Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 20, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBR1DGF HERALD MonJov, Orcernhn 70, 1971 Paul An outsider's viewpoint at ourselves through Hie eyes of others rnn often be a salu- tary experience, rspocially when Ihc view comes from ;m experienced, ob- jective source. Take Mr. .lames Res- ton of the New York Times, for in- stance. He has btvn in Ottawa look- ing over the scene since Mr. Tni- deau's recent visit to Washington. A lot of Canadian comment on Hie re- sult of that brief consultation at the White House, with attendant fanfare, has been caustic, olfensive and irre- sponsible. According to Mr. Rcslon, the Canadian prime minister merely wanted to clear the air and we agree after Secretary of the Treas- ury, John Connally. told Canadians that they couldn't go on selling more to Ihc r'nited States than they bought from them. iThis trade balance in Canada's favor was for the year 1971, as Mr. Keston points out. The aver- age picture since the beginning of the century is very much in favor of the C.S.) Mr. Trudeau wanted to be assured that Ottawa was not expected to con- tinue to maintain a trade balance with Ottawa, and he got that assurance. President Nixon told him that the U.S. bad no designs on Can- ada's independent economic and po- lilical life The truth is thai the president can do very little about heavy U.S. in- vestment in Canada. It would be political suicide for him to interfere with American big business policies vis-a-vis Canadian investment. The president wants to be fair and gen- erous to Canada, but he cannot, he needs the financia' support of U.S. business. He cannot afford to antag- onize it. Therefore the president will not interfere with the freedom of: U.S. business and industry when it decides lo invest in Canada or any other country. As Mr. Keston puts it bluntly. Ihe president "cannot avoid this dilemma between his political interests and his foreign policy in- terests." N'or can Mr. Trudeau. Summer 1972 General opinion among the young people involved with Secretary of State Gerard Pellelier's Opportun- ities for Youth program of last sum- mer, is that it was a success. The main criticism has been that it got off to a very late start. It was not announced until March Hi. giving the young people less than two months to come up with ideas of their own, make an application for government funds, and have tenta- tive plans either accepted or reject- ed. The fundamental reason for the late start was not only the delaying impact of the financial crisis, but the difficulty Mr. Pelletier encountered in getting his ideas across to the federal Cabinet. He was convinced, according to Stanley McDowell of the Globe and Mail, "that the van- guard of Canada's youth was turned off by traditional institutions and bu- reaucratic programs" and had to fight for his belief that the "unim- aginative, traditional and hidebound summer work programs" suggested by government departments, espe- cially Manpower, were not the an- swer. In ihe end. Mr. Pelletier emerged from the fray triumphant, and the program, which is in essence, gov- ernment financing, on a contract, ba- sis, to groups of students who can submit credible plans for projects thev felt would benefit their com- munities. Inevitably '.here were glar- ing errors, particularly the m u c h publicized one in which young people growing vegetables in a B.C. rural community, were discovered raising a fine crop of marijuana among the potatoes and onions. Once accepted that the trial run was a good one. the question comes up, what should be done to assure that the best of last summer's pro- gram is maintained, the worst not repeated, and improvements initiat- ed First, it is to be hoped that the innovative character of the program will be maintained. Second, that not only students should be involved, but ALL unemployed youth should be encouraged to participate, wheth- er in projects of their own initia- tion or in conjunction with students. Third, special attention should be given to getting young people from the "poor" segment of society in- volved. If these youngsters lack the background and drive to compete with middle class products in in- ventiveness some help should be pro- vided to them in the way of ideas for programs. One hopes thai a program, highly successful in spile of a late start and some glaring errors, will not be- come a political football in 1972, that Mr. Pellcticr's basic idea of partici- pation. rather lhan bureaucratic di- rection, will be preserved. The travel agent "Can 1 help you, "Yes, I'd like to buy a round-trip ticket Lo the Azores." "How long were you planning to "Two days. I liave to meet with a Frenchman named Georges Pompidou." "We can arrange that. Your last name, "Nixon." "First "R like in Richard." "Very goal." "Now from the Azores 1 have to go to Bermuda to see Edward Heath of Lon- don." "Why don't you fly directly to London, "No it has to be in Bermuda, and by Dec. 20." "All right, sir. can ily you to Lisbon and then you change pianos and we'll have yon in Bermuda on the 20th. Will that be from there I have to go to Key