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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 20, 1906, Lethbridge, Alberta Plasttring! Plastering! Oraft^ottl PlMUring. ,XA.SLADI!.Lethbrid^. SAVt MONEY NOW - - I oaa Mil yon loto now in l^bor for $100, that will be elling at 1900 in a month's Good Farming Land for sale W. r. MU9SCLL Bed! Batate Agent Tabor. Alta. SMOKE ^ Lcthbridgf Belle Havana Smoker T. W. HAMLAHAN MamrrACTUBU In the Wilds of Keewatln. CHOICE ANDIES AXES 6 EST READ UNS City Bakery F. C. CooHe, Prop, jntpiis or Cmadiaii Nortb-West NOMESTEAO REaUUTiONS. Amy Mm anmbercrt acctloa o Oomluton LMt* IB MuiUoba. Sukatctacwaa and Alb�ra, �lC*pllac I a&ii a torn tm Iho *lciDlty of ibo laud tatarod fur tbo fMttMMau aa to raaldcaea mav be aatiafled by aiMh tcraoa raaldtac with tba father or 1. U 111* acinar haahia yenaaaeat rcaldenee upo* fanalaf laad awaad by him la the *lein-liyof hiahemaauad. tbe retiulramenu aa to raaMaace may b� aatiafled by realdcoce upon ihaaaM laad. Sla moaha' aoUee la wrttlac ahould be Htcd la tka OemaUaaleacr of OomliUoB l.aB dj, eto. Hot tea, coffee and chocolate a specialty. CWlftnipeg Free Preas.) Bishop Lolthoust. oC Konoia. wj.o is probably tha best infonued matt on Kccwatin teri^itory nml Inntl o'djncent to Hudson's Bay, tho district over which thfl boimdary disp\�t* has ivo-entt.v bcon occiipying public attontion is in Ihe city, and was interviewed by n Tree Press rci>oilcr last evening. His lordship has jiLs-t conio througb from K�Dora to ope� a church at Barwick. Bcocntiy he was in lUiny River diatrtct accoiuplishinsr * ilar purpoM mt Emo. IlarwicK wiill he tbe fourth Church he has opened this* year, the other two ,>)ein� at Lme du Bontiet and Split Liake, on the Nelson river. "AM our work,in the northern P�r-tiion of Keewaitin is among the Indiana." he aaid. "We have no white work, of eourae. There are only a fo\r Hudson Day poata, which are our atwtiona alao. This summer I tMive spent three months in Koewatin. I started on May 29, and got back on Aug. 13. having trawlled 2.000 inilea in my Peterboro canoe. We have six indinn miaaions in the north-�l I of them very tinport�nt and some of them large; the aggrv -g�te there would be 2,000 Indians under my ciiarge. I began my itin erary from Dinorwic, and wenWhcnce to Ldic Seul, liO miles, and onwards to Oat lake 150 miles. From t�ie last place, I travelled 400 miles up to Trout lake. ARE ALL INDIANS. "No white men, practically speaking, have been up there. Some of the geological sur%'eyors have boon part ot the way hut they have never boon right through. 1 got some of the Trout lake Indians to meet me at Cat lake to conduct me over the country. Troitt lake is one of the largest miteions in the north. We have fully 600 Indians in connection therewith. I was at Trout Lake two Sundays, and on the second I confirmed 70, 201 communicants being pretmtt. There was a service ewry Bight in the week, and the eongre -gotioa was never less than 850. Tbe missionary is a fuWy ordained Cree. There was only one European at tho place, a Scotsman. Tho Indians in the north are an exceedingly nice class of people; they live by hunting and fishing. Seventy per cent, can road in their own tonguw, being in posscesion of BdbkM and hymn books. They Join in religious services. Not 5 per cent, of them understand the t^nglish language. They will undoitbtoclly come Into contact with the|�'bit� man tn t*ne, bttt it w^ll be a great danger lor our missions, as they usually come into contact with tho worst specimens. In opening a country you ge't people of the humbler class, PEW l>yiNK LIQUOR. "Ninety-nine per cent of the Indians have never tasted liquor, it is pract.cally unknown among them. The Hudson's Ray officer is the only person who obtains liquor and his supply would be only two or three bottles once a year, when his provisions arrive. Prom Troitt lake I went to Severn, oibthe west shores of the bay, where we ha\-e a small mission of about 120 people. Thence I journeyed to York Factor}'. We hav� a staitlon at Fort' Churchill, where I spent eighteen years of my life, hut, 1 did not go thither. My tuissionary came down and met tvit ivt York factory. Port Churchill is our most northerly station." H'.s lordship was asked the nnitiro of tho country, and replied: "There is very little to l^c s��n within 100 miles pf the const. Some of the river sides are sparsely fledged with light timber. It in practically a skMI-RARREN COUNTRY. within a belt of lOO miles o( tha !