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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE December New Year's goal Multinationals are turning up everywhere. One of the most recent is the Multinational Comparative Time- Budget Research undertaken to find out how people spend their us- ing representative samples from 12 different countries of widely varying economic and political patterns. The study showed that women the world over work longer hours than men and that women who work outside the home have the greatest burden of all because the work at home is still sharply defined by sex. The pattern was the same in all the countries studied East Poland. West Germany and Yugoslavia. The news that women outwork men is not but it is interesting to learn that labor-saving devices available to women in more industrialized countries are not time-saving they simply lead to a higher standard of upkeep. Another sidelight of the research is the discovery that the discrepancy in work roles between sexes and between women who are housewives and women who work outside the home shows up most noticeably on weekends. according to the men themselves in relatively large amounts of leisure ac- tivity. the report shows a universal tendency to employ Sunday as a day of rest. The employed just about doubles the amount of time spent on housework on her days off from clearly she must use them to catch up on these obligations rather than profit from them for rest and The universal goal for next year is ob- vious weekends for working Mobutu was back in town The recent state visit of General Mobutu Sese Seko to Britain focuses a spotlight on a part of Africa which once held the horrified attention of the world. In the interim while Vietnam usurped the old Belgian Congo has become the relatively relatively rich country of Zaire and has now projected its current strong man onto the world scene as a spokesman for Africa. General Joseph D. Mobutu became president Nov. by his own he assumed all powers of Parliament in and the same year made sweeping name changes by which the capital city of Leopoldville became Stanleyville became Kisangani and Lubum- bashi. Reports are that his rule is strongly personal and allows no opposition. It is said that Zaire exists under a state of dis- cipline almost unique in Africa. although many small businesses run by foreigners in the interior are being closed the means of gathering up economic control are not as sweeping as in some of the other African nations. Zaire still wants foreign as indicated by Mobutu's and there are still profits for foreign investors there. Anomalies abound in this third largest country in Africa. Although Mobutu has been highly critical of the Rhodesian and South African governments and encourages the Angola guerrilla movement to the extent of allowing it to conscript Angolans living in his state mining company im- ports tons of coal and coke an- nually from Rhodesia and Rhodesian beef and South African goods are for sale in the markets. Some of the anomalies border on the absurd. Kinshasa has the largest super- market in Europe or with 50 check-out desks. Air Zaire has a DC 10 airliner and a jumbo jet and yet the road in the third most populous of the black African is almost nil. It takes four hours to fly from Kinshasa to Lumumbashi and three to four weeks by road. The most distressing contradiction in- volves agriculture. Farming sustains about four-fifths of the population and yet it receives less than one-fifth of the country's total investment. The GNP has been growing at a rate of about seven per cent in the past five years. Most of this has benefitted the capital city of Kinshasa and the mineral-rich province of now named Shaba. There are no marketing boards to speak of for cash crops and the lack of roads hinders the sale of agricultural products. President Mobutu's solution to the farming given in a speech Nov. is to encourage civil servants to engage in private farming endeavors by setting an to spur the peasants to follow suit. It was the sort of proposal if it came out of would make its originator the laughing- stock of Canada. It indicates a strong reliance on the efficacy of wishful think- ing or a satisfaction with the status quo. The miracle of peace and stability in the purchased at a price some of the world still seems to blur a great many including the one that its leader bears a strong resemblance to dictators the world over. The Economist notes that Mobutu's private property almost as ex- tensive as the orchestrated adulation that greets him wherever he and it couldn't resist disclosing that while he has launched a massive African authen- ticity campaign and dropped his own Christian name in favor of African he still sends his children to school in Belgium. Two points should be conceded in a critical look at Zaire. In the first it is possible that strong rule may have seemed the only alternative to the chaos of political and tribal am- bitions that plagued the country for five years. It is also true that Zaire is much better off than its famine-ridden neighbors to the north. After these concessions are it should be emphasized that while Zaire's president aspires to African four-fifths of his countrymen live at a subsistence there is a great ine- quality of income and this is not the goal which led Dag Hammarsk- jold to his death. ART BUCHWALD The oil villain WASHINGTON Who is responsible for the energy Many people blame the oil companies. Others blame the government. The automobile companies blame the en- vironmentalists and the Democrats blame Watergate. But Prof. Heinrich Applebaum of the Yale Divinity School told me who the real villain of the fuel crisis is. It's the Harvard Business School. The professor every sheik now in charge of oil policy for his country was trained at Harvard. Everything they learned there they have put into practice to the detri- ment of the Free World. The Harvard Business School taught the sons of Arab potentates how to sell raise prices and de- mand outrageous profits for the black gold they have in the ground. Had these same sons been sent to the University of Oklahoma or they would now be in- volved in developing football teams instead of putting the screws to you think it was a mistake to accept Arab princes