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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, December 19, 1970 Stalin revived Those who know Ihe origin of the "Khrushchev Kemcrnbers" series now concluding in Life Magazine, aren't telling. But Sovietologists of international repute, including Ed- ward Cranksiiaw and Leon Dennen, are convinced of their authenticity. Readers everywhere acknowledge that it is almost impossible to be- lieve the old Russian desk pounder did not dictate, or perhaps jot down, the statements which make up the so-called memoirs. The personality of the little fat man who ruled mil- lions of Russians after the death of Stalin and now languishes in hospi- tal, shines through the jerky jottings with an authenticity impossible to disbelieve in spile of the errors and omissions. Probably in an act of revenge against his own detractors, Khrush- chev tells of Stalin's sadism, his cruelty, his terrible indifference to the suffering of the people, of the awful fear which forced everyone about him to do his bidding no matter how humiliating, no matter how detestable. "When Stalin says says Khrushchev, "a wise man dance's." And so Nikita did, when Stalin, drank and arrogant, told him to perform before some Communist officials just for kicks. Hooliganism in hockey The fine game of hockey, is rapidly degenerating because of acceptance of hooliganism as an integral part of the sport. Scarcely a game from the National Hockey League down to the midget leagues is not now marred by brawling. In a day when the virtue of non- violence is being widely preached, its rejection throughout the hockey world is difficult to appreciate. The spectacle of grown men venting their tempers is thoroughly repug- nant and the effect upon boys is completely objectionable. It is true that a token gesture is made to discourage this madness. Penalties of various sorts are meted out to brawlers. But it is difficult to believe that those responsible for running the show do not condone the fighting. Referees and linesmen train for their role of breaking up fights, in obvious disbelief that penalties are a deterrent. Team officials look for tough guys who can disrupt the opposing players' poise with baiting tactics, thus giving tacit approval to hooliganism. There is a way to stop the spoiling of a truly great sport. The practice Of ejecting fighters from a football game is successful in keeping that sport from degenerating into a series of donnybrooks. It would almost cer- tainly be effective in hockey as well. Since the major reason for reluc- tance to impose such a rule is the notion that spectators like the fights, the onus is on fans to show their disapproval. Lusty booing of fights might have the desired effect; re- turn of season tickets with a letter of protest would be most convincing. Such protests need to be registered at all levels of the sport. Weekend Meditation The Christmas faith rpo believe in Christmas is to believe -1 in the presence of. God. Matthew caught up the meaning of Christmas in the word "God with us." God is present in creation, close to man, the element in which you live and move and have your being, the power behind every breath you draw, the inspiration of every beat of your heart and every thought of your brain, the meaning behind creation, the purpose for whom creation exists and toward which history moves. Christmas is belief in love, to affirm that love is greater than hate, that God is that love is the ultimate truth of the universe, that God so loved the world He gave His only begotten Son to redeem it. So at Christmas men are kinder, be- lieve in brotherhood, contribute to charity, break out of the cask of selfishness and think of others. Christmas is a spirit of goodwill and generosity, of the open hand and heart, when more is given to others Ithan in all the rest of the year put to- gether. Christmas is belief in light. "The dark- ness is past and the true light now shineth." Jesus said, "I am the light of the world You are the light of the world." What did he mean? We are not ori- ginators of that light; man by himself can- not create a spark of light. He is a bearer of that light, a transmitter of that light. He reflects the light, he carries the light. God is light. "God is the Father of lights." "If we walk in the light as he is in the light we have fellowship with one another." It is because we do not walk in the light that we have wars and hatreds. Darkness had covered the face of God. Darkness bad covered the nature of man. Darkness covet'' cd the way of life. Now the darkness was banished. .Ir.sus catr.e a.s light, and .John S2V5 "the hppn rthlp In put it'out.'' Jesus was the source of light, that gives life. Christmas is faith in man which seems almost impossible today. Man the cruel, man the savage beast, man who bombed Hiroshima, who perpetrated unspeakable horrors in Nazi concentration camps, who robs, kills, and terrorizes. Who can be- lieve in man? Yet the word was made flesh, the real man was revealed. Jesus saw .E saint in every sinner. He saw the possibilities of fickle, foolish Peter, he saw the lover in the fiery John, he saw the humanism of the wordly Matthew, lie saw the heroism of "doubting" Thomas, he saw the genius and devotion of Paul. To believe in Christmas is to believe in reborn men, but also to believe in a re- born society. Is not the Magnificat the most revolutionary song ever written, as many a wise man has declared and many a tyrant has feared? To believe in Christ- mas is to believe in a world of peace and1 goodwill, in a world of joy, in a world safe for little children, protected from the murderous Herods. At Christmas our hearts are strangely light, forgiving, and