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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 24, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, December 24, 1970 THE IETHBRIOGE HERALD TIRED LITTLE ANGEL-This could be a high note or just a yawn from a tired little angel in the school play but it typifies how we a 11 feel at times during this busy season. iristmas customs began centuries ago ANG u ANGELIKA DICK AMBURG On the even i n g preceding the sixth day of De- cember small boys and girls in this coun- try will clean their boots with particular care They will take a large clean sheet of paper from their school satchels and will write or scrawl as neatly as they can manage a long letter to Santa Claus promising that they will be good and dutiful all through out the next year. The letters will be put into the boots, which will be put outside the door, so that the good old man with the long white beard, and the red pearl decorated er- mine-lined coal on his long walk of the silent city will not forget the boys and girls in the modern blocks of flats or m Ihe houses in the garden sub- urbs Santa Claus will be ex- pected to fill all these little boots with sweets, nuts and apples. In the early morning hours of the next day, all boys will sneak out of their rooms, and between apples, ginger- bread and chocolate they will find little toys, or a gaily col- ored Advent Calendar, a pie- lure to be hung in the window with little boxes or doors that can be opened, one for each day, until Christmas Day ai rives. Little boys and girls will open these doors one after the other, from 6th December to 24th December with growing intensity of pleasure, expecta- tion and excitement. Saint Nicolas, the benign old Saint with a different name in almost every part of Germany is also known as Santa Claus, Kneel Ruprecht, Pulterklaas or Sinter Klas; he will have presents only for obedient chil- dren; some of the boys and girls, when they get out of bed in the early morning to see what Santa Claus had left for them, will also find a slick be- side Iheir shoes, as a kind of warning againsl future naughty behaviour. The legendary figure of Saint Nicolas, or Santa Claus, goes back to many old legends. Once in the busy centres of towns and cities the first Christmas dec- orations will be lit up to attracl By Joseph Holy night, peaceful night, Wonderous star lend thy light! With the angels let us sinK Alleluia to our King, Jesus the Saviour is hero. First Decorations Were Quite Varied The early types of deco- rations for Christmas trees were as varied arid as charac- teristic as the nationalities of the people creating them. The farm-folk in Lithuania designed windmills and bird- cages of straw; the fisher-folk used fish nets; some Scandi- navians formed strings of small flags, and the Poles favored feathers, bright ribbons, and colored papers tied onto the trees. Our use of tinsel stems from an enchanting legend of dingy cob-webs woven by a spider around a tree on Christ- mas Eve which miraculously lurned to silver in ihe morning. From the simple frails and wafers, each generation added ingenious improvements to their decorations; red cran- berry strings and gilded nut shells, colorful paper chains and sparkling stars, striped candy canes and spiced cookies shaped like animals, bells and gingerbread men. The apples wrapped in brighl papers evolved into todays scintillating ornaments. Christmas Deck the halls with Christmas Greetings foi all. Good wishes for n very Merry Season. SEASON'S GREETINGS from the PRESIDENT, OFFICERS, EXECUTIVE, MANAGEMENT and the STAFF of the GENERAL STEWART BRANCH LETHBRIDGE NO. 4 ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION Christmas shoppers, Ihe time has come for the firsl candles lo be lit on the Advent wreaths made of branches spruce trees homes; of fir nearly all Santa Claus conies ti the earth is these unfriendly _nd unpleasant days of winter In Bavaria children will be ou in Ine snow, waiting for th procession of good old Santa Claus; they will line the streels in villages and lowns; and, in deed, bearded Santa Claus wi appear with a large bag, dis tribuling sweets amongst th jubilant children. Santa Claus Ihe legendary figure of a gen erous bishop of former cen luries, will, however, soon b recgonized as disguised