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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHMIDCi HERALD ftctmbtr 27, 1972 Moral unity needed By James Reston, New York Times commentator The swing left In several general elections that Tiave occurred in the past month or two. there has been a noticeable left- ward shift in voter preference. This does not apply to the U.S., of course, where there are no left wing political parties of consequence. But even in Canada there was a modest increase in support for the New Democratic Party, and while the NDP might not be regarded as Socialist elsewhere, it is still well to the left of the North American centre. In Australia and New Zealand the .move to the left was emphatic. In both southern hemisphere countries, it was strong enough to overturn long entrenched regimes and install Labor governments with solid parlia- mentary majorities. In the Federal Republic of Ger- many recently, voters gave Chancel- lor Willy Brandt his first secure maj- ority, aid while Brandt's politics are bv no means extremely left-wing, he still genuinely socialist. On the heels of the Socialist win in Ger- many, a general election in neighbor- ing Holland resulted in solid gains fcr lefi-wing parties. In Japan, another strong left turn is evident.' There, in what Wester- ners have come to regard as a staunch bastion, of entrepreneurial capitalism, where cartels flourish and industrial growth is a way of life. lett wing parties scored impressively in the recent national elections. While the ruling Liberal Democra- tic Party of Prime Minister Tanaka retained power, with only a small de- crease in its majority, the Socialists increased their Diet representation from 87 to 118 seats, while the Com- munists went from 14 to 38, a new high for the ultra-left. There are very marked differ- ences, of course, between the Social- ists and Communists in Japan, as elsewhere, but still they are both far to the left of the LDP. Together they gained 55 seats in the 491-member Diet, increasing their combined per- centage of house seats from 20 to 32, from one fifth to one third of the total voting strength. Prime Minister Tanaka still com- mands a comfortable majority in the Diet, so no massive shift in Japan- ese policies is imminent. The left wing gains will not pass unnoticed, however, and undoubtedly will bring about some new priorities, with much more emphasis on domestic concerns. During the election campaign, both Socialist and Communist candidates stressed such issues as superannua- tion schemes, more enlightened soc- ial legislation, a larger share of Japan's prosperity for the workers who helped to fashion it. Quite obviously the voters were listening, a fact unlikely to have es- caped the notice of such an astute politician as -Mr. Tanaka. Cardston s initiat ive Civic initiative has repeatedly re- sulted in better communities. This quality has brought parks, museums and libraries into being with result- ing benefits for the entire commu- nity. It has a cohesive effect, re- Euiting in a togetherness as res- idents investigate, plan and finally see their desired project become a reality. Cardston residents are in the in- vestigating stage of what could re- sult in a most gratifying civic un- dertaking the establishment of community cablevision in their town. Spearheaded by futuristic thinking their chamber of commerce members, residents are currently studying the prospect of erecting a cablevision tower high enough to intercept American chan- nels. Dennis Burt, chamber president, and former mayor, is giving the pro- posal enthusiastic support. He ex- plains that Cardston because of its rather isolated southern location is deprived of some of the accepted commodities enjoyed by other Alber- ta towns of similar size. A winter bus service, for instance, as well as cablevision. And Cardston residents are determined to do something about correcting both. As a border city Cardston res- idents enjoy close social ties with both Alberta and Montana commu- nities with much of their heavy sum- mer tourist trade coming from Browning, Kalispeli. White Fish, Cut Bank and Babb. but none of their neighboring centres (Canadian or American-) is large enough to war- rant a television hook-up to Card- ston. This leaves Cardston with little alternative but to provide its own. What is disturbing is the prefer- ence for American television voiced by some who maintain Canadian television is too restrictive and lacks quality. They are disturbed with Ca- nadian content regulations, are against censorship and lament the termination of Sesame Street, ac- cording to Burt. It is hoped they will be success- ful in bringing cornrrronity cablevi- sion to their town. Cardston is made up of people with vision, purpose and determination the necessary ingredients to ensure success. Too gay in Parse? WASHINGTON Everyone has his own theory as to why the