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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 20, 1906, Lethbridge, Alberta Eeibbrtdfle Iron moiK$ Co.> lil Iron Castings and Machine Work Structural Steel Columns^ Sashweights MILL AND MINE Valvet Pipe SUPPLIES TIACTION ENGINE REPAIRS Bar Iron BttbUt MctAl MiAcrt* Tool* Journey to Peace River ibo Peace Ri*-er is tiestincd �o t(J and hollowed friUs, sweeping M\> in couiitlcsa torraocs and ^th.''! in sunlight all day.. WUh the escoption of Messrs. UriiW and Carson and tha mission, lUo fariiitrs are l \ ^^^^ hunditKi mile trip over the likely to starve. In th.^ seasons ! ^'^ (i-hon is not a liouse oS any Ivinil when fur U pkntiful, your credit is \ a mail carrier who good at tha store and jou live lux- i 'naWes monthly trips with a dosr uriou.sly. When fur is scarce vmi ! ttani. scretc'h along a.s best, /ou may The Place to Purchase PRESENTS At moderate prices is at Liphardfs Watches* Diamonds, Jewelry, Finger Rings, Brooches, Scarf Pins, Bracelets, Dumb-bell Links, Lockets, Cuff Links, Neck Chains. Novelties m China, Cut Glass Sterling Silver We have the Stock. We are prepared to i.te you well. W. c. Uphomt Jeweler and Optician. Get the Photo Habit liRAIN GONNISION. (noportcrt IT'S A GOOD ONE- BUT GET IT NOW, BEFORE THE USUAL CHRISTMAS RUSH W. W. HANDFORD Rins ap 108 When yon want DRAYING Done promptly and satitfactorily. JOHN BRODIE Some Good Lines of MEN'S SHOES  Jut arrived. Yoa g�t the benefit of my experience m a practical num. Come and loolt at them. BBINO YOUR REPAIRS. Repairs done while yon wait. F. QERMAN of the opinion that the Iwat of while wheat can be procured in Southern Al'berlo liy selecting carofuUy from seed already with us. Mr. jMUicson of the Alberta Pacific Elevator Co. took.tho stand ond told the commission thnt ha was travelUng ngent'for the company and had the superintendency of sixteen po.nts. Doing a profos.sioiv.il ho canu-in for rlgkl infipcction and ctuilc a little interesting fencing took place, but no incriminating evidence u'a.any. Mr. JamicSon waa made (� trim Rtcrn-whecior. with fir.st-cl.is,s , ago) are. It is vibdcrstood, to accommodations for pa.sson;rors. own '. a" the tatid they have cultiVAt-ed by the Hudson's Ita^- Co.; a small ! The gowmnvent is will not st;ll er propclter, run/*t>y tha Itom.an Cath- : iny land at the present time. Thosi> olic MisSiions, and a steam launch { �ho ha\-c the intgfcsti-bf this coun which was 4)rough( from th-3 Ijali.^oi' try at heart believe that this is u the Woods. Navigation is open cn g�^t mi.sitate. Th? ftght kind >( I 1 stopjJCtl fA Ihfi .settleini-nt led clays waiting foe f.omi- means toinai.'o the ne.'ct sjtage 01 the journey ,up to Duni-cgan. .At thf cikI of (liat tim,> two travellers with a tuokbo-ard and team, who had come all tin; wiiy through from ICdmonlon, iu> ir.eaii feat, �rrivounveg.an clim>ljs liio (hill ht'hind Mr. Brick's place niul straight aw�.y across tlio the Pc*r0 from about 1h^ 30th of | men, they think, aro n l'*"^'-'�ded to brave thff hardsl/ps o! | piairie, cutting ofV by that nv?an.s a lator, which is only a week or two ! flatting intw the country tor a (juar- ; big sweep of the river. From the sJiorter sca.son tl�an ttw, .St. I^aw- j tor section. Outside the settleiiujnt , of thj north bank 01' the river icijco. After tho 1st of Septcmb.'r ) uo�>a of the country except Fort Vei- ! the prairie sweeps away for ho has known first-class Atbcrt'a Hod ! �>n*ever. tlve water get.