gentle, and laughter comes more easily to the lips, like the lovely laughter of chil- dren, clean and fresh, with never a trace of malice cr wordly wisdom. To believe in Christmas is to believe in a star, which means to believe in hope. There is a lovely legend that the star which guided the Wise Men to Bethlehem fell into the well and can still be seen there by those whose hearts are pure. How close the Wise Men came to disaster when they took their eyes off the star and went ask- ing the way from Herod. As if Herod could help to find Jesus! A man should never take his eyes off his star. God has a star to guide every man. Dickens tells how Stephen Blackpool fell down Old Hell Shaft and saw at night .the star shining. "It ha' shined on me in my pain and trouble down below. It ba' shined into my mind Often as I coom to myself and found it shinin' on me down there in my trouble, I thowl, it were the star as guided to our Saviour's home. I awmusl think it bo the very star'" This is the faiih of Christmas, that the vvm-ld is full of HIP wrmrlpr am) florv of God, that life is not mean but a long splen- dor. Take it with both bands, clutch it to your heart, let it run through your senses. and light and life are the eternal realities. Open your hearts to Christmas happiness, PKAYKK: "0 holy Child of Bethlehem. Descend to us we pray; Cast out our sin and enter in, Be born in us today.1' F. S. M. Keeping employed Uy JJUGH MacAula.v. across Ihe street, has Remembering lhat he bad had lights last festooned will) Christmas year, I innocently asked wbv he hadn't just lights again Ibis vcar. It was quite appar- ent, a.s ho talked beforehand about gotiiug at it, that IK' derive much >ali.sfac- tion out of mounting Mm ladder lo string up Ihe lights. The Ddvcy Rejtort Distrust reflects anti-institution alism The present Soviet leaders, in an attempt to bring Stalin back to re- spectability, have earned the con- tempt of the w o r 1 d outside the U.S.S.R. for their use of his vicious methods to stifle dissent among Rus- sian artists, intellectuals and scien- tists. Khrushchev, who lacks Stalin's complete ruthlessness, is out to beat them at their own game. There are a few who claim that the articles are a forgery deliberately concocted by the "imperialist press." But the skep- tics are in the minority. The question of how the manu- scripts or tapes reached the "outside" is intriguing. Perhaps they were smuggled out by the proliferat- ing underground press; perhaps, say some, secret police, who are reputed to be infiltrated with dissenters, could have arranged it. The memoirs add little except local color and behind-the-scenes human interest stories, to facts about Stalin which have been common knowledge for years. But the old tyrant, whose body was removed about 12 years ago, from the grisly mausoleum in Red Square, and placed in the Krem- lin wall, has been revived in a fashion dismaying to Breszhnev, Kosygin and Co. Kdilor's iN'iitc: The follow- ing is a portion of the inlro- dnclury section ol tiie report (if the Special Senate L'ommil- tee on Mass Media, chaired by Senator Keith Uavev. 1'HEKE has never been a period in the nation's his- tory when the press has been so distrusted, so disrespected, so disbelieved. "Our profession has moved far from the days of the yellow press and the al- coholic city Lee Hills, editor of the Detroit Free Press, recently told an audience of Am- erican journalists. "And yet, de- spite this great progress and new knowledge and greater ded- ication, I believe we are in dan- ger of losing our most import- ant asset: the friendship of our readers." His remarks apply with at least equal force in Can- ada. There is something about the media that is turning people off. What is it? It's certainly not because most newspapers abandoned that shrill technique a general i o n ago, for the excellent reason that it failed to sell newspa- pers. It's certainly not "bias." Most consequential news outlets in this country arc objective to the point of tedium in their po- litical coverage. And it's cer- tainly not since the news coverage we receive today is more complete, more sophisticated, more exhaustive, than ever before. No, it's something more ba- sic than the failings which all these archaic weapon words describe. It's got something to do with society itself, and the way it's changing, and the way people react to it. If the media turn people off, it's because so- ciety at large turns them off. If newspapers are losing friends it's part of the same process by w h i c h Parliament is losing friends, and the courts, and the corporations, and the schools, and the churches. We hesitate to wade too deep- ly into the swamps of sociology and McLuhanism, but it does seem clear that all the con- flict, the hassle, the demonstra- tions, the social anguish which currently surround us have at least one common characteris- tic: they're all concerned with people versus institutions. From China's cultural revolution to Czechoslovakia's counterrevolu- tion, from the high school sit- in to the Ked Power movement, this theme is a constant. The media, precisely because they are institutions, are in- volved in this conflict and they are involved as partici- pants. One of Ihe truly depress- ing aspects of our crquiry was the ingenuous view of so many media owners that they are mere spectators. They're not spectators. They control the presentation of the news, and therefore have a vast and per- haps disproportionate say in how our society definies itself. It is true, as we were repeated- ly reminded by the people who appeared before us, that news- papers can't swing elections any more, that the media's abil- ity ts control and manipulate events is vastly overrated. That's