Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 21, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta
KftllMY, 21, 1917 TIIK i.KTiinninm-, DAILY TROTSKY'S OBSCURE LIFE IN NEW YORK CITY (Prom Iho New York 1'ost.) New 1'arfc- tlin nfdces of n llttlo Russian newspaper, tits Novy Mir, In SI. Mark's Place, at First Ave- nue, this city, Leon UrauuKtclQ, aa It lias KOtnotlmiij been pen name ot Leon Is uow known Lo (he whole world as ol tho minister of for- eiKti affairs ol ihii Dolshiwlkt govern- incnt of Russia, labored for twoiuouths this year as a. member of lha yaper'a small staff. The Novy .Mir, whose sec- ond-class mailing privileges were re- cently suspended by tho post office department, occupies three rooms and a hallway In tho dingy basement of en old'fashioned brownstonc residence Inhabited In Its upper regions by a a pkysklan, aiul lodgers. Kcw, If any, of tho persona living In the houso knew, at tlio I lino, of tho cele- brity 111 at their roof sheltered, He had been famous as a. social revolu Llonlsl In sli capitnls of Kurope I'clronrad, .Vienna'; UerLIn, Paris. .Mad rid, anil London hut Lu New York Lo >vaa unkaown except lo .Ihe Jtus sluns and, fellow-Sociallsis of other na I'onalltlcs who had heard hlui'deltver burning speeches on HLQ war. Ont of this nondescilpt cellar office has coinu llio story ol Trotzky, tolil b> his fellow-countryman and most In ilmatc friend in America, Alc-iandor Menshoy, a Journalist and teacher It tlio public schools of It us 3 In until ho camo hero four years ago. .Mr. Men- shoy fs tho edllor-ln-nhier of Novy Mir. In hts alow, but excellent Eng- lish, whlcli he said he seldom had oc- casion to uso In New York, ho nar- rated Iho incidents of TroUky'u ca- reer, and described his experiences In America. Trolzky did his writing In Mcnshoy'a xanctum, n room ot about CxlO feet, Just of a size lo hold two desks, two chairs, and a lirculucp, with a great litter ol Socialist newspapers and magazines from all parts of the world scattered about.1 A placque of Count Leo Tolstoy hangs above Ihe fire- place. Over. the.editor's desk Js a campaign picture of Morris Jllllqult On tho top of desk Is a great dis- order ot newspapers, manuscript, and letters from Russia. .The air is hoavy wllh IluEslan cigarette smoke. In room lo the rear, linotypes click and a prese Is heard running. Humble Weekly Stipend Adjoining the editor's office; Is an- other small and dark room. In which the business ends o[ the paper are neg- otiated. It was in llils atmosphere lhat Trolzky worked and' drew his humblu weekly stipend, so small as to bo "hardly worth edi- tor said smilingly. Trotihy lived In The Broni'wllh Ills wife anil two hoys, aged nine and ,12, who speak French and Russian, hul no English. His living was pre carious one, and he-had just enough P money to feed his family and keep a shelter over them. Conqernlng hla per.- p sonar comfort; It Is said he cared' ifotli- liiB; money had no meaning for hlui cicepi as It jirocured, necessities. "Leon Trolzky, wlio was a native oE lha southern part of Russia, came hero in the last of- January of this said Mcnshoy, "to find a refuge lio was barred from France, where I Ma paper had been (.client French, and a little Eogllsb. Back to Russia "When tho Uufslau revolution hpgan In March, Trotzky was one of the first of (lie political oxllcj froui [tie land of In tLts country 16 uuUerlax? to return, lio felt he would be erectly needed ut humo, but II la uullkcly Mm ILU had auy Idea he would be oluvated lio nnnYl In whli dared not enter his own country at tho-time, ho had been deported from Spain, and a all months' prison sen- tence, awaited him if he should enter upon German ao.ll, as he had been con- victed ol wiling a book In which ho attacked tho German government and militarism. Kngland, like Franco, was lioatllG lo him, na was Switzerland, ivhero he liad expected to go, so the only place left for him was Amorlca. 