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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Mafia casts greedy eye on Alberta By TERRY McDONALD Herald Staff Writer Last of a series Copywright The Lethbridge Herald A top ranking Quebec police official believes Alberta must change its policing attitudes if it is to prevent organized crime from getting a foothold here. The policeman said Alberta must act quickly because the province's wealth makes it a prime target for organized crime. "If you are not careful you will wake up one day in Alberta and find crime running the the official told The Herald in a Montreal interview. Alberta police forces are "too complaint he said. That means they act to solve complaints and specific crimes but don't assign enough money and men to the gathering of intelligence. He suggested the Alberta government should become more directly involved in anti organized crime work. "Take my word for it, I've been in this business for 20 years." The official, who did not want to be identified, :s a well regarded criminal intelligence specialist and is active with the current Quebec Police Commission's inquiry into organized crime. An Ontario Police Commission criminal intelligence officer agrees that gathering intelligence is the key to fighting organiz- ed crime. Walter Lee said in Toronto: "Most police forces have historically been complaint oriented." "When dealing with organized crime, because of the fact that we rarely have a complainant, and we rarely know exactly what crime is being perpetrated, we must commence with a person known or suspected of being involved in organized crime. "And we must endeavor to learn everything that is possible to learn about him." Suspect studied Mr. Lee said a suspect's habits, financial situation, criminal and business associates, and even his family and ethnic background must be studied. Having established these things, an analysis of the facts should help officers determine what criminal activity the suspect is conspiring with others to carry out. "This is criminal intelligence very similar to military he said. "Most police forces now find it necessary to establish a workload for their personnel. They are obliged to weigh the tangible results, such as prosecutions, convictions, crimes prevented, or lives saved, or revenue collected by police action. "These enable chiefs of police to prescribe suitable job per- formance standards for their Mr. Lee said. "For obvious reasons, job performance statistics are not readily available for crime intelligence officers, and a chief of police is therefore faced with the prospect of carrying a police officer or several officers on the strength of the force The superintendent of the national Royal Canadian Mounted Police criminal intelligence operation, J. D. Routledge, told The Herald there are three main areas of concentrated organiz- ed crime activity in Canada. Vancouver's main problem is narcotics, Toronto and Hamilton are loan sharking areas and Montreal has it all gambling, drugs, loan sharking, protection rackets. "I would say there is no organized crime in Alberta as we now know it in the other three areas, but the wealth of the province would certainly be an inducement for these people to have a look at Supt. Routledge said in Ottawa. The most rigorous battle against organized crime in this country is being waged in Quebec, especially Montreal. Special provincial legislation was passed a year ago es- tablishing the Quebec Police Commission inquiry into organized crime. The commission has the power to execute search warrants and even to search without warrants if absolutely necessary, an official told The Herald. It also has the power to subpoena witnesses. The man police say is the leader of organized crime in Montreal, Vic Cotroni, is now serving a one year jail term after he was cited for contempt of court for giving evasive testimony to the hearings. Profits corrupt Some of the highlights in the past year's testimony before the commission includes that of RCMP Deputy Commissioner Maurice Nadon who said: "Apart from providing the leaders with a luxurious lifestyle, the profits may be used to corrupt officials in public office, the judiciary and in police agencies." The director of the Montreal Urban Community Police Force, Rene Daigenault, said protection money is regularly paid to organized crime by more than businesses in that city. He said owners of pizza parlors, discotheques, bars and gar- ages pay regular sums to the underworld for the privilege of not being molested. Organized crime has been able to operate fraudulently in legitimate businesses with the complicity of municipal and other public employees. Director Daigenault said that by using money that comes originally from illegal gambling and money lending at usurious rates, underworld elements penetrated the city's food industry, notably the distribution of meat, cheese and ice cream and then began to force out competitors by threats and use of violence. He said once organized crime established itself in an in- dustry, it forced retail outlets to buy fixed quantities of the product at inflated prices and it also denatured the quality of the product. Thus, in the food industry "some of these enterprises use food unfit for human consumption" to produce their products. Experts say there are several groups involved in organized crime in this country, and they are of different ethnic origin. The most powerful are the families of the Cosa Nostra, a criminal secret society patterned to a large extent after the Sicilian Mafia. Walter Lee, of the Ontario Police Commission, defines organized crime as "a continuing and self perpetuating criminal