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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 23, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta TiiK HIM K 11- v it KK vLr> BATH- ROOM FIX- TURES WE have just received a large shipment of Bathroom Fixtures in, highest quality nickle brass. Here is something that will make a very useful and acceptable Christmas Gift. Our selections incliules Spongy and Soap Holdftrs, Tumbler Holders, Wardrolx1 hooks. Toothbrush Holders, Opal Ohiss, find Plain G-lass, Towel .Finished with Xickel Knob, Opal and Plain (-lass Shelves, with strong nickel fixtures. .Mirrors of all shapes 'aod Our range ol' Bathroom Fixtures is the 'most complete in the city. SEE OUR WINDOW DISPLAY_____ Knickerbocker Spraybrush shampoo, entirely different and belter than the expen- sive overhead showers. This modern appluini-p massages the skin, demising tind working mvay the impurities fpoiu every pore. Wear Fully Guaranteed-Fits any Faucet AN INTRODUCTION TO SILENT ROBBERS OF CANADIAN AG- RICULTURAL WEALTH U unfavorable to tlu-lr dewOopuu-nt. llotiti lurtitHl into lus'iiivs iinVsioii will root out ami eiti largf of tho slow-movmp, mi Kfiibs. lo'1 ilie jjrubs Iu the soil an- hisulphide of j Brown. U. S. V. in carbon, ami .-imitsioiu The ComiliMmmi of for this imrposo not yielded favorable ivsiiiis. truit For any one who IMS thy it me lretfg liia) protected i iiK-limttion theu- is iu> more inter-j (1, u-etU's by L-siius aud instnu-uve lit-ld lor suidy ;mvins wltu or the, beetles j ami mvosiigailoii llian ei-oaomic en- (ll bl. lmo in IM I tomolOKy. Tin- ranne and variety rotation of C. W. GRAY "The Best Hardware House" THREE ENEMIES IN THE SOIL of inseci lift-, tispi-emlly in its reUit iur.ships U> to aiiiuuils and to mail, olTi-i- at mice a sti'lUiuy 'I- Itistration of liu- complexify of na- tiii'tr as well as the of living ibiiiss. The practical fann- er Miffurc iu the luss of part of his produce, and Gcirasiomilly loses all of a -'I'op, by tin- oYiTiOoluK1. insert or beneath his soil. The cultivaiion of a plunt in sreat quantity offers an niiusiiii! for ihe inmraso of its insect t-neniit's. The number of ypecit-.s afiVdinj: kind of say nothing m r.umbor of individuMs- -is ofifii .ureat. Dr. .lusuis Wautm l-'olsom. m" Ihe, rniversily 01 Illinois, estimates thai crops with thoiuuph .-uhivaiiim if ommviideiL "iliivation. in fact, will rid of more grubs (linn any oilier method fciunvn. It largo nmnlu lull exjiosea them to birds and ciu'inivs. The Wire Worm And The Remedy Tho wire worm 'he of any one of over hundred spec- ies of and is u Imrd, tf mouth, yellow or trrowu worm, sueh as is seen in Uie soil about the roots of cultivated crojis. Wire worms re- stMiihle in iwwu? rertain of the myriapods, bn; may he disiiu- suished by tho small number of legs. i. i, 1 11 U! mi ll lilt J i WQ hundred spin it's uttui k JIKIUUL t jui'v' two hundred ancct' clover, t Ci lllllir I I j. jm-int'f; inln tllP while the oaks :ohnbly ono thousand species. 'Trohably at, least, ten per crop is lost, through the placed (in back springs into the air with a clicking sound, made by snapping Its head pare backwards. Tu the larva! cuinliUon the insect lives George A. Dorsey, Ph.U., L.L.D.I Chicago Tribune as (Ms, to Uie nationalization of the land, New South .Wales finds that misrepresentations have to he met und that a certalu large cement of the public to be convinced that land nationalization is necessary and that it cnn be achieved TTlthont oonflacotlon, or other dlaturbaiice. A furtlwr difficulty Is the of several ItlndK of land tenure, which plves rise, to vouNIeting interests and greatly cotnplicaitjs the problem. bejjiniiius, has been made in two directions: The commonwealth land tax anil the recently proposed tenure of By a progressive laud lax the KtaUi -will "his eatatas unprofitable and gradually buy them tack without paying for the unearned