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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 10-THE LETHBRIDGE Roundup of world happenings Energy Mid-East war top stories in 1973 By R.J. ANDERSON Canadian Press Staff Writer An affluent world that ex- pended its riches with aban- don regretted its prodigality in 1973. The treasure it had thought limitless could no longer be dipped into at will. The energy long accelerated with a suddenness that was startling late in the year with war in the Middle East. There was no outright hard- ship but there was inconven- ience to millions in Western Europe and in the United States There were portents of worse to come. Canada felt the pinch slightly. beset with one economic crisis after an- other since the Second World was particularly hard hit. Japan knuckled under to the pressure. The Middle East exploded Oct. 6 when Egyptian and Syrian forces moved against Israel. The effects spread far beyond the borders of the combatants. Uneasy peace was brought about after a near-con- frontation between the super Russia and the United and the Arab countries used the oil of their desert sands as a weapon of retalia- tion against the West. Arab outlaws also used another cost them dearly in world sym- pathy for their cause. While events abroad had re- percussions in the United no less shocking to Americans were affairs at home. Scandal rocked the adminis- tration. became a synonym for corruption in high places and there was talk of impeachment of President Nixon fighting told his am not a Vice-President Spiro Agnew Treat yourself to the rich golden smoothness of 1878. Blended smooth. Aged smooth. Priced smooth. A smooth j number 3 1973 a MEAGHERS CELEBRATE WITH CANADA'S INNOVATIVE resigned under a cloud. The stock market fell so sharply late in the year that at one point it was almost a col- lapse. Price and wage con- trols failed to stop inflation but did prevent a runaway. There were shortages in many lines of goods and com- modities and layoffs by the thousands in the trans- portation industry. The economic blows as a di- rect result of the energy crisis came so fast late in the year it was almost forgotten that 1973 had opened on a note of hope. In January. Nixon achieved what he termed with in ending a decade of American in- volvement in that Southeast Asia but it wasn't peace. It was not even a ceasefire for North and South Vietnam remain at logger- heads with violations of the agreement reached at Paris occurring almost daily. for the United the costliest and most unpopular war in its history was over. It had cost bil- lion and more than American lives. All American troops were pulled out by spr- ing and 587 prisoners of war were home. WINS NOBEL PRIZE A supervisory force from Poland and Indonesia was sent to Viet- nam in February but the four split on ideological could reach no agree- ment on who was at fault in North-South ceasefire breaches. By the end of May Canada had had it called its men home July 1. In the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Henry then presi- dential adviser and now U.S. secretary of and Hanoi's Le Due Tho for their work in ending the war. Tho rejected the prize. He said peace had not been achieved. Kissinger couldn't attend a presentation ceremony. He was too busy trying to effect peace in the Middle East. LAIRD QUITS Just when Americans thought there could be no more Melvin Laird resigned Dec. 19. He was Nixon's secretary of defence in the president's first term and for seven months had been the president's chief domestic counsellor. In announcing his resigna- Laird said the continuing controversy over Watergate and other issues was hurting the country. He said the House of Representatives should vote by March 15 on a resolu- tion for Nixon's im- peachment. It was time for the House to accept its constitutional re- sponsibility and vote on whether Nixon should be im- peached. Laird said. WATERGATE ROCKS U.S. The shadow of Watergate hung over almost everything in the United States. The ramifications were wide- spread and of di- rect presidential involvement stopped just short of proof at the door of President Nixon's Oval Office. One resignation after an- other had its impact on the ad- ministration and amid public charges of presidential wrongdoing in other there were calls from Demo- crats and some Republicans for Nixon's resignation the impeach- ment. Nixon repeatedly denied prior knowledge of Watergate and the subsequent said he would never resign and made public disclosure of his personal financial affairs. In another shocker not directly related to Agnew came under fire in September for alleged politi- cal graft in Maryland. He pleaded no contest to a charge of income-tax evasion and was fined and placed on probation without supervision for three years. Agnew resigned Oct. 10 and was succeeded by Gerald Republican leader in the House of Representatives. ENERGY DOMINANT But the event that brought much of the world up