-^ very low on j niillion, has been stirvejed. A squat- to go as high in wc'ight as ti6 tbs. per bush-3l. hut our vhite wheat to go No. 1 should go 60 |>ou�ds. Mr. Jamieson, continuing, said: "We arc all looking for a market to ihs west and a terminal elevator at Vancouver, though not on absolute necessity now, may be uoon and Would be an ndvantAge in forward -iftg business, for, in reaching out for th.; Pacific or Oricnta) trade wo must contfjete with the Western States. White *\'hxit or soft wheat in at present the favorite in Jupait. tout we hope to educate the Japanese to our hard wheats which arc better or JCOAsary in tnJUing high clas.�i flour. The proposition of inculcating a M^em of govcnjmMtt weighing of grair., wliich should be acoefHublo to btyer and sffllor, la another item tuucb'xl upon often at itiu^lr sitting, finding favor in nvost casca with those who have thought out the (question to any extent. ron.sjderable differences of opinion seom to pievaii as to tho spread is; prices between track wheat and stnoct wheat, most of our people cor:usin;? tJ*3 two. track wh^t ta>ing tho whoat loaded in n cor and then purchased, tttreet wheat boUis defined as wheat taken into tho elevator load by load. In order to h.indle the latter a certain amount of spread is neco.ssary. for now that navigation is closeti wheat sold at th s tin-.o is practically Alay wh�it, or it may �� nocos -sary for a buyer to hold to that the upp.>r reaches of'the river. "Jay however, take up his quur- Thc IHsaco River makes roguWirtrips i I*'' section where ba likes, between Fort Hudson's lloiw and the ' �'3�isons at tha settlement t.r? Chutes during the season. It tokos i fnuch the sam.-j as at Edmonton. It her about twelve days to go up uud about one-third of that tims to descend tha I'ivor. ^ivm current aver  ago� ;out four .ini.lcs an.hour. Tiwro ; are occnKional pjaces of swift water. has. hotvever, the advantagv of longer summ&r days attd more sunlight at that si!�son. fiocding is done at the md of April and the beginning if May. T^is year Mr. llrick stnH- but not a mpid during the wlioio: cutting his oats at the end of w*\y. At tho Chutes tha I'eace Ri%-, Ju'V. and bytha I5t* of AOgtKt all er connects w.iii^ the company's i grain was gathered. On tte-lth suwnvsr Or.ihaine,;. which plies dowr. : .September, whor. I reached �Is to Fort .Smith, iprom tha othor side;. P'^m- he was starting to thresh. As of Smith's portage the stcanwr; t^'' ''rst frost is due �bout the Ist Wriglcy makes oifj trip a .�>:�son to o'" Sepl>.>mbor. the farmers have plen-tho Arctic, taking in supplies ;ind i'.v of leeway. Their drawliick. every takes [district has some drawback, is a bringing out ftirs. She also the triHity com�iis�ioner, who pays'scarcity of rain at the bog-inning of off the IndianH. and tha treaty rtoc-tor, who attends to thsir boUly ill.� ' Thn vLsJt of thoVVriglv>y, as nuiy bj-well imagined, i^ 'ih* chief event of a monotonous yyar, and her trit- this !'^*��"� '"^^ of *�^ter ther.i in VIKU>S .UIK J-.VIJOE The best of the wtwat is the finest i ovar saw, cxccadingiy large, firm, rod grains; but as I say the fanners are careless, untaught and heavily handicapped. CoiwiKleraible of apoar,-^e w qual.ty is raised. \^iar in and tiuilt whor? the first railroad touches i jvar out they average, atout 23 bU'�h the Peace, and so throws open ' ds of wheat to the acre. This could th'.j whole north, during tha soas.H) . no doubt be oartly doubled under of navigtriioh.- i'hi.s may be .it Fo�t other conditions. They grow fine Ifudson's Hope or at Fort St. .lohn, oat.s, U>o. On Ilrick''.s plac^, si-V on the tipper reaches of the river, ^ v%-eeks after thi? oats luosl hei>n cut. hut in view of the lowness of the t|K> .second growth was two iVet high wat.er up there toxrards the end i>f ; and the siiininer, it is cpiite prolxiblethtVt jjny a point lower down will Iw chos^'n, UunvegKtn offers^ nwny advantu.ijes miles to the north and wosi. Very little is known alwut this country only the �Klges have been explore:! and the Ridps aro away ol\. 