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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 22, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Tuaiday, 22, 1970 mas, hard-line Soviet oriented politicians to discredit the plans of the techno- crats, or Westward looking group. Union." Quarrels in the Polish bureaucra- cy have been growing nioro vicious during the last few months, particu- larly since the prospect of opening up Their spokesman, Boleslaw Jaszcufc, trade relations with West Germany is among those toppled in the politi- has grown more promising. A group of technocrats in the party ble for economic resurgence in that country. The technocrats envisaged a large dose of Western capital investment in Polish enterprises, and establish- ment of joint production facilities which would use Western technology and Polish labor to turn out more sophisticated products for export to Western markets. They had hoped that much of the capital investment The political upheaval has now taken place. Reports that Russian troops are prepared to act if there is further protest cannot be doubted. The Soviets are not about to allow any full scale opening up to Western ideas, Western technology or Western industry. The joyous bells of Christ- mas will ring out across the frozen land of Poland but for many, the sound will be a hollow one. Most efficient means "At some declares a recent editorial in the magazine Business pendant upon the production of these machines and the provision of Week, "we will have to go back to fuel for their operation. The dislo- that most efficient of all means of moving passengers, the steel wheel on the steel rail." In his latest book Ciities on the Move, Dr. Arnold Toyn- bee has expressed the view that in the interests of survival, both auto- mobile and ail-plane travel will have to be forcibly curtailed. "We will have to exert ourselves to the he says, "to re-develop our railways, which in the realm of overland trans- portation, are manifestly 'the wave of the future'." Transportation problems are turn- cation that would be caused by a forced return to railway travel would be so enormous that it is uncom- forable to try to conceive. Hence it will be resisted as long as possible. When Mr. Alfredo Campo, head of, Petrofino oil company, was on the TV program Under Attack, he was queried about the prospect that the supply of fossil fuels might be ex- hausted. His reply was that there was nothing to worry about there was enough to last at least fifty years. The reaction of the assembled ing into nightmares in those parts of students seemed to mystify Mr. the world where people have con- gregated into vast urban complexes and whose affluence makes it pos- sible for them to possess automobiles and to purchase tickets for air tra- vel. Traffic congestion, air and noise pollution, the shortage of space for Campo. He apparently did not see that he was virtually stating there is an end in sight. What happens then? Can the prodigal consumption of the earth's non-renewable resources continue to be condoned? No doubt it can if the dooms-sayers are cpnsid- highways and airports in urban areas ered correct in their appraisal that makes it almost inevitable that there Will have to be a return to the rail- man has passed the point of no re- turn and that life is destined for ex- ways as the chief means of moving tinction even before the oil supplies passengers. are exhausted. But those with hope So much is now at stake that a that such a disaster can yet be averl- conversion away from automobiles and airplanes as well as power boats, skidoos, scooters seems al- ed would like to see a planned con- version attempted from automobile and airplane travel to that of rail- most unthinkable. A large part of the ways. The efficiency in its largest economy in many countries is de- meaning carries a strong appeal. Coin collection at U of C U of C Public Kelaiions Office rpHE University of Calgary's Board of of course, to loaning of displays of ancient Governors recently received a mas- to sive collection of ancient coins, over m number, ranging in age from to 700 years, and valued at several hundred thousand dollars, a gift from The Nickle Foundation through its founder, Calgary Publisher and oilman Carl 0. Nickle. It will provide the university one of the finest private collections ever put together in the Western Hemisphere, invaluable for research and study in the fields of art, history, archaeology and numismatics. The collection will be housed permanent- ly in a numismatic museum section of a new building made possible by a gift of by Samuel C. Niclde, Sr., pi- oneer Calgary oilman and father of the of learning, to public numismatic shows, etc., under ap- propriate conditions of security. Such dis- play loans may well be desirable, since there is no Canadian university or public institution with a comparable collection." Tliis is Mr. Carl Nickle's second major numismatic gift to the Alberta community. He celebrated Canada's Centennial in 1967 by gifting through his Foundation to The Glenbow-Alberta Government Museum a complete collection of Canadian decimal coinage, a complete Collection of Royal Maundy money, and extensive collections of Pre-Confederation Canadian tokens, Ca- nadian paper money, and a colleclion of rare Edward VIII numismatic relics. donor of the collection. The Government The ancient coins going to the university of Alberta is matching 0ie trillion dollar gift for the building, which will include classroom, laboratory and research facili- ties in addition to "facilities for mainte- nance and display of works of Art, Arti- facts, Archaeology and Numismatics." The ancient coin collection was devel- include many specimens struck in gold, electrum, silver, billon and bronze. They range from the crude issues of the pe- riod 700-500 B.C.; the great works of art and design of the Greek period from 500- 300 B.C., whose quality was not equalled again until the Renaissance nearly Maurice Western Legislative sop to Quebec nationalism Christmas in Poland The now Communist parly boss would come from Wcsl Germany. Poland has laid it on the line. He .But with Edward Gierek s takeover has told the people that "we arc the technocrats' plans seem to have going together with the whole great gone down the drain. It is suspected socialist community and chiefly with tnat the announcement of huge food our tested friend and ally, the Soviet price increases, just before Christ- mas, was a deliberate move by the hard-line Soviet oriented politicians QTTAWA T li c proposed of the concurrent powers cal shift. An editorial comment from the felt that the only way to improve the Paris newspaper Combat on Decem- sagging Polish economy was to re- ber 19, remarks that "the Gadansk organize the entire foreign trade sys- events may be the beginning of a tern to compete with prices on the real political upheaval. There is every Western market. Export through huge reason to believe that the economic trading monopolies in Warsaw would and trade policy of 'overture' (to the cease, and would instead, be handled West) will be continued and streng- directly by the producers a sys- thened. Is it not for Poland one of tern reminiscent of the one instituted the means of extricating herself from in Yugoslavia, and largely responsi- Quebec legislation re- stricting the entry of im- migrants into IS) professional corporations appears slrange- ]y at variance with the econ- omic philosophy of the Bouras- sa Government. Only as a sop to nationalism does Bill 64 make sense. Quebec for many years lias bceii suspicious of immigration and at times even hostile to it. The reason was, simply that newcomers from abroad in their great majority opted for the language and culture of the English minority. Much of the blame for this was attributed to the recruiting policies of the federal government although Quebec was slow to make use corded the provinces in this field by the present constitu- tion. In any case the diagnosis ap- pears to have been wrong. During the 1960's a very large number of Italians came to Canada; people of a Latin speech who might have been expected to opt for the French culture. They liavo not done so; a fact dramatical- ly underlined by the St. Leon- ard school crisis. The most probable explanation is that English, although a minority language in Quebec, offers much larger opportunities in the Canadian and North Am- erican contexts. Unlike its predecessors, the Bourassa government is ap- p a r e n 11 y searching for a means of dealing with the veloped as a result of the FLQ crisis. For the same reasons, Quebec in h e r own interests fairly impressive since it will apply to physicians, surgeons, nurses, d c n lists, pharmacists, problems that will not involve might be expected to compete optometrists, ppti clan Quebec in another constitu- tional confrontation the federal government. But there is very little to be said for the proposed solution. Sir. Bourassa is gravely e once r ncd about unemploy- ment and presumably also about inflation which makes other problems much more intractable. He campaigned on the promise of more jobs. He is anxious to create more opportunities by bringing in outside capital; to this end he has been working hard to overcome the apprehensions and fears which naturally de- vigorously for talent and skills. In a fashion the legislation recognizes this: professional corporations may no longer re- fuse applicants on the grounds that they are not Canadian citizens. Tlicy arc required in- stead to apply for citizenship "within the minimum legal de- lays." On Ihe other hand no fu- ture n e w c o m e r (even ap- parently from other parts of Canada) will be admitted to the study of practice of a pro- fession unless he has a "work- ing knowledge" of the French language. The scope of the bill is "I don't care If you think I don't look like a man who has I still want to buy something." dis- pensing opticians, veterinar- ians, agronomists, engineers, forest engineers, chemists, ac- countants, dieticians, social workers, psychologists, indus- trial relations counsellors, gui- dance counsellors and chartered administrators. Once the prin- ciple is accepted, however, it could no doubt be applied to other occupations. But one of the important reasons for the inflation of costs is the fact that impor- tant groups, including some professions and unions, are able through the exercise of Kionopoly power to control and limit entry. For this reason it is very difficult to bring supply into reasonable relationship with demand. It will be noted that the Quebec list includes the groups which make the best showing year by year in the green book of the Department of National Rev- enue and may therefore be re- garded by others as the pace- setters in the inflationary race. It s may be that Quebec, in the view of the provincial government, is adequately served with doctors and den- tists. But surely, if there is to be development, there will be a reed for engineers, foresters, chemists and others in the af- fected groups. The immigrant Is free In Canada to choose his own destination. Will he choose Quebec if the requirements for study and practice are less onerous elsewhere? Al- most certainly the effect of the measures will be to divert the stream of skills to other provinces. While this may be a satisfying result for those with a national prejudice against immigra- tion, it is bound to harm the economic interests of Que- bec. The damage will not even be measurable by the terms of the bill since others, not immediately affected, will note tlie direction in which Quebec is moving and act ac- cordingly. Si n c e Mr. Eourassa thinks primarily in economic terms, and with good reason, this must be the last thing he wants. The legislation contra- dicts his whole policy. How it could be endorsed by the government, especially in the circumstances now prevailing, is a major political mystery. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Chnrles Foley Chemical death threat to Pacific wild life oped over many years by Carl 0. Nickle, >'ears latcr; coinage of the first master of with the able assistance o'f his curator, Col- Alexander the Great; coinage of in H. Orion and involved the time of Christ; and coinage of re- T OS ANGELES Chemical calamity and human greed are stripping the once heavily- colonized California coastline of its marine and animal life. The sea otters have been all hut annihilated. The pelican and cormorant population are in danger from pollution. Scores of seals have been washed up on beaches in recent weeks, dead of a mysterious disease. The most immediate threat is to sea birds. Some colonies are threatened with extinction, oth- ers are dwindling but experts have not yet been able to mea- sure the 'scale of the danger with enough precision to pre- dict the outcome. The killer is almost certainly DDT, plus a galaxy of industrial pollutants and pesticides. Lonely, barren Anacapa 1s- land officially a "national monument" off the coast 50 miles north of Los long been the haunt and nesting place of flocks of brown peli- cans, ungainly, charming birds that delight Californians with their diving anlics and Disney- land looks. Some months ago the colony there was found to be laying eggs with thin and chalky shells that broke before they could hatch. Recently, zoologists discover- ed the plague had spread. Her- ons and egrets at Bolinas Point, north of San Francisco, and the murres birds rather like cor- morants on the Farallon Is- lands were also failing to lay hatchable eggs. At the behest of the state agricultural depart- ment, Franklin Gress, a young University of California zoolog- ist, began making expeditions from his Berkeley laboratory to Anacapa. On rare clear days the coast- line and the humped backs of nearby Santa Barbara and the Santa Cruz Islands, sites of the seal rookeries, can be seen. But more often the mainland is blanketed under a yellowish haze of smog. Anaeapa is uninhabited and waterless, apart from a brief spell in winter that brings a c a r p e t i ng of many-colored flowers. Mr. Gress chose him- self an abandoned pelican nest- thc colony at any alarm, might be connected with a hormonal disturbance caused by tlie chemicals. Returning to Anacapa weeks later, Mr. Gress found that one baby bird had hatched the only pelican to be born in Cali- fornia this year. Surveying the1 Farallones later, he discovered the situation hardly better among the colonies of murres. The vast quantities of DDT and other pesticides sprayed in California spread from the land to the ocean, where they con- centrate in algae and marine organisms eaten by fish, which in turn are eaten by birds. The chemical residues persist for years. But the pelican is a bird with a life span of 20 to 30 ing place and perched high in years, and Gress is hopeful that triumphant when, last Novem- ber, the U.S. federal govern- the cliffs above the Pacific to observe the birds. Through binoculars he noted that the pelicans took flight at the slightest alarm and aban- doned their nests. From mors than 550 pairs of breeding birds only four laid eggs with shells of normal thickness: all other eggs shattered. Mr. Gress took yolk and shell samples back to his Berkeley laboratory for a n a 1 y s i s and found that they contained ex- tremely high concentrations of DDT residues and tlie indus- trial wastes called poly-chlorin- ated biphenyls. He considers it possible that the birds' neuro- tic behavior, their flight from vestment of many thousands of hours, and publican and imperial Rome, extending large amounts of capital. It was built to "provide within Canada a History of Man- kind as related to Numismatics." It covers over 1.500 years of human history, from the beginning of coinage in the Western World about 700 B.C., through Uie period of great art in the "Greek and ex- tending through to tlie end of the ''Roman Empires." Under terms of the gift, the university would be required to maintain the collec- tion, providing facilities for detailed .study by interested students and numismatists, and provide public displays with approp- riate other material. The university m.'iy through the Byzantine Empire. There are coins struck by a host of Greek city states, spread from the Middle East to France; portrait coins of ancient. emys of Egypt, including the (anted Cleo. patra VII. Included arc the first gold coin bearing a portrait of Jesus Christ, struck by Byzantine emperor Justinian II and a silver dirhem struck by the first followers of Prophet Muhammecl, marking the begin- ning of Muhammcdan coinage. It i.s expected that architectural plan- ning for the new building will start with- out delay, ami that l.bc Supermarket in Japan The Milwaukee Journal exporters, smarting over ;i five per cent drop in ywr, Ihink they have spoiled a new field lor 1970: supermarkets in Japan. A revolution in lood retailing panics. This has meant, a spurt in sales of imported, processed traditionally a smaii por- tion of American business. Al- though Japan has been Ihe big- gest buyer of U.S. farm prod- ucts, processed foods have been DDT usage ends their bodies will slowly cleanse Ihem- selves and return to normal re- production. DDT counts in fish have shown levels more lhan nine limes the current U.S. Food and Drug Administration guideline maximum, and m ac k e r c 1 caught off the California coast have been kept off Ihe market for that reason. People have been advised not to eat fish "more than twice a week." DDT is also being blamed by some experts for the plague that has hit California's seal packs on windswept Sanla Bar- bara Island. Nearly 200 sea- lions are known to have died, and bodies are being washed up on shores from Mexico to Canada, suggesting that Ihe ac- Uial loll may be much higher. Scientists at the John Hopkins University marine station say block effective action for years, many seem to have been con- vinced that the DDT business is doomed. Of the seven major companies making DDT, only one is still producing it the Mpntrose Chemical Company. And they are in trouble: the Environmental Defence Fund has filed suit charging that Montrose is discharging mas- sive quantities of DDT into the Los Angeles sewer system. Other chemical firms are switching to weed-killers, but few are willing to begin costly research into the production of new pesticides. They fear that they may never receive official approval, and their image is so badly damaged with consumers that massive use of any bug- killer in the future seems doubt- ful. The swing is to non-chemi- ment placed sharp restrictions cal means of pest control by on the use of DDT and other biological methods, such as pesticides extinction for some years by the state, but now commercial pressures are at work to lift the ban on killing. The ostensible reason: sea otters have a lasts for the abalone, an edible, mother of pearl shelled mollusc, and they are blamed for a fall in the local catch. Pro-otter societies have formed to stop passage of new legisla- tion which, they say, could mean the aid for yet another Species. Between trappers and man-made wastes the life of the sea-shore is in trouble. Yet the battle against the in- discriminate despoliation of the environment that began with publication of Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring is making headway. Conservationists felt hi the chlorinated hydrocarbon group. Although manufacturers im- mediately began a long series of complex appeals which could sterilization, the use of sex food attractants and hormonal tech- niques. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD mine pay day this week is the largest in the city's history. The Crows- nest field will distribute 000 the day before Christmas. 19.10 Delegations of jobless presented their claims to city council. Tlie situation is becom- ing acute and it was proposed that one of Ihe barns at the fairgrounds be fitted out for unemployed transients. has exchanged the checkout only a modest two per cent, or pirl for the sidewalk shop. a year. Rising per capita income has encouraged experimental i o n dispose of duplicate items, by direct sale housed in move to its perma- nent home in two to three years. Mean- time, ancient coin expert Colin Orion will complete tile of correl.ition and at- tribution of the Collection. wilh. continuing assistance from Jlr, Mcklc, or in exchange for other numismatic items, but "would be required to keen trio Thc "Then: would be no bar, with western diets, away from rice and fisli. There are more cars wilh h Iralupd iiKirkcl.s ;md nmrp. IT- frigerators to keep (owl sup- plies in homes. A labor short- age has encouraged .seif-ser- vice. Japanese .suiHTinarket chains are linked to iraporung com- If Ihe Japanese housewife in the supermarket i.s like her American counterpart, the Yanks also should be able to sell her cosmetics, clothing, light bulbs, garden seeds, pots and pans, station- ery and house plants. Presum- ably the endless set of encyclo- pedias American shoppers put in Ihcir carts would have to be translated. 1.350 parts per million. This, or mercury poisoning from indus- trial wastes, could be the cause of the kidney damage that is killing the beasts. Another biologist claims that the trouble is a micro-organism probably carried out to sea in sewage. It, has never before been found in marine mam- mals. A close relation of the sea. lion, (he furry sea otter, once, swarmed in tens of thousands along this coast. Today there are at most alive, last sur- vivors of a wholesale massacre on behalf of the fur trade. They have been protected from total aii craft iii Mioriiy replace the tiny Tiger Moths now in use at the Lelhhridgc elementary fly- ing training school. 3950-The Marquis Hotel has been sold to the Cristall broth- ers and H. L. Ballzan of Ed- monton. The new owners will take over Jan. 1. RCAF Air Marshal Hoy Slemon refused to panic when he received infor- mation which made it appear that North America had been attacked by long-range mis- siles. He was occupying tlie "hot scat" at Norad headquar- ters at Colorado Springs, Colo, at the time. The Lethbridcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRJDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-.1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Regislralicn 001? Me niter cf 'I he Canadian Piess and Canadian Oailv Mswspapsr Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau cf Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Edilor ROY F, MILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "TO HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;