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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, Docombor "S, 1970 Jiriice Hiitclimni Foreigners on campus A great (leal of harm ami almost no good can come from the investi- gation of foreigners and foreign, in- fluence in Alberta universities and colleges. Ordering the investigation is one of the most serious errors of judgment and bungling of responsi- bility the Alberta government has committed in a long while. The art of utuuGUi'aUc governrneru is in keeping the right distance from the people far enough ahead to obtain perspective and context for their whims and transitory preju- dices, but not so far as to lose sight and sound of tbe people themselves. Leadership without arrogance. In some matters the government may be guilty of arrogance. It knows best, and fie people had better be- lieve it! But in appointing this com- mission to investigate American in- fluence on the campuses, the gov- ernment is sordidly guilty of non- In announcing the investigation, Mr. Robert Clark, the education minister, said it would be within the context of the government's support for the principles of academic free- dom and institutional autonomy. But isn't there an obvious contradiction? In addition to the department of education, the universities commis- sion, the boards of governors and faculty councils, a new controlling body is being established. This in- vestigation can only mean implicit and insidious interference with the normal functioning of the universities and colleges. Mr. Clark gave two reasons for the investigation. Neither holds water. The first is "public support for more study of Canadian prob- lems." Of course the public wants that. And so do the universities and colleges. One of the best ways to get it is to give them more money, perhaps money designated for that purpose. The other reason given by Mr. Clark: "public unrest at the luring of non-Canadian staff people, espe- cially in our universities, at a time when more and more well-qualified Canadians are unable to obtain jobs." What public unrest? From w hat quarters? How substantial and re- Commonwealth expendable? Will the Commonwealth meeting in (he New Year be the last? It may very well be. And by a strange irony its demise may be attributed to the old mother of this family of nations a Conservative gov- ernment is in power. Hard as this thought may be on sentiment, it is possible that the Heath government really doesn't care about the continued existence of the Commonwealth. Recently Canada's Conservative external affairs critic, Gordon Fairweather, expressed just such a thought at an all party meet- ing. He challenged the British gov- ernment to forthrightly declare if it considers the Commonwealth to be a hindrance to its future policy evolu- tion. The fact is that Britain's entry into the European Common Market would be greatly eased if the Common- wealth did not exist. Certain trade arrangements Britain has with Com- monwealth countries pose some of the most difficult problems regarding its entry into the Common Market. Dissolving of the Commonw e a 11 h could free Britain of some of its obli- gations in the matter of trade. Insistence on selling anus to South Africa could very well result in the breakup of the Commonwealth. Black Africa has made it very clear that such an action is probable as protest. The suspicion is growing that Bri- tain's Conservative government may be pursuing a policy of arms sales for this very reason that it will break up the Commonwealth. All the talk about an obligation to stand by an agreement made with South Africa in 1955 is unconvincing in the face of the fact that the com- mitments were met by 1963. Even the threat posed by the Soviet naval buildup in the Indian Ocean cannot be used as an excuse to supply South Africa with arms when the United States as the only power capable of opposing the U.S.S.R. is opposed to the proposed arms sale. It does discredit to the British gov- ernment to suggest that it may have an ulterior motive in the arms sale. But people in high places have too often through history been guilty of scheming for this to be dismissed out of hand even though the alleged schemers in this instance are British and Conservative. Unilateralism is dangerous The U.S. Department of State has issued a stiff note of protest regard- ing Canada's action in extending its jurisdiction over the following areas; Strait of Belle Isle, Cabot Strait, Bay of Fundy, Queen Charlotte Sound and Dixon Entrance. These are areas which the U.S. says have traditional- ly been regarded as the high seas. Most people on taking a superficial glance at the map of Canada's east and west coasts would very likely as- sume that these marine areas belong to Canada. But since the action of declaring jurisdiction has just been taken it is probably true that they have hitherto been considered to be part of the high seas. Canada, as the note points out, was a ro sponsor of a United Nations resolution calling for a Law of the Sea Conference for 1973 to deal with the very issue of preferential fishing rights which is the reason for the controversial extension of jurisdic- tion. The UN General Assembly vot- ed overwhelmingly in favor of the resolution on December 17th and the next day Canada contradicted its vote for internationalism by taking a uni- lateral action. The U.S. appears to be