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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 24 I STHBRiCGE HERALD Friday, December 20, 1974 Ask Andy THE PANDA AND KOALA BEARS Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Bar- bara Farraghen, age 14, of Youngstown, Ohio, for her question Are the panda bear and the koala bear related? No, the panda and the Koala are not related to each other and neither of them is remote- ly related to the bears No doubt they were called bears by people who had never seen them before. In these circum- stances, folks tend to use the name of an animal they already know, especially when it seems to fit. And both the panda and the koala look somewhat like shaggy bears. Pandas, cuddly koalas and bulky bears look for all the world like first or second cousins. Scientists who classify the members of the animal kingdom take note of their similarities They also take note of certain out- standing differences and in- Flashback By The CANADIAN PRESS Dec. 20, 1974 A cantilever railroad bridge was opened between the United States and Canada at Niagara Falls 91 years ago in 1883 The 495 foot bridge was the first to be called a cantilever. In 1898 the Honey- moon Bridge was built at Niagara Falls to replace an earlier suspension bridge The Honeymoon Bridge was destroyed by ice in 1938 and replaced in 1941 by the Rain- bow Bridge 1699 Peter the Great ordered the Russian New Year to be reckoned from Jan. 1 instead of Sept 1 1888 A British force defeated the dervishes at the battle of Suakin in the Sudan. 1919 The Canadian National Railways was organized 1922 Russian republics were combined as the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics 1943 Canadian troops at- tacked and later on Dec. 28 captured Ortona in Italy in the Second World War sist on classing these three look alikes in separate animal families. For example, all three are mammals of the sophisticated animal class Mammalia. This qualifies them all as warm blooded, air breathing animals who bear live babies and feed them on mother's milk. In the scientific sorting system, the large classes are subdivided into smaller orders, based on different physical features. Bears and pandas belong in the order Garnivora, even though they eat both meat and vegetables. The cuddly koala belongs in the other Marsupiaha, with the kangaroo and other Australian marsupials who carry their babes in pounches. The toothy carnivore order includes bears and pandas, plus lions and tigers, dogs and seals, badgers and a vast variety of other meat eaters Obviously all the carnivores are not related to each other. This problem is solved by separating the large order into smaller family groups of similar types. Two Asian pandas, one large and one small, belong in the family Procyonidae Their first cousins include a fluffy little tree dweller called the kinkajou and our fabulous ring tailed raccoon. This odd relationship is based on teeth and other unique family features. The bears and only the bears belong to the family Ur- sidae Hence, according to the experts, bears and pandas belong in separate families and the very different koala belongs m a separate order The classifications are nam- ed from older languages and usually give a few clues. Ur- sidae is coined from an older word for bear. Procyonidae means before the dog, perhaps because the panda family seems older than the dog family. Phalangeridae, the koala's family name, refers to his clever fingers and toes Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF 1974 TrK Chicago Tflbun. Both vulnerable. South deals NORTH AQJ7 108 7 3 J974 WEST EAST 42 653 VAQ65 J 9 4 4Q1086 4763 SOUTH 4K1098 AK5 A954 The bidding- South West North East 1 NT Pass 2 Pass 2 Pass 4 Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: King of 4. When playing trump con tracts, a simple rule of thumb applies to most situa- tions: "If you can count enough tricks for your con tract, draw trumps If you can't, delay pulling trumps until you have planned your campaign South, declarer at a four spade con- tract, neglected to follow this sage advice and brought about his own dow nfall After his partner opened the bidding with one no trump. North introduced the Stayman Convention to check for a possible major suit fit. When South re- sponded in spades. North's hand revalued to 11 points, so he was full wlue for his jump to game Declarer won the opening lead with the ace, crossed to the jack of trumps and led a heart to his king and West's ace. West found the winning defense by returning