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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 27, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta THE, LETHBRIDGEaDAILYJ.HERALD  m bti^Qc Iberal^ ILV AND WEEKLY �e^i'riitoni and 1>ubUth�rs JITHBRIDQ^ HERALD PRINT- vCOMPANYi LIMITED �thatmt South, Lathbridge^ ' W^ A. Buchanan at una Manaflnf-Director Torrmnce -  Buslnesa ManaE'i' 1262 1224 TELEPHONES nA|MtiMk:^��nce .... M � � .Mltorfal Offlca .......... p ' -^ubacrlptlon Ratei: wJbtlly, delivered per week---- >'IteUy,-dellrered, per year ......J7.50 (rfiftllv, by mail, per year.....-..Jo.OO Weekly, by mail, per year'...    JIM 'Weekly, by ajail per year to U.S.. $3.00 .15 Dates ol expiry ol subscriptions ap-^ar daily on address label. Accept-taco of papeft after^ expiration date la ^ur' authority -coatlnue the- sub--� scrlpUon. t>laii contemplated ithe vgOveA?- ^^^i buying considerable'lima/n prHE UNITED STATES iAND RECLA^MATiON Canada is considering a reclamation jipoUcy,in connection with, land settle- ntent in the west, ana we believe i,Western Canada's representatives In 1 the House of Commons will be able to Snake the eastern members s�8 that a i reclamation policy backed up by .large  �pproijrlatipns are necessary to the up-Ibulldliig o^'tfio west.' In Ihis the-inembers Irom-the-.weat cliaTe a good argument is what is bR-Ing done across the line in the way of reclamation of land to provide homes .for returned soldiers. The other day jSecretary Lane-of the Interior depart-lnieW,a Canadian by^ the way, appear-i ted before the house committee oe Irrigation of arid lands to-urge that �n .appropriation be made at'the com? cang session of congress whereby ?100,-. '(000,000 will be available for reclaim| j^g: and draining logged off lands in 'the south and- the Irrigation of semi-�rld lands in the western states. The; iconctete proposal of Secretary Lane -was that congress should appropriate' this vast amount of money to reclaim., wamp, arid and logged off laiide-:Hh Vtry part of the country, ^uslng labo? of returned soldiers in the .work at ctir; rent wage rates', the reclaimed-lands to be erected into farms wiOi homes and btiildings complete oh^ soid? oider provinces mosi of the universities are privately sup-]iorted, or at ^bat, are only partly Aalntaiqed by provincial funds. There no dottbt that the burden of providing educattipnal Cacilltie^ ie heavy for a yoiins: province like Al berta, but it Is evident from the abovo figures that the provincial treasury Is bearing a'good share as compared with the burden undertaken by other provinces of the Domlulon.' ORIGIN OF THE ' j NAME SPARTACUS , _ Read the dispatches these days deal lug with events in Germany and you wIU be sure to come across:/omethin>; about the Spartacus group, a particularly radical group which is threat ening the provisional government at Berlin. The New York Times, telling hov the Spartacus group got its name from the old Greeks, says: Nottii.e. least theatrical in the play of events in Berlin is the rise of a Bolshevistiparty, under the leadership 6t Karl Lilbknecht Not satisfied with the tiltra-mddern name qi BplsUevikI, this,leader has gone back injp the arohives-of Rome and "has emerged with a treasure of a name for his follovrers, the Spartacus group, or the Spartacldes, as �hey are nOw commonly called! The ancient Spartacus-had been a peaceful shepherd" in thi; valleys of Thrace when the Romans came to Greece and captured him. making him oii� of the slave gladiators of the dissolute nietropQlis. .is it is known in history, he called the eighty other gladiators of tlie School of Capua to his side and st'arted one of the most fearsome revoliitlons in Rome, .whiih lasted from 73�B,C. to>71JByC. At that \ime' Rome was 'oi a state of moral dislntergration, which allows ed of luxurious living and wild dissipation on the one hand and keen suffering from famine and autocratic oppression on the other. The cordlaws jroviding for the gratuitous feeding of starving proletariat in Rome had (o be continually changed to meet tha demands bf the people. The armies of the state were absent on foreign service. All these things made the moment ripe for the uprising of Sparta-CUs.vBefore very Ions he had gathered a va'St army recruited* from the ranks of suiferjng Thraclans, Gauls and Germans; The armies of Rome met with, ^efeat aftei' defeat at their hands, and for a time-it looked as though the tables ;of Rome-Kere being turned in* a manner vastly distasteful to ths ruling ol&sees.^ But, as is true in mcst rapidly rfsfng imUItant movements, there was -dissei/slon In the ranks of the Tictoilons elates i and_t&e army dlvid-e^.