1 talkoilw'.lh a Frenchman who had Iicmi one huii> dred miles back. He said it was licit prairie land afl the way, with pan vine so thick it was difliculi to w.itk 'through. St.II further out, on the shore of Hay lake, thare i.s a French RC'tttt?r, who 'm Miid to grow good oats and barley, besides vegetables of all kinds. I believe that this vast prairie land, which is known tp extend for two hundred miles along the north bank and from fifteen to fifty miles ir.'. is the countr>' of the future. No one knows how much further north and west, the good land may exist. It i.s triK- tho't at present there ara ' occasioruki summer f rostu up on the tcmch, h>it 1hi� was the cxpet'lonoe of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and the rent of Alberta before the land wa.H cultivated. As long as there is u hard sod on the ground, tlis raid's of the Hun cinnot p:?netrate into ihu earth and the heat radiates as soon B.H the .sun goes down. When the land.is cultivatoil, radiation is more gradual and ih.Mv are no frosts. Fii't�\-!i\ years ago the Reverend Mr. Brick, father of the present memibor . o�" the; Alberta legislatura. Rett led f.i I" Old Wives lAke, Alta., in this tiwl 1 speak of. Out of the five crops be which 'is by � Herald Representative..) The Iloyal GnUn Conuni.ssnon met at Macleod, opening their scsifion at that poir.tt at 3 p.m. on IlcocnKher 18th. T'liero were contiogent^ on hand from Lrsa^'-.ngs, Macleod, I^trth-bridgc, Ro^-mond, Magntth and Cardston. The first tmo to take the stand was th^s Cards'tan cowtingtnrt, who read a paper outlining itho ideas and requirements of idvc Card�ton district, and by requsnt including Magrath and RaymoBd. The dcHiros of this contingent as cxpraNWKi were for easier freight rateii. bettor com-immication n^th all points, mora milroad.s and throuffb rates to points west AS well as caiit, in fact ilie opening of all chaiawU by which our produi^ts ran reacM all markets available. A su�gostion waa also offered tiiat 'Southern AKicrtA bo mode on inspection di�triet witb its own survey tward at Calgary to expcditit hu�incS8 and give a better 9U|iervi6  ion of the local grain trade. All wiinosRes were nsked as to thoir opinion of the weiight demnndf d for No. 1 Albi>rttt Red remninicg at 62 pounds Olid the unanimous verdict secnifl to ho that this standard Rhould not be lowered. The comnvis-ion seem to be favorably impres.sed with the evidence that Alberta oats can bo made a specialty, possibly vith a grading of about 43 lbs per hnnhel for No. I. In their travels so far and 'in eviopuIar in that region. Mr. McUvin pro^^d an in -tcrefitin,.( witness and local opinion favors the romixMition of the two track buyers then;. Tho lamentable lack of knowledge aH oyer Southern Alberta as to the rules ami roguhitions in force for tho protcC' tion of the farmer and until tho tojt-ter learns even in a modest degrci? to look after haihsclf and his ovn in-teivjRt, he cannot expect to hurry the bcttermrnti of his own condition. Trivial complaints wlthoiit data aro not evidence for a commission or possibilities upon which to )�giBlate. Still delegates in Southern Alberta seem to be convinced that we can hold our own on winter wheat, spring wfaeai and oats, but the commissioners, in view of the fact tha^l Manitoba is celebrated for wheat and as Alljcrta has already a claim on Alberta Reds and if Alberta oata are to be a sriecial brand, whether it is (air to obliterate Saskd'tchowan but the opinion of some delegates is that Sasioatchewan might, take a brace on l>arley to get even. OrMt intenwt was evinced in this sitting which was the means of clearing up many misundcrstiarjdiings. In fact also that th? commissiion came way is a decided link with other ports and often minute inspection of wh�at wc have and what wc can grow and after listening to the �v.