Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, December 22, 1971 i All is not yet dear II is too early In iissuss the full significance of the weekend develop- ments in the inteniiilional trade and finance arena. Just as the crisis be- gan long before President Nixon's August 15 bombshell, so it will drag out long after Hie exchange adjust- ments finally agreed upon over Ihe weekend Interpreting Ihe IS. devaluation as humiliation for Ihe American na- tion is grossly unfair. From the end of the Second World, War until vci-y recently the I'niled Stales bore the major burden of 11) free world de- fence. restoring the battered old nations and i3i financing the emerg- ing new nations. This had inevitable effects on the American and world economics. Nixon only admitted the obvious last August when he demand- ed that Ihe newly strengthened coun- tries, now competing heavily with Ihe U.S.. start paying their full fare by pricing their currencies more real- istically. They, in turn, iFrance was the most persuasive I insisted that the U.S. join in the exercise by a measure of devaluation. That has now been worked out, and the U.S. import surcharge has been removed. Canada's victory lies in her suc- cessful refusal to re-peg Ihe dollar. Hy abandoning a fixed exchange rate some time ago, and permitting the Canadian dollar to rise about nine per cent, Canada had already done her fair share in foreign exchange revaluation. She had already done what Ihe U.S. was demanding of all her trading partners. Further. Canada's official position is that trade is best facilitated by a free or floating exchange rate. Just as the maximum trading volume of any commodity is effected by let- ling supply and demand set Ihe price, so with money, the medium of all exchange. Not all economists agree with Ihis policy. Some argue lhat trade should be deliberate and ex- change rates an instrument of gov- ernment policy. In the long run, how- ever, the market forces triumph over any government, policy, at least in a free country. But to repeat, all is not yet clear. It was. however, a most significant weekend. Commerce vs culture The decision of i.ethhridge City Council to reject the Central School property as the site for the pro- posed new library will be disappoint- ing to many people. It seemed like an ideal location and there was also the feeling that stmn the project would be under way. While Ihe aldermen have the ob- ligation In guard the city's linan- cial interests they must also attempt to deal with the question of values. The site for the library cannot be determined simply in terms of the commercial value of property. There are other considerations of equal, if nol greater, importance. Passing over a site that is so suit- able for a library because it might be a good revenue producer could be a mistake. What if no commer- cial interests want the property and it is left unused'.' So far as the public knows there hasn't exactly been a stampede to acquire the land for de- velopment. A city is likely lo he judged by the importance attached In such things as its library. Some priority then needs to be given to Ihe locat- ing of this It should not be forced onto whatever property is least desirable. Ideally the kind of library that is envisaged should determine the site. Only a site lhat will really provide the setting required should be con- sidered. Harold Cardinal, MP The resignation of Harold Cardinal as president of the. Indian Associa- tion of Alberta is quite in order. It should do what he expects it lo do- improve the relationship between the Indians themselves and the federal government. It is important to remember that the most urgent need of the Indians is not jobs or welfare or even edu- cation, but their own self-confidence and self respect. Once they get lhat, even-thing else fall into place. And to gel that self-respect, they must nol continue as meek, servile objects of government policy. They must learn to stand up for them- selves. The government, concurrent- ly, must hold them to responsibility. II must not accede to all their de- mands simply in compensation for all its earlier years of stifling pa- ternalism. When the Indians are un- reasonable it must sav no. Mr. Cardinal is surely one of the most competent and vigorous of the. latter day Indian leaders, and he did much to strengthen their self- vespect. However his personal ven- detta against the present govern- ment was indeed a barrier in the way of healthy mutually respectful relations between the' government and the Indians. Much of the time he was more in the role of political executioner than Indian leader, and sometimes the confusion of roles made him appear almost ridiculous. He says he is going to retire and try to find a job among his own people in Northern Alberta. Thai is a laugh. If he is silent and obscure during the federal election next year, it will be a miracle. lie would strengthen any political parly and can be expected to take a nomina- tion. But not for the Liberals! ANDY RUSSELL TITANY times over the years I have come across tracks and signs of cougars, sometimes very fre.sh marks indicating the big cat had left just moments ahead of my arrival. Bin rarely have I seen one, al- though my trails have led me through some of the finest cougar country on this continent. Once 1 came on a freshly va- cated cougar bed in tall grass still uarm from the heat of its body and Ihe stems could be seen straightening up from the pressure of the animal's weight. Again. 