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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 20, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBHIME DAILY HtHALO, MONDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1909. I i I I 2-Its Resources In every case the future of a city depends upan the following three Its geographical location; 2nd; whether it commands the lines of transportation; 3rd, the natural resources of its surrounding territory. These points, apply with especial force to the new cities of the Great 'West Is the situation of Lethbridge a favorable one as regards these points? The facts speak for themselves. Let us see. WH opening of the. vast wheat fields, of Western Canada has meant a new era in the world's means the releasing of a new great stream of wealth, which is destined in time to shift the -world currents of commerce and even perhaps to alter the location of the great world centres. Mr. J. J. Hill, whose wonderful insight into the future is proverbial, has many times stated that within ten years the tlnited States will have no more grain for export and that the price of the world's bread will be dictated by Canada. The Province of Alberta alone, as has been pointed out. contains a greater area of arable land than two countries the size of Germany. What part does the territory tributary to Leth- bridge bear in this Grain Empire of Western Can- ada? -Lethbridge is the centre of the finest fall wheat district upon the Continent. The average yield of. this district, according to Government is Thirty Bushels to the highest average on record. By comparison the average yield Da-. kota is only about Twelve and of Manitoba about Fifteen Bushels. t Fall wheat gives, the farmer a double chance to make a crop; and thus the" risk of crop failure is --almost eliminated. "Sunny Southern Alberta" has become pro- verbial as the choicest and most reliable wheat dis- trict of the Canadian "West. Not only, however, has the. territory ;of Leth- bridge this splendid capacity for wheat growing, but'it enjoys another great advantage. 'Southern Alberta and Saskatchewan are the easiest countries in the world to settle. Perfectly level and with no clearing required the farmer can select his land. in the spring and take out .first profits in the fall of the same year. The undoubtedly promising, but as yet untried districts of more northerly location, do not enjoy this advantage. North of the South- ern prairie, .we come upon a region in which land clearing must be undertaken before a start can be made. With advantages and lying as it .does immediately adjacent to the United States.-bound- ary line, the Territory of Lethbridge has been the Mecca for finest class of settlers" which the world can produce. The Lethbridge district has thus had the bene- fit of the experiences gained from the 'development of the similar lands of the Western' States, The Wealth of Wheat o'f the Lethbridge District is enough in itself to make one of the most prosperous 'countries in the world, and to build a great central city. But Nature has not stopped with this. Underlying the wealth of Wheat, we have a wealth of Coal, of unsurpassed quality. These coal deposits are so extensive as to be -almost inexhaustible. Immediately adjoining the city are five great coal mines, one, the largest in Canada. Lethbridge coal is in use in practically every town from Winnipeg to Vancouver, And stretching to the west we have the. great Crow's Nest Pass Country, a hive of most literally one vast coal mine. The Crow's Nest coal is of a coking variety and supplements that of Lethbridge. The coal mines of Pennsylvania have made the" name of Pittsburgh, Scranton and other cities, fa- mous throughout the world as synonyms of wealth. A Similar future is in store for the coal district Of South-western Canada. Thus founded on these two great assets, the two which, supply man's most fundamental needs, EcthBridgc; the City of Coal and Wheat, Watch This This is the second .of a series of articles in which we" shall outline to you from day to day the causes which indicate that. Lethbridge is to be one of Western Canada'-s great cities, its increase as com- pared with other cities, its funda- .mental resources, its certain des- tiny in the light of the past and present and the course which this growth and development 'must take. i ''MKA N. LETHBRIDGE presents the most promising field for Investment in Western Canada Watch this MAP SHOWING THE LOCATION OF LETHBRIDCE WITH REGARD TO RAILWAY LINES Its Geographical Location Lethbridge occupies a commanding natural. position. It lies to the West of the Grain Lands. It lies to the East of the Coal and Timber of the mountains. Just what do these two points mean to the future of the City? Let us see. The railway officials have agreed that within. a few years the prairie crop of the west will be" -largely shipped via the Pacific Ocean. The wheat of Saskatchewan and Alberta will therefore .move West to the ports of this ocean. Thus a city to command this traffic should occupy a westerly po- sition on the prairie. Into such a city, the grain will drain for collection, and shipment in solid train-loads to the seaboard. Lethbridge occupies this position. More and more the grain will move through Lethbridge to the coast. 'On the other hand ttie coal will move to the larger centres of the East, and the lumber will also flow from the mountains eastward to the prairies. Thus Lethbridge occupies the strategic loca- tion for this traffic also. The coal and lumber will move eastward through Lethbridge for distribution The Lines of Transportation Lethbridge the Railway Centre Railways follow natural seek the centre that nature has herself marked out. The skilled engineers of the great railroads foresee the location of these centres more quickly than the aver age person can. Considering the strategic loca- tion which Lethbridge occupies, it is no more than is to be expected that they should select it as the railway centre of South Western Canada. The map shown above indicates the railways now serving, or seeking entrance, into Lethbridge. Even since this cut was made two additional roads have been announced. The keenest rivalry exists between these lines and they will be pushed to com- pletion as quickly as possible. Several of the new ones shown above are already under "way. Within two or three years Lethbridge will be served by the following railways Canadian Pacific Trans-Continental. Canadian Pacific Crow's Nest line. Canadian Pacific to Calgary. Grand Trunk Pacific to Calgary. Canadian Northern, into Saskatchewan to Saskatoon, 6 Canadian Northern to Winnipeg. 7 Canadian Pacific. Lethbridge-Weyburn line to Manitoba. 8 Grand Trunk Pacific to Regina and Winni- peg- 9 Great Northern. Trans-Continental. 10 Alberta Railway and Irrigation Co., to Montana. s 1.1. Canadian Northern, west via South Koot- enay Pass to Pacific Coast. 12 Manitoba and British Columbia, east to Winnipeg and west to Pilot Bay, British Columbia. 13 Northern Empire Railway, south to the international boundary, and north through Edmon- ton to the Peace River. 14 Electric line of Southern Alberta Land Co. to Calgary and Medicine Hat. Nature gave South Western Canada its tremendous resources. The lines of transportation must focus upon its centre, Greater Leihoridp, tne City of Coal and leat P, 0. Box 1979 316, Round Street, Lethbridge ;