Biscayne to meet with Willy Brandt. E should be there on the 2Bth of December.11 "That shouldn't be any trouble. Wr have two fliphfs a day from Bermuda tn Mi- ami. Will you be staying in Key "Of course not. From Key Biscayne I have to get to San Clemente, Calif., to meet with Eisaku Sato of Japan on Jan. 6." "Let me look at my sclxxiulcs here. You're in luck. There's a flight from Mi- ami lo San Clemcnle on the night of the 5th. It should get you there in time for your meeting.'1 "That's fine. Now one more tiling. Can you get mo from Sun Ciemenlr, to Prkinfi by Feb. "What, stale is that in, "It's not n state. I want to go to Pe- king, China." "Oh, I see. Hmrrjnnnn. There doesn't soum tin be any planes leaving from San Clrmeiile lo Peking, China. me in Uie new schedules. Pckjn, Pckin, Ind., Pekin, N.Y., Pekin, me, no Pe- king, China. I'll check if there is anything leaving from Los Angeles. Ah, yes, here it is. You fly to Hong Kong and take a bus to Canton, which connects with a plane for Peking." "How much is it family "How many of you are "My wife Pat and Henry Kissinger." "Is Henry related to you, "No, but he's like a son to me." "We're sorry, he'll have to pay full fare. It will be round trip, plus tax." "Can I fly now and pay "Not to Peking, sir. Ever since the Cul- tural Revolution the airlines prefer their money in advance." "Don't I get a discount for going in the "No, but you're allowed a free stopover in North Korea on the way hack." "I don't want a free stop in North Ko- rea. 1 have to go to Moscow after I go to Peking." "Well, why didn't you say so? Yon can fly back to the United Slates via Moscow and save "1 don't I'.nvc to go tn Mn.'.c'm until Mav.'1 "My goodness, you a hit of lime in there between Peking anri Moscow. Where would you like to spend "H really doesn't matter. Do you have any "Let me look at. ir.y travel brochures a moment. Would you be interested in visit- ing Washington, "What "It's the nation's capital. There are Ihings of intotTM Mvrr. There's I he Lin- coln Memorial, the National Gallery ami they h.ive a now tourist att.rarlion railed the Kennedy Centre." "I'd better check it out my wife." "Why don't we put yon down for Wash- ington between Peking and Moscow? (f you change your mind, can always write, yen out a new ticket.'' (Toronto feuii News Kcrvitx) Business community disturbed by bills Liberal Ml' Fat Mahoney. Hie nvn who was given the task nl guiding the controversial lax reform bill through Hie llnusr of Coin- nions, says isn'( loo sur- prised that the business world is annoyed al ji'ivcniment. secretary lo Minister Edgar Benson, says Ihc gov- crnment h a s invited a good deal of ''flack" (rum Uie busi- ness community by handing it an almost indigestahle wail of legislative proposals, task force and study commiUee re- ports and white papers. With these, the businessman has grown fearful that lie is going to become entangled in red tape ami have to transmit control of his business to some "laeeless, heartless and mind- less bureaucrat and deprive his progeny of their inalienable i-ight to inherit the fruits of his labor tax free.'' Having the typical Western quirk of not beating about the bush when it come; to saying what you mean in plain lan- guage, the Calgary South MP knows how to get his message across. The businessman's basic trouble, he says, is that as with other people, the truth is often not nearly as important as what the truth is thought to be. So much for low grade phil- osophy, comments Mr. Ma- honey. The plain truth is that, taken singly, almost all the federal proposals for reforming Can- ada's business laws are regard- ed by the majority a' concern- ed Canadians as being long overdue. If the government has sinned at all, Mr. Mahoney seems to say, it is only because the gov- ernment lias handed business too full a platter of changes to digest at one sitting. However, there are reasons for this. The Triideau adminis- tration feels that Canada K in an era of rapid change and that the responses to change should not be loo long delayed. In fact, the changes are long overdue. Just take a look. Taxation reform is the result of a decade long debate that began when the Progressive Conservative government of John Diefenbaker acknowl- edged the need for aJi overhaul of Canada's lax system and ap- pointed the Carter Commission. Since then there has been an unprecedented public and ex- pert input of opinion that has vaulted in the new bill. The Canada Labor Code, only affects about five per cent of the work force since the other 95 per cent are under provincial jurisdictions, has not had a major revision since Meanwhile, provincial la- bor legislation has been up- dated scores of times. Labor code proposals relating to tech- nological change have drawn "Mommy, who won the intense criticism from busi- ness, but in 1971 bow can this type of legislation Ignore the quick changes industry is going through? T h e Combines Investigation Act is, says Mr. Mahoney, con- spicuously out of date. If, for no other reason than its limit- ed application to the rapidly expanding service sector of the economy and that it deals with essentially civil relationships in a criminal context, it needed redrafting. The report of the Study Com- mittee on Bankrupt: and In- solvency suggests an approach to credit that will reflect the facts of 19? 