Paris peace talks begged down so badly. My theory is they failed because they were held m Paris. If anyone is to blame for the disastrous coarse the peace negotiations have taken, it's the French. When France invited all parties to Paris to work out a settlement of the war in Indochina, she unknowingly set the stage for one of the Longest stale- mates in history. This is what happened: As soon as the French made their offer, both sides ac- cepted with alacrity. Is there a peace ne- gotiator alive who wouldn't want to work out a just and honorable end to a war, any war, in Paris? Where else are there so many di- versions when the talks get tough and the going is hard? Where else can you invite the enemy to your villa for dinner and then go to his chateau for lunch the next day? What other city offers toee-star res- taurants to discuss the finer points of a treaty, and plush hotel suites to button down the conditions for a ceasefire? The French in their ignorance have pro- vided the most luxurious surroundings for the representatives of North Vietnam, South Vietnam, the Viet Cong and the United States. Is it any wonder that although everyone has been struggling for five years, we're stiil no closer to an agreement than we were at the begizsnuig? If you were from Hanoi or Saigon would you be in a hurry to work out a settlement, when there are so many things in Paris to take your mind off the war? While Am- erican diplomats complain about the intran- sigence of the other side, there isn't one of them who isn't secretly thrilled to spend two or three weeks haggling at the peace table 2nd dining at the RothchikJs'. The ugly truth of the matter is that 11 we ever hope to reach any sort of peace in Indochina, we have to move the talks out of Paris and hold them either in the Arctic circle or the Sahara desert. We must make the scene of the negotia- tiocs as primitive ar.d as uncomfortable as possible. The negotiators should be ex- posed to extreme cold or extreme heat, with despicable food, bug-ridden accommo- dations and the threat frostbite or ma- laria hanging over them every cay. Instead of long, black limousines to take them to and- from the conference, they should be supplied with dog sleds or camels and their own camps should be 50 miles from the site of the talks. Instead of meeting once a week in the ballroom of the Majestic Hotel, they should be required to sit in an igloo or a tent seven days a week, 18 hours a day, expos- ed to each others body odors. No more comfortable walks in the gar- den in the Paris suburbs for Le Due The and Henry Kissinger. Let them sit in the middle of a sandstorm and work out their differences. Or, if they prefer. let them squat over a hole in the ice in the Arctic and talk while they're fishing for their supper. It is time world pressure is put on the French to kick the peace talks out of Paris. We can thank them for their hos- pitality and their good intentions, but now it is obvious to everyone that ever since the talks have been in the French capital neither side has had any sense of urgency to reach a final agreement. The North and South Vietnamese, the Viet Cong and the American delegations may protest at being so unceremoniously- booted out, but it is now clear they'll never see a light at the end of the tunnel as long as the have so many lights in Paree. (The Los Angeles LONDON The end of the year is a time for summing up and looking forward, and since Arnold Toynbee, the British his- torian, has been keeping books on the human race for most of-his 83 years, it seemed rea- sonable to look him up in St. James's Square for a personal judgment about where we all now stand. The old gentleman is a little wispy now, all white hair and wonderful bushy eyebrows, and bright eager eyes, but while he talks ruefully about the human family, he thinks, like a loving but disappointed schoolmaster, that maybe the nest generation or two may have a chance. In the last quarter of this cen- tury, or the first quarter in the next he think? in centuries and continents he foresees, cot another world war. but a great struggle amons the ad- vanced industrial nations for the limited natural resources of an over-populated world. He sees progress toward co- operation among the nations, ana toward conirol of human ferrilitv, but thinks both must get much faster if the cations are to avoid disaster. He is raiher pleased with ihe recent trends in Germany and the Soviet Union. The Germans, he says, may have coine to terms with history, and seem cow to have got beyond the dreams of conquest, and the course of revenge. The Russians have changed too. he thinks, not much but some. Ever since Peter the Great, they have vowed to catch up with the West, but somehow, they always bound forward and tbsa either get tangled in their own coEtradictions ard bureau- cracy, or "go to arid fed themselves behind the West again. Now, Toycbee