-inVlijB, some; going, to^the' side of am'e ;grUus, .a rival lea'lan the- rest 8jandteijvtlrm-by, Spartacns. All'; the jipemher^^of the ranks were; hioiwever, one. point, that to, the vic-.hplbiiged the spoils of Nfii As'- a result, much iZ^Tfelips of Spartacus, the APPEAL COURT coh '^U^n tjirunk with power; pillaged, raped,;anQ.plundered the countiy In a mannfervyastly superior to that of their iSfore^me. oppressors. In the end; of cburse.'theiSuperior forces of the or-^ganlz^d'^Roinan armies defeated them an^ made a hoD^le example of them by crucifying'i6,m)0 rebel.- anldiers on the Appian Way. Spartacus died Uke a true soldier/' with his sword in his hand.. The story marks one of the feloodlest pages in Ro^an history, and in, Berlin they are - finding other Jloman parallels. The Toronto Telegram is again candidate for mayor of Toronto. Bill Hohenzollem has lost his nerve l^fut his appetite, according to dispatches, is still gqOd. .rhe.tfni.ted �Women'sitartyhasjbecn fprme'd in bhtario. How long will unlty"laat*; Is^it not to he- feared that some gbssip or jealous creature will break lip the organization?. Report says that the fires in the Krupp works are to be damped and 200(000 employees are to be dismJssed. Krupps don't; know;Jiow to reconstruct business for peace times. It was created for war and war has ruined it. Pa Important Decision oh Nice Point of Law is Rendered by Alberta Appeal Court ^ _-I---_ * One of tha most important decislpna rendered for some time by. the Alberta appeal court, one which decides a nice point of law, and. incidentally brings victory to a local lawyer iii appeal, was announced last week i*-Calgwy, in the case of Scott vs. Harris and Stringhnni, of Cardston liistrict. ' By the decision in the appeal, the verdict ot damages against Harris and String-ham of $1700 and costs for false arrest is thrown out, and the decision of. Judge Walsh sitting with jury is reversed. The action was one which was started last January by Alonib Scott against Harris and Strlrlgham for malicious arrest in the theft of a heifer with which Scott . was charged. Scott appeared before Magistrat>3 Barker, of Cardston. and the charge was dismissed. Scott immediately sued Harris and Strlngham> for damages. At the trial, which lasted four days, the jury brought In a verdict for the plaintiff at eleven O'clock at, night, during the civil sessions of the court at Lethbridge last February. The Jury decided first that there was an absence of reasonable and jus't caTjse for arrest, arid" 's&cond that there was malice in law, though no^actualmalice had, been proven or indicated by the evidence. The Jury assessed $1700 and costs and Judge Walsh accepted the verdict. � :  The solicitors for Cie defendant objected at the trial that,the jiiry had failed to find malice in-fact. Must Show Actual Malice It was upon', the principle that not merely malice in law, but that actual and real .malice must be proven in such cases, that D. H. Elton acting for the defendants, took the appeal. S^-eral cases were.cited and the Appeal court last week, after.hearlng argument of Mr. Elton and of HamI and Palmer, of I/ethbrldge, fdr the plaintiff, decided to reverse the decision. The jury in the trliQ haid given their opinion that the defendants' had not taSen reasonable steps "to enquire of Mr. Scott of the real owhershlp of the heifer, and had therefore concluded them guilty of malice in4Aw. although not in fact.- The court'-of appeal holds that this conclusion of the jury was not sofflcient iipou which to base a verdiVa8^opeped. The Bank of Commerce opened 14 new branches, In the west in December. G. Marineau, former chief of police of Montreal, was struck by a trajp and killed at Wolseley. Saslc, ^ Canadian railways want S,3T0 men, besides their 16,200 employees who enlisted aiid who will ibe taken hack. ijaskatchewan labor men an(l grain growers will try ,tq-get together./ The Royal Bank ^as opened a branch yt Chatham. Ont. Moses Iralson, ''diamofld merchant with offices in the Savings Bank and Trust Company "htiildlng, Chicago, was robbed of gems valued at $100,000;, "\Yhen the Roman' Catholic church at Chapleau, Ont!, was burned, the Methodists offered the use of their church to the unfortunate congregation. The Toronto building trades league, a federation of the. Trades Union, whose members are employed upon the construction of buildings, has decided to take a referendum of' the unions upon a shorter working day. The Rev; James E. Bobier. seventy-, seven,years old, rector o� the Roman Catholic church of St. Charles Borrqm-eo, Brooklyn, N. Y, died of paralysis. Father -Bobier was one of the most widely-known clergymen in