1 rather than those of a century ago, says the Par- liamentary secretary. One fact it recognizes is that credit is no longer just a commercial ac- crmmodation. Tt is now active- ly marketed for its own sake by financial institutions and as an adjunct to sales promotions by other merchandisers em- ploying some of the most effec- tive hard-sell techniques yet devised. Credit used to be granted. Today, says Mr. Mahoney, it is hare! to avoid. And the proposals for a new business corporation's law for Canada will, if adopted, alter radically the basic legal ap- proach lo the corporation the instrument through which most business is conducted. However, says Mr. Mahoney, the government isn't setting out to change things just for the sake of change. If some- thing is an anachronism but harmless, it may well allow it to stay on the books. Take the corporate seal. At one point, a committee investi- gating this particular item de- cided to abolish it as outdated. Then it thought better of it. For the following reasons: "At one point we considered abolishing the whole idea of the corporate seal, an anach- ronism carried over from a less literate age. The amount of money spent every year in buying and storing this redun- dant ironmongery must be sub- stantial. In the end, however, we concluded we would probably create more trouble than we would save by abolish- ing the seal. Many people, bank managers in particular, are de- voted to the seal and would be upset if its use was pro- hibited. The law need not de- prive people of such simple and harmless said the committee. (Mcruld Ottawa Bureau) Cvril Dunn India as well-intentioned liberator questioned IN her hour of military triuir.ph in East Pakistan, India is unlikely to have much difficulty in brushing aside the harsh criticism aimed at her from the While House in Wash- ington, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, the In- dian prime minister, might even be willing to accept some of it as true. She might admit that she knew all about an American-sponsored plan to prevent war days before the Indian Army began its massive invasion of East Pakistan. She might also admit knowing that General Yahya Khan, Paki- stan's military ruler, had al- ready agreed to negotiate a political settlement with follow- ers of the imprisoned Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, leader of East. Pakistan's home rule par- ty, the Awami League. It is improbable that she will concede much mure. The White House claim that autonomy for East Pakistan was already 'in- evitable' before India went to war is sure to lie rejected. Mrs. Gandhi can psinl In General Yahya's delays, lo he inade- quacy of his nun announced plans for a political solution, and to his unwillingness to re- lease Sh-'ikh Mujib a. once. And certainly Mrs. Gandhi will dismiss as baseless the main conclusion drawn by the While from her lack o( interest in the American peace initiative: that India in fncl set out to dismcinhfT a sovereign state which belongs !o the United Nilions. Yet there are grounds for suppasing that the final destruction Muslim Pakistan and the reunification of India had been a! Ihe back of Indian minds since January ot Ihi.-, year. Thai v.i.s when Ihe Indian govermnenl w ll a I. scenufl an exaggerated inipnrl- ancr lo (he hijacking of a .small Indian Airplanes plane to Ln- hnre and used it as an excuse for severing the air supply routes across lerri'.ory from West I'al.iM.-ui I" KaM I'aki.slan. At once kcil.ilod homeland of Bengal's Muslims became less than ever defensible. It may be that this time In- dia will not seek moral justi- fication for her belligerence. She already has the mighty, pater- nal approval of the Soviet Union, not to mention a good deal of liberal endorsement elsewhere. Yet it is hard to identify India as the well-inten- tioned liberator, lending the support of her army to the justified secession of an oppress- ed people. She has never for a moment tolerated such move- ments within her own frontiers. In East Pakistan, under a to- tally undemocratic military dictatorship, Sheikh Mujib and his Awami league were, last December, allowed to contest an election on a six-point au- tonomy program which stopped only just short of secession. In India, election campaigning of this sort is forbidden by law. These powers have been con- stantly used in Kashmir the predominantly Muslim slate which Pakistan believes should have become hers at the lime of Partition to prevent can- didates from asking support even for a plebiscite which might lead to .secession. India also has territories which have risen against inclu- sion within the Indian Union. The notorious case is Nagaland, the mainly Christian hill terri- tory along Uie frontiers of Bur- ma and Assam. Tile Nagas as- sert that their country was never part of British India and So They Say An eye for an eye, a tooth for a toolli, napalm for napalm. President Anwar El-Sadat of I'.gypl. telling his people