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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 26, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta ______Saturday, 26, 1970 THE IETHBRIOGE HERALD 3.3 The world spotlight Elimination of Viet Cong political underground given top priority HUONG TIIUY (AP) Presi- dent Nguyen Vim Thlcu of South Vietnam, with an eye toward an eventual ceasefire, lias ruled thai elimination of the Viet Cong's political underground is a top priority for his govern- ment. If the Viet Cong's political cadres are not eradicated be- fore a ceasefire or before the war fades away, Tliieu believes, they will go underground for TT.enths or ypars find the Phoenix rising from the to lead another insurgency. The program to identify and neutralize the Viet Cong's politi- cal infrastructure is in. fact called Hoang in Vietnamese. The present program dates from July, 1968, when it was established by presidential de- cree. Many early reports about Phoenix described it as a United States-South Vietnamese program of counter-terrorism and assassination, in which pro- v i n c i a 1 reconnaissance units were paid by the head to kill Viet Cong as it happened in many cases, politi- cal enemies of the province chief. Although it was said to be basically a creation of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, (here was little organization or discipline in the early Phoenix program. Even now, it is possi- ble for key officials to abuse their power and use Phoenix as a weapon against personal or political enemies. By and large, however, Phoe- nix has evolved into a police program to identify, arrest and convict members of the Viet Cong infrastructure. Its effec- tiveness in some areas remains doubtful. At -the national level, officials claim that members cf the Viet Cong infrastructure have been "neutralized" since 1308 and that "a lot more have retired" because of pressure Phoenix applied. Tley estimate that Communist organizers still are operating American advisers to Phoenix face two basic problems: how to gel several Vietnamese agen- cies to co-operate; and how to get district-level officials to es- tablish systematic methods for gathering information on sus- pected Viet Cong cadres. For Phoenix to report a "neu- it must meet sev- eral requirements. The suspect must be conclu- sively identified as a political cfficer of the People's Revolu- tionary party or the National Liberation Front. That excludes soldiers, guerrillas, Viet Conj tax collectors or terrorists, mere Viet Cong sympathizers or people living in Viet Cong-con- trolled areas. The infrastructure member must "rally" to the government side, be killed, or be captured, convicted and sentenced to at least one year in prison. There are safeguards for the accused. A screening committee releases many for lack of evi- dence before they come to trial. A new directive states that two- thirds of all suspects must be tried within 30 days of arrest, the other one-third within 45 days. Of those suspects who come to trial, before the province secu- rity council, a "high proportion are either acquitted or get off with light UK ad- viser said. Nationwide, Phoenix is be- coming increasingly effective. South Vietnamese officials are emphasizing the program be- cause they believe it means the government's ultimate survival. But it still has a considerable distance to go. MUNICH, West Germany (AP) Radio Free Europe is thriving despite better relations between West Germany and the East bloc. RFIi is the American-owned station set up during the Cold War to broadcast to the Com- munist countries of Eastern Eu- rope, it provides Western-style Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland and Romania. Reports have been published broadcasts to Czechoslovakia, in the West German press that Bottle manufacturers feel Litter Act effects manufacturers in British Col- umbia are beginning to feel the effects of the Provincial Litter Act, the first in Canada to make all types of beverage containers refundable. The refund section of the act. i which makes it mandatory for manufacturers and retailers in! B.C. to give a minimum refund of two cents on drink containers of glass metal and plastic, goes into effect with tlie new year. Actually, all beer and soft drink containers have been re- turnable since August, but as of Jan. 1, non-reusable containers j must also be marked to indicate a refund will be paid. A spokesman for Dominion Glass one of B.C.'s major bot- tle manufacturers, said the company doubled its production facilities a year ago in anticipa- tion of increased public demand ience" containers. However, since August, the major soft-drink retailers have stopped buying non-reusable bottles and the demand for reusable bottles has not in- creased. As a result, more than 100 employees of B.C.'s two major bottle manufacturers have been laid off, union and company sources say. Consumers Glass Co. Ltd., with a plant in suburban Bur- naby, is operating at about 50 per cent of capacity Witli a pay- roll of about- 225 men out of a possible 350. They did, at'one point, reach 80 per cent of ca- pacity. The provincial government, however, suggests the new act is having the desired effect. "The amount of non-returna- ble bottles (produced) has been duced one-sixth, and there has been a significant increase in returnable said John Buckley, administrative assist- ant to provincial Recreation Minister Ken Kiernan. One of the problems to be re- solved before Jan. 1 is who pays the refund on non-reusable con- tainers. The recreation minister is currently negotiating with the Bottling Association and the glass-bottle manufacturers to work out the details. Those involved in canning and retailing beverages have organ- ized a non-profit company. Pa- cific Reclamation Ltd., to re- ceive cans at depots throughout the province. Beer cans present no prob- are accepted at de- pots set up originally by the provincial Liquor Control Board for beer bottles. I Chancellor Willy Brandt's gov-1 eminent would like to sec the j Munich-based station move else- j j before live 1972 Olympics here. But West German spokesmen j have denied that Brandt's coali- i lion of Social Democrats and Free Democrats is trying to oust Radio Free Europe. RFE sees a job to do as long as Communist regimes censor their news media. "When tlie Communist re-! pimes provide enough informa- tion through their own news media to satisfy their own citi- zens, no one will bother to listen to us and there won't be any reason for us to one radio official says. Radio Free Europe is the West's major broadcaster in UK native languages of its five tar- get countries. It is on the nir about 20 hours a day to Czecho- Slovakia, 19 to Hungary and Po-! land, 12 to Romania and to Bulgaria. It estimates it has an audience of 31 half the populations over the I j age of 14. Most of these listen- j ers are said to tune in at least j i twice a week. Radio Free Europe is the j largest operating division of Free Europe Inc., a New York- based, non-profit organization uhose declared objective is to help the people in Eastern En- rope obtain more internal free- dom. Tlie radio station has an an- nual budget of 514 million to million. Money is raised in an annual campaign for funds, pre- pared with help from the Adver- tising Council of America. The radio broadcasts news every hour. Material is com- piled by the station's central r.cws room from dispatches of Western news agencies and from monitoring Communist publications. This new material flows to tho five national broadcast deiks which are headed by prominent exiles with knowledge of their countries. TRAVELLING PROFS EDMONTON (CP) Univer- sity of Alberta professors will have travelled more than 23.0CO miles by air in the 1370-71 aca- demic year to teach courses at Yellowknife, N.Vi'.T., and Fort McMurray in northeastern Al- berta. The professors teaching the courses fly to Yellowknife and Fort McMurray every two weeks for a concentrated week- end of teaching. From the management, .staff and their families JOHN 5. CLARK TERRY J. REARDON RONAtD F. WATSON ARCHIE J. NELSON MRS. A. (Agnes) HUL5E MRS. I. (Mary) MIKIOS We invite you to view a special Christmas Presentation of the SUNDAY HOUR SUNDAY, DECEMBER 27th to p.m. OVER CJLH-TV CHANNEL 7 The Anne Campbell Singers and tlie Teen Clefs Directed by Mrs. Anns Campbell, accompanists Mrs. Marian Swanston and Jeff Caiman, narration by Tom Carter in their presentation of ''The Singing MARTIN BROS. FUNERAL HOMES LTD. 2nd GENERATION FUNERAL DIRECTORS and ADMINISTRATIVE COUNSELLORS for PRE-ARRANGEMENTS (AUTHORIZED BY THE AtBERTA GOVERNMENT SECURITY COMMISSION) THE MEMORIAL CHAPEL 703 13tfi Street North SERVING SOUTH ALBERTA FOR NEARLY HALF A CENTURY Member Of A.F.D.S. (Associated Funeral Directors Service) A World-Wide Connection THE TRADITIONAL CHAPEL 812 3rd Avenue South ;