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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wctlnesdoy, December 30, 1970- Hope springs eternal The surface view of prospects i'or progress at tlie next session of the SALT talks between the Soviets and the Americans scheduled for March 15, can scarcely be termed promis- ing. The threat of further Soviet in- tervention in the internal affairs of the Warsaw pact nations, the prevail- ing suspicion iiiat trie ixussisns si'8 cruelly persecuting Jews, fears of military build-up in the Indian Ocean, to say nothing of Soviet might in the Mediterranean, all ap- pear to militate against U.S.-Soviet good will resulting in success of Strategic Arms Limitation in the near future, if ever. But the very fact that the Americans and the Rus- sians have already met three times, that they are proposing to meet for a fourth shows that both sides still be- lieve that they can come to some kind of an agreement. Progress has at least been made in laying a basis for the continuance of the talks, and most encouraging of all the conver- sations have been kept on a level beyond diplomatic relations. in spite of the suspicion on both sides that each one is in the process of developing more sophisticated nuc- lear missiles; in spite of the general atmosphere of distrust, there is a realization by both sides that there must be agreement to wind down the peril of tlie nuclear arms race. As the Christian Science Monitor puts it editorially, "each country is in a sense laying its national security on the line in these talks that is something for mankind to be im- mensely thankful for." In other words hope that mankind will not de- stroy itself springs eternal in the human breast Russian and Ameri- can alike. Signs of sanity Two recent developments in the sphere of chemical and biological warfare can be viewed as signs of returning sanity. They do not mean that man's threatened survival has now been made secure but the out- look has been improved nonetheless. The U.S. Army has announced that plans have been completed for the destruction of tlie nation's stockpile of germ warfare weapons. This in- cludes toxins dead but poisonous bacteria products which the Army continued producing, after President Nixon's ban of biological weapons on November 25, 1969, on the ground that they were chemicals. Mr. Nixon, in February 1970, specifically included the toxins in the ban. There has been criticism of the Army for not having disposed of the stockpiles before now. However, it has been countered that the time was needed for developing a safe plan of disposal. Such a plan has now been submitted for approval by environ- mental agencies. The fact that such agencies are being consulted and that the Army is not moving unilaterally is another good sign. A second welcome development is the urging of Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker and Gen. Creighton Abrams that there be an immediate h. alt to chemical crop destruction in Viet- nam. Voices have long been futilely raised in protest against the "eco- cide" being practised in that country. Some of the chemicals being used there have been banned in the U.S. yet have continued to be employed in the U.S. military operation in Viet- nam. But now President Nixon has acted on the urging of his officials in Saigon. Rejoicing over these developments is tempered somewhat by the excep- tions which are being made. If a ban on chemicals is agreed to in Viet- nam it will not extend to defoliants used on least not until the stocks are used up. Also the de- struction of biological agents does not mean the end of research into that kind of warfare. The U.S. Army in- tends to continue to do research into defences against germ warfare agents. And the distinction between offense and defence in tlu's sphere is not easily made. East-West detente? The Polish upheaval is a disaster for those who had hoped for an East-West detente in the near future, but nowhere will its effects be more evident than in Bonn. West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, the treaties he has so recently signed with Rus- sia and Poland in hand, must now ask for ratification of these agree- ments in the Bundestag. But there can be no ratification without a sat- isfactory arrangement on the status of Berlin. The East German leader Walter Ulbricht has been stoutly re- sisting pressure to soften his tough stand on easing tlie situation in the divided city. The Polish uprising has streng- thened Ulbricht's obdurate attitude. He wants no part of association with the West, economically or ideologi- cally, and he is now in a position to point out to the Kremlin what is likely to happen when attempts are made to shove the Iron Curtain aside. Mr. Brandt, who has been accused of unseemly haste in his anxiety to build economic ties with Eastern bloc nations and the Soviets them- selves, faced tough opposition from the political opponents in his coali- tion government, before the Polish upheaval. The opposition is now cer- tain to become more vocal and could qiu'te conceivably topple his govern- ment, particularly if he should make any gesture indicative of softness on the Berlin issue. