Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Thursday, December 28, 1972 THE LETHBRlDGt HEBAIO 5 The new issues of Canadian politics Bv Kruce SVhilestone, Canadian syndicated Coturniiist Tne recurrent quest of our major parties, the for the keys to power, mast get un- der way again. October's elec- tion demonstrated shortcomings in the strategies of Ixjth major parties. Now each party must develop a theme on which an effective governing coalition can be built. Canada is, obviously, in a po- litical interlude when the dom- inant spirit of one era has -run down, but no new unifying spirit has developed sufficient intel- lectual coherence to grip the electorate. The 1003 federal election marked no' so much the Ix-gin- ning of a new era but rat her the completion of programs that were started long ago. The Pea-son government was elected partly on dissatisfaction with the Diefenbakc-r govern- ment, and partly as an expres- sion of continuing interest in so- cial change and'welfare exten- sion that had their inception in the early Thirties. Tne first won by Tru- cSeau represented to some ex- tent the nation's enda-scment of Pearson's policies, ar.d the Tru- concept of natiorjal unity as epitomized in his slogan, "One Can- ada." The outcome of the most recent election appeared to be a repudiation of Prime Minister Trudeau but no firrn endorse- ment of the Opposition leader. Our major parties have func- tioned recently as a market place for interest groups, rather than as the instrument oi a uni- fied national majority. Tim trouble is that the growth of na- tional problem.? has outrun this kind of broker politics. The "successes" of the past have hatched new problems, infla- tion, social unrest, ar.d massive bureaucracy, which the struc- ture of devices and politics in- herited from the past do r.ot meet. Most of these problems will have to he ignored some nfcw political recognition of their nature is able to de- velop. For example, the ad hoc ap- proach of tax concessions and more government intervention which constituted the main planks of the Progressive Con- servative Party (as well as trie New Democratic Party; .seem- ed increasingly inadequate as aaswcrs to our fundamental problems. Each party could gain an extended hearing for a truly new point of view. Pro- posals for reform do get Ihiough but they [i.-st must be credible alternatives, not com- plicated gimmicks. The small 'c' conservative ap- proach by itself is unlikely to provide the theme for a new po- litical era; conservatism in the popular concept is a negative force, one that criticizes liberal- ism but lacks an alternative policy. However, while passive government has some appeal, Jew really want to return to the world of "the Iffitts. It is apparent that a deep spiritual fatigue hangs heavily on both parties. Strategy follow- ed in earlier elections, will not succeed in the future. The elec- torate has more perception tr.r.n campaign managers, and will not accept either tax gim- micks or vapid slogans as a substitute for policy. The close relationship of the Liberals with French Canadians and the mutual dependence in- c-vitablv limits the potential gains for the PCs there. A bet- ter strategy would be to ap- proach new groups. Tne failure o; the PCs to court and win the Credifete vote in Quebec seems hard to as their ideological affinity with the Conservative party makes such an alliance logical and natural. In the East, the Conservatives should frame a new appeal, one that will avoid politically ex- hausting strife with business. li'isir.ess to s o m g extent now recognizes that its discontent during the era was; caused more by matters of style rather than substance. On the other hand, the Trudeau years appear to some as an ever-all attempt at undue regu- lation of business. The Conser- vatives could draw an business support and expertise which would be a welcome change from its reliance on academics v.hcse professional reputation, in many cases, has not been all that bright anyway. This should not prevent the Conservatives from dealing with the basic domestic prob- lems. The records in Britain, V, est Germany, and the United Stitfcs show that business can and does go to considerable length to help deal with social ilis. For the last few gencrafions, economic Issues have defined the political positron of an in- dividual in the political spec- trum; non-economic issues were largely subordinate to ecoTiomic ones. Now, bowever, non-economic issues may ije- come the core of political be- lief and action. Tne newer issues of Canadian politics do not fit the oM. es- tablished political boundaries. The focus on economic issues, tax concessions and the like, be- came, it was generally acknowl- edged, a bore. A new central question of do- me.si.ic politics v.ill enrage: ti-e allegiance of the rev.1 middle class, the ir.terests of the so-tailed solid citizens, the entrepreneurs, tr.e farmers and those who live in the smaller cities, groups al! ignored by the major parties. 