believes, there h least a temporary change in Moscow. They seem to be considering the possibility that they have more to gain in the world of computers, trade and modern technology by co-opera- ting with the advanced indus- trial nations than by opposing! them in the world of ideology and politics. This will be a slow process, Toynbee thinks, for the Rus- sians are suspicious and have good historical reasons for being so, but they are concerned about the emergence of China in the East and the envious glances of Communist Eastern Europe at the prosperous West, so they are reaching out to Ger- many, Japan and the United States for technological help and trade, and this, he thinks, is a good thing. When he talks about the liv- ing generations in the Western countries. Toynbee sounds not only doubtful but sad. He wel- comes the movement toward European unity, with Britain a part of it. Nationalism is still a very strong force in the world, he says, and most of the people in the Western European coun- tries don't like troubling and complicated movement to- federation. But, he observes, unification in Europe will go on. Even weak federal eiperimenis like the early American confeder- acy of separate states have a way of drawing power to the centre, and this, he thinks, will happen in Europe maybe not as close and unified as in the United- States or the Soviet Union, but in the end a strong; centralized independent Euro- pean federal union nonetheless. Toynbee doesn't like what he sees in the Western world today. There is, he thinks, an obvious decline in common hon- esty, an absence of common purpose. He has to lock' bis doors at night, aad even check his bank statements for possi- ble fraud. There is little pride in work. The modern unions are as selfish as the old robber baron owners of the past. Mat- erial success and the gross na- tional product are now the aims of the peoples and governments of the Western nations, but even in material terms, this is rot good enough to compete ef- fectively in the coming age. As a person, Toynbee says be does not believe in orthodox re- ligion, but as a historian, he thinks nations rise or f aU in relation to the moral unity of. the family and the moral pur- pose of the state, and he sees in the West a decline in both. In this regard, he is out- spokenly disappointed in the United States. It was, he says, the new Jerusalem, the great centre of both power and ideal- ism, but now, particularly since the war in Vietnam it seems very much like the other im- perial powers, more interested in its power than in its ideals. Still, he says he has his con- solation. Some of the young are rejecting the materialistic goal of life, and turning to sim- pler ways, and approaching the old and the sick with compas- sion. Some families, he ob- serves, particularly the Jews, ?re holding together, and their strength, he predicts, will in- crease, but on the whole he seems pessimistic about the West, and hopes, not for a re- vival of orthodox faith, but for an ethical reformation that will come out of the spiritual needs of the contemporary Western World. He win not see this reforma- ton, he says, but he believes in the regeneration of nations, if their leaders will apoeal to the ideals of the people and not only to their pocketbcoks. Mean- while, he takes a long view, even of his own life. He is still working' on a book on the de- cline of Byzantium, which he says he first placced in 1910. "Just what we 'limited edition, otatht dish. New diplomacy needed By Joseph Kraft, U.S. syndicated commentatti: African states delay talks By Colin Legum, London Observer commentator LONDON A last-minute de- cision by 20 Common-wealth countries to put off indefinitely the opening of negotiations about their association with the European Economic Communi- ty is regarded at the EEC's Brussels headquarters as po- terjtiaHy serious threat to future relations between Europe and the countries of the Third World. Britain's own entry into the EEC is in BO way affected by what happens to the 20 African, West Indian and Pacific coun- tries the so-called "assoti- abies" who are entitled to apply for associated member- ship as part of the conditions negotiated by Britain. However, serious trade and political prob- lems will follow any failure to reach a satisfactory agreement The sudden postponement of the meeting scheduled for early December in Geneva between the 20 Commonwealth countries and the 13 EEC associated members who subscribe to the Yaounde conversion was de- cided at a meeting of Common- wealth representatives in Lon- don, which was supposed to co- ordinate their approach to the forthcoming negotiations. This delay has rekindled olcf suspicions in certain French quarters about Britain's alleg- ed manipulation of the COITL- monwealth to under mine French interests in Africa, Ac- cording to these circles the rea- son for the postponement was a secret