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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIOGc HERALD Wedneiday, December 27, 1972 Moral unity needed By James Keslon, New York Times commentator In several general elections that have occurred in the past month or ;v, o. there has been a noticeable left- va'-d shift ui voter preference. This does not apply to the U.S., course, where there are no left wing political parlies of consequence. But even in ajiada there was a modest increase i'i support for the New Democratic j'artv. and while the NDP might not te regarded as Socialist elsewhere, it is still well to the left of the North American centre. In Australia and New Zealand the move to the left was emphatic. In both southern hemisphere countries, it was strong enough to overturn long entrenched regimes and install Labor aovernments with solid parlia- ntsrv maioriiies. IP. trie Federal Republic of Ger- many recently, voters gave Chancel- lor V.'illv Brandt his first secure maj- and while Brandt's politics are b" no means c-xtremeiy leu-vans, he is Still eer.ainelv socialist. On the the Socialist win in Ger- v.ia.iv. a general election in neighbor- Holland resulted in solid gains for left-wing parties. Japan, another strong leit 'urn is evident. There, in what Wester- ners have come to regard as a staunch bastion of entrepreneurial capitalism, where carte's flourish and industrial growth is a way of life. ]P.-r wing parties scored impressively in the recent national elections. While the ruling Liberal Democra- tic Party Prime Minister Tanaka retained power, with only a small de- crease in its majority, the Socialists increased their Diet representation from 87 to 118 seats, while the Com- munists went from 14 to 38, a new high for the ultra-left. There are very marked differ- ences, of course, between the Social- ists and Communists in Japan, as elsewhere, but still they are both far to the left the LDP. Together they gained 55 seats in the 491-member Diet, increasing their combined per- centage of house seats from 20 to 32, from one filth to one third of the total voting strength. Prime Minister Tanaka still com- mands a comfortable majority in the Diet, so no massive shift in Japan- ese policies is imminent. The left wing gains will not pass unnoticed, however, and undoubtedly will bring about some new priorities, with much more emphasis on domestic concerns. During the election campaign, both Socialist and Communist candidates stressed such issues as superannua- tion schemes, more eniightened soc- ial legislation, a larger share of Japan's prosperity for the workers who helped to fashion it. Quite obviously the voters were listenins. a fact 'unlikely to have es- caped the notice oi such an astute politician as Mr. Tanaka. Cardston 's initiat ive Civic initiative has repeatedly re- sulted in better communities. This qjalsty has brought parks, museums ar.d libraries into being with result- ing benefits for the entire commu- nity, it has a cohesive effect, re- Euiting in a togetherness as res- idents investigate, plan and finally see their desired project become a reality. Cardston residents are in the in- vestigating stage or what could re- sult in a most gratifying civic un- dertaking the establishment of community cablevision in their town. Spearheaded by futuristic thinking among their chamber of commerce members, residents are currently studying the prospect of erecting' a cablevision tower high enough to intercept American chan- nels. Dennis Eurt, chamber president, and former mayor, is giving the pro- posal enthusiastic support. He ex- plains that Cardston because of its rather isolated southern location is deprived of some of the accepted commodities enjoyed by other Alber- ta towns of similar size. A winter bus service, for instance, as well as cablevision. And Cardston residents are determined to do something about correcting both. As a border city Cardston res- idents enjoy close social ties with both Alberta and Montana commu- nities with much of their heavy sum- mer tourist trade corning from Browning, Kalispell, White Fish, Cut Bank and Babb. but none of their neighboring centres (Canadian or American) is large enough to war- rant a television hook-up to Card- ston. This leaves Cardston with little alternative but to provide its own. What is disturbing is the prefer- ence for American television voiced by some who maintain Canadian television is too restrictive and lacks quality. 