>hon>a ot HiMlson's bay. The west .shores are flat until you approach within iii'toon milcn of Fort Church-hill. They are swainpy also and the tide runs out five to seven miles in places. There is not a v.s4igo o( tree life. Rock crops out fiftct-n nulSB south of the Fort. This formation is a continuation of the granite at Kenora, which runs north across the Nelson, and heigl>t o( land, forming later the bed. ihrotigh which tlto Churchill river flows. Tho rocky ground extends to five miles north of tho Fort, after which the land aga:n hocoinos flat for nearly 200 raik!S, until ^uimaux is reached. 1 have been over almost every inch of H. There is not a post or mission station on tho Hudson Bey that I have not been in." The interviewer referred to the cir-cunnstnnce that. Manitolm was claiming the countrj.-, and his. lordship said: "It should belong to j'oiir province undoubtedly. Of coiirse, the great idea in claimring that country is simply to get an outlet for 'Mcanvtoba on Hudson's Bay. I am afraid there is certainly no possiHility of growing grain in that region sklirting the shores. We could raise no vegotal>les of any kind. Of course, 100 miles from tho', you may probatly raise potatoes, turnips, etc., but there is no ^vh^at land whatewr. By this 1 �to not mean to say that there nro wot small patches here and there. You might obtain an acre or two of arable land ly delving in among tbe rocks as we do .n Kenora. But there is an uncertain amount^ of lumber, which is nearly all small. COUNTRY .SWEPT BY FIRE. "At tho mouth of tho river," hs sjvid, "thcr.? is a small, land-lockcd bnsin, two miles .n diaii;ctcr, with very good hol^ling groiuid aiMi deep v-rtter. In tl�e channel the river narrows down to a little over a (Quarter of.a mile. There in n rocky promontory 1�0 yards from tho south shore. A poiirt runs out from tho north, which breaks the winds and affords e.xccllent shelter. The harbor i!i shut oitt entirely, Tho Hiuison's Bay Co. hiivc a whaling shanty on tlw south side. The land is fairly high.beiiiG: from 50 to 75 feet, and although bleak aitd dreai^y. ii if^ hoal thy. The Churchill th is oimn nM tha year round. Although thctv is a grwiit deal of ico in tho bay it in open too. Tho Htidson's Bay Co.'s,vessels como in at end of July and beginning of .\iigu�t, hav;ng no difHcuIty what -ever in navigating It,'from the end of June until the close of October." SERVICEABLE lUOHT. His lordship here described a scc-viceable . tight from Cape Churchill to Long Point, which, being in the form of an oquilaterial triangle, was 4^* miles across at the base of tho triangle. Tho construction at the nock of the Churchill river, whirfi is one of the lai^cst in the DonuiVion, causes the waiters to flow out to sea at a very high velocity, gushi�g as througb a sluice." "Do you think wc can get through tho straits in winter?" the intorvicTv-er inquired. STRAITS NOT NAVIOABLB. would be impracUcal only a month earler than it was by the St. Imw-ronco. In fact, they would iTnd more open water at the end of November than there was in tho gulf. The l>is-hop mentioned that tho average tide at the Churchill river wasi fourtg our way through -tmmt counfrj'. There is no heavy tim*)er. Of course there an sections in the river i)ods where you inLght obtain timber 6 or 8 inches, and you might get a few ties. No timber limits exist. You might ted sufficient to put up a shanty or two, perhaps. That descrii>es praotitolly tho country 40O mites from lake Winnipeg. � At Norway House a garden has been cultivated, but really there is no agricultural land. I have been througb the whole country up tha Hayes, down the Nelson, the Churchill and . Seal rivers. During the summer mosqjuitoes abound in my -riftds over the swamps. We crossed in the first 300 miles going from Dinorwic to Trout lake 102 portages many of them over a mile long. One was owr three milea aitd another nine miles and most of them were swampy." HARBOR FACILITIES. When he proceeded to speak of the harbor facilities at Fort ChurcniU, Bishop Lotihouae was more appreciative. Ja Wa Kean & Co Opposite P. O. 