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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 21, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, Ovctmbvr 21, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 7 Shortage of water limits pheasant nests in dry area By DENNIS McDONALD Alberta Fish and Wildlife It's the water that makes the difference! Not only for good beer but for good pheasant habitat as well. The principal difference between dryland farming areas and irrigation districts is water lack of it in the former area lots of it in the latter area. Without adequate water during the growing season, shrubs, brush and trees can- not survive in the arrid prairie region of south-eastern Alber- ta. And without dense stands of such vegetation, wintering cover for pheasants is almost non-existent. Pheasants throughout the dryland farming regions around Hussar, Hanna, Oyen, Empress, Vulcan, Barons, Foremost, Milk River, Manyberries and Medicine Hat occur only in isolated "pockets." Usually they are only abun- dant along river and creek bottomlands, coulees, wetland areas or farmstead shelterbelts. These are the only sites where enough water is available to support thick brush and trees near nesting cover, brooding cover and food supplies. The landscape of a dryland farming area is typically a bleak monotonous checker- board pattern of large cultivated fields of cropland or summerfallow. As most dryland farmers only grow grain, fencelines are general- ly absent between fields. No natural cover remains to separate the fields and provide travel lanes for pheasants. The birds are extremely ex- posed whenever they venture out of dense cover into adja- cent farm fields. Where dryland farmers have gone into mixed farming by acquir- ing livestock, they usually fence the "wasteland areas" and restrict their livestock to coulees and bottomlands. Severe overgrazing, brows- ing and trampling in these areas soon destroy most of the shrubs, brush and trees and eliminates vital wintering cover for pheasants. Without this cover, birds quickly dis- appear in the local area for they can no longer survive the onslaught of winter blizzards and summer storms. Wherever water and winter cover are available in dryland regions, pheasants thrive. Anyone who hunted along the bottomlands of the lower Red Deer River Valley, Rosebud Creek, Crowfoot Creek, Pothole Creek or other such areas in the "dryland" knows the phenomenal capaci- ty of these areas to produce pheasants in good years. Similarly, wherever exten- sive farmstead shelterbelts were established in the Dirty Thirties and have been main- tained to the present day, pheasants will likely be present. Unfortunately, many of these shelterbelts have been removed in recent years to put more land into crop production or they have been overgrazed by livestock or destroyed by burning. It is ironical that the dryland farming regions of Alberta contain far more "wasteland" than irrigated areas yet they support far fewer pheasants. Examination reveals, however, that much wasteland in drylands regions consists of saline areas where high salt concentrations in the soil prevent all but a few kinds of plants from growing. Those salt tolerant plants that will grow in saline soils have little value for either agriculture or pheasant habitat. Though they may provide some nesting cover and food for the birds, lack of water and thick, brushy cover for shelter nearby these areas severely limits their usefulness. One of the most promising challenges in pheasant management in Alberta today is to devise ways to utilize the acres or more of saline farmland in southern Alberta for pheasant production. PHEASANT HOMES SCARCE IN DRY-LAND FARMING REGIONS Next week: pheasants Railroads and What is a Tree Snatcher? Someone who cuts trees everywhere and chops chops chops. He doesn't obtain a permit or forest product tag. He creeps and cuts around the forests where our baby trees are trying to grow. DON'T BE A TREE SNATCHER Product Tags and Timber Permits may be ob- tained at Alberta Forest Service Headquarters, or District Ranger Office. LANDS AND FORESTS Thinking about tomorrow today EPICURE FINE FOODS DELICATESSEN Caterers for Lovers of Choice Food in Southern Alberta 406 8th St. South 327-6832 Greeting you with Gifts of Fine Foods from around the world CHEESES from... HOLLAND (Goudas, Edam, Clove) GERMANY (Edam, Tilsit) ENGLAND (Chesire, Stilton NORWAY (Gjetost, NokkeLost) FRANCE (Brie, Port-Salut, Bonbel) DENMARK (Tilsit, Esrom, Fontina) FINLAND (Edam, Emmenthal) AUSTRIA (Butter Cheese, Smoked Cheese) BULGARIA (Kash Kaval) YUGOSLAVIA (Fetta, Kasseri) ITALY (Romano, Provolone, Ricotta) GREECE (Misytra, Fetta) SWITZERLAND (Gruyere, Cream) Cheeses) SMOKED FISHES FROM HOLLAND Eel, Mackerel, Bucking (Herring) Fresh Frozen Lutafisk, Haddock, Eel, Pjaire Salted Cod and Anchovies Russian and Norwegian Salted Herring ASSORTED TINNED BISCUITS TOFFEES Gift packed Fruit Jellies Wagner Gift packed Jams Teas Our own packaged Gift Trays. TEAS I Twinings, Kardomah, Brash I of London, Ridgeway, i Typhoo, Wagner, Ceylon, Pickwick, Constam Comment Fruit and Herb Teas, 8 "Famous Russian etc., LIQUOR FILLED CHOCOLATES Droste, Baronie, Stollwerk, Sprengel, Waldbaur, Trumpf, Mon Cheri, Barbette, COFFEES Twining, Mellita, Greek, Italian, Danish, Finnish and Dutch Poulain, Coppelia and also from Hungary, Yugoslavia. LARGE SELECTION OF COCKTAIL MIXES 1 Wishing you the happiest Christmas of all time! With the i following Holiday Specials! 1 LAYER CAKES Reg. 98c. Each I HILLE i RUSKS S From Holland. Reg. 49c each i A__ BAYERNLAND 0 r 1 00 I GERMANY BARS I S Process Cheese. Ib............................... From Germany. France. Switzerland. Reg. each W R fi Assorted Gift Boxes Iff i 169 DUTCH QOUDA CHEESE Mild. Reg. 1.49 Ib........................... Old. Reg. 1.69 Ib I19. I39 PORTUGESE SARDINES POLISH EDAM CHEESE Reg. Ib___ HONIG SOUPS CHICKEN NOODLE Spring Vegetable. Reg. 49e oo PFEFFERNUESSE HONEY COOKIES Reg.98e 89 0 DROSTE COCOA 8 oz Reg. 1 29 COCKTAIL LIQUEUR I DROSTE CHOCOLATE FILLED CHOCOLATE BOXES LETTERS Fazer. Reg. 98ff I W Reg. 49c...................... DUTCH HUNTER SAUSAGE Reg. 1.98. Ib..................... EUROPEAN STYLE BOLOGNA Reg. 1 29 All Christmas Boxes of Chocolates, Santas, and Decor- ations 20% off Sunday, Monday, Tuesday onlyl While Stock Lasts. KBKSMi _ _ SUMMER SAUSAGE yQ0 Reg. 198 w tg i VEAL LOAF Reg. 1.79 J49 We will be OPEN for your convenience on SUNDAY, DEC. 22 2 p.m. till 10 p.m. Open a.m. till Midnight, Monday thru Saturday. ALL THESE SPEC5ALS WHILE STOCK LASTS ;