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON It is with regret that I must inform everyone that there will not be a New Year, at least not on the first of January as originally planned. The reason for this is that the bill to authorize 1971 is now bottled up in the Senate and is finding tough sledding. In other years the passing of a New Year's resolution was nothing more than a formality. The House and Senate ap- proved it on voice votes, and the Presi- dent automatically signed the bill de- claring the New Year would start on the first day of the month of January. But this year because of bitter feelings, vested interests and some very tricky par- liamentary procedures, the New Year's bill has been in trouble from the start. This is what happened: On Sept. 15, President Nixon sent tip tu Congress a message asking it to give him authoriza- tion to declare a ts'cw Year, which would be designated 1971. (By law, the number of the New Year is always raised one digit from the previous year.1) The Senate Subcommittee on Calendar Affairs held lengthy hearings on the bill and heard testimony from Administration officials, labor leaders and 1970 lobbyists, as well as conservatives who were op- posed to going in to 1971 without a consti- tutional amendment The bill was finally cleared in rrimnjt- tee on Nov. 20 by a vote of S to 7. It then went to the floor, where it ran into some very serious difficulties. Proponents of the SST tacked r.n amend- ment onto the N'ew Year's resolution, which provided million to start build- ing the first supersonic airliner in Seattle. Several senators, who were trouble with a trade bill. sn amend- ment providing that no New Year's bill could be passed unless all imports on shoes and flashlights were halted from abroad. Doves in the Senate tacked on another amendment saying that the President could not officially declare 1971 until all our troops were out of Vietnam. Opponents of new welfare legislation added an amendment saying that there could not be a New Year unless all wel- fare mothers took birth control instruction. Another amendment, added by Southern senators, said there could not be a 197t until all school busing was eliminated in tlie South. A liberal Senate bloc then added an amendment saying no funds could be pro- sided for 1971 unless the President gave a complete plan for curbing Spiro Agnew. A group of senators added their own amendment which called for S200 million to bail out the Penn Central Railroad. By the time Ihe N'ow Year's bill was ready for ,i vote, there were amend- ments attached to il. Twenty filibusters were start cd at tlie same time. A few (lays ago the President warned Congress that the United States had to have a Ntw Year and that Ire would keep them in session tmti.1 ho got one. While everyone seemed to agree with him. no senntor was willing to give an inch on his favorite amendment. Despite the President's plea, both Sen- nit: Majority Leader Mike Mansfield and Senate Minority Leader Hugh Scott have srid privately they don't sec how there can possibly he a 1971 before the Ililh (if July. I'loronto 'Iclciii'aiu .NCMS Venice) (3 "Your illness sounds much like mine. Did it start with a sudden sharp pain in the area of the left glufeus Joseph Kraft Updating in Moscow as in Warsaw? WASHINGTON The lead- ership switch in Poland provides a rare case of econ- omic change actually forcing political It shows that even the most hidebound Communist regime can shake off egregiously outdated men and methods. That shoiving has not a little bearing on the anachronistic regime in Ihe Soviet Union. It tends to validate the proposi- tion that American policy should work to promote evolu- tion, however slow, within the Communist world. Economics, for once, pro- vides a real starting point for political analysis. In the 20 years after the war, Poland made the transition from an agricultural to an industrial country. Production of autos, aircraft, tractors, and heavy machinery was set in motion. Such traditional lines as tex- tiles, coal mining, shipbuilding, and metal working were rapid- ly expanded. Now Poland de- rives about 80 per cent of its gross national product from in- dustry. But once the basic transition was completed, the Polish economy was all dressed up with nowhere to go. Low pur- chasing power combined with the bias of state planners in fa- vor of heavy industry to starve the consumer goods sector. With light industry lagging, economic growth slowed, and large numbers of 35 per cent remained ma- rooned in unproductive work down on the farms. The cure for this kind of stagnation is an economic re- form which has been discussed in Communist circles for- at least a decade. The basic idea is to free up prices in a way that both stimulates the con- sumer goods industry and pro- vides incentives for higher agricultural output. That model has worked with relatively good results in East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. It found a strong Po- lish backer five years ago in the person of Edward Gierek. party boss in industrialized Silesia. But the central Communist leadership in Warsaw was im- mobile. Party Secretary Wladyslaw