1 was fishing for trout one balmy April eve- ning on tho Middle Fork of the Salmon River in the midst of a mule deer heaven fifty miles from the nearest wheel- ed vehicle and two hundred from the near- est railroad by trail. En joying the peace of the wilderness, T fished my way around a hairpin bond of the river, coming back s mimiles later In find that a rougar had killed a doe wilhin (eel. of where I had just Iwen standing. The cover along tlie river bank was suffieent to bide the big cat's line of retreat; for in spile of a favorable wind and the sound of the stream biding any noise 1 might have made, Ibe cougar bad somehow doteded my presence. did I one of UK-SB animals during a period of two v.ecks al- though there hundreds f.f deer and kills were commonplace-. Only twice over fifty years of observa- tion in wild country have I seen cougars. The first time wa.s almost within Inn site of VV'atcrton Lakes Village. I was standing above the road on the eastern end of town watching some sheep below the cliffs to the north, when Ihe movement, of another nnimal up on rock faces of Ihe mountain caught my eye. II wa.s a (ougar coming Unvards Ihe sheep A lawny In-own in color uilli a lypieal sharply defined black mask over its face under tl'e eyes and a long heavily furred tail: it moved down over the steep broken rock will! an incredibly smooth action like a piece of silken ribbon. Occassionally it would pause and look at the sheep with only the tip of its tail twitching, and then it would proceed. The sun was bright ami the background spectacular. The big cat's stall; was cne of the most beautifully dra- matic things ever witnessed, with a plump bighorn the obvious prize. But the sharp eyes of a sheep caught tl'.e movement and in a moment every eye in ihe bunch was trained on the approaching cougar. The hunter sensed il almost instantly and wilh the distaste all cats have for making fools of themselves trying to finish a slalk obviously gone sour. Ihis one turned away lo look for dinner elsewhere. Another time I wa.s climbing Ibrougli a larch park near (imborline wilh a pack full of camera cquipmcnl. when the trail led me near the edge of a semi-circular rimroci; overlooking deep mounlain cirque. Something mmod behind a Iree twenty yards ahead. I in my tracks jtisl in lime u> see a magnificent lug male cougar come out inlo a sunli! slrip of mea- dow completely oblivious to my presence. Vnabie lo resist Ihe temptation, 1 moved lo iinn'o my pack, and a moment lalcr the big cat and I were eye lo eye. Then it moved on up around Ihe rim, slopping lo look at me again from a point of rock before vanishing into Iho limber. Once more I had ihe place lo myself with only a vivid piclure impressed in my memory of an animal that moves with a sheer grace matched by few olhers Of all Mi.- cats of ihe world Ihis one stands among the mosl hcauliliil anil it is by far the mo.4 ellicienl killer. India's victory a big bonus for Moscow "iVyoSCOW The outcome of the bido-Pakistan war in Kussian eyes is already very clear: they sec it as a defeat lor the Americans and a dip- lomatic triumph of the first, or- der for themselves. It is all the sweeter, loo. because it comes in a region where the lUissians have been facing stiff Chinese and American competition, and where the natural advantages are not in their favor. The Indian military success will give Moscow more con- fidence in its ability to deal with Sino-American competi- tion in Asia and Africa. Si- multaneously, it will encour- age Moscow to pay even more attention to Asia than it has done so far. will remain, of course, an area of priority for Moscow because of geopoliti- cal, economic and cultural fac- tors. But the accord between Hie two Germanys and be- tween Western Germany and Poland and the Soviet Union, have gone a long way to legiti- mize the status quo in Eu- rope. All that is required now is to legitimize these accords by other European nations, to gain their acquiesence and this is what the projected European security conference is going to be about. What conies will seem hum- drum: concerned with who sells what to whom and for how much. The cold war in Europe will not be succeeded by a grand political entente, but by a fish market, a European Bil- lingsgate. The Russians, for all Ihcir fears from past experience in Europe at the hands of Ger- many realize this in a vague .sort of way. So they are pre- paring to talk technology, oil, yas and machines. The Russians also believe that American supremacy in Europe is corning to an end; that henceforward the Ameri- cans will mostly remain a sub- clued presence, subject to na- "No, no. I'll get up for the beers I need the exercise." tional and group interests of Europe itself. So, they