Brooklyn. He was born at St. Thomas, Ont. At Stratford sentences were imposed on three Social-Democrats for having in their possession banned literature. Ernest Rossiter, $1000 or two months in Jail; Harry Cook, $300 or four months in Jail, and Arnold Skldmore. $500 and 30 days, in jail, or failing payment of 'fine at the end of 30 days six months' imprisonment. Geo. Wilson, of New. York, and F. W. S. Crispoi of Winnipeg, and F. W. Ashe, of London, Eng., have been appointed assistant g-eneral managers of .01^ Union bank of Canada. Mr. Asho will remain In England, Mr. Wilson is to be at Toronto and Mr. Criapo at Winnipeg. J. S. HIam, has been ap-r pointed superintendeijt of branches for the entire system and W. M. Chandler, superintendent of. western branches. W.^ J. Dawson, manager of the Hamilton branch 8�es to New "i'ork and K. F. Gilmdur, of Toronto,'becomes manager at Hamilton. ,' OTTAWA, Dec. 2G.-A report has been made to the Caiiadian government that before the Canadian North-em^ Railway, which was recently acquired as government property, can be .put into adequate operation, an expenditure of $35,000j000 must he made for tracks, bridges and road-bedr It was announced here tonight. An operating deficit of $8,000,000 on the government railways (during, the last year will be announced soon, it v,'as stated. A- .> : .> ^ - :� A y. M. C. A. CON.CERT � : :�: .* * < *  ? That the Dumbells . captivatisd .Lon--don may seem surprising to those, who know them merely as a party of Canadian' Soldier-Actors who have served an average of sixteen months in Canada's Army in France. But the:mystery disappears on better acquaintance, as many thousands: of London theatre-goers can testify, after seel-ng the Dumbells "go over the top" In the famous London Coliseum.- � "Why the Dumbells'?" asked .the London Daily Telegraph, not having been enlightened on .the significance ot , the sign of the dum-bell Avhich this soldier theatrical troupe has adopted as its own peculiar trade-thark, The operations ot "Dora," (the Defence of- the Realm Act) ih.elng wide enough to include the "publishing of military.information pf this kind, the point was allowed to paos without elucidation., Mentalfog-giness about the name, however, played no part in curtailing the richly deserved popularity which the Dumbells enjoyed in London, and which the "Telegraph" Itself recorded in unstinted language. After two nights in the Aldwych theatre of the Australian T.M.C.A., four in*the Beaver Hut theatre of the 'Canadian Y.M.C.A., dtie ift the Palace theatre for the entertainment o^ the Allied Troops, one the Victoria Palace theatre-^and two-weeks' solid perfoi-pance, matinee and evening, in the London Coliseum, in which time these lads who biit a short time ago were pushing a bayonet or carrying up shells, and but a short time before that were just prdinary boys in their Canadian ^homb -.towfls, there were still many thousan4s of people in this Country who were 'feager td '^ee them perform. � iEvery one.of these places ahd.iev-eijy one of these performances fqund the Duinbells entertaining a capacity house Which encored them to the lith-it and brought them be^re the curtain time after time, tb-accord to them enthusiastic ,tJieJ^, .ef--forts. 'Newcomer^ td tlfifi (jollBeumat present act under a great djsadvant^ age," said the London Evening Staad-; FftlDAY. DECEMBER-27, 191S ^chosen with scriii^ulous Care by. experts--bie)ildel ia^r exqiiisi^^' fiavour and-strength-^ roasted just right- this is the way we BraTd'5 ,Best �joffee OFFEE A-Drink of Delight ^^Morntng, Noon and Night braid's Best Tea is truly delighthiL Ask your Orocf r for BRAID'S a.rd. "it whuld be f-r ' ':-y merit that'could bear comp; - ; with the Dlaghiloff.:(Russian) ballet." ( This reference to the leading attraction on the Coliseum bill during the engagement of the Dumbells indicates the handicap under which the boys played their parts. The success they scored in the shadow of euch competition therefore makes it safe to claim that they really have established a reputation. i ? � ,' ! From the time al their arrival in London the Dumbells were sought (after: hy the theatre managers.- � This courting, increased as' their quality 'was demonstrated. Being in England on leave, through the kindness of Major General L. J. LIpsett. C.M.G.. the-fiuihbelhi of necessity were amenable to military dipclpling. But if it is necessary to mahitaln.the morale of our troops by' such means, it la also ne-c'esaary to maintain the civilian mor-aliB, iarid it may be that in-twice extending' the Dumbells' leave, the military ?iuthorlties felt that more was being accomplished than merely the giving to the people of the'-metropdlis of an e^amiile of- trench theatrlbale.' These extensions were received'.hy the'! Dumbells Vith natural satisfac'-' tiori, though they know that what was^ the gain of the theatregoera in England was the loss of the. brave boys of their Division before Arras and Cambrai, and it was to the call of the latter that their hearts were quickest to respond. The popular feeling toward this unique company was expressed by one of the large theatre.