Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta
LETHBHIPQt, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1908 MOVING ADVANCED VAUDEVJILE THE THATEN DUO liTWirHigk-class Sketch "Hynotwing a Wife" 1. Serenador's Improvised Telephone 2, Smuggled Into America 3. She Won't Piiy Her Rent -1 Cigar Box 5. Quiet Hotel 6. Servant's Vengeance All Feature Films a Longing in My Heart For You Louise" Prices I5c and 25c Continuous Performance Starling at 7.30 The Miracle Of Alberta Red The-most pointed rebuke of ail to arid or semi-arid character. It seems likti it fairly good descriptive term, especially when set in contrast with, irrigation fanning. The expression the -fellows who still doubt Western Canada is good as any other part of the Dominion is the success of called the "dry farming" with regard to the potentialities of the West has come 'to the East as a series of shocks. The making of bacon and dairy produce in the east for the English market has become a habit in the time that has elapsed since Manitoba took over the wheat-grow- ing proposition. The coming on of Saskatchewan and Alberta has not really been a matter of new concern to -the eastern producer, but the concern of the eastern producer as a result of the opening of the Man- itoba wheat lands is fresh in the ex- perience men who a.re still young. Just accounts. of the climate of Western. Canada have called for a re- markable reconstruction of notions. While the-geographies have-not got over saying that "the central regions are characterized by great extremes of temperature and a greatly restrict- ed rainfall in some people come from the east to Alberta to catch a moderate winter. Many with only one lung expect to go back" with th ree, but immigrants are generally over-optimistic and expect to make big wins in a new land without ef- fort. is now repudiated by those living on such lands. In consequence of the success they have met with they will not stand for the limitation suggest- ted in the term "dry." What they contend is that by scientific soil cul- ture they obtain us good results in crop production as can be obtained anywhere. The contention seems to be well grounded. Some Optical Illusions The traveller going through the old ran chins country by rail will be slow fall in Western Canada. In view of the common idea of the limitations of such areas up till a comparatively recent time the stories of big yields of whiter wheat in Southern Alberta sound like accounts of miracles. The seem easy after the explan- ation Juts been given. The Moisture Not Gre.'t ft does not seem hard to under- stand why the vegetation on the un- broken, prairie should be of low stat- ure. In the first place the rainfall not abundant, being probably about fourteen inches on the average over most parts of Southern iibout half of what-it is in the Pro- vinces of Central Canada. In the second place the prairies are treeless- and so are free from the mulch that receives and holds the moisture that- falls as it is received and held in forest areas. In the. third place the characteristic winds are drying winds. They are robbed of their moisture In traversing the great continental axis. In the last place, the rain com- ing as it does in great quantities over sshort periods, chiefly in June, falls on the hard, unbroken face of the prairie, from which it is quickly shed into the prairie streams. Small as the rainfall in the total is, it is in the open prairie areas that floods are most common. Making the Best of It It is cultivation that constitutes the first step in the miracle of crop pro- duction in these areas. Experiment has shown that from four to seven inches of moisture will produce al- Dry Belt a Myth Then with respect to the areas of restricted, -rainfall, "where extensive irrigation works have been construc- ted to water the dry it must be conceded that water has al- ways been considered good for water- ing purposes. It has more recently come to pass that this artificial and elaborate -watering system has been discounted by the discovery that there is plenty of water everywhere for crop growing without robbing the streams. The term "dry is a term used to stand for a special kind of soil treatment in areas of relatively to believe this. The absence of oc- most any kind of a crop, and in this cupation over large stretches seems view the moisture that falls is twice self-explanatory. The monotony oi the prairie landscape-emphasizes the desolate impression, and the vegeta- tion, particularly after it has been