letter sent to Com- monwealth leaders fay Mr. Ar- nold Smith, the secretary-gen- eral of the Commonwealth sec- retariat. Their suspicion fastens to one particular paragraph in Mr. Smith's letter, in which he refers to French -polities in P'rancophone African countries. At the same time Mr. Smith has come in for attack from some of the Commonwealth countries who make the oppo- site complaint that he has been trying to rush the Franco- phone and Anglophone groups into ars 10-prepared conferer.ce. The actual background to this incipient crisis suggests that it has Jess to do with Anglo- French relations, or with the role of the Commonwealth sec- retariat, than with the con- flicting interests and fears of the African states themselves. The Yaounde group (which Includes 13 French-speaking Af- rican countries and one Com- MsuriU- fears that doubling of the number of associate mem- bers could diminish their own future share of EEC aid and trade privileges. To meet these anxieties they have been guar- anteed that there will be no re- duction of the level of aid they receive at present from, the European Develop m e n t Fund of million a ycaor. But there is no way of guaran- teeing them against the great- er competition in trade which win come from the accession of more associate members. More especially, there is DO way of protecting them from the role which some of the more ppwerful African States not- ably Nigeria, with a population larger than ail the Yaoade countries put together might play if they were to join. Nigeria's role is, in fact, cru- cial in the present controversy. Of all the "associates" it alone has the economic resources which make it unnecessary and possibly even undesirable to develop a special link witb the EEC. The Nigerians have already decided that they do not desire either to become an associate of the Yaounde group or of the Arusha group (Kenya, Uganda and which have purely reciprocal trade agree- ments with the EEC. They might, at most, be witling to consider a separate trade agree- ment. Nigeria's viewg are not shared by the majority of 'Crazy Capers9 Stop moaning! You asked me t.J your best side. the Commonwealth "sssocia- bles" many whom feel they stand to gain a great deal by some form of association. This is particularly true of some of the smaller countries, such as Lesotho, Botswana and Swaziland, and by the Carib- bean countries such as Jamaica and Trinidad, It is these con- flicting interests within the Commonwealth group which have so far held up attempts to formulate a coherent approach to the EEC. The cfaaDenge of Nigeria is further sharpened by General Yakubu Gowon's militant re- sistance to what be regards as French neo-coionialist practice in West Africa. Nigeria has recently launched an initiative to form a West African Regional Economic As- sociation which would include and speaking countries. This initia- tive, according to the Niger- ians, is being blocked by the French as a threat to their eco- nomic hegemony in their form- er colonies in West Africa. While the European commit sion envisages the possibility of negotiating a separate kind of agreement with Nigeria, they feel that it is essential that black Africa's most powerful country should somehow be ac- commodated within the frame- work of European-African eco- nomic relations. What they wish to avoid is a complete rupture between the EEC and Nigeria as this could change the political climate in Africa and affect the continent's future relations with Europe. The Brussels view that no pressures of any land should be applied to the African States to influence either their rela- tions with each other, or their relations with Europe, was put forcibly by M. Jean-Francois Deniau, one of the French com- missioners, who is directly con- cerned with relations with the associate members, in a recent talk I had with him. The Afri- can leaders, he insisted, should be allowed to work out in their own way and in their own time their relations with Europe. M. Deniau insisted that there should be no attempt .by Euro- peans to dictate terms or to "sell" the Community to Afri- cans. All the options not only the existing ones, such as the Yaounde and Arusha conven- tions should be left open. If the Africans wished to formu- late entirely new proposals of ther own they should feel them- selves free to put them forward for negotiation. PARIS The suspended state of the Vietnam peace talks here in Paris underlines a curious deficiency in the present management of Am- erican foreign "policy. Washing- ton can negotiate effectively with dictatorial regimes not- ably in Russia, China and North Vietnam. But serious problems crop up when negotiations engage lead- ers who have to refer their de- cisions to a broader publk. That category includes the lead- ers of Japan and Western Eur- ope, of course. It also includes like him or not President Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam. The