dac who officiates in the difficu' assignment of a holy man. Bu even those children who k all about it will admire bin with respect. Santa Claus wi go to school, and children' hospitals, and walk from hous to house. asking childre whether they have behave properly during the year. I some areas in Southern Ger many Santa Claus will be companied by groups of devil in masks arid animal skins horrible to look at, doing wil dances, thumping the ground Ihey symbolize ihe evil spirit lhat were to be driven out b the holy man. In East Frisia, on the Nortl Sea coast, towards the end November people will cast die for cakes in bakeries, and fo poultry and hares in reslau rants. "Sinter as Sant Claus is called here, will rid through the villages and dei orated streets on a white horsi telling the young of the Chris kind that will soon start o "it's wide trip through th snowy winter woods to come to all Children will lis- ten attentively; they will also think of their own Christmas wishes. Another custom prac- tised in northern Germany is As soon as the dusk of the evening of sixth December sets in small and not so small children will disguise themselves in all kinds of masks, and will go from house to house singing Christmas car- ols; people will come out and give them small presents for their efforts: sweets, cakes, nuts, apples; the young singers will collect the "yield" in bags, and when they take it home they will be a little sore-throat- lancinating answers lo Christmas What is fact, what is fable? fSfeL t HO created Santa Glaus? Why kiss un- der Hie mistletoe? When was Christmas first celebrated? has become much more flirta- tious and romantic. i's noinsellia. now one of ihe most popular Christmas plants, is native lo (he American con- The answers lo these I tinenl. It is named for Dr. .loci and oilier questions I Roberts Poinselt of South six pounds of meals, and Ihe sweeter ingredients were add- ed over the years. The pie has been called "by a variety of names, among them "shred "wayfarers' since Ca-jit was served to all holiday relating to Christmas re a fascinating mixture of act and fable, says Dr. F. luart Crawford, chief ctymol- >ist of the. Merriam-Webster onaries. Here are actual histories, -d i origins i IB popular Christmas iradi- ons Americans enjoy today. Santa Clans is a genuine imerican creation. His name s an Americanization ot the )ulch 'Sinterlkaas', an allerna- of 'Siiit Nikolaas'. Even his oily appearance originated in iis country. In the early 1600's he Dutch settlers in New 'ork, who loved Yuletide feast- ng and merriment, depicled jnterklaas as a tubby charac- er in short breeches. The real St. Nicholas, whose lame in many languages ground the world is synono- mous with Christmas gift- giving, was an early Christian lishop who lived in the 4th cen- ury in the province of Lycia n Asia Minor. He was known or his generosity to all people n need, especially children. and is universally considered he patron saint of young peo- ple. The Christmas Stocking, stuffed with gifts, is credited to popular legend about one of St. Nicholas' many kindnesses. An impoverished merchant had three daughters for whom he could provide no dowry, which in those days meant the girls could not make a suitable mar- riage. So as each daughter grew up, St. Nicholas secretly passed by that house and threw a purse of gold through the window for her dowry. One of the bags of gold happened to fall into a stocking hung near the chimney to dry. That inci- dent is reputed to have started the Christmas tradition of rolina, who discovered Ihe col- orful flower in Mexico when he was Ihe American envoy Ihere from 1825 lo 1829. The Mexi- cans called Ihe plant Ihe Flow- er of tile Holy Night or of Christmas Eve. A Swiss farm- er in California, Albert Eckc, velopmenl of this flower, and his son made Encinitas in the southern part of that state the poinsettia capital of Ihe world. Mince Pie, a popular holiday dessert, has been known for over 500 years in England. At first it contained as much as visitors, and plain "Christmas It was believed to bring luck if eaten between and Twelfth left-over was good Christmas Day Night, and the distributed to the poor at the end of the Yuletide season. Christmas Carols. St. Fran- njs nf Assisi is generally con- sidered the the Christ- mas Carol. When he created the first nativity scene in Grec- cio, Italy, in 1224, he led the people in songs of praise to Ihe Christ Child and a new idea about Ihe holiday season came from Ihis jovial singing. Christmas carols, as they arc sung today, dale from about the nth conlury, when pyjple of many lands began to sing Christmas songs in their own languages rather than in Latin. The modern word "carol" has Tradition i.v flbout the thing tree, that jamilics decorate and gather round. Cam: it the ila'i' ulxn jamilies trek the The modern word "carol" has wandered far from its original FT_ .Wta rt-A-i-rhU. Mcral Its origins are found in the Greek "clioros" meaning dance. This was combined with the Greek "aulein." lo play on the flute, and formed "chor- a flute player who ac- companied the choral dance. The world evolved through La- tin to the Old French "carolc." a dance accompanied by sing- ing. In Ihe English form, grad-1 ually the meaning of dance I was lost and song alone sur-1 vived. Today a carol means a popular song or bal- _' find state ouncd arc pncraj 10 tree hunters thero is a tctircittf of' jjraerrcj natural stands of Orri may lie Half or wore t'f the trees tile a crap en plcln- Ojiiriak nj the Ticc C.'roircr'-j Danish traditions survive in more extravagant guise By OLE DUUS for Christmas Eve dinner at 7 forget the pixies on Christmas Eve will be struck by severe Hebrew origin Amen.' Hallelujah, and Cheru- bim are Christmas time words originating in the Hebrew lan- guage. ed perhaps, happy. but thoroughly hanging stockings to receive presents. The Christmas Tree is sup- posed to have originated among the German people. Ac- tually trees were revered among many early primitive tribes and trimmed with lights and decorations for festive oc- casions. The Romans before Christ decorated Irees during their feast of Saturn beginning on December 17th, and some- times placed twelve candles on them with an image of the sun god at the top. Evergreens have been direct- ly associated with Christmas festivities since the 8lh cen- lury, when St. Boniface com- pleted the Christianizaiion of Germany. Martin Luther, in German} in the early 1500's is said to have lighted and trimmed for his family the first Christmas tree as it is decorated today In this country homesick, Hes sein soldiers, brought here during the American Revolu lion to fight Ihe colonists, are reported to have put up the first decorated Christmas trees. It was not until the mid die of the 19th century, how ever, that decorated Christinas trees were used to any grea extent in American homes. The mistletoe has an equally- long history in many lands. The name used today, as traced in the Merriam-Webster Seventh New Collegiate Dic- tionary, comes from the old English "mistellan" which means twig of basil. In Greek nythology it was supposed to be a charm against evil. The Romans, who consid- ered it a symbol ot hope and peace, may have originated the custom of kissing under this plant. In Rome when ene- mies met under the mistleloe, they took off Iheir weapons, kissed each other, and delcared a truce until the next day. The present day tradilions o! kiss- ing under Ihe mislleloe, which the English introduced here. Associated Press I traditional menu is roast 1 1 AP or duck with red cabbage KM' Danish fat gravy, preceded by t jKSfc 1970 will be boiled in milk, or, more a much like in recent years, fol- f KsatT Christmas 1870, by boiled rice in whipped it will be more with lots of cut almond. c pensive, more is indispensible, not be- vagant, more commercial. Danes are such great even if Christmas now is fans, but because one very makes the difference tradition says that the rice profit and loss on the must contain one whole balance in much retail The person who finds many old traditions do almond in his helping is One marked change in to the "almond cent years is that may be anything from a begins earlier and earlier, of soap to a book or a box stores and shops starting chocolates. (Mysteriously, Christmas campaigns as almond has a tendency to as late October, leaving up with the youngest child. Danes thoroughly tired family peace is frequent- Christmas long before The preserved by the appearance several almonds and the Christmas Eve is the presence of several in Denmark. It is the time of the year when