Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
22-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, December 23, 1974 Israel and Egypt said beyond negotiation range Ford won9 tolerate spying Trampled Bethlehem faces dark Christmas By THE CANADIAN PRESS U.S. officials say Israel and Egypt are still beyond negotiating range of each other and too far apart for U.S. State Secretary Henry Kissinger to be planning a trip to the Middle East. But The Associated Press reported the gap is being nar- rowed through an intensive diplomatic exchange, with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, emphasizing recovery of the Abu Rodeis oil fields, the strategic Mitla and Jidi mountain passes, or both. Israel is seeking a number of political concessions in return. In other Middle East developments, Agence France-Presse reported that Syrian armed forces had been placed in a state of maximum alert. The news agency quoted the Beirut newspaper Al Liwa as saying all military and civilian service leaves have been cancelled following intelligence reports that Israel "might unleash a large- scale attack against Syria dur- ing the year-end holidays." Also in Beirut, the new- spaper As Safir said Soviet Defence Minister Andrei Grechko had been on a secret visit to Cairo since Saturday. In Tel Aviv, it was reported that Maj.-Gen. Ariel Sharon, who led an Israeli crossing of the Suez canal in the 1973 war, told a group of Israeli Arabs that a Palestine state will eventually replace the Hashemite kingdom of Jor- dan. Reuters news agency said he suggested that such a state might be linked with Israel either by coalition or a federation WILLING TO MOVE Israeli Foreign Minister Yigal Allon. who was in Washington two weeks ago and will return on Jan 10. has indicated Israeli willingness to withdraw 30 additional kilometres in the Sinai desert. However, both he and former prime minister Golda Meir in her talk with President Ford made plain that any agree- ment must include steps by Egypt toward recognition of the Jewish state. Sources said these could in- clude a pledge not to support guerrilla activities and to cease economic and propaganda warfare as well as allowing third-country merchant ships carrying cargo for with Israeli seamen pass through the Suez canal. Meanwhile, Kissinger said in an interview with Newsweek magazine that it is "impossible" for the United States to recommend that Israel negotiate with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) "until the PLO accepts the existence of Israel as a legitimate state." Kissinger said the U.S. and Europe "will not negotiate over the survival of Israel." Whatever compromises Sadat finally may make, it is considered unlikely that he will accept an agreement without Israeli surrender of oil fields and mountain passes seized in the takeover of Sinai during the 1967 six-day war. UN MENTIONED In light of their strategic importance, the Mitla and Jidi passes may wind up under United Nations control while returning to Egyptian sover- eignty. Israel has also raised the possibility of mixed patrols to insure any future settlement. Sources say future control of the oil fields, which supply about half of Israel's petroleum needs, could be the most difficult point to resolve. While Sadat eventually may be willing to sell the oil to Israel, there seems to be no possibility that he would allow Israel to share in the opera- tion of appropriated Egyptian properties. The mediation is being con- ducted by Kissinger without reference to a deadline, although Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, who visits Cairo next week, will put pressure on Sadat to abandon the step- by-step approach in favor of an early reconvening of the Geneva peace conference. In another Middle East development, the West German magazine der Spiegel reported Sunday that the United States and the Soviet Union have agreed on a settle- ment based on Israel retreating from occupied lands to its pre-1967 borders and a guarantee from the Arabs of Israel's existence as an independent state. The magazine said the West German government was aware of the agreement, and had agreed on its part that U.S. bases in West Germany would be used to ferry military supplies to Israel in any conflict which was not originated by Israel. As Safir said Grechko was Pope voices world anguish VATICAN CITY (AP) Pope Paul today voiced anguish over continuing strife in Vietnam, the Middle East and Ireland. Addressing cardinals and prelates of the Roman curia, the Pope asked: "How can we fail to express our anguish in face of the diffi- culties that peace continuous- ly finds to reaffirm itself, even where it could be ex- pected to be finally establish- ed as in Vietnam." The Pope said it was his duty to recall, on the eve of the opening of the holy year of 1975, Jerusalem as "the holy city of the Christian world "How much we desire that Jerusalem would become the cross-roads of fraternal meet- ings for all the worshippers of Warship explodes HASTINGS, England (AP) An explosion ripped ir.nHigh in? boiler of the Argentine warship Candido de Lasaia in the English Channel today, killing two sailors and seriously injuring three others, the British Coast Guard reported. There was no immediate in- dication of the cause of the blast that occurred as the ship was anchored 7Vz miles off the English coast. A Royal Air Force helicopter ferried the injured men to the Royal Sussex Hospital in Hastings. After the injured were evac- uated, the ship steamed for Portsmouth where damage was to