expelled, who formed large irredentist leagues in West Germany, they were Heimat, a part of the German homeland. The West- ern allies who had agreed to the new borders at Potsdam in 1945, now refused to recognize them and proclaimed (Winston Churchill and America's James F. Byrnes, in their Ful- ton and Stuttgart speeches) that they were unfair to Ger- many. Two decades later, when Po- lish children born in those lands are marrying and having children themselves, the West German government has recog- nized the irreversible facts. For the first time a Polish slate's extent has been solemnly ac- cepted by its neighbors. One of the hopes of those millions of dead soldiers, revolutionaries and patriots whoso ashes have been scattered across Europe for so many centuries was realized as Willy Brandt slowly wrote his name. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Robarts helped Canada survive By Christopher Young in The Ottawa Citizen King used to say that what a political leader prevented from hap- pening was oltcn more important than what he caused to happen. This negative doc- trine is generally derided, but there are 'times when it lias truth. The dominating poliiical fact in Canada during the entire Robarts decade 1961-71 has been the explosion of energy in Que- bec. It has taken both hopeful and dan- gerous forms at different times, but which- ever it was Quebec tended to take the spotlight and to dominate political discus- sion. Ontario, the only province that outnum- bers Quebec and outweighs it in political might easily have resented this. There was, after all, a history of strife going back for more than a century. At no time lias Mr. RobarU expressed this kind of resentment of Quebec's central role, or lent himself to any backlash move- ment. It is easy to think of Ontario pre- miers who might have done -otherwise. The part Mr. Robarts has played in these latter-day Confederation debates is, in my view, the finest achievement of his term in office.' Nor is it purely a negative one. He has consistently reached out the hand of friend- ship to the four premiers who have held office during the same decade in Quebec Lesage, Johnson, Bertrand and Bour- assa. They have responded, and the many strains on Confederation have not been complicated by strife between Quebec and Ontario. The Ontario government has made the usual noises at federal-provincial tax con- ferences, but Mr. Hobarts has never mado any real trouble about the enormous vol- ume of tax revenue that is raised in On- tario and paid out in Quebec and the At- lantic provinces. He knows that Ontario's prosperity from Us position as llw industrial iwartland of a wider Canada, and that such a position carries obligations as well as privileges. No one could be much less bicultural than John Robarts. He's a typical Anglo- Saxon from a town so English that its river and its streets as well as itself are named for their counterparts over 'ome. Yet he accorded full respect to the other Canadian culture, and introduced the legislation that made French an official language of On- tario. Mr. Robails can take part of the credit for the fact of Canada's survival in this centrifugal decade. It has been a great work of preservation which his successors, whether of the Conservative, Liberal or New Democratic parties, must be encour- aged to continue. He applied his natural conservatism in a cause that needed it. Weak arguments for the SST The Wall Strecl Journal 1VTOW THAT the Senate has rejected addi- tional funds for the supersonic trans- port, the plane's backers naturally are rushing to its support. At least a couple of their arguments, however, are more than a little weak. At a gathering of airline officials Najeeb E. Halaby, president of Pan American World Airways, said, "the chief executives of the airlines represented here today re- alize that 52 Senators {who voted against the funds) don't understand the prcgram and have reversed its field" in its ninth year. Well, we don't pretend to assess the depth of the Senators' understanding, or non-understanding, of the SST. But Mr. Hal- aby's comment, like those of many other SST backers, strongly implies that the pro- ject should have acquired a certain un- touchability as it moved into its ninth year. That, of course, is often the way govern- ment projects operate. The longer any pro- ject lives the less likely it is to die, since growing numbers of people acquire vested interests in its preservation, If a federally financed SST is indeed a bad idea, we would agree that it would have been far better never to start the pro- ject, which has already cost million. If it is a bad idea, though, it is far better to curb it in its ninth year than to wait for the tenth, eleventh or twelfth. A farther argument offered by Mr. Hal- aby was that if another nation produces an SST "we will lose world-leadership