'iVhat then are the relevant issues today? Freedom versus tyranny is a govJ example: the basic fact is that govornnr.'st control of our affairs has r.ot been a success but a failure. So- cialism is no longer "The wave of the future1' as massive bu- reaucracy has led to a new Book Reviews fci-m of bondage. Red tape ad- versely affects us all. Many were dissatisfied with "the quality of life" in the im- mediate post war era. However, Canada seems to have ex- changed this for an equally bad system of intrusive government. The obvious detachment of voters from the issues of ycs- terdav appear to have resulted in general apathy. The true ex- planation is that voters care deeply about other issues: edu- cation for themselves and their children, and ways to improve their community. They arc con- corned with their security and tpportunitles in society. Above al', they are concerned with the true national interest. For example, the Canadian electorate must become con- cerned about Canada's role in the world. Our very survival depends on that. Should we wait passively for the European Community to join the general pursuit of free trade, or should we take steps towards that goal? We are dealing with an organization that lacks the prorx-r leadership. Here Canada can logically reassert its role, the much maligned position of bridging European and North American conflicts. Not merely trade matters, but an exchange of tecltnology could stir up the latent aspirations of much of the electorate, ITic promise that new technology offers could rouse even the most bored sc-g- of the population. Western European technology has a great deal to offer us in areas .such as housing, mass transit urban living, but obviously some means to tap this must be found. Many bring up the question of relevance. Kven the wrong an- swers to a relevant question will put the spotlight where it belongs. Only by rais- ing the new, relevant issues can o'j- political parlies hope to spin the confidence of the elec- torate in the future. Generals always seem to fight the last war and politicians re- run the previous election. If ei- tr'.r party is to regain centre i-.age and win a clear mandate, it first must recognize that the issues o! the Seventies are r.ot those that captured attention in tre last two decades. "New Pol- itics.'1 for heaven's sake, must stand for something more than roc-k band music, open-line ra- dio shows and empty slogans. Did we shout Loud enough in 1972? Barbarian bikers portrayed "The Simma Dr-viL's h v Holt fMcCtelland and Limited, 21'; py Kc-oruary 22. er day for many, for Jar.nes Cannon was a dhsster in- auguration into a most dubious profession, huUer. The employers h i c; riding, pot beer jn.g and chain swinging Sater.'s Angels of Vancouver. The prom- ised salary v.'as all the bc-.T he could drink. It is only natur- al that neither the job nor the pay appealed to coke ch! raking peace loving He op- posed "empioyment" only to be foreefuly advanced to his petition. Hi.? diabolic oppressors had the- ti me of thei r li 2 -.vhi le their timid plonged into an inferno that, if not more cruel than Dante's, '.'.as never- Hn submitted to the most abomin- able atrocities, beaten into un- coriiC'iousness ;md threatened. short-sigh'ed. deorived of his glasses, he was no match for the devil's police became involved after rie ianded in hospital. Al- though relu'tant at first to co- operate for fear of reprisal, he agreed eventually to help buiJd a case for the court a case against this human outgrovrth. Trie Satan's Angels pleaded net guilty but the ensuing trial evidenced their guilt clearly. Long prison terms for many ol their members was the result. For James, it could only have been a symbolic justice, consid- ering his ordeal. Tne author, Sirama Holt, is a Canadian newspaper reporter. Her story reads iite fiction, too horrible to be true. With cour- age and dedication she is able to bring to the reader a seg- The LetKbtidge Herald PART IV PICTURE QUIZ 5 POINTS Thla Cabinet member was often In the International spotlight In Who is he? HOW DO YOU RATE? 91 1o 100 polnli TOP SCORE! 81 to 90 pcJnu Eicdlant 71 10 80 points 81 10 70 point! Fair. SO or 1 tfrnml FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION Complete the Utle, to characterize the news of the past year. 1972 REVIEW QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 In the October 30th federal election, tha (CHOOSE ONE: liberal, Progressive ConEer- TatiTe) Party won the biggest percentage of the poplar vote. 2 Canada was praised around th.e world for its humanitarian gesture in offering to acceptEev- eral thousand persons who were being expelled from a-Kenya b- Ghana c-Uganda 5 Eerred ae HeadCoach of Team Canada, which narrowly defeated the Soviets Inahockey Eerles described by some as the biggestsports event LD Canadian history. a-Paul Henderson b-Harry Slriden Eagleeon i President Richard Nixon's trips to China and the Soviet Union were major international news events of the year. Did Mr, Nixon also visit Canada during 1S72? 6 After Arab terrorists killed 11 Israeli team members at the Summer Olympics in JIunich, the remaining athletic events were canceled. True or False? PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. 1.....ecology a-study of voting trends -study of living things inungency 4.....environment ar.d their Eurround- c-surrour.dings that ai- fect living things d-a union of groups e-un expected conse- uufir.ce PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 5 points for namea that you can correctly match with the clues. 1.....Liudmila Tourlscheva 2.....Idi Amln 3.....Le Tho 4.....Lon Kol a-Olympic worn en's gymnastic champion b-North Vietnamese peace negotiator c-President, Cambodia ri-Presiuenii e-lsraeli Prime Minis- ter STUDENTS Save This Practice Examination! Valuable Reference Material for 5.....Golda Meir 1225-72 ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE VEC, In men! 'A our society that is rot- ten and has exploited permis- siver.ess to its limits. Hippie love and biker's hate, v.ith common trait of hostility tox-ards authority and law are convincingly portrayed. A most revealing part of the book are three appendices 'meeting minutes, rules and regijlations. biker's Here is trie definition of a "citizen1' an average or straight person, useful only for punching bags (time and having their minds snapped by outlaw bikers. Congratulations, Simma Holt, for formidable feat of re- porting. Tne tension is always there, the interest kept alive, the content a manifesto of human misery- begetting dis- aster. HANS SCHAUFL Books in brief "The Fate o! the Lakes: A Portrait of the Great Lakes" by James P. Barn- (G. R. Welch Company, Ltd., X SU.33, JS2 Tne sub-title is the more ac- curate one for this book since it is mostly a descriptive work. In succession it deals with the S1.. Lawrence Seaway; the kinds of ships that ply the seaway and lakes; harbors and ship- yards; power plants around trie ir-kes; commercial fishing: rec- reation; arid, finally, pollution with its question about the fate of the lakes. A section describing the lakes themselves would have been a useful addition. The size of each lake in acres covered and volume; the peculiarities of each: the vegetation and wild- life along the shores; the cities ar.d towns fronting the lakes: and other such things would have added much to the book. Despite this lack it is a book that teachers will be glad to have in school libraries. Tne book is profusely illus- trated with both color ar.d black and white photographs taken by the author. It is printed on a fine quality cf which adds to the over-all attract- iveness. D. W. "The Far Out Saints of the Jesus Communes'1 by. ililey II. Ward fAssociation. Press, iO.25. M2 pagts, dis- tributed by G. R. Welch Com- pany In depth reporting, it has been is often only reporting at leneth. This is my impression of Hiley Ward's investigation of the Jesus communes. The veteran religion reporter for the Detroit Free Press, Hiley Ward, travelled exten- sively in the early part of 1971 communes while ap- pearing to be "ccj the bum.1' This book is his report of w-hai he found. While it covers a number of quc-stiorrs commonly asked about the Jesus communes as who are the people in them? what do they believe? where does their money come from? no clear picture em- erges. The writing style leaves fleeting impressions but few firm understandings. I would like lo know how many people are involved; bow much goes into tha movement: what the rate of de- fection is. But these may be impossible questioas to answer. Sly feeling is that Mr. Ward Is. on the whole, sympathetic to ement. His K'sc-rva- n, aie almost any- one uno has rc-tainc-d n critical capacily entertain. D. W. No year must be allowed to pass out quietly withwl a bumming up, a grand finalt, a monumerial re-hash of past mis- takes and achievements, 'i'ra theory behind this perennial international soul-searching is not so much sc-n'.iiri'jnt but eternal hu- man optimism proclaiming, "We may not have learned much from individual events but just let us have a summary of last year's happenings and we will enter the new one a wiser and happier Tne gruesome account of war and strile, terrorism and hijackings, murder and suffering, bomb scares and persecution, injustice and poverty, of which 1972 had more than the average year's share, can safely left in the capable hands of our news mecVa's reporters. Mv awn tying up of loose ends concerns some, as yet. unanswered questions and re- sponses put to me in the course of 1972. For instance. I have asked occasional- ly: "Why don't you stick to fun stories like your telephone calls in nig'n'., how ycu became a smuggler, t h e power of the grape, vour animals. et er.tlrt'ly cjcrir. enough hns come to tn indicate that Brandon University i.s encountering the most serious crisis in its short history. railing a sizable iMi-et'O i" fund-, there is a thai as positions may Ji.'-.vc to ix; elijTiinatctl. Not all would Involve teaching staff, but The Winnipe g Free Press, many would. However it breaks down, it would mean a formidable reduction in a teaching staff which numbers only 110. De- spite Universities Minister Saul Miller's as- surance that there is no reason for panic, neither administration nor staff can be rest- ins easy. The rub of the problem, as with so many universities, is that expenditures have been made and commitments given in the ex- pectation of an enrolment increase which has not materialized. Instead of an in- crease. Brandon has found itself confront- ed with a ten per cent decrease. In a small university this eouid be fatal. Combined with over-expenditures due to this, and oth- er miscalculations, the university now finds itself faced v.iih a possible SEOO.OOO deficit for the financial year ending in March, Ti-.e problem now plaguing the university raises a number of questions, not least the issue as to whether so small an institution should have been given independent status. The creation of Brandon as aji dent university had political overtones which had little to do with education. Tha wisdom of this move-. cuestiorLablt st tha time, is now even rr.orc questionable. Un- doubtedly there were drawbacks to the pre- position of the former Brandon Col- lege as an affiliate of the University of Manitoba tat, in the light of what has the price of independence may have come too hich. A number of questions m-.isi ans-ivc-reJ before the Brandon sit- uation :.s straightened out Tills ought to be one of them.