foresee a calmer relationship with the rest of Europe, with peaceful coexistence as a fact of life rather than a manifesto. Faced' with this prospect, Moscow's attention seems cer- tain lo turn to Asia. The line- lip of the big Powers on the Indo-Pakistani conflict is a clear indication of the shape of things to come and Moscow has begun to absorb the lessons. In the case of India, it has almost reverted to the policy of Khrushchev, having decided some time ago that it is better lo have a satisfied India as a reliable friend rather than to have both Pakistan and India as grumbling acquaintances. The skilful use made by the In- dians of Soviet support will, ob- servers feel, encourage Mos- cow lo concentrate even more on a few countries of greater importance and bid for their support rather than fritter away its lime in wooing a large number of mutually hostile and suspicious countries. A case for revised treatment of this kind may be the Middle East. Already, the Russians have become disenchanted enough with the Arabs to be cautious about making open- ended commitments. From their iSouth Asian experience they may conclude that it would be belter to concentrate their efforts on a selected few or Ibe Arab countries rather than to proclaim support for every Arab cause. Arab solidarity with Paki- stan, in the name of Islam, is considered lo have soine dan- porous implications. Certainly, Moscow has no interest in en- couraging any kind of Islamic fanaticism. Recent Russian experience in Egypt has proved that Islamic sentiments arc being used for purposes inimical to their interests. Simultaneously, and paradox- ically, the Im'o-Pakistan con- flict has shown the hollowness of any v a u n I e d solidarity claimed by virtue of religious sentiment only. The never-end- ing Arab ,quarrels are, of course, continuing demonstra- tions, but the coming apart of an Islamic Pakistan has torn a big hole in the whole Islamic superstructure from Turkey to Indonesia. What, in Ihe end, counted was national inlerest, not Islamic sentiment. After the guns have stopped on the Indian sub-continent, the political and philosophical re- verberations will go on sound- ing. Moscow will adjust her policies to their message. (Written for The Herald nml Tlw Observer ii, London) Irene Ttecson. Explosive situation grows within Arab states y 'MHO The longer the J si ate of suspended war persists in the Middle East the more complex and explosive the situation becomes within and between the Arab States themselves. At times the con- flict Israel appears to take a back-seat, as Arab re- gimes and political factions compete for supremacy or sur- vival. The recent assassination in Cairo of the Jordanian prime minister, Wasfi el Tel, pro- vided a golden opportunity for the plotters and pretext for creating and exacerbating divergencies, old quarrels and feuds between irritated political groups and individuals. What started nut a> a .straight forward political mur- der by a group of Palestinian guerrillas belonging to the ''Black Hand of September" or- ganization (which has since claimed responsibility for the spectacular attempt to murder the Jordanian ambassador to Britain in the streets of Lon- don) is developing into a tangle of poisonous side-plots. The "Black Hand of Septem- ber" group, named after I he September ID7II move to sup- press the fed ay eon by King Hussein's Army, held the Jor- dan premier responsible for I ho death of thousands of Pal- estinians and the murder of one of I heir Kal all's Ali A hi i lyad. Relations luoen Kgypf and Jordan been strained i-ince Hussein moved to e I i m i n a i e tho ferdayeon. and ihe leadership never disguised iis antipathy to the anli-Kgyptian Wasfi ei Tel. President Sarlal seuf a mes- sage, of condolence lo King Hussein ;md nfcicjal dolega- tion lo alt end Ihe funeral of the murdered Wasfi el Tel in Amman, hut of course il couk! nol end as simply as that. In I Arrb world blood blood, and can begin a feud Ilial lasts for gen- eral ions. This now appears lo be the pattern the Wasfi el Tel affairs is following. Visitors from Jordan say that the male members of the Wasfi el Tel family are out for blood. They have put aside their abbas cloaks turned their kafyahs (hcadclolhs) in- side out, and these are two signs that they are bent on revenge, and have vowed to kill at least four Palestinian lead- ers to pay for the assassina- tion of their parent and rela- tive. The Jordanian authorities have arrested 50 Palestinians whom they claim belong lo the ''Black September" organiza- tion. Both the Jordanian minis- ter of information and King Hussein have said the organi- has connections with Fatah. Fatah, the of the Pal- estinian commando and considered ''moderate" by comparison w i I h the other has always had the support of Arab governments and financial aid from the "conservative" r c g i m e s of Letter to the editor CoUrfrp hoitrd I wa.s disappointed when 1 road lhat Jim Anderson hnd re- signed from Ihe college hoard. Snme of us thought he could re- duce Ihe amnunl. of trouble that appears to occur at I ho coHogo every year. My recoiled ion is we have read of trouble at th? college at onco and sometimes several limes a year for about (he last four years. Jim Anderson's slay of less than six months on Ihe college board is not unusual. I have been told thai Ihe faculty rep- resentative pos it ion on Ihe hoard has been held by Ihren different men within the last' two years. On the oilier hand, Ihe- other hoard members have been around for about five yenrs or more. Why Ihe differ- ence? Saudi Arabia. Kuwail and some of Ihe Gulf states. The "Black September" claims to be made up of members of the different commando groups and its leadership is secret. Tho charge that Fatah is in- volved in the assassination is interpreted by Palestinians as an attempt by the Jordanian regime to weaken or destroy the support and the "good reputation" of th i s commando group in most of the Arab world- The reputation of sev- eral of the other groups has suffered through Jordanian charges that1 they are G o "Communist agents.'I bent on disrupting fhe Arab world rather than liberal ing (he occupied Arab territories. Tho next move, aimed al causing bad feeling between ttgypl and the Palestinians, was an announcement in the 'Beirut press that the fedayeen were plotting lo kidnap the Kgyptian Ambassador in Bei- rut and hold him as a hostage to be released in exchange for the four Palestinians held in Cairo in connection wilh the assa.ssinalion. The Lebanese prime minister, .Sab Sahnn, refuted the allegation and the press shrugged it off as (in invention. Then a communique was dis- tributed (o the Lebanese press on December ft pur polling to come from (he ''Black Kenleni- her" claiming lhat "the Egyp- tian aulhoritir.s t'u'ir prior to Ihe four guerriHa.s who assassinated Ihe Jordanian prime minister" and promised not lo interfere in or- der "to enable our fighlors to get away and back lo I heir bases." II then accused the Kgyptian government of be- trayal for having arrested the four killers and "Irjing lo get them f-'enleneed to dcalh." Cairo officials described Ihis privately as a "clumsy fabrica- tion put out by Ihe Jordanian regime a n d their friends." s o u r re s called it i! simply not sland lo reason, they said, thai. the leadership of n group which planned the assassina- tion .so perfectly should publish a statement which if it were taken seriously could jeopar- dize the case of its four mem- bers held here, turn Egyptian opinion against the organiza- tion and the Palestinians as a whole, and wreck the organi- zation's future plans. "Whoever thought up this plot was a bit too one Palestinian commented. The aim was clearly to set the Egyptians against the Pal- estinians and at the same time widen the breach between Jor- dan and Egypt, and anger or embarrass Cairo into handing over the four culprits or. at least, denying them an open (rial which would, in fact, be a trial of the Jordanian regime. Any unexplained change in altitude to w a r d s the Pal- estinians, who have the sym- pathy of the overwhelming ma- jority of Egyptians, could lead to widespread protests here and disturbances. Looking Through The Herald At a hearing at Jen- nor some citizens wanted a law preventing the operations of a rain-maker who they claimed had done considerable danrige. Primary sponsor- ed a successful (lancing party in the amusement hall al. S'lir- Img. The highlight of the eve- ning was Ihe drawing for the huge. Christmas cake. UMl Cheerfully city busi- Plots and intrigues, even these that arc far-fetched and incredible, do however sow seeds of suspicion and mis- (rust. This is evident from the comment of a Palestinian that the "Black September" com- munique could conceivably be a "high policy move on the part of Egypt and Jordan." Ways to avoid a trial in Cairo that would be embarrassing for Jordan and render even more difficult a rapproachcment be- tween the two counlries, at a time when both Cairo and Amman may feel that a mend- ing of bridges is in their mut- ual interest. In this case, he ex- plained. Egypt "outraged at the accusations contained in the 'Black September' com- munique'' put out by its own intelligence service, would re- act by extraditing the four "Black September" boys and washing her hands of the whole affair. (Written for The Herald nml The Observer in London) backward surpassed inai expe- rienced in the "boom" years of the late twenties. Tabor's AHA school iy.ii laucrs A.IUA school patrol appeared on Ihe streets for Ihe first time this term af- ter a recent re-organization of responsibility, isiil A new Trans-Atlantic Telecommunications cable be- tween Ottawa and London was opened today. The Letlibiridcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBIIIDOE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1 054, lion. W. A. BUCHANAN iccfird Class Mnll Retiiflration No 0013 Memrnr of The CflnacJInn Press ano me C-iniKimn Daily Nfvsnnper Publishers' Association find the Audit til Clrcuiatloni CLEO W MOWERS, Editor nntl PuMi'hor THOMAS H. ADAMS, Vnwirr JOE BALLA W'l I (AM HAY Etliiiir Editor ROY r wn r i; WAI KER Advertising Manager Edilor HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"