justified in deploring what Canada has done. The fever of nationalism may be getting the belter of Canadian judgment. Earlier action in declaring jurisdic- tion in the Arctic could be applauded "because it was taken in the interest of protecting the environment a matter that cannot wait for protract- ed discussion. But claiming preferen- tial fishing rights is of a different order. Unilateralism is a very dangerous thing, The world desperately ntwk to lie drawn together if it is to be saved. Canada has given a bad ex- ample that might very well set nego- tiations on the use of the seas a long wav back. He's still on lier side By Doug Walker my attempt to '.vni some .often I am stuck with doing the dishes, I failed. Xicls Kloppenborg, who has been so ic.lcitous of Kl.sfictli. missed seeing us at church recently .so he made a special trip to onr hon.se. liispcut with Ijer CUIT group when Niels called. He bluntly told me that lie had no sympathy for me and was still on her side. f didn't think that was a very nice way for a Riiest to treat his host. But, then, what can you expert of a smokes smelly risars'.' The Snifkin glossary of Canadian terms sponsible is it? Shouldn't the best qualified people be hired, regardless of nationality? And isn't (here merit in having a diversity of nationalities on staff? To make for a balanced study shouldn't it also be determined how many Canadians are on the staffs of foreign institutions, and whether they are disruptive influ- ences? If foreigners should not teach here, is it not time to reconsider the morality of Canadians going abroad to teach? This investigation could easily be- come an inquisition. Its terms of ref- erence are in the McCarthy tradi- tion. The only redeeming feature is the high quality of the committee personnel, but they have their in- structions from the government and if they aren't prepared to follow these instructions, both in letter and in spirit, they shouldn't have ac- cepted their appointments. Every non-Canadian employed in Alberta colleges and universities will he on edge. He will feel the govern- ment has already expressed lack of confidence in him. No matter how valuable, how important, he will feel lus resignation would be appreciated by the niiiiisiur so that, in spineless deference to undefined "public un- rest" a Canadian can be given his job. "All we want is the the government might say, "and surely the facts won't hurt anybody." But the relevant facts how many foreigners and of what nation- ality arc on staff could he ob- tained by a few letters or telephone calls. The government obviously wants much more than the facts. If the government has money to spend on the problems of Alberta universities, we can think of a few much more vital subjects to investi- gate. The universities do have prob- lems, some of them of the govern- ment's making, perhaps. This investigation seems to be a red-herring. It will take public at- tention away from the real and more urgent problems and give the people a circus of academic muck-raking. It is entirely unworthy of the gov- ernment and the province, and should be cancelled immediately. FAMILIARIZE Uio im- del-privileged black Ameri- cans with the special vocabu- lary of the privileged whiles, a Cliicago professor has written a useful glossary. On reading it, my neighbor, Horace Snifkin, realized that Canadians also require a redefinition of words commonly used but largely meaningless. The Snifkin Glos- sary will soon be published. Meanwhile the author has al- lowed me to quote the follow- ing samples as a public service which, hopefully, will promote bis book: Participatory democracy a quaint whimsy invented by a prime minister who says, in the first paragraph of his per- sonal credo, that he rejects all accepted theories of life and "the tyranny of public opin- ion." The cabinet in our open society a secret group of men who disagree about everything and maintain an unbroken soli- darity of view; a democratic apparatus of equals in which the prime minister alone is the majority. ancient myth long abandoned by the Liberal party, which is perpetually re- elected on a doctrine of free trade and enforces high tariffs to prevent a fall in prices at a time of ragtag inflation. forgotten philosophy of a party which de- nounces Liberal inflation and proposes to cure it by increas- ing public expenditures, reduc- ing taxes and printing money. an egali- tarian creed opposing all pow- erful groups in society but now an organ of the most power- ful; a foolproof system of eco- nomics by which all production costs would be raised and all prices reduced. Profits under the free en- terprise system a hideous evil which reinvests money to build new industries and provide jobs but which Uio stale is rapidly extinguishing by pro- gressive taxation. The federal budget a harmless mathematical fan- tasy which changes the esti- mate of revenues and expendi- tures month by month; an in- nocent parlor game for the rec- reation of a bored Parliament. Government bonds a legal system of counterfeiting by which the state borrows the savings of the people and re- pays the debt in devalued money. Senior citizen any old, poor and helpless man or woman who has served society throughout life and is hand- somely rewarded with an inade- ouate pension of decreasing value and the gratitude of. the stale. Gross National Product an accurate method of