conspiracy, which operates for a profit motive, and which thrives on fear and corruption and seeks to attain im- munity from the law." Rhodesian power shuffle viewed en ominous Analytic by CHARLES MOHR New York Timei Service SALISBURY, Rhodesia Many of Rhodesia's whites are reluctant and fear- ful to share their long monopoly on two-region power with the more than 5 million Blacks who call the country Zimbabwa. And Black leaders, remarkably unscarred and un- cowed by years of im- prisonment, are reluctant to settle for less than immediate first-class citizenship. But the two sides in this lovely, prosperous land are being pushed together for new constitutional talks by a powerful combination of out- side pressures and events. The fact that Prime Minister Ian D. Smith has dramatically released the black leaders from detention so that he can have dis- cussions with them is surpris- ing in itself, but it is really less surprising than the forces that moved him to do so. Prime Minister John Vorster of South Africa is pushing Smith toward a negotiated settlement, partly because the prospect of a full racial conflict in Southern Africa is, in Vorster's words, "too ghastly to contemplate." Zambia's Black president, Kenneth D. Kaunda, with help from Tanzania, Botswana and Mozambique, has already pushed the Zimbabwe nationalist leaders into aban- doning their fratricidal quarrels and into a form of un- ity. Kaunda has also shown the imagination to urge a slower but more certain road toward full liberty for the Rhodesian Blacks, now that the immi- nent collapse of Portuguese colonialism in Africa has eroded the position of White- minority government in Rhodesia. The Portuguese government as well as South Africa had ignored United Nation's economic sanctions against Smith's Rhodesian government. Landlocked Rhodesia's main transport line to the outside world was through the Portuguese colony of Mozambique. In September the Por- tuguese agreed to the installa- tion of a Black-dominated interim government in Mozambique, with full independence to come next June. Although the leaders of the Mozambique Liberation Front have carefully avoided reveal- ing their intentions or making threats, they will clearly have the power next year to sever the vital transport link to Rhodesia. A new, single-line railraod connection with South Africa has just been completed, but it would be cumbersome, and politically embarrassing, for South Africa's Vorster to un- dertake alone the task of supplyin Furthet was no's interest advanced nomy. confrontation Mozambique's se considerable wealth a that ten u Rhodesiar: in s created by the The ideal solution f Mozambi- que point continue would be to but with a legal, recognize g of econorr >verr-ment free inctions. situation in the Portugues with ies coinciced a catalyst to personal ,ii, Southern of such leaders as Vorster ar> of Zam- In the Vorster had moved Sov combat police into Rhodesia to help combat guerrilla intrusion by Rhodesian Black nationalist organizations which call the country Zimbabwe. The insurgency initially involved a military alliance by the Zim- babwe nationalists and Black Exiles from South Africa in an organization called the African National Congress. But Vorster's main diplomatic aims seem to be to try to end his country's increasing isolation in the international community and to persuade at least some of Black Africa to give South Africa a chance to solve its own racial dilemma through "separate or a form of politican and racial partition of the country. The Lettumdge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1974 15 Cents Economy bleaker 1975 MP Yule increase cracker backfires Parkside Scrooge While many houses are aplow with festive lights and scenes along South Parkside Drive at least one resident doesn't seem to feel it's the season to be jolly. Herald photographer Bill Groenen captured both moods with this collage, the joyous lights and the less than joyous "Humbug" sign at 3303 South Parkside. OTTAWA (CP) The gov- ernment made an offer it thought the opposition couldn't refuse, but it blew up in Mitchell Sharp's hands Thursday and robbed MPs of the lucrative Christmas holi- day they were expecting. Mr. Sharp, the government House leader, faced with an adamant opposition and an outraged public, eased off on his proposed 50-per-cent pay increase for MPs, offering to reduce it to per cent. But Ed Broadbent, parlia- mentary leader of the New Democratic Party, rejected the "so-called compromise" and vowed to fight the proposal any way he could. "The people will see their proposal as a he told reporters. "The government will have to have some sober second thoughts." The original proposal, in- troduced last Monday, would have given the 264 MPs a basic a year, 50 .per cent more than their present salary and tax-free expenses. NDP BALKED Despite the fact the bill ap- parently had the support of the 141 Liberals, the 95 Progressive Conservatives and the 11 Social Credit members, the 16-man NDP contingent held out for an increase that would be re- stricted to the cost-of-living increase since 1970, when MPs salaries were boosted from This would amount to about 30 per cent and the NDP wanted expenses held at the present level, instead of hiked to The government countered with its second proposal at private talks Wednesday night and Mr. Broadbent reaffirm- ed his opposition. Debate on the bill, which ad-. journed Tuesday, resumed Thursday with little hope of being completed today, when Parliament is scheduled to be- gin a Christmas holiday until Jan. 22. But the government hasn't quite shut the door. In the ad- journment motion, it says the House may be recalled at any time agreeable to the Speaker "after- consultation with the government." This means that with a quorum of 20 members the House could be recalled at any time to con- sider the bill during the recess. Bribery probed OTTAWA (CP) An in- quiry will open next month into allegations by Social Credit Leader Real Caouette that reporters have been brib- ed by MPs. The Commons voted 111 to 93 Thursday to order an investigation by the House committee on privileges and elections. The decision, taken with Mr. Caouette absent, makes it virtually certain that the Social Credit leader will be called as a witness to explain his charges. Inside o 32 Pages Classified........26-31 Comics............24 Comment...........4 17-19 Family..........20-22 Markets...........25 Theatres...........13 Travel.............6 Weather............3 At Home ..........23 LOW TONIGHT 25; HIGH SAT. 45; MAINLY COUDY. OTTWA (CP) A bleak ecc.ii.mie featuring sharply 'nerr.ployment ana escalate g is fore- cast foi luf st "ialf of next year by the Cc oference Board in Canada 4n rs quarterly re- view release uday. Arthur J. f Smith, head of the priv.. economic research grc ays this will be followea by a strong business recov. "v late in 1975. Real after dis- counting price woui' be up only about one te cent in 1975 compared with four per cent this year. lie lumps are in stc, L the general economic picture improves. The board ojects that the unemploymr i. rate will rise steadily to A XT rent by the fourth quarter if 197b from 5.6 per cent in same period this year. The price index is ed to rise 11.2 per cent this and another 11.9 per ce it 1 1975. 6Olive truce' allows Lebanon crop harvest THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Israel and the Palestinian guerrillas have agreed to an "olive truce" in south Lebanon to allow fanners to harvest their crop, Beirut newspapers reported today. The papers said the limited ceasefire will cover the slopes of Mount Hermon, which Israel calls Fatahland after Al Fatah, the largest guerrilla organization. As high rates of in- flatioi. will sM in 1975. As the year progiv ;ses, the board foresees a ".ncsable moder- ation in the t i of price rises, so that by ti1 aal quarter the rate should :Jown to about six per cent ai nually. Among otLtr projections, mostly ny, are the following: Employn, at in 1975 will rise by one per cent or pen "nu. compared with about 4 5 oer cent or al- most s year. st irts will drop to fi i new starts this Contrary to the trend M -J74, however, new starts >uld gradually improve on quarter-to- quarter basis arthig about mid-1975. spending on du- rable goods, sj as cars and appliances, wi 1 decline by three per cer t, after dis- counting prir" i ises. Spending in 1975 will drop t-y 4.5 per cent in real terms and imports 3 6 per cent The review was only the second in a planned series of quarterly forecasts the board will make OP short-run economic performance. "Among the more impor- tant developments are the emergence of more serious weaknesses than had been ex- pected earlier in the economies of Canada's major trading partners, the Nov. 18 federal budget, the initiation of a policy of phasing out ex- ports of Canadian oil to the United States, and the imposi- tion of controls on imports of Canadian meat into the United States." No Herald Christmas The Herald will not publish Dec. 25 and 26, Christmas Dqy and Boxing Day. Ads for Saturday, Dec. 28, must be received by 5 p.m.. Monday Dec. 23. Ads for Mon- day. Dec. 30. must be in before noon Tuesday, Dec. 24. Classified advertisements taken up to a.m. Tues- day Dec. 24, will appear Friday, Dec. 27. is projectec cent this y rise six per Seen and heard About town Lethbridge County Reeve, Dick Pap worth, sending per- sonal ben voyage wishes to county teachers going to Hawaii during the Winter Games Moustached Provincial Judge, George Lynch Staunton, being given a razor at a local lawyers par- ty. Can you say no to a starving child? Well, dear readers, the Cup of Milk Fund is just a hop, skip and a jump away from its goal. Today we have in the fund. That sum represents a lot of milk for "starving children in Bangladesh. But the job isn't finished yet. With a mighty push, we'll do it. Today, cur heartfelt thanks to the Miami, Granum Ponderosa and Hi'tterville colonies. The list on Page 2 is KM! long today the fund is receiving the attention it deserves. The children of Bangladesh will receive the nourishment every child should have. We are saved by hope. We will hope to the end. The fund is stronger. Thank you, Tracy and San- dy. You came up with 50 cups of milk for the children of Bangladesh. Dr. Lotta Hitschmanova and the Unitarian Service Committee will get it to them. Thanks, Lary, Darcy, Tuxs and Coco. Many, many thanks and heaps of Christmas wishes to Kari and Troy Giesbrecht. You know, kids, we're kind of prc'if. of you. Special thanks to the Car- mangay Girl Guides; Brian, Brenrio and Barry; Doug, Tim, Perry, Lori and Nadene. you, Hazel Walshe of Lethbridge. Look at how tlwse schools are pitching in! The Year Three Class at Central School, Pincher Creft the Grade and 4 of R. -School, Coaldale. Thank y< Blairmore Knights of Coiu.nbus. Here's a If ..t- from Paul and Edw Lutz of Mistatine, S-. pounds USC .ranee costs r to Chalna, and the is per li cost is of milk cos., freight and in: from Red Bangladesh USC insurat carload. The 5GO for one carload, excluding inland distribution. Christmas is five days away. Give us your hand. Together we can help those children. We can't say no to hungry children. Write Cup of Milk Fund, Lethbridge Herald. Keep the hope alive by fighting hunger. When Christ- mas comes, you'll understand its true meaning. List of contributors on Page 2. ;