like saying an air-traffic controller can't pre vent air- planes from landing. Of course lie can't; but he can dictate the order in which they land, or send them to another airport. The power of the press, in oth- er words, is the power of selec- tion. Newspapers and broadcast ing stations can't dictate how we think and vote on specific is- sues; but their influence in se- lecting those issues can be en- ormous. Of course the people won't always vote the way the editorial writers lell them on next week's sewer bylaw; but who decides when they'll start thinking and talking about sew- ers or whether they'll worry about pollution at all? Institutional bias, we suggest, may be one of the chief rea- sons for the current public dis- enchantment with the media. But there is an even more com- pelling reason, and it has to do with the nature of the news it- self. At the annual meeting of a troubled financial corporation in Toronto recent ly, a woman shareholder stood up and be- rated the reporters present for printing "all that bad news" about her company. (The bad news consisted of disclosures that the company was earning much less money than previous- ly, that the company's senior executives had borrowed heav- ily from company controlled banks, and that the company's founder had got the firm to guarantee loans so he could buy three "Ah! before examining your car for possible chargeable defects, sir, could I interest you in buying a Christmas ticket for the Police Benevolent Fund Letters To The Editor Quality: tile main criterion of a university The main criterion by which, in the long run, a university is judged is the quality of its graduates. The University of Lcthbridge is in its infancy. There have Leen three graduating classes and these have been small. Therefore sufficient time has not elapsed in order to form a valid opinion concerning the product of the University of Lethbridge, its. graduates. However, indications are be- ginning to appear as to the ex- cellence of the professors and students at our university. For example I have recently received the latest issue of the Journal of The Canadian Bar Association. This is the official publication of the dominion- wide association of lawyers in Canada. Perilous streets a -worry left tin-in up ciice in- had gone to the bother of Retting them there. he said, "Alice likes to keep me busy." Since Alice only fitnilcxt, guess lhat must the reason. Do all the elderly people in Lethbridge have to break their bones before something is done about our treacherous side- walks and crossings? One such little lady had to w'ait in Emer- gency for H hours before having her bones set. The doctors were just too busy with other broken bones, and other injuries from falls, to attend to iicr sooner. She had carefully and gingerly picked her way Tni- several blocks, trying to dodge around the worst patches of ice, only to Ire distracted by a dug cnm- i ing lO.Varf! went. It has become a city- wide disgrace. If the younger, stronger citi- zens no longer care what hap- pens to their parents, grand- parents and founders of this properous area, they will have to be touched where it hurts. Finos for not keeping walks cleared must be .strictly levied. It's far more important than ticketing overtime parked cars. And for property owners tun or otherwise unable to do the job there should he men and equipment available to hire. Where are all the unem- ployed, and (lie school hoys? Surely home owners don't want broken bones on their consci- ences. The cily. loo. has been very remiss. Crossings arc just as important as walks, or more so because of traffic. Come on, all you elderly, write cily hall and get action. Tell them you are afraid to go out and shop. And of course weather like this is meant for walking in and en- joying. You would healthier and need less welfare if you could walk safely. M. LUCA. Lethbridge. .Somehow il. scetm conlradic- fury to give money lo Ihe Cup of Mill: Fund. During the year uu Canadians prosper by our involvement and support of those very efforts which are creating orphans, widows, crip- ples and the like (namely American imperialism in Viet- nam. Korea and Southeast Asia in general i. Once a year, at Christmas, in a mood of self- chastisement and pity we give a couple of bucks lo those vic- tims of our prosperity. Wo oppose Canadian exploi- tation of the misery of our fel- low human beings. We offer Ibis (a contribution knowing. that it is not enough, but that. it is something. We implore that others give that they give back to these oppressed peoples only what is rightfully theirs. Help the kids; stop the wars. Peace. Till-; FABULOUS KHEAK BROTHERS. Tin's issue contained an ar- ticle with names, pictures and short biographies of graduates from across Canada, from Bri- tish Columbia to Newfoundland, who were awarded the 1970 Sir James Dun and Lord Beaver- Drook scholarships. Seven Sir James Dunn schol- arships were awarded to grad- uate students entering the Dal- housie University Law School and four Lord Beaverbrook scholarships were awarded to graduate students entering the Law School of the University of New Brunswick. These schol- arships are awarded to young Canadians with outstanding academic records and qualities lhat give promise of attaining distinction in the legal profes- sion. The scholarships are valued at a year and are re- newable for students attaining first class standing in their law studies in each of the ensuing years of Ihe course. These arc highly prized .scholarships. For example I the winners in includes a Rhodes. Scholar graduating from Oxford and a niagna cum laude graduate from Harvard. We would have felt very proud at the University of Lclh- bridge if one of our graduates had received one of the eleven scholarships this year. We are, tliercfore, doubly proud be- cause two of our graduates were chosen this year, one re- ceiving the Sir James Dunn scholarship and the other, the rd Beaverbrook scholar- ship. William Ma.xwell, a graduate of the University of Leihbridge with a B.A. with great distinction and the reci- pient of the Gold Medal in Arts and Science has been awarded one of the four Beaver- brook scholarships and is now enrolled in the Faculty of Law, University of New Brunswick. Gary Edward Hanson who re- ceived his B.A. degree with distinction at our 1970 Convoca- tion has been awarded one of the seven Sir James Dunn scholarships. These are two examples of the result of the dediction to study by our students who are assisted and directed by our faculty many of whom enjoy national and international rep- utations in their respective dis- ciplines. L. S. TURCOTTE, Chancellor, The University of Lethbridge. Looking THROUGH TIIE HERALD 1020 Following the returns of the all-dry plebiscite in Al- berta, it. is expected the prov- ince will be bone dry by the end of January. All importation of into the province for personal use will be prohibited. will not be MnM to Winnipeg by the new air mail route which includes Lethbridge, but will be served through Saskatoon and North Ballleford. Soviet experiment in crossing American bison with European bison is repurlcd a success in the Ukraine. An at- The applause she received from her fellow shareholders was literally thunderous How come? Why this visceral hos- tility? Part of it was the well-known tendency of people, when they hear bad news, to blame the messenger. But not all. The sheer prevalence of this shoot- tlie messenger syndrome in- dicates that much of our jour- nalism is failing to prepare its readers for conditions of con- stant change. Journalism's defi n i t i o n of what constitutes "news" is still far too narrow. It still concen- trates overmuch on the drama- tic, exceptional event the vot- ing, the shooting, the and not enough on the quiescent but visible situations which could spell trouble later on. There is much more to life than hassle and strife, but the media s entrapment in drama conflict, and disruption prevents them from reporting it. There are terrible divisions in any technological society, but there are also many places, many ways, in which people are com- mg together. We should hear more about these scenes than we do. Part of the trouble is Hie me- dia's understandable tendency to look for news only in the old, familiar places: city hall, the courts, the police stations, the union halls places where there's always a man whose in- stitutional credentials allow the news lo fit easily into prevailing journalistic pige o n- holes. The result often resem- bles a shadow play: plastic figures saying plastic things which are transmitted in a plas- tic way but we all know that the real story, the real news, is happening in some other dimen- sion. It is happening in the streets, in laboratories, within families, beneath the sea, be- hind the closed doors of foreign bpardrooms and, most cru- cially of all, inside people's heads. But because these excit- ing developments don't imme- diately generate they tend lo be ignored or what is worse distorted by the arch- aic perceptions of cop shop journalism. Our best newspapers, our best radio and television reporters, are fully aware of these limita- tions of the conventional jour- nalism, and have been striving for years to expand its percep- tions. In many cases they have succeeded magnificently. In deploring the media's weak- nesses, we wish to avoid the old journalistic trap of failing lo acknowledge their strengths. Among these strengths, un- fortunately, a penchant for self- criticism is not conspicuous. In the course of our hearings ws became astonished that an in- dustry so important, so prosper- ous, so intelligent as the com- munications business has devel- oped so little formal machinery for upgrading its personnel and its producl. Nobody seems to worry, out- side the office at least, about the quality and relevance ot performance. Nor did anyone from newsrooms or boardrooms appear to be much concerned with the industry's astoundingly offhand approach to recruit- ment and personnel develop- ment. The news business is above all a "people" business. But if IBM had been as uncon- cerned about the kind of people it attracts and the conditions under which they work, it would still be making adding ma- chines. This is doubly unfortunate, be- cause government cannot and should not attempt lo remedy some of the weaknesses we've been discussing. Only (he in- dustry can do that the peo- ple who own the media and ths people who work for them. backward tempt is being made to build up forest bison herds which were almost exterminated dur- ing the First World War. Lcthbridge's world amateur hockey championship seekers. left on iiie first leg ot their K.QGC-iiiiic plus journey to England, an exhibition lour of. Europe and the world tourna- ment in Paris in March. taiio The Alberta govern- ment announced that it plans to adopt an official lartan for the province. The cabinet has approved a lartan of green, white, gold and red and will recommend its adoption at the next session of the legislalure. The Lethkukje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Regislration No. 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Assocration find Ihe Audit Bureau ol circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor ami Publisher i HOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE DALI-A WILLIAM MAY Associate Editor Managing Editor 'ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;