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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 28, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, December 28, 1971 Tim Trnynor A cultural ghetto A bitter debate is going on in Montreal now over the question of language and school rights repre- senting a further threat to Quebec's; future within Confederation. An attempt is being made by the provincial government to bring in legislation which would create out of the denominational school system- Catholic a n cl Protestant a non- denominational public school struc- ture providing for bilingual instruc- tion on a percentage basis. Instruc- tion in English would be given in schools where English is the pre- dominating language of the area, aral in French where French speak- ers predominate. English language schools have ac- cepted that some classes would be given instruction in French in the very early stages, and that later on about 40 per cent of teaching would be in French, thus assuring that the students would become truly bilingual. The city of Montreal is the centre of the controversy. A complicated tax and administrative structure is envisaged which would guarantee fair apportionment of funds, and allow wide choice of options. But the snag is that many French-speak- ing Montrealers are resisting tai- lingualism in the schools and are in- sisting that their children will learn enough English from their sur- roundings without speaking it in school. They also insist that French should have primacy in business, It won't go away Last spring, speaking on the possi- bility of settling the Taiwan issue by direct negotiations between the two claimants. President Xixon said he thought that it was a nice legalistic approach to the issue, but that it was completely unrealistic. He has now dramatically reversed his stand and believes that Peking and Taiwan ought to settle their differences be- tween themselves. The president vigorously denies that he has any intention of wriggling out of U.S. defence commitments to Taiwan. But he is doing his best not to imperil his new-found accommoda- tion with Peking by making a 110- holds-barred, cut-and-dried issue out of it. On his part the Chinese Premier Chou En-lai has done nothing to change his assertion that Taiwan is an integral part of the mainland. But he has said that he is in no hurry to settle the issue, even though he maintains that "Taiwan is China's internal affair which brooks no for- eign interference." it's a little give and lake on both sides, neither of which want to im- peril a new relationship, whatever it turns out to be, by adopting unyield- ing attitudes on issues which have prevented closer understanding be- tween them for years. The Taiwan question has been shoved under the rug for the time being. But one of these days a tidy housekeeper is going to discover tha't dust breeds destructive moths. Com- promises seldom cure problems. Tai- wan may be pushed into limbo for the time being, but it won't go away. Coping with the kids liv Margaret Luckhiirsl AN NE miserable clay recently I was in a home where there were four children of pre-school age roaring around trying to put in the boring hours indoors. Instead they were driving their distracted mother quietly nuts. The place was a shambles and the only time the kids were reason- ably content In the hour or so I was there was when they disappeared briefly down- stairs where the five-year-old passed out paint brashes and the four of them did some redecorating of the playroom walls before their Mum caught up with them. The whole scene swept me rapidly back to my younger years when I was in exact- ly the same position; and we of that gen- eration didn't have TV to resort to when cartoon time rolls around. The very best of conditions in a snug warm home, can during bad weather, send the mother cf small children clear up the first wall. There is "nothing to do'1 they whine, and mother's little suggestions and Ideas usually fall flat in short order. For a time they'll be happy lining up the chairs to play train, then they'll haul out old clothes and dress up; after which there is plenty of time left to fight, get into for- bidden items like lipstick, Daddy's desk, and glue. Paste books don't work out too well, as the kids, after tiie first page or two get to sticking the pictures on the walls, on the furniture and eventually on each ether. It Uikes three shampooings if I recall, to successfully remove mucilage from a two-year-old's bnir. When our kids were small we for- tunate in inheriting a rnther but very useful old combination graph and as early as fi a.m. we'd have Peter and the Wolf Mailing through the house followed by all the nursery rhymes which were played over and over inter- miltently throughout Ihe day whenever one of the kids happened to Ihink of putting them on. For years I could recite Winnie the Pooh verbatim, and also two and a half records of Gene Kelly's The Slory of Pe- ter Rabbit. I don't know why I didn't learn the remainder except, in looking back, t was probably distracted at that point where boredom inevitably sol in wilh at least two of the kids and I would liavc lo sot off on a hunt to see what they ucro up to. I used to find that doing some conking on a cold afternoon helped quite a lot. I'd annaumr I going lo hake ami the kids wr.uld pull up chairs beside the nnmt- er, .so class to n.c I hat if I could got in- gredients and a spoon into my mixing bowl I was lucky. But I dispensed with this after an unfortunate incident when an eld- erly aunt (who never had anv trouble with her children when they were young) found a dump truck wheel in her slice of chcco- late cake. She read me a lecture on not disciplining (lie children the way they did in the "good old days'' and lor a moment or two 1 was intensely sorry she hadn't swallowed the wheel. Our two middle children were terrible ones to get into everything, and when I would be downstairs doing dishes they'd Ire upstairs smearing toothpaste around the sink, tiying to give the kitten a bath and tossing our toothbrushes into the toi- ilct. This last practice happened with such regularity 1 got so that I didn't bother scalding them after their clipping. When I rushed up to clean up the bathroom and dry off the cat they'd run downstairs and fill all tfie fry pans with water and mix in cereal, flour and whatever they could get their hands on. Needless to say I never won on such a clay. By the lime Ihe kid's Daddy came home frcm work still looking fresh and too darn cheerful, I was about ready to put a bullet hole IxHween bis eyes for ever baring spoken to me in the first place. I never consoled by my mother's wistful admonition to "enjoy them while they're liltlc for the time is so short." To me at that busy time, it seemed that even good days were hours long. But of course my mother was right, and in no liiv.c our kirls were away lo school, then away li> university, I hen away. And oh, bow quickly tlie time went! I realized the other clay il would be quite useless to reiterate mother's old cliche to my frantic young friend. Slie was convinced (as I bad been with my own children) that her kids had inherited all the had blood on both sides of the family and would come to no good end. So I said nolhing. As I left Ihe household I rather glad lo get out, for a fact) an altercation had between the tele- phone office nnd the children's mother duo to Ihe two year-old's persistent dialing on the bedroom phone anrt me subsequent Ihrcnt that service would bo discontinued if the practice didn't cease. But the mother was able lo cope. Tlie afternoon serials were almost through and c.-irloons were only half an hour away. TV may take an auhll kunckinp, hut il's a blcsavcr for especially on rot- ten Currency realignment's effect on trade the professions and everywhere pos- sible. This stand is supported by some Quebec unions, the Parti Que- hecois, ami others are holding out for The whole snarl of social, political and eco- nomic interests is now complicated by the fact that per cent of Euro- pean immigrants favor English above French. For Premier Bourassa it's a grinding headache because his sup- port for such a constitutional change might cost him his job. For many Knglish speaking Montrealers the row is the bitter of them left last year and more are going every (lay. It's an historic reversal of roles and one which bodes ill for Cana- dian unity. John Robertson of the Montreal Star says, "the bitter irony is that no one has yet proved that this is what the French-speaking people of Quebec want. On the con- trary all you have to do is check the school enrolments to see how many French-speaking families pre- fer to send their children to English schools. There are those who would consider this treasonous. But it's merely practical. What better way to ensure a child will become per- fectly bilingual." Another bitter irony is that so many Quebecois maintaining the re- sentment of the past, are attempt- ing to make a cultural ghetto of la belle province, liscape from the ghetto self-imposed or forced is never easy. WASHINGTON: and West licrmany, and to a lessor extent oilier countries, have long last squarely ac- knowledged lliat they have moved out of po.-il-war positions of weakness and dependence on the U.S. That is one of Hie meanings perhaps the must important of (he agreement on a re- alignment of cuiTencies and a devaluation of the U.S. dollar against gold. In a former lime, dollar de- valuation was viewed as the gravest of steps a shattering of the central pillar of the west- ern monetary system. Through the '60s, successive U.S. ad- ministrations tenaciously ti p- held this orthodoxy in the face of mounting pressures for a change in the relationship of the U.S. dollar to gold, and lo other major currencies. By the there a very marked discrepancy between the monetary framework es- tablished in the mid-forties and economic realities. With strains multiplying. President Nixon put into effect a series of dras- tic measures including the sus- pension of the convertibility of U.S. dollars into gold. Thinking thereafter evolved quickly so that, when it came, there was widespread acceptance of tho idea of devaluation. The president's August mea- sures were in the nature of bol- storing the U.S. world trading position in the face of mounting challenges from Japan and Germany, and to a lesser ex- lent other countries. In effect, the U.S. suspended the mone- tary system and retreated be- hind Ihe import surcharge to force a reordering of exchange rates in accordance with the fact that other nations had grown lo stand with the U.S. as major economic entities. Most particularly, it was en- visaged that Ihe long-standing relaiionship between the U.S. dollar and the Japanese yen which was such as to stimulate Japanese exports should change, with Hie dollar having a lower value in terms of the yen. Some movement of the yen and other strong currencies as desired by the U.S. was ac- complished by Hie action of in- dividual governments, and this was effectively a devaluation of the dollar. By explicitly de- valuing the U.S. dollar against gold, U.S. authorities would take the process considerably further, provided tile other ma- jor industrialized countries did nut take offsetting action. Countries which would have been leery of the impact of devalua- tion on a more stable monetary system had come to press for it as a means of restoring a measure of stability. Ultimale- ly Ihe U.S. concurred, and tho currency agreement ensued. Upon conclusion of the agree- ment, the U.S. could look for- ward to a currency about 17 per cent less valuable in terms of the yen, about 13 per cent less valuable in terms of the German mark and about eight per cent less valuable in terms of the French franc. The dollar was also scheduled to become somewhat less valuable in terms of gold, but there was little edge to this because the agreement left indefinite wheth- 1571 b, NEA, lm.u r "At the risk of becoming just another vell-intentioned bleed-heart liberal, I set another feeder lor blue jays and tell you why we never go out for dinner or travel any YOU got us too far into MACROBIOTIC fQODS. that's vhvl" er, and how, there would he a resumption of the convertibility of dollars into gold. There had been broad ac- ceptance of the idea that the U.S. economy was no longer overwhelmingly dominant and that the U.S. dollar should ac- cordingly no longer be the ex- clusive foundation stone of the monetary system. (An alterna- tive foundation is to be sought in future negotiations.) For most of the nations of the so-called Group of Ten, tihe agreement means some move- ment to dampen their own trad- ing positions for the benefit of the U.S., for some countries, such as France and Italy, the dampening will be moderate and they will he in a position to gain from moves made by Germany ar.d Japan. The size of the German and Japanese currency changes is, in effect, tlie assumption of burdens long-deferred in the case of Japan appropriate to major economic powers. In contrast to most other Group of Ten members, Can- ada has avoided defining a clear position for her currency in the over-all framework of U.S. dollar devaluation. As be- fore, the Canadian dollar will and if it holds roughly its previous relationship to the U.S. dollar, Canada could pa- rallel the U.S. in reaping trade gains from devaluation of the dollar in terms of overseas cur- rencies. What will, in fact, happen to the Canadian dollar is less than c'ear in view of the line point- edly taken by U.S. Treasury Secretary John Connally fol- lowing announcement of tho agreement. The Canadian dol- lar should, in bis view, rise in relation to the U.S. dollar, to the benefit, of the U.S. in its trade dealings with Canada. This set Canadian Finance Minister Edgar Benson scram- bling to discount any rise in the Canadian dollar, and he is likely to have to scramble a pood deal more to uphold the Canadian position. (Herald Washington Bureau) Dnvc 77tunphrcy.s Soviet wooing of NATO members has paid off l-JOXX Canada's defence and detente twins. De- fence Minister Macdonald and External Affairs Minister Sharp, fell in with the prevail- ing realism and disappoint- ment at the NATO ministerial meeting in Brussels Ihis month. Here in Bonn, the pi- votal capital for the whole pro- cess of approaching negotia- tions with the Soviet Union, skepticism and caution are rather more entrenched than one might expect, judging by the government's enthusiasm for improving relations be- tween West Germany and the Soviets. Mr. Sharp was essentially the optimist in Brussels. He announced that Canada was massively prepared for talks on Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions (MBFR) in Europe, where Canada still maintains men. Canada was ready to "devote considerable energy and resources to the efforts which would be required for such he told his colleagues. This meant, he ex- plained, that government of- ficials experienced in dis- armament would be placed at the alliance's disposal. Mr. Macdonald thought Iliai a start now on force-reductions negotiations was the most practical way of moving to- wards the related item, a 3.V nation conference on European security and co-operation. But, he also said, MBFR was a long-rather than a short-range undertaking. To bring the story full circle, Mr. Sharp said there wasn't much more NATO could do but wait upon Mos- cow. Already, it will be argued, Moscow has begun to move because the second essential phase of negotiations for the new Berlin agreement was completed the day the NATO meeting ended. And Bonn has swung quickly info action with ratification procedures for the agreement and Hie tiraties between West Ger- many and the Soviet Union. Chancellor Willy B r a I's government is preparing for a difficult campaign to win p a r 1 i a 'nentary approval tor measures many in the opposi- tion have criticized already as failing lo protect Western in- terests sufficiently. A distinc- tion must be drawn between enthusiasm in Bonn and Mos- cow for Ihcir reciprocal agree- ments ant! the much more re- served attitude lowarcis Kasl- negotiations involving the alliance as a whole. W e 1I-placed sources point In a contnidiclion official Moscow line ladies of the Soviet foreign mini.stry. In official Moscow poses as being keen for a security conference, highly critical of NATO impe- diments. The government here has been given to understand that Moscow, very keen on ap- proval of the Berlin agreement and the Moscow treaties, is in no hurry for a security confer- ence and is even less interested m force reductions. In Moscow, Nov. 29. Foreign Minister Walter Scheel pointed out that Soviet insistence on linking the Berlin agreement with the Moscow treaty would set back the timetable of a se- curity conference because NATO refused to go further un- til the Berlin agreement was fully completed. "They said that was just too bad.'' said the source here. (Moscow insists that the Berlin Letters To The Editor agreement should not take ef- fect until the Bundestag has ratified the Moscow treaties, which it considers the main prize. Because of the Brandt government's thin majority, the Soviets fear Bonn may win approval for the Berlin agree- ment but lose out on the It is also pointed out, in re- lation to force reductions, that Moscow has already waited nearly two months without in- viting NATO's, specially ap- pointed diplomat, Manlio Brosio, to open exploratory talks. But if Moscow is equivocat- ing, so is Bonn. U.S. and Cana- dian troops are stationed in West Germany, so Bonn's de- fence interests are vitally at stake. A high source said, art of trapping In a recent Issue of The Her- ald I was surprised to see, in the centre page of the city sec- tion, two columns devoted to the noble art of trapping. The operator, according to The Herald staff writer is happy in his work. Another trapper finds it so revolting he decides to give up the business. The following is taken from 'The testimony of a trapper' published by the association for the protection of fur-bearing animals, P.O. box 274, Van- couver, B.C. This man lells of visiting a round of bis the last trap has a mink, and lie has this to say; "It is dead died in the trap. The pen we built has been knocked clown, and there aro teeth marks on all the slicks and branches wilhin range. There are signs of a terrific struggle; from experience I know the mink lived about three or four days and then died of hunger and pain. Tlie foot is lacerated, swollen and covered wilh blood. The stump of the leg above the trap is swollen four times its normal size, and frozen. The shoulder, loo, is all swollen. When we skin it we will find that all that area will be a mass of blood- colored, sickly, gelatine like substance indicating the terrible suffering it has gone through before death released it. The trap is already severing tho last shreds of sinews, and then, with escape only a few hours away. Ihe mink died. It is stretched out as it threw itself in the last spasm, and frozen hard and stiff. The fur is fine and glossy; it will make some woman a lovely neckpiece." As long as governments in Canada legalize this form of torture there will be those who will set leg-hold traps. A. 0. PADLEY. Lethbriclge. More humor needed (he world needs now is not ''Love Sweet hut a sense of humor. We arc nil up- light over living costs but who's doing willmtil. holiday goo d- ics, or booze, oh? Wo sigh and grieve over the flamhoyant. dress and appear- ance of youth. The long hair of So They Say The men in the striped shirts comr.risi' Ihe only jury lo which is no appeal. Hayes, Ohio Stale Uni- versity football coach. men and youlh we deplore, but really also envy the kinky curls. Yes Sir we do [hat. And so it goes people calling protest meetings, all because some jerk called another stupid. So let's face it, we all should have, been referred lo as stupid at .some time on life's wandering highway and damn il, most of us were then, and lols still arc. So "What's it all about Alfie" regardless of rare or color. Hoping you enjoy all Ihe sea- son offers. liOlhbridgn. "there are no force reductions possible that are not to the detriment of the West." If there were to be negotiations Mr. Brosio, former NATO secre- tary-general, was the ideal per- son to take the first step, he added. Confusion has arisen over which comes first, the talks about force reductions (MBFR) or the conference on Euro- pean security and co-operation. The consensus is that some progress should be established in the force reductions which are the core of security. But it is not a formal condition and Mr. Sharp stressed that even the Brosio mission was not a pre-condition for a security conference. The fuller confer- ence would have to refer to se- curity, but force reductions need not be on the agenda. Yet, sfcked what the Soviets might concede to the West in a security conference, one of the Bonn sources replied, se- curity, through force reduc- tions. The only other item was "freer movement of peo- ple and ideas" if the Commun- ists were prepared to relax present restrictions on travel between states. In return they would be Jooking for international rec- "ognition of Communist East Germany and technology and trade agreements weighted in their favor. From Ihe Wcsl's point of view, a conference on security would be difficult lo steer and, the source said, lie didn't really look for great things from it. Looking Through the Herald 11121 The largest crowd probably ever seen in the Rex Theatre in Tobcr, overflowed the building on Monday aflcr- ncan on the occasion of the Miner's Chrislma.s parly. IOHI It ii believed tho highway relief camp at Water- ton will close in Ihe new year. Should this happen it will Ihrow men out of employment, most of whom would return lo IJcthbriclgo. In fact, reaction from Mos- cow lo the NATO meeting re- flects Moscow's objection to Western steering. Taking up the French line, Pravcla criti- cized NATO's block approach, accusing the West of trying to Suill the conference by holding gatherings to work out a "com- mon line." And what of Canada's inter- est? Mr. Sharp said it was sim- ply that Canadian membership in NATO was directed towards reducing Ihs possibility of con- flict in Europe. In Bonn, they see value in the presence at the table of a country firmly on "our side" yet having good relations with the Soviet Union. have the feeling (hat: Can- ada is still interested in Euro- pean Since the Soviets changed their attitude in June 1970 to support for Canadian and U.S. participation in a security conference, they have been at pains to improve their rela- tions with Ottawa. As the Norwegian said out- side the NATO meeting, the So- viets wooing has paid off well, on the whole. Premier Alexei Kosygin visited Copenhagen and Oslo and Ottawa and Parly Leader Leonid Brezhnev went lo Paris. Denmark, Nor- way and France were me mi- norily in favor of "accepting" here and now the Finnish in- vitation to begin security con- ference preparations. They mav well he asking ovr.r their vodka, "what happened to Ot- (Herald London Bureau) backward destroyed the Ofld bushel capacity elevator, bushels of wheat, and three boxcars, at :i a.m. on Sun- day in Cowlcy, litr.l Vauxhall's population doubled in as irrigation ex- tension opens new era. men will be kept busy all winter building bleach- ers for the city's parks and rec- reation department under the winler works program. The Lethbrukje Herald 7th St. S., Lcthhridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published inos-lpfH, 'jy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN iecond Class Mall Registration No 001! Member of Tho Cnnaduin Press ana me Daily Ncwspflw Publishers' Association and the Audit of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Piibllrher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General JOE BALLA Will i MI HAY Efiinr Ertilor r- DOUGLAS i; WAI KCR Advertising Mftnatitr ErlilorMi Taqf: ErJilor "THE HERALD StRVES THE SOUTH" ;