the countryside, many preaching to almost still observe the very churches most of the tradition of "not forgetting have standing room only by placing a bowl late comers. But then boiled rice in the stables, in also cleverly schedule hay-loft or elsewhere for mas Eve services to be over pixies lo feast on. The folk time for everyone to be has it that families who First Yule in Nigeria follows closely the Eu- Rylli Christmas in manner. Houses are SsSif r'ca> no' snowy, and the day after SmSlS alwavs merry, Boxing Day is cards and time to call on friends. laSSfrJ" good cheer. Now go to church in an end to the colonial cathe- War, Nigeria's six million and modernistic new dents can celebrate too Only a fraction of Af- help make this a season to 250 million are Christian, Christinas is a national "It's been so long since in all but the all-Mos- had any real celebration, countries. almost forgotten how we a big day for expatriates lo celebrate cling lo Christinas tradi- one to remind them of life To make up for lost time, many Nigerians intend to fling Ihemselves into one long festivity starting from the coun-frv's tpnth anniversary of home. One airline flies Christmas trees from Kenya across the continent to Nigeria for favored American customers. After Christmas Eve dinner, there is Christmas tree dancing and singing. In recent years' prosperity has made the two- chrislmas-lree (one indoors, one in garden or on balcony) family quite common in Den- mark. But there is no denying that the art of Christmas tree dancing is on the decline. In many homes, dancing is cut to a minimum. Small children still like it, teen-agers join only reluctantly and are none too familiar with the old hymns and songs. The exchange of Christmas gifts is an increasingly ex- hausting, time-and money-con- suming affair. Statislics show thai an average four-member family last year spent about 100 dollars on Christmas gifts for each oilier and for oilier relalives and friends. But above all, Christmas in Denmark is synonymous with ealing, beginning with Christ- mas Eve dinner and continuing with lavish Christmas family lunches on Christmas Day and again the next day. On Christ- mas Day one half of Denmark goes visiting and lunching with the other half; the following day traffic is reversed, the other half lunching with the first. One Christmas fixture in Danish newspapers, on radio and TV is advice by medical experts on how' to avoid over- eating, or, at least, reduce the painful effecfs of same. Trlay the blessings and spiritual glory of the season be yours. MANY THANKS FOR YOUR SUPPORTI BARRY PLUMBING 1253 5th Ave. A S. 327-5008 J. A. BARRY, Prop. Peace, Joy MO. O.IJ ihe Star that guided (he Wise Men blaze a path of enrichment for you. THE MANAGEMENT and STAFF of PROGRESS CLOTHING LTD. 112- 1H 5th STREET S. IETHBRIDGE In the Congo, it's a religious day with gifts often money Biafra's surrender in mid-Jan- t. Tsniluba'by the sweet, high- For the firsl tune in years, itched vojces o{ a chiHren's slightly relaxed import restric- choir trained b Belgian mis. mill allnm In tions will allow Nigerians lo stuff their liquor cabinets and ffjth restrictions recently larders, as well as find luxury ]iftedj Nigeria will return to items for presents. traditional types ot celebrat- During the last three Christ- ing. Several sects will hold mases, as the rest of Africa torchlight processions through exchanged gifts and feasted on Lagos' crowded streets, follow- traditional turkey, Nigerians day by masquer- let Christmas slip by with sim- and performances in the pie religious services and small park that draw thousands of gatherings. onlookers. Christmas, along with Christ- But, for obvious reasons, one ianity, is a relalively recenl reslriclion will still be en- import to Africa and its cele-' forced: no fireworks! On CluMrna in the KCM for the ersolert caroling party. In recent yean the. Menrlmce ha bun ra galHering vaaiU t breath fuHnj include, iotKcru sinter carries a lighted candle, 1 The Cltrktmet fflinfccrwra Mel- thim rrrr. The lhat i ml aarmli icerjfe, it IKC, tcb'iow or tocwl WISITIXG TOT; .AXD TOTTRS TITR BEST THIS SEASON HAS TO GIVE. AXD TO OTJK PATRONS 1VK EXTEND OUR HEARTIEST GRATITUDE POK XUliUl LOTAL SLTPQKT. THE MANAGEMENT and STAFF of ST. LOUIS FURNITURE 118 5th ST S. IETHBRIDGE ;