-denco of our, rppnesentativ^s wc feel sum that the commission w.il go away certain that AlbcHa, has a future and that Snuthem Alberta an to iiuality of grain prodo�\>,| i.i rot thg tail of the kita. The commisston are very |>aiT.Ktakine, nccunie tnd methodical hut have a Km .'any this j-ear paid *l..;.'� j not too bad a proportion con-idor-per bushel for wheat at thj sc-ttlo - ing that he vas Itia pioneer luei.t and tho farmers thought ihi.'s j thi> present time one s?tt.ler was very low. After th-j thivjshlnif is trying his luck up on lh3 praiiie. Thi.s season ba had a small amount of barley in and -a much luier vog?ial)l garden tluin any down on tli The land, as far as that goss. Ha i. is 1 o is done tho company .sends a launch th > rivr there is a vast coulee, j up from Fort Venriillion each your; which runs ))ack for man,v nilcs acd the grain is loaded or. a barge, and wctild e'iv-e the liiw an easy grade j towed down to t.he company's null to the river l�vel. Moreover, on the | at, that point. W. II. Carson has a i incomparwl>ly ricte-r. line ; threshing mill at tlw sottlemont too. ' ricultural land I ever set e.yes on :tnd mad(? without an cnonnous expen - j It was brought in ovov th� Ice by' if the rank we?ds, woU willow, (iio tJHghjMr. Brick three j'ears ago. Thegrett i wood, etc. are any ci'.torion. fx-alw^|�^V.t,Prca-nt the travllor front Kd-1 difficulty is to get help enough to j ceedingly rich. We dug holes lieie monton nriil iJesser'Stei'2 la''� roach- j run it. I arriwd at the settlenvsnt and thaiv and fount! a h.�avy. mellow �s the peace at Pence Riv^ crogsipjj j,st as they were about to l)��ln op : black loam averaging sixtofm inciQs Fort Vermillion is 325 mik?s down j aratuWa^w.*''^?"-assiManee of a �leep on a clay .subso'll. It wa.s a tho river, while in the other dirojl-' grecnhom/iw'iong^as fa whii.!. i p^^fkj^ky j^gwitrVj^ith nunwrous p.,p icn. ��m^�6*n is 75 miles. Fort St. ; was notito t* despised and i spoi.'t : lar bluffs; Js in^d Jorin abtout 130. and Hudson � flop? several strenuous days cuttin- bands � ually opened up until we c.oM sT. 1 300 od.1 milM. Tho crossing consists on the feeding t.tMe. ^ ; .houtand acre tr.acis without a r.t.ow 01 tho two Rtore.n them. Mv comp.mions who won. log huts. The 'sottlenwnt''occupi�!j�>wn in this district'. Besides all, Mperionc�! fanners a long, narrow flat, which begins a- tha coarser kinds 1 ate ripe tomul-bout five mites above tha cro.-tsing. � oes, cucumbers and coin. I saw tho other sido.' The settlenvcnt is enormous catHbages. also cauliflower. ill Manitol)a ivn�>r of j they hike for the hills at the first op balf-biveds. Tho land is efopllei.t � port unity. As in other parts of .Viand in the fifteen year* It has Imi! herta it is customarj- to feed the cultivat��l tlvore has never b�n an 1 cattls In the winter, while tho hor -absolute failure. Up on top of the i rustle (or tbemseiws. Thojcomo *o.nk the land is much richer, but thcsre are occoeional sumnuir frosts up there. Down on tho flat the farm crs ha%e newr had a killing frost. Thay arc all hampered by fn.iufnoiMtt heli> and the lack of modem agricultural implomentii. Anything of that out rolling tat in tiK) sprin;;-. Ttie settlers have to go a considcrablo distance fo> Itij'. It i.s secured around one of th? lakes to fhi? north of the river. Fom vr.itMiLuox. ever, a chain of lak?9 from ten to fifteen miles back from th^ road. This road, by the way. is excellent Coming down the hill again at Ihinvegun one has another glorious view of the Peace. The banks Iwre are stooper, the river narrower, and the water .seems a,darker green. One cannot say enough in praise of tho beaut.v of this renvarkable stream. 