'aria ho had been editor of the Russian Socialist dally, Our Word. As a social revolutionist he Look an edi- torial stand against the war. Ills pi- per was first, heavily censored by Iho authorities, and finally suppressed al- together. used to receive copies of It here. In every Issuo big spots had been blotted out. In one Isduo every thing had been obliterated ex- cept llio title oT Ibc paper. It was luppresaed a liltlo more than a year ago through the Influence of tbe Im- perial Russian government exerted at 1'arls, Ordered? to Frontier "Trolzhy was ordered 'deported, and taken to the frontier. He had wished to go U) Switzerland, but through the! efforts of Iho LJrlllsb government ami I the acquiescence of the French auth- orities he was prevented from doing i so. This was at the end of November, Ifc went (o Sjialn, but utter' .crossing Ihe frontier was promptly ar-j rested ag the rcmilL of a telegram I [from the Trench authorities describing' fhlm an a dangeroiis nnarchlgt. For 2! Khort time he wns detained In prison .it' Ills caao attracted great at- tention IhroiiBnOLit Spain, TJic Madrid government decided to deport him by tho first mil ward bound vessel, no matter where hound, but a Socialist' campaign ot protest developed imme- diately In the Spanish newspapers. "As H well known rlmrftcter In the International Socialist movement JC demanded Lhal he ho released from prison and the rlsht granted to him to go wherever he Tho campaign succeeded, nnrt Instead of pulling him on Iho next ship, which chanced to ho aniline tor Cuba, be WAS released, ordered out ol had hftd Correspondence} with Husfilr.n HocUlhts here, and d-.icMtilio come lo Ibe'United Slutcs, began work for 119, writing general ar- llcUss on Socialist aublcels, conditions in nil-sir md ttUtorlt] matter. HA wrolo also of the WIT and the inler- TuUorul situation, And Mi work at- tracted much tatcnllon from wrllora o( nole. He wag never Inlcrftrerl with In Now York. He was a ooTifrJ- riiilor to Zukimft, tha Jewish Sociunol magazine here, and the Jewish Dally "Trotzlty fs brilliant Bjwafcer, and fifl3 much pordonil magnetlnm. He fg thaolulely elncero and boneat, anrl to his present post in Iho government. his fuuihy und, seven other friends ho started, fuuds for the trip supplied to him hy a group of llusslKh revoluttonlEld In tills cUy. 'Trolzky liad been president of the Couucll of Workmen's Delegates thcro wero no soldiers Ju it Ihu revolution of 1905. Ho was ar- rested, and there was a big trial ut tlmt drew the attention of nil liussla to his case. With otltcr delegates thnt were arrested, he was exiled for llto to northern Siberia, a chilly and Inhospltablo place, I may assure you, where, like other political exiles, ho was supplied with Just suf- ficient money by the EOYernmenl lo keep LIm from starving. "After a liitle nioro than a year In Siberia he effected-" a most thri'A- lag and sensational escape, lifa 'own story of which lie has told In bis Look, or pamphlet rather, entitled "There and Hack." He Is one of the best known of the Russian pamphleteers. Afterward he led a, Russian revolu- tionist's nomadic life for sonic years, nlwnvs subslslltiK by hla profession, lltol of a working newspaper man. He :ould not sit long la any one place, i nowover. He lived In Germany, Aus-j Lrla. Switzerland, and France, mean- time writing constantly for Russian newspapers, ami keeping In touch whh ils revolutionist friends. JIc was a regular contributor to Xcue Zelt, a German Socialist magazlue, published it Berlin, and also (or the Arbeller- Xeltung, ot Vienna, the official organ oC the AusLro-HungarJaa Social-De- mocracy. "Ho managed to rcluri; to Russia several limes under assumed names, lo assist In revolutionary v.rork and propaganda. There is a cenlro of SD- clal democracy In Geneva and another In France. For both of these he work- ed, writing many booklets which were distributed by Lhe'Soclallsls. In Vienna "In Vienna he had a paper ot bis own, published weakly In Russian. When Ihe war began In the summer of 1014, he was In Vienna working on this paper. He was obliged to sus- pend his publication by order of the military authorities the day hcforc Austria declared'war on Serrla. At thfs time he was personal touch with Dr. Adlar, the leader o[ tha Social-Democrats of Austria. He was a close personal friend pf Frits Adler, the doctor's son, who assassin aled Count Stur'ch, Austrian'Pre- mier, last year. Fritz Adler, who was a Socialist, scientist, and gifted Jour- was -condemned to. death. ''Dr. Adler warned Trotzky to leave Vlenhn and "Ihe country or he wo'uld he ".Interned Tor Iho perlofl of Ihe war by (he military authorities, so Trol- zky took his advice and went to Swit- zerland. Here he wrote a book cajled Tho War and the International' (re- ferring to the International Socialist Ich be tooV a stand against war and attacked tho govern- of nil the warring countries. (jcrmuuy and Austria being criticized In bitter terms. In the book be took especial puliis to state ;hat the pro- letariat had nothing whatever !o do vlth llio war. and that It had been precipitated by the political