m- crameiit. laeauwhlle discontinuing the oHtritfiO'wIe of crown lands. Tax Assessment Act The conuoouwflaltli tax aKaess- juent act relates to un- improved values, which, in relation to ]and, la defined as "the capital sum of which the fee simple of the land might be experted lo reitliw it" offer- ed for aale on such reasonable terms! and condUions as a bona fide seller; would require, assumins; that ihe Im-j ppovenienm, if any. thereon or tainitiR thereto, ami made of acquired ny i IIP owner or his predecessor in title, had not made." weunn oapi-1 tal sum which the simple of the j land might be expected to reitllze offered for Pale on such reasonnliUij terms and conditions as. a bona fi'te pellet' would j "Value of JniprovtnmniB" menns the added value which improve- sivn m land .l.o of valuation, irrespuctne ul tlwir CORt. The laud tax is to h.- puid ou ihe unimproved all land? those especially exempt. 'Hie taxable value of all t'he laud hy a per- non is: In tlio case an Ihe rota.1 anm of t.he nnimprovcd val- ue, of each parcel of land; Jn the ease of an owner "not au abseniee, the bal- ance of the total fiimi of the uiiun- provftd value'Of each parcel of liind after 'ttefluctiiis tho sum Progressive Tax Laid At, tho same time ihr cuininon- woalth parliament imposed a jcresatVe land tax upon unimproved rallies. Thorn are two schudulnfl. First, a rale when tho owner of I.he land reHldr.s in Ar.atralln. Thus, for fti much of the taxable rnlue us does iiot exceed .eTfi.flni, the rato of tux tjotmd shall be 1 ptiiuy, where the taxable Sa .h'1 sterling, and shall increase uniforniiy with each of sterling in the taxable value, in such manner that the increm-ent of tax between the Unable. value, of and taxable value of -J i.. Khali be 2 [H-nee. So the. inent of until we reach every pound sterling of taxable value in excess of which is taxed at the rate of '1 pemre. tho owner does not reside in An.-uraijn the rate In a penny a pound, when the taxable value doori not ex- iJTidiiu. When over thiit the in- crement increnses till n. of 7 pence pound reached with tiLXuhle valiiRH exceeding iSO.Uliti, Land on Perpetual Lease Lands Minister Becby recently de- scribed ihe form of tenure which Hit; government proposes to adopt as to all crown lands made available in the future. "We intend to of fur lands only in living urea he said. ln- teitrf to offer them as home farms or seleetions, with every tDROurau'emniit 10 the niiiii who iiuend.4 to jnu the land to its fair "'I'ne land will hft offered on per- petual Ivast-. No rent will be for rhe first five yearh, provided thiit the selller iii hnnrovemeiua each year '2 1-2 per cunt, of the capi- tal value of his holding. At end of five he paja his rent to the crown ;it the raty of per cent, on ihe capital value. For all time rent will be fixed on that basis. "Ai ihti end of fhe years ihc lioine- stftiid si-lector his deed, a to himself, his heirs and assigns, for- MEMORIALS TO TITANIC VICTIMS London, DIM-. memorials tor the Itev. C. (barter, vicar of St. .hide's Church, llridewell, aii.l his ivifp. who in the Tii.anic dis- wero dedieatfil in St. .hide's Mr-at inspprtoffi in Berlin arc oni- ilic nioviim jiicturo camera in their work. phnwiiiK muTo-oriranisTiiH in motion i( the nirat bf: Makes Sweet. Wholesome Bread Women write that t.lm used makeK sour hnl hilo Hwan Yeaat inn ken bread sivom U aud wlmlosonie. Sold by icers, fi cakes for Sc, Uo.f fr-i- pie from While Swmi Ji p, bimitfd. Toronto, Out. J-! ten cenu mi th- dollar, liowevor. this irniiressive. Tht> aver- age annual damage, done to crops in the l.'nitcd Slater was ctmsfmitively estimated by Walsh and Hi ley to Ire about fur each An interesting nu't to be noffd here it? thai an insect often parses readily iroJii a wild plant to a nearly related, cultivated species. Thus the Colorado potato beetle passed from the. wild species. Solanum rostra turn, to the introduced sncctes, Solnnum