1 have been asked many time* how to got to the IVaoo River. In tlia first, place, I would very strongly advise those who arc thinking of emigrating to s�c tlte countr>' fir.st. It .s a glorious countr}'. but at present it is or.ly for tho strong, hardy and self-reliant. There isroom at prettent for more good farmers, pccially (if they have .earned n trade also, bt^t the country will not sup -port many of them until there is a ' bettor means of comimmieation. ,i,s � there is bound to ho soon. At tho preseiit t'i!n>} it is virtually iinpos -sihle to taiie .11 heavy goocl.'i or 111 referring strike here. F. correspondent of tho Toronto Globe said: H%?iic(! It IS Uiat all f>yc� have turn-etl to Ij�vLhbridgc during the last few days, sir.cQ here alone can any r�ai relict found. All other coal mine's in the country are working to this j fullest extent of existlnjs facilities! At I^ithbridge alone two-thirds of I the mines lie idle, and sotae 300 miners more or le.9� aro idle in tbc town. There was a quarrel over con-I tlitions lietween the company and iita intn in March last,, a strike was called, and the mine has been closed or crippled ewr since, and now, when its normal output nt this season would reach tl*^ figure of 1,000 to 1,200 tons it. i.s turning out t^tweon 200 and 300 only. When the men went on strike there were 580 working in tlve mine; this w^k thoro wjeiro about 235 at work, but many of them ore green men, a:nd the pUtpui is hardly in proportion even to th^ dimin.shiMi number. 1'he protracted I nature of the etrikc has resufted 'in I many of the man going off. Many of them at the timta of departure had substanti.al t>ank accounts and drew fine, fat suma out before leaving. This is not an imaginary matter, hut is attested by the bank books. It would be nbsuni, o( course, to suggest that this was the rule, or tJikt the men did not .set'(orth � U�t '0( grievances which they douMlms felt to l)e genuina enough; but in these grievances the question o(; wages playr^d a imrt. only, and probably not the chief part. , It is a ditncult matter to analyse the respective poisfiitious of conqtany and ni�n, and it in hardly necessary. Briefly put. (it was tho old �|u�ft4oii. of uniooiam or non-unionism thai , confronted the mAnagement. Ttie Lothbridge mines have been operating (or owr twenty lyears, and were (reo o( 'labor troubles until a (ew years.ago, when a union was formed and a strike shortly afterwards, called. Mr. E. T.- -, and at that tima the most active i^'irit ih the management, had old-fashioned notions as to the relations between capital and labor, and did not sec nnv reason for adopting those notions to modern conditions. Ho (oudt>t unionism steadily from the beginning and the .strike failed. Mr. O^lt was nonn the less a humane and ll^m-minded man, and from hlls own polaK view would have been the lost to treat his workmen other than justlyi He resented bitterly tho suggestion that he wtis doing otherwiso, ond i pointed to tha fact that he had ncy-jor heard of any dissatisfaction on tbc part of the men that ha.d not l.ieerj promptly remedied. Mr. ,Oalt, who. ns is gencmlly known, is of tlvo ohi Scottish family that produce^ i other onuncnt sons in tho brothers; Sir Thomas and Sir Alexander, was posstoruvtoly