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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 29, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta How Doubling the Size of the House Office Building Will Necessitate the. Extension of the Prioate Interesting Facts About the Burrows Under the Famous. Capitol Plaza -The Monortll Underground Trolley Used by Members and Clerks In Transit Between the Capitol and Offices. By RENE BACHE r I -'HiS-taga offict building of the- House I Beproentatires Iz lo be doubled In r'ze. It ncrW'cecnpias a whole'hlwrii, with-a total frontage on four sides of about one-third of a mile.: With the contemplated addition, It will eorcT two blocks of ground, and will have ItOO rcorai, This li In order each member of Ihi Rouse may have a tulU'of rooms for office-pur- poses. Each senator ripw has a room himself, anoth'er'for his secretaries, and a marble-lined ara CTftYtneed that they are entitled to enjoy quarters and It is likely that the contemplated afehUeetoral trnproreintnt will inrolre an" extension of the sub- way- which conneda- the offfce-building with _ the Capitol. A similar underground pas- aajre runs' between the Capitol and the Senate office and is traversed by-topless cars running en a'monorail track which carry scn- atora to and fro. An .Unknown Labyrinth The .every -da y .visits Wishlr.g- -lon has no knowledge of the cystem of subler- ranein tannc.s that is hidden beneath the Rrcat Capitol plaza and its neighborhood. Yet it is in Its way very remarkable, and. most interesting from an engineering viewpoint, comprising as it does not only the subways above mentioned, but of other big concrete-lined bur- rows, one of whitjh connects I he Capitol with the Library of Congress. The subways are in appearance remarkaWy ITke those through which trains are run nowadays In our principal cities. Though of short length relatively, they are almost equally spacious, lined with Yltrifled brick, and brilliantly lifted by electricity. In effect they are underground alrce'J, For the transportation of senators through their mbway there- was nt first provided nn aulo- tnoblla, which even now remains available, though practically out of UK. It has been replaced by two of the topless card above mentioned, driven by electric molon, them accommodating 16 perwns and the other 12. When n senator wishes to UK a car, If it be not ready at hand, he sum- rnons H by pushing a button, as ho would call an elevator. No vehicle has been provided for carrying representatives lo and fro through their Bubway.- They for the matter of that, do many n concrete sidewalk running along ono ride of their tunnel. The reason why la mainly that the nre BiKh a multitude that ft whole flock of cars would bo required to Irauport them; end apart from this considera- tion Is the fact that they are mostly younger men, Borne of the Ecnfttor.1 nre elderly end disposed tu physical effort, Half a'mile south of the Capitol a superbly power plant- which, supplies light and beat not only to the main legislative build- ing but to the two great office buildings the Library of Congress. The steam pipes and feed-wirei run through concrete-lined tbe electricity being delivered as an alternating current of 6000 volts at sub-stations fn the sub-basements of thoie buildings, where It is converted into direct current and "stepped down" suitably for use on the Port of its job keep lamp.s of 16 candle-power (or the equivalent) going in the Capitol alone- The ventilation of the Capitol is accomplished by the use of huge revolving iana, which draw fresh air In through tho top of a tower outside and at some distance from the building. Tha air, on its way into the bul.lding, passes through masonry-lined subterranean passages, -and "by this means Is reduced in temperature several de- grees. In winter it Is drawn over steam coils, to heat it. Forced beneath the floors of the House and Senate chambers, it rlsts through openings provided, for the purpose, the Senate receiving cubic feet per minute and tho House cubic feet. The tunnel that connects the with the Library of Congress Ii of just about tho length of three ordinary city blocks, and is used for no other than the carrying of boofcs. Repre- ecntalives and Senators are in constant need.of books for reference purposes, and It saves them a lot of trouble to be able to get them without going after them. For Instance, n, finds that he needs A certain volume. He writes the tHle'oii.a scrap of paper and hands it to a page. The page takes it to a little room just off Statuary Hall, and gives it lo a clerk. The clerk fires it through a pneu- matic underground tube to the Library of Con? raiding and presently the desired volume arrives in a leather receptacle that looks like n dress-suit case. This magical performance ts accomplished by nn cnrileaj-chaln arrangement running through the tunnel, suspended wire baskets serving (o curry the books. The basket containing tha vol- ume by the senator ouddenly appears at R hole in the wall of the little room (It looks JIVo B the clerk hands the hook lo tho page, who departs with it, and half a minute Inter it is deliverer! at the desk of the grave and reverend legislator. Yet HuiVher tunnel that la nlmoal a little way in runs underground from beneath tha House of Hepresentalives to House office building. It was built Lo accommodate- a huga pneumatic, lube designed for carrying printed documents. For some reason not very under- stood, It