smitten with the ripening wind about the first of July, is of stunted stature and of an orange-tawny hue that to the uninitiated speak con- ditions. There is little other evi- dence of the prairie being instinct with life. In spite of the munh-talk- ed-of limiting of the range, cattle and horse stock seem sparse, the skulking coyote seems to be always seeking and never and the occasional nimble antelope seems to show that man left the prairie in wild possession. Even though the evidences of change are appearing the man from' the close orchards of the east is not impressed with the possibilities of the prairie. The term "dry fanning" originat- ed in the attempt to get crop yields off. the regions of scant rain- fall in the western States. Naturally the pressure on areas of low produc- tion has been greater over there than here, and it is to operators from such States as Kansas and Nebraska that we are indebted for the introduction of the kind of culture considered suitable to the places of least rain- This company owns 7000 acres of carefully selected Fruit Land situated in the most favorable location for fruit growing in BRITISH COLUMBIA. These lands are beautifully situated on the Arrow Lakes where Irrigation is not Required If you were offered situated on the shores of a beautiful lake or stream, amidst what is acknowledged to be the finest scenery in the world; where bear, deer, goat, grouse and trout abound: where the climate is exceptionally fine and where boating of all kinds may be enjoyed; with the Canadian Pacific boat service passing your door twice every 'day winter and summer: witii returns from your IEUU. siiiucieiiii to ensure you a comfortable living, and with property increasing in value at the rate of 25 per cent per year All for or Payable in 4 Years WOULD YOU INVEST? If so drop a line to M. FREEMAN, Gen'l Agent Ttefcrowlake Orchards, Lethliridge, Alberta, Canada _ :n -O.LIU JUU. Will 1CUC1YC JLU.J1 JJCL1 Reference Union Bank of Canada. Lethbridge as great as is actually required. The first problem is to get the moisture into the soil. To do this the sur- face must be broken and pulverized to make it receptive of rain. Breaking of new land is generally done early in June, before the land has become dry by the loss of all its winter mois- ture and before the heaviest rain of the '.season has fallen. When the land has been broken it should be disc harrowed to reduce its too open character. A new machine called the packer, which is simply a series of wedge-shaped metal wheels, is al- so used, which firms the soil by lat- eral pressure. The breaking up and working down of the soil put it in the best condition for the reception of moisture. The next problem is to put the'lid on so as to allow no mois- ture to escape except by legitimate channels. Putting the Lid On This is done by means of the dust blanket. The dissipation of moisture of its use by the plant is by capillary attraction. If soil is left undisturbed the upward route of the soil mois- ture becomes established, and as it passes off the moisture below keeps climbing and follows it into the air. If the surface is stirred this route is interrupted and the moisture is held within the soil. Of course, all mois- ture "cannot be retained, and it is not uncommon to grow only one crop on the same land in two years and to devote the off year to getting mois- ture into the soil and keeping it there. A characteristic illustration of the1 dry farming syst plowing of the land in spring and the priesei ring of moistive by surface cultivation during summer in prepar- ation for fall wheat sowing. Such a crop woulj have for its maturing the moisture of two one year its fjill growth and of another for its sum met growth. It is good prac- tice to harrow lightly even in the spring of the year in which the win- ter wheat matures. Though the me- thods of the dry farmer are not con- sistenty or universally followed, the demonstration of success under the system has reulted in a wonderful impulse to winter wheat growing in Alberta. This year the yield will I UNION THEATR WeeK of Dec. 28 Music--Comedy--Drama Brown's Gilt Edge Comedy Company New Program Tonight Hear We Are Laugh, Laugh, Laugh, and Laugh Some More Get In Early To- Night Mr. Russell E. Milliard Dramatist Miss Mignonne Phillips Dramatic Star Mr. Frederick James Whistling.and Singing Mrs. Frederick James Vocal Artist Mr. Angelo Dominicino, Cornet Soloist (High Note Specialist) Mr. Chas. Dunbar Comedian Miss Madeline Dunbar The Clever Liitle Soubrette Mr. O. D. Paddock Electric Novelty Dancer Mr, J. W. Wallace Illustrated Novelties Mme. E. Norman Pianist Mr. J. B, Gaskell Violinist Excellent New Moving Pictures Tonight Everyone A Feature WEDNESDAY EVENING The Well-known After Piece MR. HND MRS. BROWN Program Changes Every Other Night 1st Performance, 7.45 2nd Performance, 9.30 ADMISSION ADULTS, 25c; CHILDREN. ISc NEXT WEEK THREE TUESDAY and Our Old Friend, You Know Sure TQM Well, I ate of the same moisture receiving constituency for great depths and so are effective and capacious reser- voirs against which drouth has no terrors. In the third place the rains come in rather heavy storms, which suits the condition of the land, and their not coming frequently makes the preservation 'of a dry top mulch easy, The activity of the wind in itself on the prairie serves to some extent to make the dust blanket. Truly there is no pity to the farm- er on the dry lands and no further demonstration needed dt the fertility of these lands. The miracle of Al- berta winter wheat is exposed. J. McCain. NOVEL PLAN TO ATTRACT SETTLERS C. P. R. to Inaugurate "No Crop, No Payment" Plan for Selling Irrigated Lands Winnipe 111 at n Bee. P T? is reported bo about bushels, which is only short of the yield of sprier wheat in the Province. In- dividual yields as high as sixty bu- shels per aero an? recorded. The av- erage yield will be slightly over twenty-two bushels per acre. Claim of Greater Productivity The most enthusiastic advocates of dry land culture are not satisfied with the admission that their lands arc equally productive with those in areas of greater rainfall. They say they are better. In the first "place the plant food-of their lands'is not leeched away by excessive moisture. Tn the aocond place ihf. prairie If You Require Printing The Herald Of Your Biz Business Cards Letter Heads Letter Circulars Envelopes Pi ograwis Statements Receipt Forms In fact, Printing of any kind Let us show how it's done tion several radical changes with re- gard to the attracting of settlers to their irrigation lands east of Cal- gary. One of these is what is known its the "No crop, no payment" plan. In other words settlers who buy this land will not be called upon to make a payment unless they get a crop. The has been discussed and it is probable that a definite announce- ment will be made in the near fu- ture. Such a vu'O'vjsfii could backed by the most absolute dence in the district, and th proposing to offer settlers. In many cases a purchaser does not wish to move on his laud at once, and is will- ing to pay someone to do the pre- liminary work for him. This on ir- rigable land includes the breaking, and the laying of the irrigation ditches. It is proposed, therefore, for the company to look after this work on u contract bask. If the step is carried out the company would let the: contracts for the preliminary work, and being in a good position would be able to secure responsible parties to do the work. On the re- cvipt of a small deposit to cover ex- penses, the. first crop will be put in and a percentage charged to cover the. cost. a still further aid to settlers the G. Jr. R. has a number cf deni- .-i'TTKin farms scattered at inter- vnl.s c the irrigation tract, which s 150 i.u'les long and roughly 40 miles w.'de. Here the inexperienced may see irrigation farming being carried on by experts, while at the same time numerous experiments art1 oarrir-d nm. tlia PC REMAIN AN OASIS The Only Moist Town in Virginia to Stay Moist Abingdon, Va., Dec. town after a heated contest has voted by 26 majority to retain its whiskey dis- pensary. Abingdon is the only town in western Virginia in which whis- key is dispensed. The dispensary has been a prosperous institution for that reason, being a source of considerable revenue to the much so that the streets have been im- proved, the schools enlarged and var- ious other improvements made from these revenues. The dispensary is conducted by the town government, a board of super- visors being appointed whose duties aiv to purchase all goods necessary for the conduct of the business. The profits sll go ID the town. No whis- key is sold by the drink but in pack- ages, and no package may be broken in the- dispensary. ADDITION TO THE LYCEUM. F. W. Brown, the enterprising man- ager of the Lyceum, has just complet- ed the latest improvement in his play house that has earned for itself the reputation of 'being the most up-to- date place of amusement between Winnipeg and Seattle. Eighteen feet has been added to the building, mak- ing accommodation for 150 more per- sons. The ceiling over the stage has been rojVd eight, feet, and comfort- able and commodious dressing rooms fitted up underneath the stage. A illuminator has been installed, so that the largest companies have every facility for putting on their covering all the possibilities of the district. RULES only be confi- abil- ity of the land to pay for itself. Since the irrigated land in the Bow river district was lirst, thrown open to set- tlers there have been good crops ev- ery year. nnly on the irrigated land but also the land above the ir- rigation line, in fact they hnve boon so good that in many cases the farm- er each year has been raising the full irrigation price. The new plan is to be offered as a special induce- ment with the idea of hastening set- tlement. It is estimated that the ir- rigation district is capable of sup- porting a population of with a tributary urban population of 000 or more. Such an increase in population would moan a tremen- dous increase, in freight and passen- ger traffic, and would more than compensate company for any ex- tra expenditures which might be, de- veloped while the plan was being worked out. In a recent interview on this sub- ject, Sir Thomas Shaughnessy said that the "crop payment" system was one which ruid frequently been used in the development of districts of this kind. It, meant that the annual instalment of the purchase price would be povonied by the crop re- sults until the. whole amount had been pnicl. A secnnd report deals with another form of sid which the company is FOR IN RUNNING AUTOS KANSAS N.B. MEMBER TO MOVE. Ottawa, Dec. honor of moving the address- in the Commons in reply to the speech from the throne been entrusted by the On discovering an approaching. team the, motorist, must stop offside (Government to W. F. Todd, M.P. for his machine with a tar- 1 Charlotte, N.B. with the scon- fliul cover pi'iulin to correspond i-ry. Jn ease u horse docs not pa.ss ;i motor car, the tarpaulin to the notwithstanding, the motorist' will take his machine apart as rap- i.lliy as possible and conceal the in UK> grass. j flu- limit, on country roads! will lx- secret this year, and the pen- Six new scenes are being put up, so that the effect will greatly assist the. players. Ail these improvements will be utilized by next Monday. Mr. Brown is :to be congratulated on his enterprise. A SHORT SESSION. Toronto, Dec. Wm. Pat- erson, Minister of Customs, passed through Toronto today for Ottawa. He -said he did not expect the ap- proaciiing session of Parliament would be a long one, but will end before warm weather. alty for will be SlO for ev- ery mile an offender is caught going in excess of it. On approaching a corner where he cannot command a view of the road ahead., the motorist must stop not less than 200 yards away, ring a bell, fire a revolver, halloo and send up three bombs at intervals of live min- utes. Motor cars rmist. bo seasonably painted; that is, so Miey will har- monize with the pastoral ensemble and not be startling; thus in spring, Teen; in summer, golden; in autumn red; and in winter while. Motor cars running on country roads at night must send up a rod rocket every iuile and wait for the road to clear. They must proceed carefully, blowing their horns and shooting Roman candles. In case a motor ear approaches a fanner's, house when t.he, roads are dusty, it will slow down to one mile an hour and the chauffeur will May the dust in front of the house with hand sprinker worked over the dash hoard. Do not forget this is the last week I of the Thaten Duo. For Sale-Coal Mine Machinery (5 Boilers, 150 h.p., 125 Ib. working pressure 2 Second-hand Return Tubular Boilers. 60 Ib. working pressure 2 Ingersoll-Sergeant Class A Straight Line Air Compressors 1 4 Wheel Saddle Tank Steam Locomotive, 42 in. gauge 3 Lidgerwood Electric Mine Hoists, 7o h.p. 4 Jeffrey Electric Locomotives, 36 in gauge 1 Aldrich Portable Electric Mine Pump. 36 in. gauge 1000 Hadfield Manganese Steel Mine Car Wheels, IS in. diameter 10 Tons 2-} in. Square Soft Steel, new, suitable for making mine car axles All the above equipment in good workable condition and offered for immediate shipment, subject to prior sale. Owing to above machinery having been re- placed by larger equipment, we are prepared to make it tojyour advantage to investigate fully before pur- chasing elsewhere. .Full parjiciilars upon applica- tion to The Crow's Nest Pass Coa! Co. Ltd. J. B. TURKEY, Purchasing Agent Pernie, B.C.