measur- ing the nation's annual wealth r.t a maximum figure by ignoring all the losses and lia- bilities; in North America a mysterious deity worshipped with secret rites and human sacrifice by statisticians who produce nothing. Productivity a measure- ment of efficiency in the pro- duction of goods most of which woidd be better unproduced. Economics a science winch explains what happened to the economic system after it has happened but never before. Guide lines a strict system of economic planning obeyed by everyone, like prohibition in earlier limes. Liquor a grave social men- ace deplored by all govern- ments that encourage its sale to finance social reforms. Tycoon a smear word for any. businessman whom you may dislike. Executive formerly a busi- nessman who held an executive position; now any man who has a secretary, a private office, a "Was it wine, women, or a PhD wall-to-wall carpet and a stom- ach ulcer. Newspaper columnist an insolent megalomaniac w h o earns a good livelihood by at- tacking the megalomania of politicians and the abuses of the Establishment in which ho is a leading figure and bene- ficiary. The class system a dis- iinguishing and increasing fea- ture of the classless society of A m e r i a which advocates equality and condemns anti- social classification in all for- eign societies. Pollution a process calcu- lated to destroy the human species but the inevitable cost of unlimited affluence. Environment the sudden discovery, in the last two years, that man cannot destroy nature without destroying him- self, a fact well known to the loss educated civilizations of the past but ignored in an era of universal progress and en- lightenment. Standard of living the vices mostly damaging to human life; a calculation by which North Americans claim to enjoy a high standard if they live in great cities under bar- barous conditions that the most primitive barbarians woidd not tolerate. Nationalism a word of in- numerable meanings to suit in- dividual taste; a doctrine as old as hislory but recently pre- sented in Canada as a shatter- ing revelation, especially by men of good will who advocate world government, the fellow- ship of mankind and the de- struction of American national- ism. Defence policy in Canada a patriotic method of abandon- ing foreign alliances while preaching internationalism and condemning the power of the United States while depending on it for survival. Revolution a term once used to describe revolutions but now given to all the nat- ural changes in human habits; a phrase constantly repeated in advertisements to promote in- significant changes in women's fashions, cosmetics, automo- biles, washing machines and bathroom plumbing; a favorite word in newspaper editorials and columns when Ihe writer is tired or hung over and can think of nothing better. Mr. Snifkin is still hard at work on his glossary. But after reading it I suspect, for the first time in our long friend- ship, that he has become rather cynical in his old age and I hope the public will not be in- fluenced by his prejudices. The man is not quite as crazy as he looks. (Herald Special Service) Tim Traynor Pall over U.S.-Canadian economic relations lifted (First of two articles) WASHINGTON The pall which has hung over U.S.-Canadian economic rela- tions for the past half-year has lifted somewhat with the Cana- dian decision authorizing large natural gas sales followed by the liberalizing of Canadian ac- cess to the U.S. oil market. But the problems remaining are considerable, a fact that has been underscored by recent congressional action related to the Canadian-American auto- motive free trade agreement. In preparing the controver- sial trade bill for Senate ac- tion, the powerful Senate fi- nance committee added a pro- vision requiring Canada to agree to meet U.S. objections to the working of the agree- ment by the end of 1972 or face the possibility of U.S. with- drawal. (Congress has not yet finally acted on the bill.) The fundamental U.S. con- cern underlying the agitation about the auto agreement is the deterioration, from the American point of view, of the trade and payments balance between the U.S. and Canada. U.S. officialdom has shown in- creasing dissatisfaction with this trend a trend which will actually be exacerbated by the 'Crazy Capers' he bed? Oh, I (orgot to mention, you f're- v.Jii: late (hi., job. revenues from the increased sales of Canadian gas and oil to the U.S. The depth of U.S. concern was made clear in a September speech delivered in Montreal by Andrew Brimmer, a member of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board. Mr. Brimmer dealt at length with the steady erosion of the U.S. trade surplus with Canada a surplus which, for bal- ance of payments purposes, formerly offset flows of U.S. capital to Canada. Mr. Brim- mer noted that the U.S. cur- rent-account surplus (incorpor- ating the trade balance) fell from the early 1960s average of Si.5 billion a year, to 5750 mil- lion a year in the 1968-'69 pe- riod. In the early months of 1970, prior to Uie floating of the Canadian dollar, very large trade gains had been made, and about 40 per cent of this was due to increased exports to the U.S. The deterioration of the U.S. current balance with Canada had accounted for one-half of the over-all deterioration in the U.S. current balance between 1966 and 1969. This in turn was set in the context