has never been tube, that la. lo in ulilizablc condition. Life Below Ground! The existence of this compTcx system of bur-, rows beneath the Capitol plaza and its vicinity hardly Known to most of the people who live in but tho great logialalive building has other and very extensive underground works, hidden from Ihc view of the casual visitor. In JU sub-basement ore Immense rncchanicnl and herding plants, machine shops, plumbers' shops, painters' ehopa, carpenters' ahopa, storage rooms for and the overflow of the lav; library {which occupies the former quarters of lha au- prenic and, by no mcana Icaal Important, the vast kitchens of tho House and Senate. Theso are the clnya of luxury, tlic spirit of which hu thoroughly pervaded Congress. merly representatives end senators wore content to do at i. e-f in quarters they rented for domiciliary office work ns could not be conveniently accomplished at the Capitol. If help, they hired it. But the sen- ators voted themselves private secretaries, to be paid from the treasury; so the plain "members" decided that they must have them.tco. The Scn; Huge Pneumatic Tube Connecting Capitol with HOUM Office rented the near-by Mullby Building, at gov- ernment expense, using H for office purposes. The equivalent rights, and hcnca tho comparatively recent crcctiort of Iho two great while marble- annexes known as the oJTico buildings of (he House and Senate. Ths House has always been, and Is today, Jealous of the of the assumption on Lhc parl of ftcnfllors that they arc legislators of a superior breed, und particularly irritated by their disposition to vote themselves privileges and luxuries which reprcacntdtivcs, fearful .of criti- cism by their constituents, hesitate lo adopt. The two office buildings .arc just alike in're- aped to size, but that of the Senile, -requiring fewer rooms, has no fourth sldp lo rtiagnlA-; Automobile in UndergroundPassage for TransporlinK SenaUir.q. cent quadrangle.. The money that might have to construct the-fourth flidu.wcs made nyail- nble for expenditure nn more costly materials; and, accordingly, Ihc marble lining of the Senate building is in the IFouae building Inrgcly replaced liy arc nubslilulcd for, inihogany and so with oilier To cap the -wnn spent on the Senate office building, whorrns that of the House coat only P.ut the really cx: Asperating Tact is that each senator has n suite, while to each representative is nllotlcd only one room. There are in the Senate building D8 suites. _____. When the HOUM lUtwls this "outrage" the House has finally rebelled' as a its office buildinr Is to be doubled in size. When it is finished, each rep- resentative will have a suite. Also three sccrs- furies, for lhat li tha row declared reqni- lite even for A plain "member." In double- ediflce there wi.H be 24 elevators, rnaffpifi- cent haths (Including Tnrklah and other Appealing to a tasto for at least one bar- shop, and a huge dln'lrig'room', with a kitchen 'for supplying "ahort Meet of cooh- Inft, however, will bn'done. In thVfreat In tho sub-basement at Ihe HOTJK end of Capi'tol.i "eali" thus prepared being fetched mibway Jn InsulaUd boxra on hnnd- drawn trucks, hoi The In Congrew Is not ground down or treated if he were it Inferior. la to nil the luxury that Is properly coming ohd then some, possibly. Ai elpsfrle CBFI In Ins subway, he does not purtinlirfy, .him what he-wants froarid, and WU in- dirTerent'to Should Girls Be Permitted to Play Real Football? VEN pnjdt, in ihf light cf the altered EVEN order of things, cannot-etiloudly object to a woman playing Association looball in pub- lic )n the opinion o( the girl captain at an Eng- lishwoman's football The Rugby codo way a liUlo too Blrcnuous, she thlnlo, but under lows which govern Ihc sister-game the fnir sex can rcsp many "In the first says (he girl captain, "foothalfis a healthy sport for the robust woman lo follow. It u playcil in the open air. All ImporUnl musclu ire-brought into Keen- ness of eye and quickness o( dccinton arc essen- tial. The game teaches women lo control temper, It un.vclllfhness Blid foslcra the true Eporling ipirit. It engenders pluck, slaying pou'er, dclerminallon and a reaolulc desire (x> con- quer obstacles. it c'aiisea in lo use her brain as well as her rr.'JKld- "The enormoua number of people1 toftk a delight in seeing engaged OTI tlrcnuous war work all Inc" weclr, match- their eklll against each other oi, lhi> football field on Salurdny Aflcrnooni proves conclusively that Ihcro is great inlcrcst In feminine IOAtlllH 'from A spectacular iioint of view. H Is Iruc Ihnt the munition worker.i hare now ecaltcred, but Ihcre arc hundreds of tig husjncss etlabllshments in Lhc counlry where women are engaged In toil lhat necessitates phy.slcRl strength which could lurn out eleven slurdy specimens of feminine hurnanily capahlo of giving a very in- teresting display of leather-chafing. a little snterprlM, mitchn ccnild be grounds secured, competittoni end trcn a' lea'goe'formed. "One E-mail ohjcctlon to w.onwn up foot- bnll eeriously Is lhat the cntgim usually worn is not quite 10 becoming is It might be, But tare. ly. that is thimj which feminine easily'remedy. munition girl who haK played the for two Masons vigoroaaly ilhoul receiving n ecrat'ch captained a very lucceisful team of women war workers, -I have made these' few lit. lie suggestions in the hopo lhat will combine to fieo if cannot bo Hone lo popularize, a enort In which the xcnllor sex can ihlne ;