'Phone 98 Olaaing Omining | W. M. SARSER. Painter and Decorator % Oarriage Panting a specialty Xalaomining Paperhanging { I TOWN LOTS^ 1 BaakleDtial Loto im Bloeks ,| fCP^�id"F," Appjyto I a MAGIBTH % Rati Eatote aad Inaoianoe. Bank of Montreal ESTABLISHED 1817 Capital aU mM ��...................tl4.NMM RMfrv�4Faai...................... MJM,Nt Balsacc Profit aal Lsa.............. Ml.llf Head Office, Montreal PRE8ZOSNT: RisBT noM. loan hTaATBcoaA a�d nooar boyal. o. o. m. o. VXCC-PnS8YDSNT: HON. sia eioRoa a. DaoMnoMO, x. O, m, 0. a. �. OLODSTOM. oiaaaai, MAMaeaa Brancnes and Agencies at all Ui� principal points in Canada Also in London, Englai.d, Naw York, Chicago. ' Spokane and ITewfoundland Travellers' Circular Letteraol Credit and Commercial Credits issued tor use in all parts of the world. COI.LECTIONS MADB ON FAVORABLE TERUS Dntts aoM avallabls at all pelata In Ualied Sutaa, Baropa laad Canada Intaraat alleweil en 4*^mlta at eurr�nt>at�a Lethbridge Branch - fiSJ^ RCCVC 'I do not think it is pos.sible." Bishop Lofthouso answered, "J. W. Tyrrell, a friend of min.s on tha other Bide of the stra.ts. "The current is very strong. Of course, if it had baen a stctunship. w� need never have gon:; into the ice But it was the only thing to idowith a sailing vessel-to put it into the ice. 'iho straits are fully tw-enty miles tvide in th�f narrowest Part, and if you can't get through the moving ice one way you can generally do so another. American whalcns have no difficulty in nav'\'\' '.o TELEPHONE NO. 1 -FOR ALL KINDS OF- Fresh and Salt Meats Fish, Poultry, Etc. PIGHE & MIBON "I have every faith in the Hudsons Boy railway," his lordship said. "It is bound to come in the course of years. There was great talk about it when I ariHvod hero in 1883. It was going through then, but I knew it was an utter .mpossibility. I nave, however, always been a firm believer in the Hudson's Bay railway. When the west is i>eoplod, a demand is bound to be mode for transit to Hudson's b�y. But If would require an enormous amount of n>oney. We may also find that it is not so difficult to navigate the stralits as we think. At present we know little about their navigation, because it has ocvor been tried to any extent. 1 doubt whother the scheme will be financially successful for many years to con�o. The railway, which you will run from the north end of Lake Winnipeg or from Saskatchewan, will traverse country, which cannot food a railway. Tbe construction, however, will not bo costly, as there appears to ba no considerable engineering dlAcuHiea. Of courae, as to the aibsenoo of any places to feed the raHway. the same objection might have been made to the strength of railway between Winnipeg and Fort William. VThe next financial diflteuttywpuld be An getting grain carrying vessels properly sheathed and equipped to bot'tlfl with the ice. Then, as to tho route it wouldn't bo open for more than, four or five months of the year, they lying idle, probably." Bishop Lblihouas explained that tha ordinary freight abip would be smaahed up like a match-box if it collided with the ice. "I remember, ho remarked. "Ktarxt;ng on HOTEL TABER, ALTA. Irvine & Lemon, - Proprietors RotM $1.50 ioiid $2.00 par Day FKEE BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS SAMPLE ROOMS IN CONNECTION \o:t.^oHoyxci:o:o:oH:oio:o:o:oToTo:oTo:oTo:^^^ AS A OHAIX ROUTE. "Bp you don't consider th�t it ought to be a grain route?" tbe ia-tiorviewvr queried. "I think it can be utiliaed. undoubtedly, for tho short season, and that a very largia amount of grain can bo carrM from Churchill to Liverpool, biH thwo will always bo a certain amount of riak in navigat* ion." Hia lordship added that a portioi| of the ysar's wheat mighi bs ti�n�-portad wlthla ths year. XavlgatloB A Board of Trade boa been.. or -ganiaod ait Pinchcr Creek with these officers: Prea.. II. E. Hyde: Vice-JPrealdent, W.; 6. Lynch: Secretary Troaaurar. A. O. Kammis: Council, Dr. Waraock. R. T. Sauadera, J. B. Woods. A. H.. Lynch-StauBtbn, T.' H. Hinton. Vt. H, Do^fi. 1 New aettten oa tbeir way to locate in thia: district and who had -ex . perienoed sonae of the Macleod and PIncher Creek' windy weather wore telling aoina tall yarns on the Saturday afternoon . train. <^ man afflmted that lik saw tin dishes turned inside oiit aai} another informed his haarera that it was not an uncommon thing to see the bottom blown out of an ordinary baer bot< -tie if it chaaced to be turned with the neck towards tlta wind. It was further stateil that if a bottle of thie glass was turned neck towards the atorm it beeane ao'lnflained that, its expansion aad contraction could-; ,ti� easily aeen at souis ttiaiance; as the wind strengthened or abateid^ until It wouM fkiaHy tunt or Uid bottom fly ottt. Some of the pasaengere in tbe train were of the opinion iho awn irero aJM�fftratlag.-Ex. The Hotel Windsor H. B* MODBACHt Plropristor Every attention given the travelling Jf^hUo Feed Stable in oonneotioh Telepl�one 47 Landseiekera' and Rancher's Headquarters CHRISTMAS CIFT3 FOR EVERYBODY CarvioR Sets, Silver Tea Kettles, Tea Sets, Kniveti, Silver Tea .Pots,el^. Buster Brown Child's Sets, 35c. to 7oo. Gillette Safety Raaohi, $5.00. See our windows. The ^?i9tra1 Hirdwarc Store ^ G. La VROOMAN ^ ;