Gomulka, a pre-war Communist, shied away from changes that compromised to- tal control over the economy. The more so as his one serious political challenge was a chal- lenge posed by Interior Minis- ter Mieczslaw Moczar which emphasized Polish nationalism, not such cosmopolitan frills as economic reform. In these circumstances, Mr. Gomulka made it his first priority to scotch Gen. Mnczar's bid for power. Only this month did he get around to inaugurating economic re- forms. Out of touch with public opinion, he apparently made the moves without taking the popular pulse. That is how it happened that just before traditional feast- ing time in regime raised food prices. The result was a series of protest riots by workers in Sile- sia and the port cities of the Baltic coast. In response, the Polish regime first cracked down hard. Then Mr. Gomulka and most of his closest associ- ates were retired. Mr. Gierek took over as party secretary. The more accession of a new party secretary, of course, does n o t resolve Poland's difficul- ties. After the recent explosion, Mr. Gierek will have to move very slowly in the direction of economic reform. His own com- mitment to the reform principle is by no means total. And he will have to reckon anew with his old nationalistic rival. For, as part of the recent change, Gen. Moczar acquires new pow- er as a member of the Polish Politburo. Still, the central fact is that there has been evolution in the right direction. Judging by his background, Mr. Gierek will continue down the road of economic reform. At the same time, he will try to stay in far closer touch with public opinion. In a kind of inaugural speech, he asserted that "the iron rule of our eco- nomic policy and our policy in general must be always to count with reality, to consult broadly the working class and intelligentsia." The exact role of the Soviet Union in the Polish changes is not known in the West. But the mere fact that the Russians did not block the accession of Mr. Gierek is significant. For the present leadership of Party Secretary Leonid Brezhnev in Moscow is very similar to the f.omulka leadership in Poland, too is hidebound and old- slow to embrace the economic reform put forward oy some Russians and subject to challenge from younger and highly nationalistic figures. The change that took place in Warsaw, in other words, can also take place in Moscow. And while the going is hound to be very slow, while the outcome is by no means sure, while the odds are even unfavorable, the best course open to American policy is to try to foster the fu- ture of the Russian equivalents of Edward Gierek the rela- tive good guys in the Soviet Union. {Field Enterprises, Inc.) Roland Hurilford Norway's dilemma regarding Common Market Nora-ay, n ow- lie- gotiating for membership in the European Common Mar- ket together with Britain, Den- mark and Ireland, is suffering Ihe same kind of heartburnings as her fellow-applicants. They are concerned with the protec- tion of particular national inter- ests against the advance of the European colossus. In'the case of Norway, as of Britain, agriculture is the main issue. The Norwegians fear that the European Economic Com- munity's agricultural policy, if applied to them without any modification, will put most of their farmers out of business. Once in the Common Market, as at present constructed, their borders will be open without restriction to imports from the fertile plains of western Eu- rope. The cheap food thus flood- ing the country will then make it impossible for the Norwegian farms, mostly in hard, moun- tainous country, to sell their products. In a European con- t e x t, Norwegian agriculture would be marginal and, under Letter To The Editor Common Market plans, it would have to be as good as closed down, so that the more efficient and economic pro- ducers could take over the supply of the organization. But, as far as the Norwegian Government is concerned, it is far more than an economic question. It is a question of pre- venting the depopulation of a large part of Norway, particu- larly in the northern part of the country. There, agriculture is the main occupation but cli- mate, geography and difficult communications make it eco- nomically indefensible. Govern- ment subsidies on a generous scale are necessary for its sur- vival. Under EEC rules, this would be inadmissible. Fearing extinction, the farm- ers have therefore started to fight against Norwegian entry into the EEC. They have launched a fund in order to maintain a continuous cam- paign, both political and through public propaganda. Their opposition has already Fourth Avenue closing The taxpayers now appealing Ihe closing of fourth avenue .south are to be highly com- mended for action. Miouid have ihe support of all in the Glcndale District. The case presented at the meeting some weeks ajio by Mr. lluckvalc and Dr. Hasting on its merits alone was cer- tainly worthy of serious consid- eration. In every respect, the taxpyyors' case outdid tho case presented for Ihe The petition for the contained .some four hundred and fifty odd signatures. While Ihe one for the developers con- tained only some eighty-five. In addition