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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta World security authority proposal 1973 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD 5 By Lord in The London Observer Until the recent violent eruption in the Middle East there was a growing euphoria about the chances of peace in the world. The threat of a war between the major powers appeared to be wildly im- probable. It seemed that a mutual tear of nuclear destruction might have ushered in a new era in the human story which for thousands of years has been drenched in blood. But we have now seen how a delicate balance of arrived at through painstaking can be placed in jeopardy by political currents that the great powers can only marginally control. It is not only poltitical fac- tors which can disturb this balance. Advances in science and whether in the nuclear weapon field or in some ghastly new field such as that of chemical and biological or the failure of the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty all these developments could quickly significantly alter a whole host of political equations. In the light of recent for what will be in the minds of Israel and Then if indeed weapons of mass destruction have become too is it not clear that there is still a grave danger of conflicts breaking out with the old- lashioned .weapons which kill- ed 10 million men in the First World War. and have recently been doing a pretty effective job of destruction in the Mid- dle East and Vietnam These are all reasons why we should not become compla- cent in the face of the obvious failure of the United Nations to handle the problems of world security as we had once hoped or of the UN disarma- ment conference in Geneva to make any significant progress A new approach to security problems is urgently needed That is why it is such a tragedy that Leonard Beaton should have died so jusf when he was pointing the way towards just such a radical new approach. His remarkable book. The Reform of may yet prove to be prophetic of developments in the direction ot a safer and more .stable world order. His pungent remarks about the defects of the UN and the unreality of the general and complete disarmament plans bandied about by the major powers ruffled many feathers. It has also been easy to argue the difficulties attending some of his such as the proposal to assign forces to a world security authority in much the same way as it is done in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization There are almost in- superable objections to such a proposal in any presently conceivable world political climate. But none of- these detailed criticisms diminishes the force of his basic concept. This is that it is hopelessly unrealistic to sup- pose that the sovereign state is going to disappear in the foreseeable future and that it must therefore be assumed that national security will re- main a primary concern of such there is none the less a mutual international security interest which is not at present adequately ex- pressed in the form of a func- tional international in- stitution. Beaton therefore proposed the setting up of a world security authority charged by the participating powers with the responsibility of develop- ing and giving substance to their mutual security interests. Some of the obvious candidates for its concern are the strategic nuclear arms balance which is at present handled exclusively by the United States and the Soviet Union but which is clearly of vital importance to many other the non- proliferation of nuclear particularly in the light of the developments of atomic power which could make material for nuclear weapons relatively cheap and easy for many countries to the working out of convincing defence guarantees to non-nuclear powers under threat from a nuclear the develop- ment of peace-keeping forces to avoid the involvement of major powers in local conflicts. The precise machinery which would be needed to carry out these functions would require long and detail- ed debate and negotiation. It would need to be linked to the United but in a way that would allow it to develop as an authoritative independent attracting a dedicated international civil service composed of experts in the scientific and political field. It is essential that they should be capable of gaining the respect and con- fidence both of governments with differing ideologies and of world opinion. There may be some skep- ticism about whether it would be possible to gain world-wide Book reviews support for the creation of such a body. Would the Soviet for find it un- I am not at all convinced that it would. It demands no surrender of sovereignty unless such sur- render is willingly accepted by the particular nation as would be the case if inter- national inspection were agreed to verify a disarma- ment measure. I do not forget that the Soviet Union twice offered three such inspections of its own territory a year in the context of a comprehen- sive nuclear test ban and in my view it is a thousand pities that such an offer was not found acceptable. It would have set a precedent of inestimable value. Then the evidence of Strategic Arms Limitation the willingness of the Soviet Union to participate in troop reduction and the Euro- pean security and the Soviet co-operation with the U.S. in working for a ceasefire in the Middle all lead one to the conviction that most and not least Communist now see the necessity of approaching the subject of national security in a manner which is no longer expressed in simple adversary terms. As the recent report of the Com- mittee of Nine to the -North Atlantic Assembly put it in examining the problems of American security policy dur- ing the next decade means in essence to pursue simultaneously two seemingly contradictory maintaining an adequate military balance and promoting a detente with an adversary who thereby also becomes a This stated the present world security situation precisely. In a world which now possesses a destructive capacity which can turn our planet into a lifeless we have by a mixture of-good luck and good judgment achieved a balance of power despite recent still makes a major war un- likely. The whole of human history and experience tells us. that such a period of balance is likely to be short lived. Ought we not to seize this fleeting chance to create a world system which would attempt to ensure that the inevitable fluctuations in the power equation will be handled rationally and Understanding criminality as by Peter Letkemann 182 That notably those involved in property should have their ac- tivity interpreted as their work is a novel idea and one which makes a considerable contribution to the under- standing of criminality. Peter a sociologist at the University of arrived at this concept after extensive interviews with 45 experienced criminals in three Canadian penal in- stitutions. Men who make a career out of crime have to engage in a certain amount of study theft for are becoming more and planning to be able to pull their jobs successfully. They thus derive a degree of satisfaction out of their achievements. One of the drawbacks to this work is that en's Double Knit Sale There is nothing quite like these Double Knit Blazers and sport jackets. They're comfortable and always keep their shape. Smart checks and solid tones. 2 single breasted with centre back vent. Excellent colour range. to 46. Reg. 44.95 and 49.95 For comfort and wrinkle resistence these double knit pants are polyester in rich solid check patterns and neat solid tones. Cross top pockets. Sizes 30 to 44. Reg. to 19.95 FRIENDS 'N I NEIGHBOURS MELDS 70 STORES SERVING B.C. AND ALBERTA Dec. 22. While quantities last Use your those engaged in it seldom get to bask in the glory of recognition because an essen- tial ingredient of crime is secrecy. Dr. Letkemann details how various kinds of crimes for are discusses how criminals view themselves and others in the and delves into the learning of criminal activity. His book is a useful addition to the library on criminology. A warning should perhaps be issued that this book is Dr. Letkemann's PhD thesis and it bears some of the characteristics of such an academic enterprise. The first for has only 12 pages but there are 46 footnotes attached. That means it is more of a textbook than a popular treatment. there is nothing for- midable about the contents and even the constant interruption of Dr. Letkemann's writing by ex- tracts from his taped inter- views is not as distracting as a first glance might suggest. Those interested in this and other things Dr. Letkemann discourses on in this field could profitably consult the interview in The Herald page DOUG WALKER Books in brief Wear Your Wedding by Lillian O'Donnell Canada 222 A first-class thriller right up to its somewhat anti-climatic ending. Author O'Donnell follows the work of a woman detec- tive assigned to a sensational murder case in New York. Her work takes the reader not only to the back rooms of police but to the inner workings of a prostitu- tion ring operated by a group of Long Island housewives. Don't expect too much sex in this story. But you can count on a terrifying journey into the midst of those respon- sible for some of today's most gruesome crime. Fascinating light reading with a disappointing conclusion. Don't Wear Your Wedding Ring is a welcome addition to any mystery buff's collection HERB LEGG Canadian edited by David Helwig and Joan Harcourt 175 Previously unpublished short stories are each year solicited from Canadian writers for this annual volume. The edition for 1973 contains stories from 12 writers who deal in various ways with a wide of sub- jects and concerns. Represented are established authors such as Hugh Hood and Hugh Garner as well as Merna Wayland Drew and Jean-Guy Carrier who are new. It is an interesting collection to add to a shelf of literary Canadiana. Authors interested in being considered for future editions may contact the editors at Box Ontario. ELSPETH WALKER cup of milk What is a dollar to By Eva local writer COUTTS Many of you remember the great depression and the poverty that went with it. I remember the years of the Second World War as a I swore like Scarlet O'Hara in with the that il ever I got out of this hell on earth alive I would never starve again. We have survived and none of us have been hungry since but how many now remember that we survived because of the sacrifices others made for us be it parents who fed their children before they would have a square meal themselves or another prisoner who shared his last crust of bread. Most ot us would have been too proud to beg tor help yet now that we are members of the wealthiest society on earth we not only ex- pect the less fortunate to do we turn a deaf ear to their pleas. Concerned men and women are racking their brains wondering how to get through to us. how to combat indifference. Why has the Cup of Milk for a lew days before Christmas not yet reached its some people have already donated large many children have given generously according to their means but the majority have so far ignored the valiant efforts of dedicated organizations trying to divert just a little of our surplus to where it is so badlv needed. There are more than people in the city ot Lethbridge not to mention the thousands in smaller towns and rural areas of Southern Alberta who must read daily of the desperate urgency for help in many parts of the world. If every one sacrificed a single dollar in a worthwhile the re- quired could be collected in a day. after all. does one dollar mean to Wander through any of our crowded depart- ment stores and watch people spend dis- proportionate amounts of money on expen- sive tinfoil and paper wrapping all of which is going to end up in the garbage cans of the na- tion on Christmas day Wrapping is beautiful but does it feed a single starving infant in those countries where cattle have died of drought long ago. where a merciless sun has baked the earth so that not a blade of grass will grow for years to A great man I am proud to count among my demonstrated recently how futile it can be to appeal to the basic goodness and decency in people at might feel un- comfortable at this at worst turn their faces away from misery and despair to the glitter and temptations of our society. 'Send him to he said of just such an in- different I'll tell him I just wanted to see what a man looked like who is too stupid to count his too selfish to appreciate the necessity to care for his fellow-man or love and concern for His approach worked where appeals to the better nature of man had failed. Because he held up a mirror where others had begged and cajoled. A mirror can be a chastening experience for it does not lie but reflects a sometimes unpleasant truth. Many of us have already given to chanties in areas closer to our helped the needy in our families and communities or church but 1 still don't believe that we haven't yet one more dollar to spare. nobody likes to beg but the starving people on our all members of the family of need your help. A gentle reminder By Chris Herald staff writer Most downtown shoppers may not have seen the sign that took my eye recently. It's hoisted above the parking lot directly behind the main post not likely noticed by those rushing down 7th but in my opi- nion a most-important contribution to the Yuletide displays It's a brown billboard featuring the Christchild in the manger with Mary and Joseph looking on a familiar scene to those ol us who were children years but perhaps not as common today. in white letters is the message the festivities are all about. is Christ's' I thought as I hurried on How good to be reminded of the origin of this festive day. I. for could become so engulfed in the fixings I could forget its un- usual features the unique star that hovered over for the manger that doubled as a cradle and the accompany- ing angel's song. As I studied the scene I noticed the small- lettered invitation in the 'Corne let us adore and mv mind raced back over the years to the numerous times I had rallied to this familiar carol and its commanding words. And there it was before me in billboard size in Lethbridge's busy downtown challenging me again. you hear what I hear or do you see what I I wondered as others rushed by occasionally glancing hurriedly up at the im- posing What were their recollections of earlier Had they participated in annual Christmas perhaps as a an eastern king or maybe even an Was their sense of wonder still cap- tivating or had they lost it in the busyness of life11 1 asked myself these questions as I returned to The Herald. Had adulthood robbed me of the Christmas thrill and had the angel's melody somehow Has I allowed the humdrum to crowd out the Or did this billboard reminder thrill me today as it did in earlier As I pondered 1 was indeed grateful to the Downtown Businessmen's Association for making such a reminder possible. ON THE USE OF WORDS By Theodore M. Bernstein Avoid ambiguity. This may not be a flagrant but it typifies the kind of un- clear writing that crops up in newspapers now and lawyer for Mrs. who speaks only said the court had told her the condition for recover- ing her Bernard Hillman C who sent that says he Is it the lawyer or Mrs. Maldanado who speaks only A moment of a little extra care could remove the am- biguity. If it was the lawyer who was the sentence could Maldanado's who speaks only Spanish If it was the the wording could lawyer representing arguing for or pleading Mrs. who speaks only Spanish The point is that language is designed to not therefore it should be precise. Word oddities. Although in the sense of a leader or has been in use for more than a it is still labeled in some dictionaries as slang or informal or collo- quial. It is having a hard time achieving respectability. It may be regarded as stan- when it refers to a professional political leader or a workman's superior. It is in other such as boss of the university or is the boss of the The word comes from the Dutch meaning master. ;