tuberus-! iini, j.toimo. -Many of our fruii ire-1 insects 1'esii upon wild as well ;is cultivated species of Koseceae; the peach borer probably fed original- ly upon 'wild plum cr wild cherry. Many of the common scarabaeid lar- vae'known as "while are nat- ive to prairie soil, and attack [he roots ot various cultivated grasses. Includ- ing corn and those of strawberry. jiotuto aud other plants. The chinch bug ted nrigiimlly upon native gras- ses, but is equally at home on culti- vati-'d siwules, uavticularly millet. iiunyariau rice, wheat, barley. rye corn. In fact, the worst corn insects, such the c'ninch bag, wire worms, wliit-? grtihs and ,cut wiM-iUH are species derived froni wild The Providence. j The thrt'e cucnu-es in rhe soil which) it in iho purple of this urtiele toj discuss are: white ferubs. -wii-e and c.ut worms. Kach of these three! j pysts is from time to time- present in varying tiuantities ihe asrk'-uH.iiral sections of this Domin- ion. Sometimes the damage do can scarcely be computed iu dollars und cents. A combination of circum- Mancea during almost any season may to add tuaterially to their num- bers and within the next twelve, months so before the balance iu nature hus been adequately restored they destroy cultivated plants over larKu areas and render the fanners' labor futile. Ir seems that iu all parts of world tlu? farmer is under ihe necessity of measuring his skill and his strength in overcoming Uit" condHious thai for the Lime 'being are imposed by natural law. Sometimes these conditions are brought about by his own acts and sometimes they are the of the operations of forces beyond his control. For ex- last year ;i farmer ill the Ar- yentlue Hepulilic purchased and sow- ed worth grass of which nti :i aeuit germinated, owing tu the drought. this country are seldom -so unfortunate, but dnr- inff i.he preKont yc.ar hundreds of farniorff ainui; the shores of 1-uke I-'rio] in one of inn.'at agricultural lolls In whol-rt Dominion have snf-j I'ered almost a total loss of their corn' crops ;md partial losses of oat; crops because of the dr-vaslations ofj the. Insect commonly known ihe white KniR. The the larva .May het-tles, called in (he hooks chiif-'Sterna fiu-ca, Tlio also known us .Itino are rfcnK- [nfied by ilu'ir hrown or black color, ihuir habit of tlying to lights at: nisht. The common spt-cies is alioni! three quarters (if ;tn inch lung. Tlu-j remain during thfti day iiiid come nut. ai niiiii to feon on ihe leaves nf The aiv laid in the Around and rhe larvali Tho gnihs are soft, with A hrown head. There HIV species oi' insects, all of which arc more nr less injurious. TJ'if-j- atiac'" a [r.'s'at viu'ieiy of phuilB, but. especial- ly grasfitis, co.reala, fruit trees and imrsnry stock and grftenhoHS.? plant P. Tboso pof.s arc doatroycd hy p'iirasiiU I'unjd, mi IPS. and othei' iiiricct.s. and arv: fed upon hy various birds and small mitiumnlfi. Tho grubs uiny he liy tho rrcoxintt of soil, jivotractcd drous'bi lost Grocers Give You worms, and it shuiild be ht'Kmi early and continued iit close intervals ull nior. StnbbU> should In1 jiltnved U'liiati'ly (H-t'i1 the harvest, und ted as summer fallow until growth, wholly eeaso-i in iho fall. This to destroy tlieir Ktcd and to kill UH- piipao or ihe adult muths changing from the larva Cnlsoned baits of bran, clover ,uhcr urt'en crop, .sprayed with Paris jireen and rinowt'd two or i hive days, has been found m but a ijiniKT m tin- neighbor- father make a big profit than serve you hooii ot till' oil! Sliiudoii i'aia-li somh Ceylon Tea when you ask for it, but there are others ,i who would rather make a big profit than serve y j bad for inkation. Me" W1" water will effcotivej "rll'v barriers enl worms wlu-n on B-'s "Um w overcomo by m'os iicul to luid a method thai is eflectlvo farm eonuitlons. hcv an- both s mines -on hilly in OliUirio and in c-ortain sect- ions of tlifl VVi'st. wliere