devoted to tho great enr terpriso.s which he had buil-t up tii :.ioutherii Alberta, and could not t)rook what he rcgardoil as inter-lorcnce from his workmen in .the mnnagcment of them. In short, Mr. nalt, who is now ill in �;ngland, on that occasion defeated unionism and. it disappeared from the Gait mintS*. That was .seven years ago, in the meantime the,cau.sc of un-ior.'ism has grown stronger generally 'in Canada, and particularly has it done so" in the west, where the mining Industry has so largely increased period. Throe or four _i:J Mir.o Workers of .\iii..u-n;a extended its iufiucnce (Canada, local unions being formed in the Crow's Nest Pass collieries at Femie and Michel and another at Nanaimo. Cnions were formed also fl,t Bankhcttd. I'abor and others of the iKwly dewloifing centres of tho coni industry, and' a district union was formed. No. 18, embracing the various local unions in those coal fii'Uls. Finally, th Fobruar>' last, tho tu'.ii^ Mine Workers formed a union nt Lethbridge; and within a nwoth the companj' and m�Q had again sepnratod and the preskst protracted strike had commsnoed. The contest -fusal to comply with these followed, and hence the strike, Tho consider-: nt!oj> of tho nature of the demiinds I must defer to iny next letter. ' Winnipeg, I>3f. 3.-The settlement way Ik to go yoiir.self first, pick out Nanton has decided to place a license of 810 OB all travelling shows and performances. .1. .f. Scott *\-sis elected Mayor of Plnch\�r Creek over ,1. It. SchofieW  by 8 inaiority. Mitchell, Sboulu, id |j>iinp�t�r and liobel wore electod eouacillora. kind cosfts a smalt fortunv; (o bring in. With these ob.stactes Tomovsd. i * did not liaw time to visit th.; th?y would no dotil>t.ha%'e sensation-j w't't'lement at Fort Vermillion, throe i your location, have hay put up, and al cropB; as It ta, th*'y invariaibly do .hundred miles down the river, lot 1 jllien bring in your goods anil stK.it well. gathered wh.xt information 1 co-ijd | filio following February, just befotu Th8 out. Tha wintei im itlu nvnt stands is a lona, narrow strji' '"e*"*""* down there. Tho banks, are 1 ore first-class all iho way. not high, but slope gradually baci^ ' W. II. FOOT.MMl. from tlw river. A great deal of land - - has 1oi.be cloarod. The Mttlenvent is . , , ., , , \ l*iie� pet quick roliol from I);-. |Shot>n's Magic Ointment, llampmber t.o�:U tlurinff tlio smtunor. This Uonx 1 within a month of one tabor dispute about ten miK>� long and up to one : mile win land has been { all taken up for some years, and the j sottlempnt has quito an old sfttlod 1 much larger, o.xtendinp; for about fit'- look. Tho Hat is about 30 feet nl>- ' t��n miles on one .side of the ri^vr. ovc the river; in places wherts the riv.-M' sweeps 'into tins hills It is hrok et. Iiy ridgies. There is a continual succ3s>#ion of be.iutiful views lf.^m th.-! road. On the left hand s the river; on tho right the fantastically five miles on the othar and three miles back on each side. In oil, twenty thousand kushuts of grain were raise.v its lis*;. Try it and see! vSrild li.v !. 1>, Itiginbotham & Company. in .western Canada by tho interven -: tion of an American citizen, and the tact that ho was regarded as* the; suprcma authority ol tho men in an-othor, shows at once tho disturbed state of labor in this portion of the 'Oominion and the strength of the labor orgiinizat ion that fum.shcii an .:>niciol wsted with powers so extensive over Canadian Industry. Tho;: coal miners' strike at Feimie, ? n,C.v| \vns ended last month by chell fiL Miimmpolis. Tito ers' f trike at Ijcrthbridgo.j would hiw boen^,endi�d> lai^t hy .tobn MiteMI at;, ' (ContinU'.d b�i ;