short was the unexpected escalation in the fall of the energy short- age. It became a full-blown crisis. There had been warnings earlier that supplies of natural gas and other fuels were running short but many North accustom- ed to living in the never-never land of free use of did not take them seriously. The U.S. imports about 11 per cent of its oil from the Middle East and that reser- it was would al- ways be there. It dried up when war came in October. The Arab world struck at Israel in October. The Israelis WHERE SMART WOMEN SHOP SEMI-ANNUAL STORE-WIDE SALE MERCHANDISE FROM ALL DEPARTMENTS SHOP EARLY FOR BEST SATISFACTION GUARANTEED OR MONEY REFUNDED m MORE THAN 300 STORES COAST TO COAST TO SERVE YOU BETTER lost the first round. But by Oct. they had pushed the Syrians back into their own territory and encircled an Egyptian army. The cost in lives was heavy on both sides. A United Nations call for a ceasefire was ignored. OIL CUT OFF On Oct. the United States electrified the world by order- ing a worldwide alert of its armed forces. This followed a Russian threat to police a Middle East ceasefire with or without U.S. help. That crisis-within-a-crisis copied off and by Nov. a Middle East plan for peace had been accepted by both Is- rael and though Syria and a UN peace- keeping force was set up. Canada sending men and equipment to give logistic support. The Arab states told the Western which gener- ally had supported they would cut oil production by five per cent a month until Israel left Arab lands and the rights of Palestinians were re- stored. Saudi Arabia put a to- tal ban on oil shipments to the United States and Holland. Prices of crude oil went up 70 per cent. Only France has been ex- empt because it actively sup- ports the Arab cause. Japan depends upon the Middle East for 82 per cent of its oil. It quickly reversed its previous support of Israel and demanded that Israel with- draw from all Arab territories it has occupied since the six- day war of 1967. U.S. CHANGES TIME For Western the cuts were even more critical. It imports 72 per cent of its oil from the Arab states. Gasoline rationing went into effect in most of the affected Sunday pleasure driving was banned. In Prime Minister Edward Heath an- nounced further drastic eco- nomic moves in austerity-rid- den where labor un- rest worsened the crisis. A three-day work-week was decreed to save power and the two television networks were ordered to shorten their programming by two hours a night. Curbs were put on credit buying and public spen- ding. An increase of 10 per cent was made in the sur- charge on income a levy additional to regular rates on incomes exceeding about 000 a year. In the United Presi- dent Nixon demanded a 50- mile-an-hour maximum speed limit to save gasoline and clo- sure of service stations on Sundays. Plans were made for national gas rationing. Congress approved and Nix- on quickly signed a bill to put the country on daylight effective in 1974. A went into effect in many parts of the country. ARABS SLAY 32 A weapon used by Arab guerrillas who seek to force Israel out of occupied terri- tories is terror. The world was aghast at their latest attack that did not help their cause. On Dec. five terrorists fire-bombed and machine- gunned a Pan American jet- line in Rome after spraying a lounge in the terminal with machine-gun fire. Then they seized a German airliner and forced the pilot to take off. They surrendered in the Persian Gulf sheikdom of Ku- releasing 12 hostages un- harmed. In in 30 hours of night- 32 persons died. are proud of what we one of the terrorists said after the surrender. Civil strife between Protes- tants and Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland continued unabated despite Britain's at- tempts to achieve a settle- ment fair to both sides. More than 900 lives have been lost in four years of the war. In a plebiscite gave overwhelming approval to re- taining Northern Ireland's hnk with Britain rather than joining the Irish Republic. But more than eligible believed to be Catho- did not cast ballots. BENEFITS FABULOUS SHOE STARTS DEC. 27th Take your pick from our great super stock you'll find quality and fashion from the famous names you see below. Boots from our fall and winter collection- styles to fit your foot and your leg. Mostly black and brown lea- thers. Many with warm pile linings. Priced to cissr. A collection of fun casual all with soft crepe soles or lug and cork soles and specially priced for this great sale event. You'll find dainty and elegant shoes and leathers and palenls- sandals and pumps. Regular to Now Gold Cross famous for quality and brings you big savings just in time to enjoy these and many more styles during our Gold Cross sale. Now 506 4th South 328-2653 Collaga Mall 20th Ava. 4 Mayor Magrath Drlva 328-7011 MANY OTHER UNADVERTISED SPECIALS SHOP EARLY FOR BEST SELECTION USE YOUR CHARQEX SALES NO EXCHANGES OR BENEFIT SHOES 615 Fourth Ave. 8. Open Thursday A Friday till 9 ;