^irms in London, -whose manager offered the Dumbellsi 20 weeks' solid engagement at a coh-siderallon ot - �300 Jer we^k for the party. Obvioosly such an offer could not be accepted, but it brought to the Dumbells in tangible form a realization of their success. When their engagement was concluded at the Coliseum the manager of this splendid theatre informed them that no matter when they might come, to, London again, he would make room for them. To book them on this occasion he bah-thrown aside several other contracted stars and he seemed quite willing to repeat the proceeding on a future occasion. ; Now what about the Dumbells themselves? They became a concert party under the leadership of 'Captain N. W. Plunkett of the Canadian Y.M.C.A., who, commencing asi a managing and participating, member, now continues as the theatrical troupe's managing director. In addition to his regular Y. M.O.A. duties. The cost of maintaining the compapy is borne by the-Canadian Y.M.C.A. which supplies costumes and similar material. A dif-fereiit ishow Is put on by the -party ey:ery three months, the cost of each running from 3000 to 4000 francs. Of course much of the Dumbells' work is done In the Y.M.C.A. centres In the corps ajrea, almost entirely for- their oym 'dlvlsiott, although occasionally they are loaned ifor performances in the other .divisions. Mention' has been made of these soldier-players' service in the field, This service has brought with It Its casualties and five of the party have reason to remember the Bun through gassing or ^younds. The uverage ot sixteen mohths,^ military service means that timejfiistiial^ in the ranks, though since then, they have carried on. in their preafent .^sapaclty wherevr thb division has/gbne, and this also means in the 'vicinity of sjhells and feuns, HeH are, the names of the Dumbells " and .''dtljer- -partjcrlars abo\�t their home.-tOwhs in Canada, their units in tH.e field' and the dales ot their arrival In,France: Lance,:COrporar I. E. Ayre, ll'Gth Batt., honie. .at Toronto, airiveu in France F?ibruary,,19l7. Lance 'Cori)d"ral E. A. Balding. 3rd Signallers, horoe.W St. .Tohn, N. B., arrived in Frahbe.. October, Ifllu. . Pte. F,'-Brayford, 49th Battalion, home at ^^dbibnton, arrived in France Jime, 1&17. � ''Sergeant E..g.: Charter. lOtli Field Ambulance, honie at Winnipeg. aiTlv-ed in'Fi'ance, April, 1916. Pte. R.'Di Hamilton, 9th Field Ambulance; home-at Montreal, arrived iu France, April,-191'6. - Pte.. B;'.LangIey,' 116th Batt.. home at Toronto, arrived In. France, March. Lance Corporal J. MoCormafeh. 42nd Batt.. home at Toronto, arrived in France, April. 1916. , Pte. D. L. Michie, 48rd Batt., home a't� Winnipeg, arrived In France, February, lOUi. Pte. A, G. Murray; :dt|i,^^Jeld Ambulance, home at Montreal/arrived/ in France, April, 1916.'; ' ' Pte. W^Redpath. 3rd. Signallers, 'Toronto, arrived In France, July, 1918. . . Pte. W. L. Tennent. 10th Fislfl Ambulance, home at Winnipeg, arrived In France, April, 1910. Pte. G. Thdrne. 3rd Dtv. Train, home at London . (England);-: arrived la France, April; 1917. Corporal A.. W. Plunkett;-58th Batt., home at Orillia, arrived in France, February, 1916. Pte. J. KIdd, 9th Field Ambulance, home at Montreal, arrived in France, April, 1916;?, .-,�' - , , * :-. Pte. A. Catfams,' Edmon'foni . arrived In.'FraRoe,. JhTie; 1916. i-': v Capt. M'."W. Plunkett, Cahsdlanv/Y.: M,.C.^., home at Orlllla','.Ont.;; arrived in\Franc'e, .Tune, 1916. 1 A cake of Gold Soap is not only big but solid. It; weatrs away slpwly and evenly without crumbling pr|6ftening. It can be used, down to the thtinnest wafer. .For this reason alone^i iGold Spap ! is,!more economical than ordinary laundry soap,- ' it gi)es farther. But a cake of Gold Soap is-bigger than any other laundry soap at thi^ S9ine price-more soap for your, money. It also is better soap-made only ifrtmi the.'" best materials suitable for laundry;  ' c'use*',. ' - ; ^ GoU Soap tt fiiarf* m iA� ProeUr A Ctmble Foetoriet ot Hamiltm, Ctmada What* about having your rooms disinfected and repapered by us? We have a new stock of Wallpapers at remarkably low prices, with Cutout Borderi, in tW SHERLOCK BUILDING BROS. THE DECORATORS 71579529 8065?5 ;