at was an absolute disaster. We should have sent them to colleges where the kids swallowed got involved in panty raids and drank Boone's Farm apple wine un- til 6 o'clock in the morning. We should have made them join fraternities and take sorority girls to beer busts. the Harvard Business School did for the sheiks was teach them the laws of supply and demand and the value of fuel in an in- dustrial guess at the time it seemed like a good I said. was never a good Applebaum said. Harvard started accepting Arab oil their fathers were willing to own 25 per cent of the wells and were happy to accept air-conditioned Cadillacs as presents. Then the Harvard Business School started turning out oil ministers that demand- ed lull control of the triple royalties and F-5 fighter planes. I assure you they didn't learn that in the deserts of Arabia. economics professor and business law teacher in Cambridge must bear full responsibility for the mess we're Applebaum said. maybe the professors just thought they were teaching theory as far as the free enterprise system and that it would never be put into don't teach theory to people who control 70 per cent of all the oil reserves in the world. We should have sent them all to the Juilliard School of Music where they could have learned to play an gave the sheiks the idea to send their sons to the Harvard School of Business in the first I asked. The executives of the oil companies. They were all trained and the sheiks decided since these oil executives were so good at shafting the their sons could learn how to shaft the oil learned I admitted. should have sent them to the Universi- ty of California at Santa and they all would have become guess it's too late to do anything about 1 said. But I think we should put an em- bargo on all sons of Arab Iranian shahs and Venezuelan presidents. When they apply to the Harvard Business we can turn them down by saying the class is but there are openings at the University of Kentucky where they can major in basket- ball. Let's not make it any tougher on ourselves in the future than we have the Harvard Business School go along with If they don't we will shut off their oil. We should shut it off anyway. Their professors got us into this mess. Let them freeze for a while and make them realize what their damn lectures did to the rest of the Perpetual New mood in the west By Richard Toronto Star commentator Last Macleans Macaziie published the results of a questionnaire in which it had asked the 10 provincial premiers their preferences in everything from books and food to philosophy. Question No. 13 was identity do you have as a Three premiers didn't bother to rep- ly to that five gave rather vague answers. Two made and almost identical am a strong Canadian think of myself first and foremost as a They Peter Lougheed of Alberta and Allan Blakeney of Saskatchewan. The irony of course is that both men are accused today of blackmailing the rest of the and of pursuing policies that could tear apart the domestic economic com- mon market without which there can be no Canada. There are differences between the two Lougheed is a Conservative and Blakeney a New Democrat. More important to their present while oil matters to oil IS and Blakeney can afford to be more accom- modating with Ottawa than Lougheed. These distinctions are in not degree. The essential quality that Lougheed and Blakeney have in common is that they are westerners. Both are determined to secure for the west a much larger role and a louder voice in Confederation. I am convinc- ed they are going to succeed. One reason things will change is as Lougheed expressed it to the first time since Confederation a province other than Ontario or Quebec has some genuine The west's new ob- is economic. made its impact despite economic but because it had something important to say. And that's the point. There is not simply a louder voice coming out of the but a new kind of less more more self- confident. I am that a very positive western spirit has developed in the past few said Lougheed. west has reached a certain stage of maturity.. It is no longer struggling for and is just beginning to realize Lougheed and whom I happened to interview because oil is the subject of the are probably the most forceful examples of this new western mood. But it ex- ists also in British Columbia and Manitoba. The fact is except for Richard Hat- field in New the west today is led by the ablest premiers in the country in intellectual terms. All lead governments that are innovative all look- ing for new worlds to con- and sometimes finding Ottawa already occupying the territory. As Lougheed and Blakeney are extraor- dinarily alike. Both are Lougheed out of Har- Blakeney out of Oxford as a Rhodes both have a lawyer's flair for marshalling selected facts into the best possible case. Physically both are of black hair turning to a dis- tinguished salt-and-pepper grey. Both dress with Blakeney preferring a kind of businesslike trend while Lougheed is more the trendy businessman. Their despite the differences in party are also extraordinarily alike. no question I am a Canadian said Lougheed when I pointed to the apparent contradiction between his oil policies and his answer to Macleans. I also have a which I intend to to the people of Alberta to make the best use possible of a depleting resource. It's going to be gone in 10 or 15 years. That's not long. But none of this means I do not think of myself as. and as not a Canadian In answer to the same ques- Blakeney pointed out that he was born and educated in Nova articled as a lawyer in was married in British Columbia while his wife was educated in Quebec think I know more about Canada than most. I think of myself as a Canadian first. But it is also though it may seem old-hat because it has been said about other parts of the that a stronger Saskatchewan means a stronger means a stronger Many westerners no doubt remain as a University of Alberta professor phrased it. They need the east as a hate ob- ject The new mood that is catching is based on self-confidence both in themselves and in dealing with others. You'll hear many westerners describe last summer's meeting between the western premiers and Prime Minister Trudeau as a failure because they didn't get all they but you'll hear