there wore such items ;is density, parking pioblems. and egre.s.s in ca.se of fire to the district, nil apparently ignored. The writer uses the intersec- tion concerned four to six limes daily and has yet to wit- ness or hear of an accident at Ibis location. Yet on third ave- nue and Mayor Magrath Drive where the light is installed, ihcrc have been several. Now we arc told the reason for the closing is the traffic hazard in- volved. According to The Her- ald, one alderman suggest1? council be very careful not. to admit the closing has any con- nection with the development. One wonders in view of the facts Why a meeting was ever called. The taxpayers can form their own conclusions. What- ever Ihe outcome remember :H the next election. J. S. SIIOUTT. put the government under strain. The present Norwegian Gov- ernment is a coalition of the Right and Centre, composed of the Conservatives, Liberals, Christian People's Party, and the Centre or Farmer's Party. The first three, together with the opposition Labor Party are broadly in favor of mem- bership. But the Centre Party, being the mouthpiece of the farmers, is not exactly an en- thusiastic supporter. Mr. Per Borten, the Centre Party member who is Prime Minister, is an EEC supporter, but his parly colleagues, and the farmers who make up his electoral support, have been putting him under pressure to avoid membership, or at least secure agricultural interests. In consequence, Air. Borten has had to act somewhat equivocal- ly in Parliamentary debate and the cabinet has shown signs of disunity. A political crisis, tak- ing perhaps years to mature, in the leisurely manner of Nor- wegian politics, might be the result. On the olher hand, the gov- nrnmcnl. as a whole agrees that some form of protection will have to be worked out for the Norwegian farmers, and it is hoped in Oslo that the Common Market negotiators in Brussels will view their difficulties with sympathy. In Ihe first place, the Common Market regional policy would entitle the Nor- wegian Government to try to prevent complete depopulation of the northern provinces. And it cannot be in the military in- terests of the EEC to liave a thinly-populated area on its northern H-'ink bordering on file Soviet Union. What tile Norwegians hope for, then, is a special exemp- tion from Common Market rules, which w-ill enable them to maintain their agricultural communities at present levels. Since, in any case. Norway can never become an agricultural exporting country, having to import about GO per cent of her requirements, this ought to arouse no opposition among the states like France, Holland and (if she enters the EEC) Denmark, whose larmers must export or expire. If the farmers are opposed to EEC membership, the Norwe- gian shipowners cannot wait to get in. Viking fashion, they are licking their chops at the kill- ings to be made. The EEC at present is predominantly a con- tinental organization. With the exception of Holland, there are no seafaring nations in it. And in the future, shipping is going to be vital for Common Mar- ket trade. With all their expe- rience and acumen, the Norwe- gian shipowners (who single- handedly are responsible for their country's balance of trade surplus) believe that they will be able to scoop the Com- mon Market shipping gether with Britain, naturally. The last rider is the Norwegian application de- pends on that of Britain. Nor- way will only enter the Com- mon Market if Britain does. In the British case, it does not seem as if the negotiators are in a hurry, and as far as Nor- way is concerned the pace ap- pears to be even more leisure- ly. Whatever the outcome, the Norwegian Government consid- ers it unthinkable to join with- out special provisions for the protection of their own agricul- ture. In the end. a popular ref- erendum may be necessary, since the government may not be able to make up its mind. (Written for The Herald and Vhe Observer, London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD committee of the Old Timers' Dance has de- fined an old-timer as one who was a resident of the NWT'on or before 1900. Thus the old- lime boys and girls wlro are at present unattached will be very popular persons for the coming dance. J Australian govern- ment has decided to restrict immigration until the coun- try's position improves suf- ficiently to warrant lifting tho ban. The business district suffered heavily from German fire bombs and many famous buildings were destroy- ed, in the greatest threat to tile city since the great fire of 1CG6. 1930 Immigration lies have announced a govern- ment plan to advance to pros- pective immigrants part of the cost of transportation to this country. Those accepting ad- vances must agree to work for a Canadian employer and re- main in the same lype uf em- ployment for one year, or until nicli time as they have repaid the money advanced. The Letltbridtje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta TJ3THBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall'Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press, and the. Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO VV. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;