in avia- tion as we have lost it in shipping." The first answer is simply that other nations are already on the way toward producing SST's and, if schedules are met, would have been flying them years before the even if the Senate had voted all the funds requested. Beyond that, the analogy with shipping doesn't really serve the SST backers' case, The government, after all, deserves large share of the blame for the decline of the American merchant marine, since it has encouraged the coddling of labor unions, with their irresponsible strikes and excessive wage demands, and has arranged costly but clumsy subsidy programs. Maybe the SST could have used less government, not more. At the moment the nation needs to look at the SST realistically. The government has acquired a large amount of knowledge that can eventually help to build a far better plane than any now planned by other countries. Given the current Congressional sentiment, a reasonable course would seem to be to proceed with research toward that better plans. If the SST supporters are really con- cerned about the world standing of U.S. aviation, they might advocate that coursa and drop some of their more dubious arguments. Quebec's Bill 64 Montreal Le Devoir rpHE Quebec national assembly gave first reading recently to Bill 64 which, if accepted, will appreciably change the conditions under which immigrants wish- ing to settle here may take up various pro- fessions. First, Canadian citizenship will no long- er be a prerequisite to study or practice in 39 professions listed in the legislation. The candidate must only apply for citizenship with the shortest legal delay, and must elect to take up residence in Quebec. However, the candidate must show that he has a working knowledge of French. Removing the obligation that one must be a Canadian citizen to practise medicine, optometry, agronomy, architecture, nurs- ing or other forms of social work, should be received with great satisfaction It will persuade a greater number of spe- cialized immigrants to establish themselves in Quebec. With Bill 64 professionals from oth- er countries won't be subject to humilia- tions and our population can benefit from their talents without delay. We also will be well protected against charlatans, for pro- fessional groups will retain the authority to refuse a licence to those who cannot prove their competence We support the idea of making a knowl- edge of French a prerequisite to the exer- cise of a profession, at least most of them. But, given that we are not yet ready to adopt an over-all language policy we must proceed with prudence in area. For example it is going too far to insist on a working knowledge of French in all cases. We need not Eo so far in occupations that don't require direct con- tacts with the public. Furthermore, why don't we create two kinds of licences, one temporary and the other permanent? For a temporary licence, we could satisfy ourselves with requiring a minimum knowledge of French, on the condition that the candidate will perfect lu's use of the language within a reasonable time. A working knowledge of French could be demanded if the applicant wants a per- manent licence. All things considered, the government would do well not to rush in passing this legislation, since there could be profound repercussions. It would be in order to refer Bill 64 to a committee where interested groups could air their views. Crack in the urn The Christian Science Monitor 1JOBBY ORR may have been given a Grecian urn as Sportsman of the Year for 1870 by Sports Illustrated magazine. And Hie spectacular brilliance of his hock- ey skill may have made him deserving of the award, just as it has helped win lus sport a greater following. But the award should not be allowed to Ice over a crisis that threatens to discredit professional hockey for years to come the fighting and brawling, foul-mouthing and obscene gesturing among players and, just as regrettably, fans. Thus we were more impressed by a sec- ond set of hockey awards made the same day the S15.GnO in fines belatedly awarded by National Hockey League president Clarence Campbell for five ma- jor team fights this season. The league has llie power to stop the fighting any time it wants. It can escalate fines, have players expelled from the game for provoking fights. Unruly fans can be bounced prompt- ly. The trouble is that league officials haven't outgrown the notion that fighting is "part of the game" and "good for the gate." So they may think. But as this news- paper's sports editor warned in an open letter to Mr. Campbell recently, parents are beginning to find pro-hockey Hastiness unfit for their youngsters. Letters to this paper register a similar revulsion. And what parent can commend to his child a sportsman of the year whonr he has seen astride an opponent on the ice. Dummelintf him in the face? ;