Ihcy must prepared for battle Israel. Fur Uie first time in history a great power is deliberately throwing away its inescapable obligations of leadership to adopt deliberate weakness as a iiational polity, Vice Adm. ll.vman Itirkciver. on declin- ing U.S. naval power. so could not become a part uf Nehru's India. Indeed, in IHI7 Nagaland proclaimed her own, separate independence. Far from lending her support to this upsurge of national senti- ment. India sent in her anr.y and for more than a decade waged a cruel war of repres- sion against the stubborn Na- gas. Noting that an Indian MP had called General Yahya's campaign in East Pakistan "a genocio'al war of colonial rccon- a Naga leader has late- ly invited an Indian definition of India's own prolonged opera- tions in Kagaland. Similarly, in 1966, the people of Mizoland on the very bor- der of East Pakistan rose against Indian rule. They were crushed in a harsh, swift cam- paign conducted by General ManeUshaw, today India's Commandcr-in-Chief and the 'Liberalor of Bangla Dcsll.' It is, of course, obvious that East Pakistan deserved lo h? liberated from its years of ex- ploitation by a combination of military rule and Big Business based on West Pakistan. But it is equally clear that. Sheikh Mujib committed himself last March to open rebellion and in- vited the Pakistan Army's in- tervention with a recklessness which makes sense only on the assumption that he had counted upon Indian support. H is tnie that Mujib won staggering popular support in East Pakistan in Ihe December elections and none whatever in Wcsl Pakistan. Then he jumped the He treated an election designed only lo set up a Constituent Assembly as hav- ing given him immediale pow- er to rule. He insisted that Ihe new Constitution should give to al' the provinces of Pakistan Ihe nlmnM alllnnoim lie demanding from East Pak. Lsl an. Such an idea even if it had boon acceptable lo all the pmv- inccs, even if it had been work- able would almost ccrlainly have meant I ho complete dis- integration of tlic Muslim linmrlaml. And il over Ibis bizarre constitutional plan thai Mujib lost the support of Mr. Bhutto, whose People's Party had won dominating popular backing in West Pakistan. The praclicc of calling all soldiers of Ihc Pakistan Army Punjabis though many of them arc Pafhans seems to have fostered the idea that East Pakistan was at war with West Pakistan. But in fact the people of West Pakistan have long been as bitterly opposed as the Bengalis to rule by a military-business complex. The uprising against Field-Marshal Ayub Khan Yahya's prede- cessor began not in Dacca but in Karachi. Though Bhutto was once Ayub's colleague, lat- terly he had suffered under the military regime almost as badly as Sheikh Mujib. And the reforms Bhutto had campaign- ed for were in ideological Icnns far more radical than (lie notions of Ihe Awami League. If Ihc Sheikh had been less impatient and more confident that lie would be allowed to re- tain the power he had won the power to prime minister in Pakistan's first genuine demo- cracy things might have been different. He and Bhutto might have used their political expertise and their immense popular backing to end military rule in Pakistan ever. This year's events have surely proved that, however rflthless lie may be, General Yahya is a political idiot. India's military success in East Pakistan, if it becomes total, will probably end Paki- stan's progress towards democ- racy, which not long ago seem- ed so promising. Some foresee terrible dangers, even immi- nent massacres. The hope must be that those East Bengali Muslims who have cheered the advance of the Indian Army will also have reason to ap- plaud their new status as In- dia's protege. (Written for The Herald and Tlie Observer, London) Looking backward Through The Herald 1921 The Blairmore arena will be officially opened with public skating, curling, and hockey all part of the gala day. one Ion of flour, large quantities of fine quality dressed h e e f, pork, and mut- ton, three tons of potatoes, wheat, and oilier vegetables have been donated in the Ma- gralh Emergency relief fund. Iflll The Wartimes Prices and Trade Board announced that subsidies will be paid lo producers of milk sold to manufacturers of concentrated milk products. 1951 Storing of water against the St. Mary River dam for irrigation pur- poses has started, hut how long will be required to fill the large reservoir will be deter- mined by next spring's runoff. Iflfi! Special ceremonies were held recently to mark the official opening of the Milk Jlivcr Elemenlary School. Tlie LethbtuUje Herald 5W 7th St. S., Lcilibridgc, Alberta LJiTHBRlDCiE HKRALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 195-1, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN .second Class Mall Registration No 001! Momber ot The Canadian Press ana mo Cnnacfian Dflily Newspapw Publishers' Asscciftllon and thft Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnancr JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Manntjlnq Editor Editor ROY F- WILE: DOUGLAS K WALKER Advrrmimi Marker Uiilr.i inl Edilor "THE HtRALD SERVK5 THE SOUTH"