Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 24, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
8A THE LETHSftlDOe HERALD TuMdiy, December IVa cups sweet rice (glutinous V-t cup red bean paste (optional) rice) powder cup pecan or walnut halves cup plain rice powder 1 teaspoon corn oil 1 cup sugar 1 cup water Mix sweet rice powder, plain rice powder, sugar and red bean paste in a mixing bowl and pour in the oil and water, stirring with a spoon until well blended. Pour the mixture into a greased and floured 9-inch round pan; arrange the nuts on top. Steam for 40 minutes. Remove from pan. Before serving, cut into small pieces. Serve warm or cold. Start New Year By Playing It Safe Never drink if you will be driving. Fifty percent of fatal accidents during the holiday sea- son involve persons driving un- der the influence of alcohol. Remember that traffic is usually heavy and road condi- tions are often poor during this season so extra caution is required. Have snow tires installed on your car if you live in an area where snow and ice often coat the roads. MISTLETOE The traditional time for the French to exchange gifts as we Americans give on Christmas is New Year's Day. It is also the season when everybody calls on his friends and relatives. Also, it is at New Year's that the old Druid custom is observed of hanging a large clump of mistle- toe above a doorway so that peo- ple may exchange kisses when they walk under it. THE FIRST New Year's festivals, among the oldest and most universally observed, generally include rites and ceremonies expressive of mortification, purgation, invigo- ration over life's renewal. The earliest-known record of a New Year's festival dates back from about 2000 B.C. in Meso- potamia, where the year began with the new moon nearest the spring equinox (mid March; Babylonia) or nearest the spring equinox (mid-September; As- The year began for the Egyptians, Phoenicians and Per- sians with the autumnal equi- nox (September 21st) and for the Greeks, until the 5th cen- tury B.C., with the winter sol- stice (December By the Roman republican calendar the year began on March 1; after 153 B.C. the official date was January 1, and this was con- firmed by the Julian calendar (46 In early medieval times most of Christian Europe regarded March 25th as the beginning of the year, though for Anglo-Saxon England New Year's day was December 25th. William the Conqueror decreed that the year start January 1, but later England began its year with the rest of Christendom on March 25th. January 1st was re- stored as New Year day by the Gregorian calendar im- mediately adopted by Roman Catholic countries. Other Euro- pean countries followed suit. RECIPE 1 cup friendly words 2 heaping cups understanding 4 teaspoons time and patience Pinch of warm personality Dash of humor Mix together. Keep tem- perature low. Do not boil. Season to taste with spice of life. Serve in individual molds. Turn of the Year Can Be Important In spite of our heritage, we make very little of the turn of the year. The vague feeling re- mains that it is an occasion to be recognized, the sense that it is a time when people should get together, as families do to cele- brate a birthday. Just because it is a holiday that once focused men's deep emotions about the past and the future and the con- tinuity of time, the New Year may again become important with meaning. A world society that must take into account the lingering traditions of all people may come to observe it as a day in which humanity can celebrate a common birthday in time. BE PHYSICALLY FIT It would be a good idea to get some regular, planned exercise over the long winter regular exercise is important in main- taining good health. It firms up the body, makes muscles and bones more responsive and en- ables you to do what you have to do with less fatigue. It re- leases tension, increases energy, and helps improve appear- ance. Check into your local pro- grams, choose one suitable to you, and most important GET STARTED! 'OSHOGASTU' Japanese Style In many ways, the Japanese New Year celebration resembles Christmas in the Western World. Business establishments are closed for three days and it is a family festival in which devo- tion to the home is uppermost. "0 shogatsu" is the leading holiday in Japan. Houses are given a thorough cleaning before they are decorated. Both pine and Bamboo have a place of spe- cial importance to the family as symbols of long life. Ropes of twisted rice straw mean strong family ties, and, when tiny Japa- nese oranges are added, they sig- nify "roundness and smoothness." Families dress in their best clothes to pay visits to their friends, and never fail to pay tribute to their ancestors and de- parted members of their family on this day. Dried beans are tossed into the corner of every room to sig- nify that evil spirit is dispelled, to be. replaced with good for- tune. Toys are used at New Year's to decorate the branches of trees and are carried about for children to enjoy, who later receive them as gifts. HEALTH CHECKUP 1975 Don't forget that annual check- ups are necessary! If you notice any difference in