represen- tatives of the capitalistic classes of the countries affected, "Ho nialnlalnel that there was no cause whatever for the workers of one country to war on the workers ol an- other, and he especially attacked the WilUclmslrasae government. Ills book was sent loto Gcrmauy, where IB wea hy the nulhoriiles. A trial wa3 begun against tho author, although lu iiway from lUc scene of tho trial, and he was a en ten fed lu six months' Inittrlsonmenl. l( he ever re- turns to Germany he will probably havo lo serve the sentence. "After his experiences hcvc anil after ho had sailed from New York mantled Trolzky's ImnitiJiate rtk-jsy. He released and allowed to pro- TroUky and KerensVy Menahcy dctlired lhal TroUky and Kerensky were good friends, ar.d lliat i L-fs. Jf the central powers atcc-p- iho'all kiic-ir Ihct OUU.OHIP. Tiic Ai K-rnji lutil down, llic-ro W nn L-'.II i.'.-tplu shi.-j'.'l uol lake loj 11; for a (vjiuiuuance oT ih'j war. 'lituky iiji'1 his followi-rs dent Wilson's objective are s aa those ot the Trolzky revolution The rulers of the central powers do 'no hair of the former premier's head [want la accept Iho terms, but the p would be harmed" by Trolzky. llejp'.edo, and the people OL Berlin, Yloo declared thorn trery friendly lo eat-li liudapcst, acd other bit tilies ure dt NO INFORMATION PEACE TERMS YET other's Ideas, ''Tho truth is not roach- Ing America through Ihc dispatcher al- tbal the war 1'ublii- opinion U Etrcnx if i the German government or there he u jwed to go lo the newspapers." he i 'iu'te> lo tScrinaiiy's rulers lo saM. "Things came too faril for Now llio oruciul tijiie. Kitlie" shy for ft lime, und Trotzky took over the Menehoy eald lhal ihe government of Tro'.zky and I.eiilne was a real re- volutionary fciivernmeni, that would eventually Uelp UussUi out of Us should not be surprised lu see It. this wlmer. "Tlio pease parleys ure KoIii opeuly, and Trolzky will ;-ee (hat every "'Tue clamor for iicaco Is so j word be conniiUHHaieu !o ihu strong In Itussla." he said, "and lias i outside world. There will be no bccroi WashrnRton, Sepretary Liiiisiiia said icday that no of ill-- U-MIIS of GeriDTiny's "Chrl tin-is r, iitc" I ihc si.at- deparliiu-nt, I Hii- ut'ltuilc of UK? Unlteil Sciu-sj loiviiTf) iicgotlailoii WEIS ua-! to bq en outline tho boon revelvcJ hero i IIP ucls. Sask.. DEC. 21 A dHegiUoB fmm Saskaiooii tmlny met Hon. J. A tuinistor uf ane aud lion, W. H. Mother neutral dlplountic than- iiiEnister of regard ut (ho I'ntte I States to UK I tbreaicns the atfonls Lhat of (o BO-penctrated tho Russian people, Ihit only a government that la strong en- ough lo make peace can cilst. But Ihe revolutionists do not waul a separ- with hla friends to Join Iho revolution- ato peace. Ista In ItusFla last March, he was held up at at the Instance ot the goverimiciil, scare-lied ian.J ar- rested. lie was put In an internment camp outside of Halifax. The Brit- ish government knew Ills history pretty well, but lie was held on the jirclCDco lhat he was going back La Russia In the Interests of Genuany and the old H USE Ian regime. start- ed here a campaign, and at Petrograd another one was begun by the Work- men's and Solrllers' delegates lo have Trotzky released. M. Mllyukoff, first minister of foreign affairs after the revolution, cabled Lo Canada and Russia H must be a general peace. not accept any other terms (han those announced by I be Rus- sian revolution. And what arc they? Peace without alterations, without In- demnities, and providing that every nation under foreign rulu or domina- tion shall have tbe privilege of deter- mining Its own destiny its own. form of government. Either a peace will be concluded en basis by the re volutlontsts, or there will he no peace. "As to practical steps, Trotzky and his followers believe there can he no peace while blood-letting continues, so they seet a general armistice, for all the alltes as well as the central pow- dlplomacy. Tho (k-i-mau pcoplo will by iural tlisirifis of N'ortliern Saskatch- The matt IT wus promised evcrj aiU-Dtion. 50 Bunches of BANANAS To be Sold Saturday and Monday at Special Prices Christmas Confectionery All Fresh for the Holiday Trade. In Fancy Boxes MOIRS GANONQS LQWNEYS MELBA McCORMICKS In Balk LOWNEYS NEILSONS 'WILLARDS MOIRS GANONG3 Home Made Candy at Special Prices FRUITS Grapes Oranges Delicious Snow and Mdntosh Red Apples. WHEN Y6u GET IT HERE IT'S THE BEST. The Palace Confectionery COR. FIFTH STREET A FOURTH AVENUE S. 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