them also rate it a success because the western representation showed they could debate on at least equal terms with the best the east had to offer. A more recent sign of the change is the way Lougheed handled Trudeau's personal attack upon him. He didn't bother to reply. Instead of a yelp of there was calm silence. It's been a long time since the west managed to make an eastern spokesman look foolish by calm silence. That was the kind of putdown Trudeau himself used to be good at. Letters Partnership proposal So a Herald writer finds the movement of the U.S. and Russian fleet frightening. Un- fortunately it is far too late and the least part of our reason to worry. At the end of last war there would have been the ships of the Commonwealth as well as the U.S. and most of the oil lands in our own hands. And there was no Russian fleet to count. We had a three to one edge. Even there was no Chinese power. So what have we got now The U.S. because she wants it that at least she did. Kissinger spoke the first words of common sense on the subject in 50 years when he said the Europe and Japan must have a common goal in energy We have no we have no within the Com- monwealth we have lost more citizens by slaughter than we did in both wars. The justice we once boasted is we have gained absolutely nothing in benefits and our security is nil Fragmented and proud of our contemptuous of all our past and what we might easily have greatest power on earth with justice as our motto and the ability to take care of our own. We are far worse off than in 1939 when we in the face of certain to add one dollar to our defence costs and it almost cost us the if the Commonwealth and the U.S. had been there would have been no war. Now what is to stop If Kissinger's mild proposal can be worked into a real un- ity of the free world and we can reverse the rot that has been sedulously cultivated for our division and we may build up the necessary strength for survival. But it must be a real partnership and not a surrender. It is not enough to be frightened. You have to be frightened enough to do something about it. J A. SPENCER Magrath Megavitamins backed Mr. John medical writer for the Van- couver reveals in a full page article that spends million a year on vitamins in 1972 the United States sales were Are these astounding compared to the Ac- cording to an article by Paul Ditzel in Westways spend billion annually on alcoholic beverages. According to the Canada Safety 50 to 60 per cent of drivers killed in Canada's 5042 fatal motor vehicle accidents last year had been and alcohol may be a factor in 20 to 25 per cent of all motor vehicle ac- I would briefly like to review the consumption of tobacco in Canada. I won't mention the dollar cost. Many scientific reports are available throughout the world which associate the use of tobacco with varying states of ill health. This is costly in terms of human misery. Now let us consider the use a less noxious agent than either tobacco or namely refined sugar. It has been estimated that Canadians during the year expended approx- imately million on the amount of sugar consumed during that year. Refined sugar is considered to be a quick energy substance without any particular nutrient quality. Many nutritionists have written scientific articles and books attempting to establish a connection between the increase in degenerative types of and the increasing consumption of refined sugar during this century. The cor- relation is most interesting and convincing to many physicians and scien- tists who are health conscious. Certainly there are side effects to the use of but I maintain that if Canadians spent less on and refined sugar and more on good nutri- tion and this nation would be a far healthier nation Calgary. M. J. M.D. Christmas meaning Some of the younger genera- tion appear to have a lack of dis- cipline and just plain good sense. which for so many years has had such a special meaning to can suddenly be destroyed by the thoughtless actions of a few saddists. What drives a group to destructive deeds such as stealing lights and destroying Christmas In many cases these young people are model sons and daughters in their own homes yet away from home act com- pletely abnormal. To see little children being mocked and ridiculed simply because they believe in the wonders of Santa is cruel. What happened to the days when young people got together not to put down Christmas but to add to its Good deeds such as caroling expecting shoveling old people's walks and running errands appear to be a thing of the past. Where does the blame Perhaps in the Surely we can't expect our schools and churches to do the job for us. What we need are more concerned citizens and parents. SANTA CLAUS Gr. IX-Patterson School Lethbridge. West Castle road West Castle ski resort is known through all of Southern Alberta for its wonderful ski slopes. West Castle has one major fault which is the road going in and out. Buses and cars get stuck each week trying to get back home. Even though West Castle is a private resort it is used by the public therefore I feel that the road should be maintained by the government. The government should plow the roads and sand them. Not very many skiers like to get home at 11 or 12 o'clock at night. One of these days there is going to be a very serious accident and then the government will decide to do something. Why doesn't it act now before it is too DARCY KANEWISCHER Lethbridge. Restricted pictures The pictures in the Herald showing the damage done by vandals makes one think. Take a back seat in any of our theatres and notice the faces and attitudes of the teenagers as they leave the shows depicting criminal ac- tivities and you won't say the pictures do not have any influence on the moods and at- titudes of the younger generation. Those restricted pictures are helping to make vandals out of our younger population. Don't we have the time and space for decent and clean pictures for the Lethbridge. DICK FISHER The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO W. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K.WALKER Edltoria' Page Editor DONALD R.DOHAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager why don't we put on dark glasses and a false moustache and take in a HERALD SERVES THE ;