present difficulty in the Paris talks is easy to ident- ify. Washington and Hanoi have negotiated an agreement which compromises the sovereignty of South Vietnam and its local al- lies. There is no provision ia the agreement for fun with- drawal of North Vietnamese troops from South Vietnam. There is no reliable provision for withdrawal of North Viet- namese troops from Cambodia and Laos. Saigon has dug in hard against these features of the agreement. President Thieu has insisted that the United States insert into the agreement claus- es that amount to an underwrit- ing of the sovereign indepen- dence of South Vietnam as a national state in other words a total victory at the peace table. The American negotiators here in Paris not surpris- ingly, been angered by Saigon's stand. The U.S. delegation here points out that every American proposal for peace in Vietnam since May 1370 has accepted the presence of North Vietnamese troops in South Vietnam. All of these offers, it is asserted by American officials, were prev- iously deared with President ThJeu. It is further asserted that, even if the kind of clauses Sai- gon now demands were added to the agreement, there would be no way of enforcing them. Thus it appears to the Ameri- can negotiators here that Presi- dent Thieu is in fact acting to scuttle the agreement out so painfully between Washington and Hanoi. I have no doubt that the com- plaints lodged against President Thieu are well-founded. He has always been a tough custom- er, and in the past he has had his way when he stuck to his guns. Great pressure win prob- ably have to be brought to get him. to go along with the agree- ment. For my own part, I have BO dcvubt that such pressure should be applied and the sooner the better. But the hassle with General Thieu has a wider significance. The fact is that the peace agreement was negotiated in a very special way. The accord was reached at the highest lev- els, in secret talks that moved, at the end at least, far more racidly than anybody involved believed possible. President Thieu Is not a lead- er in good position to go along automatically with a decision of that His regime nray not offer the world's leading example of government by con- sent. Still be does have to dear decisions with an administra- tion in Saigon, and with the generals commanding the re- gional forces that control South Vietnam administratively. Giv- en the way the agreement wai concluded, it was inevitable, even if illogical, that General Thieu would pat up significant resistance. The point of all this Is that Washington has probably BOW gone about as far as it can with the style of diplomacy which characterized President Nixon's first term. There is in- creasingly less room left for big deals done secretly and swiftly at the highest levels by leaders who can deliver their countries. The string is running out on the kind of thing Mr. Nixon, working with Henry Kis- singer, negotiated with Cbou En-lai and Leonid Brezhnev and Le Due Tho of North Viet- nam. Once Vietnam is settled, the most important international business will involve leaders who can't deliver in the fashion of the Qjmmunist bosses. It wiH center on the West Europeans and the Japanese. Those deal- ings will require a different pace and style. Tfaas it is no more than pious sentimentality to tafe about institutionalizing tbe role played up to now, with such individual virtuosity, by Dr. Kissinger. Atomic waste NEA ierrlct There's seldom a silver lin- ing without a dark cloud fee- hind it Not the least of the prob- lems associated with atomic en- ergy, which we once thought would solve mankind's energy needs for all time, is how to dis- pose of highly dangerous atom- ic waste. The method currently used today is the deep underground. burial of radioactive by-prod- ucts ranging-from depleted tnv anium cores to contaminated gloves. But the radioactivity may take hundreds or thous- ands of years to decompose to safe levels, and critics worry about what would happen if a burial site were fractured by an earthquake. A German engineer has come up with a bold idea firing the wastes into that great big nuclear furnace we call the sun. It would be costly, he admits, but so is burial. The beauty part is that the radioactivity of the wastes could be utilized, tinder the right circumstances, to power the rockets that carry them. The Uthkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Letnbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1S54, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Class Mat) Registration No. W2 of The Canadian and tht Canadian Daily NewspaMT and Audit Bureau of CL60 W. MOWERS, Editor CM THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gtncrai Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Editw Editor ROY f MILES DOUGLAi K. Mvtrfising Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE ;