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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 22, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 16 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuoiday, Ducomber J2, 1970 Andy scuds a complete 20- volunie set of the World Book Encyclopedia to Kim Hamp- ton, age 15, of Williumsport, Pennsylvania, for her ques- tion: Are bacteria plants or viruses? The status of bacteria has been shifted from the animal to the plant kingdom and fi- nally to a sort of no-man's-land in the middle. When first iden- tified under primitive micro- scopes, they were called ani- malcules because they were assumed to be tiny animals This was more than 300 year ago. Later researchers though that bacteria were more lik plants. Until very recently many scientists classified them as microscopic cousins of th, fungi plants. Modern science technique have made it possible for re searchers to delve deeply intf the secrets of bacteria. These single-celled organisms teem everywhere in our environmen and recent evidence has shed some surprising new light or their mode of life. Many basic chemical processes are similar to those in both plant and animal cells. Bu the cell structures themselves are so different that they can not be compared with either Your Horoscope By JEANE DIXON Most scientists now regarc them as very primate animal- plant cells. But they have no kinship with the viruses. The key word for a typical plant or animal cell is organi- zation. The cytoplasm within the cell wall contains heat com- partments where various cell- ular activities are performed with amazing efficiency. The nucleus contains the DNA, the miraculous blueprint chemical that directs the entire life ac- tivity of the cell. Ribosome bodies in the cytoplasm carry out the DNA instructions. The chemical energy for the opera- tions is provided by football- shaped bodies called mitochon- dria. Everything is a micro- scopic model of compartmen- talized efficiency. A bacterium cell has little or none of this compartmcntal or- ganization. It has no nucleus. Its DNA is free in the cell cyto- plasm and there are no special compartments for producing the cell's energy. Apparently energy functions are scattered around the membrane, the wall of the bacterium cell. Com- pared with the well-organized plant or animal cell, the bac- terium appears to be a model of haphazard inefficiency. Nev- ertheless, it carries on the chemical processes of life sometimes even more success- fully than plant or animal cells. On the other hand, a virus cannot be compared to a cell of any sort. It has no living protoplasm and none of the mechanisms for cellular activi- i ties, either in or out of com- partments. It appears to be merely a wad of g.enetic ma- terial encased in a tough, pro- tein shell. Since a virus has no way to support itself, it must invade another living cell. Every virus is a parasite of either plant or animaj life. Thousands of bacteria have been identified and their sizes range from midgets to whop- pers. A row of about 60 aver- age-sized ones equals the thick- ness of a hair on your head. The viruses are infinitely smaller. If bacteria were whales, the average virus would be smaller than a fly. And virus parasites infect bac- teria, just as they do plants, animals and people. Andy sends a World Book Globe to Curtis Rees, age 10, of Altoona, Iowa, for his question: Where did the first potatoes come from? Throughout the world, coun- tries with temperate climates grow and consume 11 billion bushels of potatoes a year. This equals tons of boil ed, baked, fried and otherwise prepared potatoes. About one- twentieth part of this global helping of potatoes is grown in the Americas. This is sur- prising, because before Colum- bus crossed the stormy Atlan- tic, all the world were potatoes in the grown in South America. The Spanish explor- ers were introduced to them by :he original inhabitants o'f South America. The first of the delicious white tubers came from ter- raced slopes of the Andes. No- xxiy knows how many cen- turies the talented farmers of Peru, Columbia and had been cultivating ancient Bolivia .hem there. In the 1550s, the Spanish introduced American potatoes into Europe and their lopularity soon spread from mmtry to country. In the 600s, the North American sel- lers adopted them as a basic ood crop. Questions asked by children of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box 765, Huntington Beaca, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1970) FIGHTS LEUKEMIA The Canadian Red Cross de- ives platelets, a blood bypro- tict, for treatment of leu- emia. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 23 Your birthday today: You now begin a reorganization period in which nearly every- thing that happens can be turned to good account. Your healthy self-interest comes to the fore, sometimes forc- ing issues so you must find a variety of solutions. Boman- tic ventures thrive. Today's natives are versatile, able to find ingenious answers for lo- cal problems, very serious in their attitude toward them- selves and life. AKIES (March 21-April There's much to he gained in picking up the pieces from yes- terday's haste and confusion. Your home situation can be im- proved radically by negotia- tions started now. TAURUS (April 20 Slay A woman associate has a strong insight, perhaps doesn't recognize where it fits or what its meaning is. Do your own in- terpreting and be guided. GEMINI (May 21-June Pull yourself up by calling on your own bouyancy. Younger people are restless, need some- thing to do to hold their inter- est. Get them involved in con- structive activity. CANCER (June 21-July Stay in a smiling good humor as you plow through this busy day of overnumerous details. Leave nothing to memory, keep copious notes and figures. LEO (July 23-Aug. Most of yesterday's impractical ideas come back revised far enough so they work. A small bit of luck requires movement on your part to take advantage of it. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Scpt. Now you can get people together in earnest and expect things to work out to everybody's satis- faction. Get estimates on long- range programs. LIBRA (Sept. Forthright, gracious self-ex- pression win you a possibly significant career break. Ex- plore it promptly. Avocational interests offer added possible benefits. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Confidential work, which does not appear as such, comes your way. Listen attentively to any business proposal you hear. Health check-ups are reas- suring. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dcc. Step up to make a bid for leadership. Your personality becomes appealing use it. Select your place carefully to catch listeners in the best con- ditions. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-.Ian. Start early with a list of your wants. Handle the most expedient, then proceed to the next without regard to se- quence. You'll be pleased with the day's results. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Fcb. Bring negotiations to clo- sure now you have as good a deal as you can get. People in your group relax, and there are little triumphs to cele- brate. PISCES (Feb. 19-March This pleasant day shouldn't be taken up with persona] satisfac- tion; get busy and do business. Arrange financing, long-term contracts and the like. 1970 Ncwsday, Inc. lANCELOT-By Coker Penn Gets 10 years for hijacking CAIRO (AP) Egypt's State Supreme Security Court con- victed Egyptian national Sief Saleh today on charges of hi- acking a United Arab Airlines )lane. It sentenced him to 10 ears' imprisonment at hard abor. Saleh had attempted in Sep- ember to hijack the passenger >lane after it took off from Luxor Airport in upper Egypt. He tried to force the pilot to fly to Saudi Arabia. The attempt was foiled and Saleh was ar- rested by the crew. BLONDIE-By Chic Young THE POPCOEIN WAS TOO SAL-TV AND THE ICE CREAM r WAS n WELTEP BE WERE NO NUTS I MY CMOCOLATE BAR TWS .SODA POP WAS PLAT AND THE PAPERS GAVE THAT MOVIE SUCH SOOO WRITE-UPS.' BEtTLE BAILEY-By Mort Walker PROVINCES HIRE MOKE OTTAWA (CP) Employees of all provincial governments at the end of September total- led an increase of 4.3 per cent from at the same time last year, the Do- minion Bureau of Statistics re- ported here. The gross pay- rolls for provincial government employees in the third quarter of this year amounted to million, a 12.9-per-cent increase in the third quarter last year. YOU NEED DONE, MRS BAILEY? ANY JOBS, ERRANDS, ANVWMS? WELL, IF YOU V CONSIPEP MEAN IT, I IT PONE.' Ttte KITCHEN FLOOR DOES NEEP LI'L ABNER-By Al Capp GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHAKLES H. GOREN re li Chicito Trlbunt] Neither vulnerable. South deals. NORTH 10 4 A2 0 A J 4AKQ10752 WEST EAST A AQJ0863