of the de- terioration of the total U.S. payments balance through the ISfAs. (This deterioration has, however, eased of late as the U.S. economy has slowed.) This, in Mr. Brimmer's pre- sentation, was part of a larger picture of U.S. balancc-of-pay- mcnts strains involving Cana- dian action including con- tinued heavy borrowing in U.S. money markets without due re- gard for agreed conditions for free access, notably the curb- ing of excessive increases in foreign-exchange reserves and the control of movements of U.S. money through Canada to Europe. There was thus a dual thrust to Mr. Brimmer's remarks: On the one hand, he advocated steps such as Ihe stimulation of borrowing in Canada which would case capital rclaleil problems, and on the other, he I" 3 rccouiideratiou of the trade trend a trend closely reflecting the trends in automotive trade since the con- clusion of the auto agreement. While automotive trade be- tween the two countries has grown eightfold, the exports generated by the newly-ration- alized Canadian industry sharp- ly reduced the gap between U.S. imports from Canada and U.S. exports to Canada, with a consequent narrowing of the auto trade surplus which tbe U.S. had enjoyed prior lo the conclusion of the agreement. According to the annual presidential report on the agreement submitted to Con- gress in November, the surplus was cut by almost S500 million between 1964 and 1969 and there was the prospect of a de- ficit during 1970. (Trade bal- ance calculations have until lately been shrouded in confu- sion, but the U.S. figures incor- porated in the latest report are in line with the result of recent independent studies.) To many, these figures point to only one condition: Canada has had the best of the auto agreement and has no grounds for qualifying the accord by the maintenance of s a f e g u a rds against the erosion of Canadian auto production in the in- tegrated U.S.-Canadian mar- ket. The specific objects of dis- satisfaction are provisions es- tablishing a Canadian produc- tion floor related to Canadian auto sales and specifying that a certain percentage of the la- bor and material iisrrl in pro- duction must be Canadian. While Canadian products movo duty-free to the United Stales, U.S. products in accordance with the safeguard provisions may only be imported into So They Say By the time the Government has finished, the legal profes- sion will be the only growth in- dustry left Mrs. liarbara Castle in (he debate on the In- dustrial Relations Bill in lira British Parliament. Canada duty-free by auto man- ufacturers. Canadian auto prices have consequently stay- ed higher than U.S. prices, though the differential has nar- rowed since the agreement was concluded in 1965. The U.S. government has for some time contended, in nego- tiations with Canada, that the safeguards have not been ne- cessary since 1968 and that they should be abandoned. The point was pressed by members of the U.S. cabinet during the recent ministerial-level discus- sions in Ottawa. In his report to Congress on the agreement, President Nixon was critical of Uie continuation of the safe- guards, saying that they were "an unnecessary burden on the automotive industry, and an obstacle to full realization of the agreement objectives." The report continued: "re- tention of these measures as permanent features of the agreement would be contrary to the premise on which the U.S. entered Uie agreement, namely, that market forces would be allowed to determine the most economic pattern of investment, production and trade." The communique issued after the Ottawa meeting made only a guarded reference lo further discussions "the question of the continuing need for the transi- tional (safeguard) arrange- ments and mutually beneficial improvements to the agree- ment." (Herald Washington Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 The Phoenix Theatre, formerly the Starland, has been sold to Calgary interests. 1330 Seven new cases of smallpox were reported in Barons, bringing the total lo date to 20. The disease has befin raging for some time and is thought to have been brought in from British Colum- bia. No one is allowed to enter or leave the town or municipal- ity without a special permit and no outgoing mail is being handled. 1910 The eighth contingent to cross the Atlantic since war began has arrived in En- gland, bringing the Canadian second division to full strength. 19.10 Border roadblocks di- Aidcd England and Scotland as Scotland Yard and police press- ed t h c search for Britain's priceless Stone of Scone, stolen from Weslm i n s t e r Abbey Christmas Day. left a holi- day party in Southampton, II ass. during a local power failure to operate the iron lung of a youth allowed home for the holidays. They took turns operating lung manually for two hours until power was restored. Die lethkidcje Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lcthbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1305 -195-1, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail No 0012 MTnl-.er of Caniulian Press and tne Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Assccialicn. snd iht Audi! cr circulations CLEO w. MOWERS, nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Marker JOE BALLA HAY Martaqing Editor A5 rccifitc Editor ROY F. MILPiS DOUC-I.AS K. WAI KER Advertising Manager editorial Editor "THE HERALD 5ERVCS THE SOUTH" ;