thei-o is but c. meagre atlcnipt lo Uu I'nnu work' tliorougilly. Ovviii.s lo the liaij- ils of these iiist'iMs ilic- iifosfiice of large areas of grays lamls anil old pastures favor Mum- luiiltiiilicanon and ilevt'loiiinein. Last year tlio dl- malic were such alonj; llic north shore of Erie rliat. morning, after havi! scions for ovi'r fifty huiil-s. has hei'ii cunsi-ioiis sainrilay TEN MILLION MEALS WERE SERV. ED BY THE C.P.R. SERVICE Busy Time for Brigade Tile I'iro department liad io celebrate iliis On Si Montreal, Dee. your 11V mculs were served on our ocean iiiiil lake steamers, railway din- ins ears and hotels, an average of con. siderahly over menls a day. Th? cost of the meals was about t-I.OO'i.- ntm. and supplies cost Tho wire worm is otic of tile woi and commonest pests of (lie farm, it is a difficult inseci ;o destroy. Ks- pt'riinents of saaliins seed corn poisonous solutions aud coating it with poisonous or offensive substan- ces indicate conchiBiveiy that seed cannot he protected in that Par- is green, tar, salt, copperas, chloride of lime, kerosene, turpentine ant] strychnine were used for tiie purpose any effect ou th? v.'ire worm. It. been claimed by some farm- ers that good results have been se- or hy planting- crops thought to ho nn- pleasant to .wire worms, sueh as buck- wheat, flax, mustard and Ci' fill experiments, however, show thai wire worms cauno; he starved by summer (allowing, although thorough cultivation is unfavorable to their de- velopment. Btickwlieut is at by wire worms, though it dees not ns- ually suffer severely. is not known to lie at all affected by Ihe wire worm, and is regarded liy ex- perienced farmers as the best crop on infested soil. Fall nlowins and har- rowing- will destroy muny ot' the in- sects -hy breaking open tile cell in soil. Ill which if. changes from wire-worm lo ellbfc-lio-olle. The adult beetles may lie readily attracted to baits of poisoned clover, poisoned sweetened dough, or sliced potatoes. In limited an-a-5 the larvae may IIP treated with carbon bisulphide, kero sene or crude petroleum in Mm soil. In some localities good results have heeu -claimed from an ot salt C.T salty fertilizers lo the soil. cut worm is the third of these costly free boarders ou the farm. The term "cut worm" is used lo in- dicate any one of a number of smootb caterpillars of similar habits, but all are the larvae of one or other of the Owlet moths. Cut worms are of a neutral sreen, Kfey or hrown col- or. They feed at night and remain hidden by day, under nibhlsh or in the soil. The adults are medium sized moths of a neutral color which oltcn liy to lights at night. worms are especially injurious to corn, clover, alfalfa, onions and var- ious garden crops. Several species of cut wofins have the habit of crawl- ing up the trunks of trees anil eiitinir out the hnds in spring: these species .being commonly known as climbing cut worms. When food becomes scurce cut. worms may adopt the habit of army worms and may mi- gnue. devouring every green thing in thtir course of travel. In the West this year many thousands of acres of wheat, and other grains have been destroyed, wholesale, by them. A common siglit to iho traveller hv trail or highway has been the swath ol' daily increasing width, cut hare or living Ri-een from HIP fence in- waste of labor and oflprclil due to tiie neglected cut, worms. To right iho pest requires a know- ledge life -history and habits. Tbe adult moth lays her eggs in midsummer, upon gri-en vegetation, which serves as a food supply to Ihe i.uickly batching larvae. With a good supply of thr sort tho young cutworms thrive till wint-sr. when they bury themselves in the ground. in tho spring they resume operations, which is Ihe time at 'which Iliey are usu- ally noticed liy Ihe farmer. They have the wasteful habit of cutting on'. Just ai.uve liie ground, the procu shoots and growing plants upon which they feed, with