'They arc- disturber] with Ca- nadian content regulations, are against censorship and lament the termination of Sesame Street, ac- cording to Burt. It is hoped '.hey will be success- ful in bringing community cablevi- sion to their town. Cardston is made up of people with vision, purpose and determination the necessary ingredients to ensure success. ART BUCHWALD Too gay m Paree? LONDON1 The end of the year is a time for summing up and looking forward, and since Arnold Toyrbec, the British his- torian, has been keeping books on the human race for most of his S3 years, it seemed rea- sonable to look bJm up in St. James's Square for a personal judgment about where all now stand. The old gentleman is a little wispy now, all white hair and wonderful bushy eyebrows, and bright eager eyes, but while he talks ruefully about the human family, he thinks, like a loving but d ppoint ed schoolm as te r, that maybe the next generation or two may have a chance. In the last quarter of this cen- tury, or the first quarter in the jjext be thinks in centuries and continents he foresees, not another world war, but a struggle Lir.ona the ad- van.r-d industrial nations for the limited natural resources of f.n over-populated world. He 5655 progress toward co- toward human fertility. are to avoid H-? i5 rhe recent in ar.d the Soviet he says. cc-me to terras with ar.d ;eem row to have the dreams of conquest, and the course of The rave c-har.sed too, he not much but some. Eve- since Peter the Great, they have vowed to catch up with the West, but somehow, always bound forward ar.d either get tangled in ir.eir own contradictions ar.d nuresu- cra-cy, or to s' c-ep.'' ar.d find themselves behir.d the West Egain. N'ow, Toyr.bee believes, there ij at least a temporary chsnee in They to he considering the thai; WASHD.'GTCX." has H.S theory as to why the Paris peace talks we ever hope to reach any sort of pea in Indochina, have to move the down so badly. My theory is they out of Paris hold them either in the j [ailed because they v.'ere held in Paris. I' anyone i3 to blarne for the the peace ntgctiatiryr-s have token, j! ti-.e France invited all parties 11 Paris lo work a settlement of the in trr; for orA of '.he Arctic circle or thf; Sahara .._...... We must of the nesoiia- tior.s as primitive as uncomfortable possible. The should rx: G.X- to exirerr.f; cold or extreme heat, with despicable fo-vj. Bccormrnrr French rr.arXj tr.eir ofior, cepter] v.ith alacrity. Is there a peace ne- gotiator alive who to y.ork out a just honorable ervi to a war, any war, in Pjj-is? Where else are there so many di- versioa0, whitn thft talks get tMigh and the goir.g is hard? et.e can you invite the er.erny U> your for an.-I then w HU chateau for lurch the next day? What other city offers three-star res- taurants riiscuss the liner of a treaty, plush hotel sin'Wa to do-Ail coriflitions for a ceasefire? Tr.f: French in their igtcjrancft have pro- the most luxurious .virrounrlings for representatives of NortJ'j Vietnam, Eouf.'n Vietnam, the Viet anrl the Unite! t from o: hsSirvjrn of the H. rx; rwjuired in sri a is r.oijrs a to each other's rr.ore ir: in the Pan; .-.'jlvjrhs for IV; arifl thorn rriifWlft of a >.rA Or, if n'juac over a hole in tr.e ice in ar.ri talk they're they have more to gain in the world of computers, trade and modern technology by co-opera- ting with the advanced indus- trial nations than by opposing them in the world o[ ideology and politics. This will be a slow process, Toynbce thinks, for the Rus- sians are suspicious and have good historical reasons for being ED, but they are concerned about the emergence of China in the East and the envious glances of Communist Eastern Europe at the prosperous West, so are reaching out to Ger- many, Japan and the United States for technological help and trade, and this, he thinks, ii a good thing. When he talks about the liv- ing generations in the Western countries. Toynhee sounds not cnly doubtful hut sad. He wel- cr-mes the movement toward European unity, with Britain a part of it. Nationalism is still a very strong force in the world, he ?sys. and most of the people i.] the Western European coun- t'ic-s don't like this troubling ir-.A complicated movement to- v.srd federation. he observes, unification in Europe will go on. Even weak federal experiments the early American confeder- acy of separate states have a v.ay of drawing power to the centre, and this, he thinks, will happen in Europe maybe not as close ar.d unified as in the United- States or the Soviet Union, but in the end a strong cent-a'ized independent Euro- pean federal union nonetheless. Toynbee doesn't like what he sees in the Western world today. There is, he thinks, an envious decline in common hon- esty, an absence o f common purpose. He has to lock his doors at night, even check his bank statements for possi- ble fraud. TTiere is little pride in work. The modern unions are as selfish as the old robber baron owners of the past. Mat- erial success and the gross na- tional product are now the aims of the peoples and govern ments ot the Western nations, but even in material terms, this is pot good enough to compete ef- fectively in the coming age. A3 a person, Toynbee says he does not believe in orthodox re- ligion, but as a historian, he thinks nations rise or fall in relation to the moral unity of the family and the moral pur- pose of the state, and he sees in the West a decline in both. In this regard, he is out- spokenly disappointed in the United States. It was, he says, the new Jerusalem, the great centre of both power and ideal- ism, but now, particularly since the war in Vietnam it seems very much like the other im- perial powers, more in its power than in its ideals. Still, he says he has his con- solation. Some o: the young are rejecting the materialistic goal of life, and turning to sim- pler ways, and approaching snd the sick vrilh compas- sion. Some families, he ob- serves, the .Ic-v.s, t re holding together, ar.d their strength, he predicts, will in- crease, but on the whole he seems pessimistic about the West, and hopes, not for a re- vival of orthodox faith, hut for an ethical reformation thst '.nil come out of the spiritual reeds of the contemporary Western World. He will not see this reforma- tion, he says, but he believes in the regeneration of r.atio.-a, if their lesders vrill apptil to the ideals of the people ar.d not only to their Mean- while, he lakes a lor.g view, even of his own life. He is sjill working on a on the de- cline of Byzantium, which he says he first planned in 1510. African states delay talks Ky Colin Lcgum, London Observer commentator LONDON A last-mir.'Jte de- to put off indefinitely the of gooyt their association with the Europ-ean Economic Communi- ty is regarded at the EEC's tftritifkHy serious threat future re-la'ions between Europe ar.d the countries oi the Third World. Britain's OV.TI entry Into the EEC is in no way affected by whit happens to the 20 African, Indian ar.d Pacific coun- trifjs the so-called ablts" who are entitled to apply for associated member- ship as part of the conditiorLi negotiated by Tin tain. Hovrevtr, serious trade awi political prob- lems Vrill follow any failure to reach a satisfactory agreement. The sodden of the 20 countries and the KEC members subscribe to the dried at a rf.r-stinz vj ho :rj hurry to v.'ork out a ?.ettlerner.t, reach a final v'r-'-n are so many things in Paris f, your off the war? Wr.ite Am- Vifit ,nr] e loan complain about tr.o intrari- of the othfrr sirie, f-here we rjf -Aho i5.nrt secretly thrilled to spend fir ''Y.Tf-f; tKf; of is thai, jj f.sV: rjomp'sir.t that he ha.s trj'in? I'i the phone an cor.ferffr.ce. The thk cri'ir. that it 1 the Commonwealth "associa- bles" many of whom feel they s-tand to gain a great deal by some form of association, Triis is particula" ly true of so me of the smaller countries, such as Botswana and Swazil and, and by the Can b- bean countries siic'n as Jamaica and Trinidad. It Ls these con- flicting interests within the Commonwealth grcfjp which have EO far helii up attempts to formulate a coherent approach to the EEC. The challenge of Nigeria is further sharpened by General Yakubu GvA'cm's militant re- sistance to what he regards S3 French practice in West Africa. Nigeria has recently launched an initiative to form a West African Regional Economic As- sociation which would Include French-speaking and EngJish- speaking coimtrifis, initia- tive, according to the iare, Ls being blocked by thfl French as a threat to their eco- nomic hegemony in their form- er colonies in West Africa. vVhile the European commis- sion envissges the possibility of negotiating a separate kind of agreement with Nigeria, they feel that it Ls essential that black Africa's most pO'A'erfu 1 country somehow te ac- cornmrxJafif-d the Irarne- of e'.o- Vrnat they to avoid is a complete rupture the EEC Nigeria te this couM change the political climate in Africa and affect the coritirent's future rdatiwA with Kuropc, The Brussels view that of any kind ed to tJjC A f rican States to influence fcither their UOTK with each other, or their relations v.itn was p'Jt forcibly by M. Joan-Frar.coi.s ono of thf: f-YcTich corn- who directly con- ccrr.c-'l with the asvrjiato nv-mhfrs, in a talk bar] with him. 7r.e Afri- can loaders, should tx; allov.'td to work out in their way and in their wrr, time thfiir relatiotis with ro hy peans to flir.-tat'j t'srn.s or lo "sell" Cornrrjiinity to Afri- carts. Ail the option not only the existing ones, .such Yaounde and Arusha conven- tions should be left open. If the Africans wished to forrnia- ftritirely of thci- ov-n tl.r-rn- (rcf put tfjprn (orA'Ard fw PARIS The suspended state of the Vietnam talks here Ln Paris underlines a curious deficiency in the present management of Am- erican foreign policy. Washing- ton can negotiate effectively with dictatorial regimes not- ably in Russia, China and North Vietnam. But serious problems crop up when negotiations engage lead- ers who have to refer their de- cisions to a broader public. That category includes the lead- ers of Japan and Western Eur- ope, of course. It includes like him or not President Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam. The present d Iff! culty in the Paris talks is easy to ident- ify. Washington and Hanoi have negotiated an agreement which compromises the sovereignty of South Vietnam arid its iocai al- lies. There is no provision in the agreement for full with- draw 1 of North Vietnamese troops from South Vietnam. There Is no reliable provision for withdrawal of North Viet- namese troops from Cambodia and Laos. Saigon has dug in hard against these features of the agreement. President Thieu ha.s insisted that the United States insert into the agreement claus- es that amount to an ing of sovere: gn Lndepen- dence of South Vietna m as a national state in other words a toted at the peace table. The American negotiators here in Paris have, riot surp-ris- ingly, been angered by Saigon's stand. The delegation here rxjints out that every American proposal for peace in Vietnam since May IWCi has accepted the presence of North troops in South Vietnam. All of these offers, it is asserted by American officiate, were prev- iously cleared with President Thieu. It Ls further asserted that, even if the land of clauses Sai- gon now demands were sdded to the agreement, there would no way of enforcing them. Thus it appears the Ameri- can here that Presi- dent Thk-u is in fact acting to out pain fu 11 y between and ffanol. T have no rfwht that the com- er, ar.d ;n the ps.c.t he has had his way v.hen he stuck to guns. Great win proo- fthly have if> fx; brought frot hirn to yet along with the rnftrit. PTor rny {fart, I have no dcu'ot thiat such pressure fihould be and the sooner the better. But the hassle with The fact 3s that ayroorncnf, r.figotiated in a R i a 1 w Tne ac cord was reached at Ire lev- in tolks that rniv.'Ofl, at tho end at Ic-aM. far more rapidly than involvwl believed jxissiWe. President TNIC-U a lead- er in good position to go along automatically with a decision that kind. His regime may not offer the world's leadil f, o: government by cofc- sent. Still he does have to clear decisions v.ith an administra- tion in Saigon, ar.d with the g-r: era Is c-ornrnan din g the re- gional forces that control South Vie'.nam EdmJnistratively. Giv- en the way the agreement waa cofiCiuded. it was inevitable, even if illogical, that General Tnieu would put up significant resistance. The point of all this Is that Washington has probably cow gone about as far as it can with the style of diplomacy which characterized President Nixon's term. There is in- creas in gly te s room left f or big deals done secretly and swiftly at the highest levels by leaders who can deliver their countries. The string is running out on the kind of thing Mr. Nixon, Kis- singer rx-goti ated wi th Chou Ein-lai arid Leonid Brezhnev and Due Tr.o oi North Viet- nam. Once Vietnam is settled, the most important imemational business will in v ol ve leaders who can't deliver in the fashion of the Communist bosses. It will center on the West Europeans ar.d the Japanese. Those deal- ings will require a different pace and Thus It Is no more than pious sentimentality to talk shout institutionalizing the played up to now, with such virtuosity, by Dr. Atomic waste There's a silver lin- ing without a dark cloud fee- hind it. Not the least of the prob- lems associated vdlh atomic ergy, which we once thought would solve rr.anxind's needs all time, U now to dis- pose of highly dangerous atom- ic TtfL met hod curr en tly Is the deep underground b'j ri I of r adi o a c t J ve by-prod- ucts ranging from depleted ur- aniurn cores V> contaminated gloves. Tlut the radioactivity may take or thous- ands of years to decompose (o safe ?eveU, critic-; worry abwt what would happen if a burial site were fractured by an earthquake. A engineer has come up with a bold id'ja firing the wastes into that nuclear furnace we call tl-e sun. Ft wwTd he costly, he admits, but so is burial. The beauty part is that tf-ifi radioactivity of the was'-es under the right circumstances, to power the rrx.-keU that carry them. The Lethtridgc Herald 504 7th St. S., AiV.rta LETJfBRJDGK r.Q. LTD., FYoprk.-tors and PuMUheri Published by Hon. A, BUCHANAN CLEO Etfifw H. ADAMS, DON Pin riiG 'THE HERALD 5FRVE5 THE SOUTH" ;