be assessed, the coast guard said. the only God. a symbol of peace for the people of the Holy Land and for all the peoples of the Near East, and not an object of persistent he said. Turning to other trouble spots, the Pope mentioned Ireland, "to us always beloved and always present in our soul where conflicts and violence continue to disturb civilized co-existence." Americans brace for more cuts WASHINGTON (AP) Six million Americans are out of work this Christmas, the worst unemployment record since the end of the depression of the 1930s, and the United States is bracing for more to come. The unemployment rate now is 6.5 per cent of the work force. It is expected to grow to 7.5 per cent in 1975. In 1940. (hjj o '--are 1 without WOPK, abou! 14.p ppr cent of that era's much smaller work force. Workers in the auto, timber and textile industries are the hit bv ncli day-season layoffs. At the same time, price are rising, personal income is de- clining and there is heavy competition for available jobs In the auto industry, new- car sales are down more than 30 per cent from a year ago and the layoffs, in terms of duration, are the worst in the postwar period, with of the hourly workers laid off in December. trying to reach an agreement on Egypt's arms needs before Soviet Communist party chief Leonid Brezhnev visits Cairo next month. Another Beirut newspaper, the independent An Nahar, re- ported that Iran has agreed to provide Egypt with certain types of defence equipment, including a radar network for Egyptian cities and strategic positions. The paper said diplomatic sources reported Egyptian pi- lots would be trained in Iran to fly the U.S. F5 jet fighter. Egypt's air force is equipped mostly with Russian MiG's. Meanwhile, a group calling itself the Hrab Communist Or- ganization claimed that it was responsible for bombs that did minor damage Saturday night to Spinneys, Lebanon's biggest supermarket and a favorite shopping place for the foreign colony. In a statement published in several Beirut newspapers, the group demanded that Spinneys before New Year's Eve distribute free one ton of sugar, one ton of rice and cans of powdered milk to poor families in the city. A spokesman for the store said the firm's board of direc- tors met today to decide how to respond to the ultimatum. Israel today stepped up security precautions around holy places following Sundays grenade attack on a group of U.S. pilgrims. Patrols were increased in East Jerusalem and parts of the occupied West Bank of Jordan favored by Christmas visitors. Soldiers mounted watch over Bethlehem, the birthplace of Christ. "Not a single roof will remain un- military sources said. WASHINGTON (AP) President Ford says he will not tolerate illegal spying by the Central Intelligence Agency within the United States and that he has been assured the agency is not in- volved in such activities now. Responding to questions about a published report that the CIA spied on U.S. antiwar groups and individuals during the Nixon administration, Ford said Sunday that CIA Director William Colby had told him earlier in the day that "nothing comparable" to the alleged surveillance operation was now going on. The report in the Sunday New York Times also prompted demands for an im- mediate investigation from former CIA officials and members of Congress. The CIA declined im- mediate comment. BETHLEHEM (Reuter) The little town of Bethlehem, where Jesus was born nearly years ago, is a quiet place of sad faces and empty tourist haunts as Christmas approaches. Townspeople say Bethlehem is being trampled on the three-way treadmill of the world energy crisis, the political and military problems of the Middle East and the economic ills of its Israeli occupiers. "Bethlehem is poor and this Christmas things will be harder than at any Christmas says Mayor Elias "Freij, who has just returned from a 35-day fund-raising tour of the United States. A similar story of tourists, who have so far failed to visit the holy places, is told in Nazareth, the Christian Arab city in Israel where Jesus spent much of his life. Restaurateur Abu Nasr, who has played host to Christ- mas pilgrims for 30 years, gazes at deserted tables and says glumly: "I never remember a mid-December as bad as this. You could say we're looking towards a black Christmas." The Israeli government tourist board, however, is op- timistic. Tourism ministry spokesman Michael Gidron said "The figures for tourist arrivals this year are at least very similar to those in 1973." Two years ago, tourists arrived in the holy land, he said. In December, 1973, two months after the Oc- tober Middle East war, the number slipped to This December, he said, a total of are expected. "It's a bit early yet (last week) for people to come. But given the world energy crisis and the slump in international tourism (transatlantic fares have gone up 30 per cent) we are holding our own this Christmas." Businessmen, dependent for their living on the tourism generated by the holy sites, are not so confident. The gold sand-colored Jerusalem stone fronts of dozens of souvenir shops in the narrow streets of Bethlehem stare over empty streets. Only a few cars and taxis are parked in Manger Square, before the Church of the Nativity which stands on the traditional site of Christ's birth. Usually at this time it would be crowded, shopkeepers said, Workmen outside the Good Shepherd store and the Holy Manger store hoist up a string of colored lights across the near empty street. 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