your well-being, hurry on for that checkup before the annual is due! RESOLUTIONS Remorse and repentance come bubbling to the surface at New Year's. Smokers swear off ciga- rettes, the inebriated resolve not to drink anything stronger than diet cola, the obese resolve to diet. Sometimes, even children make a vow to make better grades. None of these resolutions is ever kept, of course. In any Language Make it 'Happy' The most important holiday in January is New Year's Day. It is observed in the entire world, regardless of race or religious beliefs. Around the globe the greeting is "Happy New The language is different but the greeting the same. "GELUKKIG NIEUW JAAR" Dutch "BLAIDHAN NUA FE MHA- ISE DHUIT" Gaelic "SHIN NEN O-ME DE TO" Japanese "KUL BID MILAD WA AN- TUM KEKHAIR" Arabic Egypt. IT'S "BOWL" TIME The Rose Bowl game, between eastern and western football teams, and the great Rose Bowl parade started in nineteen six- teen. Champions compete in many other "bowls" today and it is a big part of New Year's Eve and New Year's day for fans to spend hours, hours and hours watching television. New Year Breaks The Winter'Blahs' The beginning of the New Year is when everything hits bot- tom and, hopefully, starts up again: the weather, the calen- dar, the end of the holidays, life itself. Beyond the turning of the year stretch the short days and long weeks of January and Feb- ruary. Winter, with its house- bound months and long nights, invites reappraisal of life and prospects an annual challenge. A means of coping with win- ter, is the use of outlets and es- capes. If you can't afford a win- ter in Florida, Hawaii or the Caribbean get away for as much time as you can, even to take a long week end at a state park. Visit museums go to the symphony or the theatre. If you aren't in a position to travel and visit places of interest get interested in a hobby. Make things home crafts use leisure time creatively. LOOKING BACK Well, at last it is all over And the New Year under way The Christmas rush a memory now Of a fond and happy day Wouldn't it be wonderful If we could keep the Holiday cheer Around us in our lives Throughout each day this year If we could only keep in mind The reason for those days And thank God every night. For the love He sent our way Why should it be just once a year We feel the Holiday glow Why should it be just once a year We let the spirit show 7 do not know the reason These things could not come to be Except perhaps two reasons And those are you and me! UNLUCKY The Guise Dancers, at Corn- wall-St. Ives, blacken their faces and still dance in the street in the first fortnight of the New Year. At one time they entered the houses too, and for a house to be overlooked was regarded as very unlucky. Janeireiros Welcome Portugal's New Year Tn the Minho, in northwestern Portugal, masked children go around from house to house be- tween New Year's Eve and Epiphany. They sing janiers, an- cient "January" songs. The Jan- eireiros, as the singers are cal- led, sometimes improvise verses about the householders. When their presents are generous, they praise them. If the gifts are few, the performers make sure the whole neighborhood hears about it. There are many wise sayings in the Minho about the first day of the year. Since New Year's Day supposedly reflects the mood of the next twelve months, one should always have a coin in the pocket, something new on the back, and extra food in the lar- der. Parents urge their children to "mind their manners" and ad- ults try to act as they wish to act throughout the year. Portu- gal has a proverb, "Never pay a debt on New Year's New Year Gives Meaning to Time To a certain extent the height- ened sense of the meaning of time at New Year's is related to the invention of calendars, and people who have no script and no calendar for measuring regu- lar intervals over a long span have a more limited conception of time. For them time stretches back only as far as memory does and forward into the lives of their grandchildren, and it is only the seasons that come again and again. Time goes back to the beginning, when people came into being. HAPPY HAPPY NEW YEAR Till next year, till eternity. Corn on the cornstalk, Grapes in the vineyard, Yellow grain in the bin, Red apples in the garden, Silkworms in the house, Happiness and health Until next year. In Bali, Silence Greets New Year In Bali, once every four hun- dred days quiet descends. On this day nothing stirs on the whole densely populated island. People speak of it as "the Si- the Balinese New Year. On every other day the roads are crowded with hawkers, peo- ple going to and from market, small boys driving oxen or buf- falo and in general, people hur- rying. On New Year's, however, no one moves about and every sound is hushed. Each family stays home to observe the Silence. MIDNIGHT The hour of midnight is a special occasion. The moment is here to ring out the old and ring in the new. The old year is left to memory and coming up now is a new supply of time. In the spirit of togetherness let's share this time with one an- other. OFFICIAL SOUND Everyone in Iceland bundles up and goes out to watch a dis- play of fireworks, which says good-by to the old year and wel- comes the new. In the harbor, at the same time, all the ships sound their horns. It's the sound everyone waits for the New Year is official. A "MAI" IN ALSACE It used to be the custom in Alsace to net up a "mai" in the public square for New Year's Day. This age-old tradition may well have been a forerunner of the community Christmas tree, popular in North America today. Usually the tree, its lower limbs stripped, was erected near a foun- tain. The term "mai" refers to decorate or to adorn. Dolls, rib- bons, and always a figure of a shepherd were hung on the tree which was put in place on New Year's Eve. The tree was allowed to remain standing throughout the year as a symbol of protection for the maidens who put it there. The Oldest Holiday V Both primitive and civilized people have noted New Year's as our oldest holiday. The Day has always been recognized with some sort of festivity and nu- merous traditions and customs are associated with its arrival. TO THE CAPRICORN (December 21-Janurary 19) People of your sign seem to make a real impression on the world. Not easily distracted, you are solid and serious. Above all, you're a very private person, even secretive. This month you'll tidy up what remains to be done from 1974 and proceed with plans for the New Year. Travel and ro- mance don't interest you as much as family and business. Tasty Caramel Crunch Recipe 1% cups sugar 1 cup butter or margarine 'A cup light corn syrup 1 teaspoon vanilla 8 cups popped corn 1 cup pecan halves 1 cup whole unblanched al- monds, toasted In saucepan, combine sugar, butter or margarine, and corn syrup. Bring to boil over medium heat, stirring constantly. Continue boil- ing, stirring occasionally, till mixture turns caramel color. Remove from heat and stir in vanilla. Pour syrup over popped corn and nuts on shallow pan. Separate into clusters with two forks. Store in tightly closed bag or container. Makes about two pounds. OUR CALENDAR Calendar is a word derived from the Latin "kalendae" (cal- literally, the day on which the accounts are due. The calen- dar now used for civil purposes throughout the world is called the Gregorian calendar, after Pope Gregory XIII, who intro- duced it in the sixteenth century. Early man required a calen- dar primarily for religious ob- servance although, of course, when he settled in agricultural communities he came to need a civil calendar as well. ONLY GENTLEMEN On New Years Day in early Amsterdam, great bowls of punch were set out surrounded with cookies and cakes made from cherished family recipes, and Dutch wives donned their best dresses and sat in the parlor to await callers. They were hold- ing the first "open It is interesting that only the gentle- men went calling; the women had to stay home to receive guests until some practical soul arranged a list of calling hours so the women could get out too. PREDICTIONS Man has always been curious about what the future brings and about things unknown. Predic- tions are made in the world of politics, relations with other countries as well as personal affairs. It's hardly possible to be in- different about the New Year. We cannot help dwell for a mo- ment on the happenings and per- sonal events of 1974 and we have hopes and plans for 1975. Have a good year! Bring Springtime Indoors Early In backyards all over the coun- try are unassuming bushes called Forsythia: it may not look like much these winter type days, with a little attention you can make them burst with yellow blossoms. It is not difficult to force the shrub into premature blooming. Take a mild day, preferably after a rain, go out and select bran- ches that bear plump buds and cut them off. Snip down at a slant almost at soil level. The length will be impressive when the branches are indoors and standing tall. Now pound the base of each branch with a hammer, or crush and shred it with pliers; this will help it absorb the needed water, then let it stand at room tem- perature for five or six hours. After that put the branches in a container of fresh water. Set the container in a basement or any other cool and dark place for two or three weeks. Replenish water frequently as it will be necessary during this time. When the flower buds seem about to pop, they can, be brought into the full light and warmer temperatures. You will have springtime flowers and fra- grance during some of the dreary days following the colorful and busy holidays. Rosh Hashana First of 10-Day Penitence It is not definitely known when Rosh Hashana, which falls on the first day of the month of Tishri, became the first day at" the New Year. The Bible refers to it as a festival which is to take place on the first day of the seventh month, taking Nisan, in the Spring, as the first month. Neither is it indicated that it marks the beginning of the year. Rosh Hashana is the first of the ten days of penitence. In the Agada it marks the anniversary of the creation of the first human couple, their sin and their repentance. The same is expressed in the Rosh Hashana Mustaf prayers, where it is stated, "This day marks the be- ginning of Thy work, a memorial of the first day of creation." MOCK PISTACHIO NUTS In small bowl, mix 10 drops yellow and 4 drops green food coloring with 1 teaspoon cold water. Add 1 cup finely chopped blanched almonds; toss well to distribute coloring evenly. Store remaining nuts in covered con- tainer in refrigerator. Recipe can be halved. .YOUR GOOD HEALTH.. Remember that one of the easiest ways to insult a hostess (New Year's or any other time) who may have spent hours preparing a meal is to drink so many cocktails that you lose interest in the, food. There is no known cure for a hangover. The purpose of drinks before a meal, after all, is to create a warm atmosphere and whet the appetite. It is not to stifle all interest in viands. A TOAST The word "wassail" is Anglo- Saxon and means "be Our modern practice of "drinking a toast" was derived from the custom of drinking wassail. Con- trary to what many may think, the wassail was not a real blaster with brandy or whiskey base. Actually, it was nothing more than good old English ale, to which were added beaten eggs, and a custardy mixture flavored with nutmeg and sugar. Atop the wassail as a final touch, were floated pieces of toast, and these ale-soaked and soggy mor- sels were considered prized taste treats. For a crowd! 15 eggs 4 quarts of milk 2 quarts egg nog mix Vz pint whipping cream fifth of bourbon pint light rum Nutmeg for garnish Begin with eggs at room temperature. Separate eggs. Whip egg yolks until very light. Add bourbon in a slow steady stream as eggs continue to beat. Beat mixture until creamy. Add eggnog mix and milk to egg yolk-bourbon mixture. Set aside. Beat egg whites until glossy peaks form. Fold whites into bourbon mixture, add rum and whipped cream. Just before serving, sprinkle nutmeg over all. If you don't have a very favorite recipe for egg- do try this, it's very very good! MORNING AFTER I-BURNED MY CANDLE AT BOTH ENDS AND NOW HAVE NEITHER FOES NOR FRIENDS: FOR ALL THE LOV- ELY LIGHT BEGOTTEN. I'M PAYING NOW IN FEELING ROTTEN. ..WHAT'S YOU SAY YOU REALLY DON'T LIKE TO GO OUT ON NEW YEAR'S EVE? TOO EX- PENSIVE? TOO NOISY? TOO CROWDED? WHY NOT PLAN A TV PARTY TO USHER IN THE NEW YEAR? WHAT'S A TRADITION? Simply, a tradition is a cherished custom families repeat year after year, and generation after generation the happy memories you have and want to give to your children. That's why traditions bring families together. Families can make meaningful traditions of lit- tle things. ..ANOTHER YEAR.. ANOTHER YEAR is ending, and it is time to discard any unpleasant memories and to save only the happy ones to take out and enjoy at quiet moments. And then to hope we may bring hap- piness to others during the year. Turkeyed Out? Try Beef This New Year Place beef rib roast on rack in open roasting pan. Insert meat thermometer in thickest part of meat, not touching bone. Add no water; do not cover. Roast slow oven at 325 degrees to desired doneness. Meat thermometer will register 140 degrees for rare, 160 for medium, and 170 for well done. Since the roasts usually continue to cook for a few min- utes after removal from oven, it is best to remove it when ther- mometer registers about de- grees below desired temperature. If you would like, season with salt and pepper during last half hour of roasting. As to timing, for a four-to-six pound roast, al- low 26 to 32 minutes per pound for rare, 34 to 38 minutes per pound for medium, 40 to 42 minutes per pound for well done. A larger roast will require three to five minutes less per pound. (A meat thermometer is the sur- est way of gauging the doneness and is well worth the invest- ment) Let roast stand in warm place about 20 minutes before serving. New Year: Day of Resolutions New Year's Day is full of the promise of fresh beginnings and preserves, too, the Saturnalian wish for an alteration in the ac- cepted pattern of life. Bells are rung, sirens sounded and whis- tles blown to celebrate its ar- rival and resolutions, sadly soon to be broken, made. The New Year's celebration in Scotland receives more attention than Christmas. The big ritual of New Year's Day is First Foot- ing. The first person, the First Footer, to enter the house un- invited on New Year's Day, of- ten carrying symbolic gifts of bread, salt, coal and money and usually a piece of evergreen, bring good luck in the New Year. The requirements are strict: it must be a man, dark- haired, not flat footed or cross- eyed and preferably not-a stran- ger. In Lancaster, for a female to be the first to enter the house was to let bad luck in for the coming year. Most important is to begin the New Year as you would like it to go on: have plenty of money in the pocket, dine well, rise early, pay your debts and lend nothing. At Wick in the North of Scot- land the old year is ceremonially burned out with great bonfires, the people gather round to dance and lighted torches are carried in procession. In South Wales on New Year's Day the young men of the vil- lages drew fresh spring water and went from house to house sprinkling all they met (for a few pennies) and would, if re quired, sprinkle those still in bed.