the same extravaganco as was formerly shown by the hunt- wh.. ale only the steak of the ik-vr In' killed'. II is thus not. what they eat but whal they destroy dur- ing the meal that, injures the fann- er. rtay morniUR nro )fi ayrolls amoimtoil lo sliiiek of Ittlo value on '1 hirleenlli i --v- -t overheated car on Campbell. Wilson amount of land iiuder pasture havej ihe cause of an- together provided just the conditions j ihp white gruhs renuired for tlieir. Cl best, development. In sections fully twenty per cent, of tho oat cror. was injured, and In ouriain townships at least sixty per tent, of the coni crop 1ms been destroyed. As this is a com section, the loss to the farming community will this year! A Trip to Santa Land At p.m. sharp on t'lirislinus night, the youns drciv's Sunday school will r'Midt'r in their church tbt> cantata, com- posed by Adam Leibel, the famous (Santa Cans man. The audience will aggregate manv hundreds ot thout- t b, be transported bv airship to the v.ork- ands of dollars. With insects like white grub and the wire 'worm, that have larval every threoy shop, where Santa malces toys for tlio children of every land. Hern they that have a long bc with story and song by nonce- Jirst year I Clans and Hie foreign children, every tnreo-yoar period is an exceed- On lho trip they will bc ac- ingly trying time Im the farmer. fclans, who will ilibly entomological experts may dis- presents from the o( the ever cover some practical method of deal- tree, in addition to were artisti cantata, there will lie. a mlnlbcr of with these pests under (hi ditions that prevail on the average farm: but. in the nieautimo. ii' .proiit- p-ble agriettlture is lo lie continued, more intensive metliods of cultivation! are UKU-H than saved by rev- enue." In these words Sir Thomas Shauh- nesBy suve an idea of the magnitude of the Canadian Pacific Railway Co. in its operation, while replying lo tho toast "The at the annual banquet of the C.P.K. officials and em- ployeus held at the Place Viger Hotel on Saturday ni.qht. A. U. -McTior officiated as chairman ant! had on his right Sir Thomas SliauglmusB.v, Mr. G. Bosworth, Mr. J. S. Dennis, and Mr. Geo.' Ilamlin. in nnlttr Jinmed: and on his left Sir. D. Ak-Xicoll, Mr. A. R. Crcelmau. Mr. F. L. and Mr. C. B. Nssher. An excellent musical programtno i of the drills and exorcises rendered by oth er members of tho An imjoy- time is promised to all, An ad- unique. LIVERPOOL LIVE STOCK MARKET Liverpool, Dec. Rogers .t more abusive method, of cultivation! fo, -Hl.Hs ,iu! I ncc. Rogers mnsL be generally adopted, less lan.l) fjr is cable that tlicre onlr should be leit to 5rass on Ihr- of which will m-Jderuio lradt_ at Uirlvpr.hcnd to- ami the system oi placing colonies "l restricted nod prices remain unaltered chickens, in the fields should in-j XaU. Yorb aiv, slnninp a wtiflk's i2 t0 atltutcd. The farmers should ror atrklor law 10 -ovf-ru j (-entt! for lil-sti how a menace those insect t ami iTSlriiM' the ol' rofaine. Thf j pests are and take active, intelligent, present hnv is too feobl.; to trhifiik the j nearly years old, a _..j 1 nun Hi- Hoinan mirror mado Iiractii'al and aggressive i master them and. stop i: ccnliy dis covered Homan mirror mado _____ ;by lead foil 10 glass, was American coal !s n'.pidiv liudiiu; I'a-' offocLive as'whun new. ________________ V01. ttin expori? hav-; A I'pnnsylvtiiiia college maintains a in ihe ten years Yuri; has hig incrpased SOU eont. in twenty bituminous coal mine for instruction, 25 square miles of land liyjywirs. About worth passed j in practical us as theoretical mln. It in the riiy's ashes, J out in the last fiscal year. J ing, work. rescue work. (Iloaii ui destroy ;is far its iiosriiLiif or grass plant in suminor tallow or between the rivivji of lioo i-rops, sot-ins to tin) bcsi means Uie cut AN OLD CHRISTMAS SCENE FROM THE BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE ;