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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 18, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHIRID6! HRALO II, 1972 Tories view Liberals with disgust An accident-free Christmas An accident-free Yuletide is the goal of the Alberta Motor Associa- tion in introducing its latest bid to alert motorists to the additional haz- ards of holiday driving. Association branches throughout the province have purchased 1000 taro by three foot Xmas signs to be erected at seven foot heights on lamp standards closest to accidents sites. This is an attempt to warn motor- ists of the necessary extra precau- tions needed throughout the festive season. If there are no accidents no signs win be posted. The Police Yourself campaign in- troduced by th-e association in 1963 had good results. Inspector William West. Lethbridge police traffic and highways supervisor credits the pro- gram with the fact there were fewer impaired drivers on city streets last Cnristznas than in previous years. He welcomes anv aid all attempts on the part of the association to fur- ther traffic safety and thinks the present idea of introducing the Xmas signs will be a further accident deter- rent. The Police Yourself campaign ad- vised motorists to be their own dis- ciplinarians, to leave their cars and take taxis home after attending fes- tive parties. Hostesses were urged to serve coffee and sandwiches an hour or so before guests were due to leave. A lot of time and work is involved in setting up such traffic safety mea- sures but educational programs are still the best measure of teaching motorists their responsibility on the roads. Every safety-concious citizen is hoping that none of the red, white and green aluminum Xmas signs will have to be erected in Lethbridge this year because the city's Yuletide will be accident-free. Instrumental program needed So often a young person's choice of career stems from the influence of a good teacher. Tnls is particul- arly true of young musicians whose admiration for their tutor plus the love of music he has created influ- ences them to choose music as their life profession. One can't help wondering if such decisions are being formed in the minds of some of the promising school band members in Lethbridge and district. Perhaps some have al- ready decided to become bandmas- ters who will pass on a love of music to other southern Alberta students. There is unfortunately no opportun- ity for continued instrumental train- ing at the University of Lethbridge. Students have to go to either Calgary or Edmonton to pursue their musical careers. "Wind instrument training is offered on Saturdays at the university on a non-credit basis and Professor L. Needham does conduct the Leth- bridge Symphony orchestra which offers a splendid opportunity for per- formance exposure, but the univer- sity offers no instrumental credit courses other than piano. The four- professor music department is offer- ing a fine choral program and a bachelor of music program was initi- ated this past August but as yet the S25.000 to required to pur- chase instruments an instrumen- tal program has just not been avail- able. Also lacking is adequate re- hearsal space. It is hoped the pro- posed theatre can be used for instru- mental practice when instruments are acquired. Of the 100 students enrolled in the university's music program 25 are pursuing music majors. But with music emphasis growing in southern Alberta plus the realization that as yet very little has been done to pro- mote orchestral and string programs in the schools it appears necessary that training opportunities be pro- vided where promising musicians can be prepared to meet the future musi- cal needs of students in the element- ary and high school grades. Norwegians are now learning the cost of their emotional binge in vot- ing against entry into the European Common Market. That little flag waving exercise promises to set their economy back rather severely. Anti Europeans, prior to the Sep- tember referendum, had contended that there were no advantages to be gained in joining the ComTrton Mar- ket They said Norway could gain what it wanted through a free trade agreement. Earlier this month, however, Norwegian Minister of Trade Kail- yard Eika went to Brussels to pre- sent a a request for auch an agree- ment. The answer he received is not what the people at home wanted to hear. The EEC was prepared to remove tariffs from some Norwegian prod- ucts but not in the case of the cru- cial ernes: aluminum, paper and fish. It is particularly ironic that the EEC is not prepared to make any con- cessions on nsh since it was the fish- erman''s constituency that was instru- mental in keeping Norway out of the Common Market, There are indications now that some Norwegians are regretting their vote against entry. A recent poll showed 56 per cent now it favor as compared to 46 per cent who voted for entry in the referendum. And Mr. Eika, who belongs to the government that took over after the vote, said in Brus- sels that he did not exclude reopen- ing the question of Norwegian EEC membership. Two lessons could be learned from the Norwegian experience: complex questions such as entry into a com- mon market should be decided by elected governments and not by ref- erenduras; narrow nationalism is. a disease from which it is a blessing to be delivered. Unfortunately these are not lessons easily learned. Day care for the elderly Institutional care for tfae elderly is expensive and necessarily limited to the fortunate few who zain admit- tance. Along with its benefits such a living arrangement removes the el- derly or handicapped person from his familiar surroundings, his home and his family, He can choose to live on his OTTO or with his family but here again he could be the victim of sickening loneliness as family members go off to work daily leaving him to the con- fines of an empty house. This ar- rangement leaves his family with a guilt complex as they worry about leaving him. Will he fall, have a stroke or scald himself while they are at work? Planning for family vaca- tions also presents a problem as they about what to do with dad during their absence, A similar pro- blem is faced by the working spouse of a handicapped person has reached the stage where he can no longer prepare his food or use the bathroom. Should he be institutional- ized where he is removed from his wife and home surroundings? And should he be forced to go even against his wishes? With the current emphasis on the need for mental stimulation among the elderly, involving them in the in- terests of the family becomes in- creasingly important. The need to converse is basic to alL Volunteers delivering meals-on-meals to shut-ins agree that equally important as pro- viding a hot, nourishing meal ix giving the recipient an "opportunity to chat with the to dis- cuss the weather, the dog next door, just anything as long as ft gives him an opportunity to communicate. Possibly the best answer to pro- viding both the health and psycholo- gical needs of the elderly is the es- tablishment of day ca're centres where working families could take them for the day picking them up and bringing them home "with thern at night. Such centres are operating successfully in several American cit- ies and one is being established in Victoria with several other areas in- dicating their interest. Here the el- derly and handicapped can spend the day with others of similar age and interests. A hot meal, entertainment and hobbies are provided, but the greatest benefit is that they are with people, enjoying people- Staying at rather than being institutionalized cuts down health care expenses. A visit from a VON nurse is ten times cheaper than the cost of the same person occupying a hospital bed. Tt .is likely this pro- gram could provide care for ten times as many people as institutional care and at one tenth the cost. By Peter Desbarati, Toronto Star Ottawa commentator Legislation to reduce income taxes and increase old age sions would be brought before Parliament within a few' weeks of a minority Conservative gov- enanert assuming office in tbe event of 4 defeat of the Liberal government soon after the uew Parliament zoeeets Jan. 4. After tbese measures passed, there would be a locger recess of tbe Bouse while tbe new government under Robert Stanfield prepared a more com- prebeosive legislative program for a resumption of the session. This was the scenario outlined Tuesday by Opposition Leader Stanfield during an interview in his parliamentary office on the eve of his departure last week for a two-week Christmas vaca- tion on the French island of Guadeloupe in the Caribbean. Stars'ield also revealed that the same procedure would have been followed this month if be bad been asked to tske over in the days following the Octo- ber 30 election. "Following tbe election, when it seemed that we might well be called on to form a govern- he said, "we were con- sidering very seriously that we might well have to caH Parlia- ment in December to get some things dose such as tbese things to which we committed and -winch had to be done Tbe taxation measures winch a Conservatjye government would bring ouickly before Par- liament would include a contin- uation of tbe three-per-cent in- come tax reduction BOW sched- uled to expire at the end of this month, and a four-per-cent in- come tax cut applicable to tbe last six months of this year. Increases in the old age pen- sion would be designed to com- pensate for rises in the cost of living that have occurred since tfae current system of pensions and guaranteed income supple- ments went into effect in 1967. "TMs would be quite a simple legislative said Stanfield, "But I also believe that in view of the sharp increases in tbe cost of living this year, old-age pensioners should not have to wait until next April to get some'kind of adjustment, but that this can be done on a con- tinuing basis, with tbe facilities available to us now." T.h e Conservative leader like to see cost-of-living adjustments made to t' 2 pen- sion. "At least quarterly, at tbe very minimum." This scenario, of course, de- pends on an early assumption of power by tbe Conservatives which depends, to some extent, oo the eagerness of the party to defeat tbe government next jncnth. StanfieM made it clear that the 107-member Conservative Opposition isn't "drooling for office." "We're not so hungry lor of- fice that we're going to support New Democratic Party or other resolutions that are unaccep- table to be said. "We're not going to support resolutions just to defeat the government, because our credi- bility is important to us and to our future, particularly at this time. "But we think that the eminent has been rejected by the people of Canada. We think it's been incompetent and will continue to be incompetent in areas that are important to We tMnk it's being cynical wit in behaving in a way that is quite inconsistent with what it was saying during tfae cam- paign and we think it's in the interest of Canada that it be re- moved from office as soon afl it's possible to do so." If this defeat occurs early to the session and is followed by t Conservative government, Stanfield's plan would be "t relatively brief recess a couple of weeks, something of that to enable us to get set up and to prepare and bring in matters that we considered to be particularly urgent deal- ing with the tax situation and tfae position of old age pensio- ners, and then I think we would need another pause in winch to get ourselves in a position to present a more scbstastial and complete legislative program to tbe House." While he discussed ins party's prcsoects and strategy ia Par- lisioect in bis usual thoughtful fashion, tbe Onposftion leader brighteced at the suggestion, hesrd frequently in Ottawa these days, that he isn't ruth- less enough by temperament to eoloir the opportunities that present themselves to the oppo- sition in a miDcciiy situation. "Clearly it's going to be a very strenuous he S2id; "but I've been in politics for cuite a whOe. and eiaotkjo- alrjr 'at least, I rHrik that I'm equal to may come along. "The TnaiTj graaeline that laid down, asd to which m ad- here as far as the defeat of the government is coseemed, or go- irg for the jugular, arid that sort of thing, is that we're not going to do thisgs that in- cocsikent with oar pcmapJes in to defeat tbe govern- Bat his crs-n assessment of the government has become, in a basic isore critical since the ete disgust is too strong a word." he said, any re- spect that I might hare had for tbeta. is certainly gooe. Toe with wi-kh they hsre backed away frora their former positions in order to try to hold on to power has conv destroyed tbeir cred> "We've decided not to remove th e but this will help you get General Sadek's friends want to oust Sadat By Joseph Kraft, U.S. syndicated commentator CAIRO Everybody politi- cal in Egypt assumes that the Unitfid States will soon be latacbisg a peace initia- tive in the Near East. The ser- lews qizestioD here is Cairo is whether President Arr5rar Sadat will be around to act on it. For Mr- Sadat's politics! stock is probably lower now than at airy time since he succeeded Cokcel Gaiaal Abdei :-tasser as president of Egypt 28 mflEths ago. The positase is precarioos partially because of what has been happening m the rest of tbe Near East and fee world at large. He says feat recovery of the lands occupied by Israel daring tee 1S57 war is "the first and foremost prob- lem that holds tbe attention of Egypt night and day." Eat constant military prepar- ations and diplomatic moves with the Bessiass, the Ameri- cans, and other Arab states have yielded no sign of solving the "foremost problem." So there is a disposition to scoff at Sadat here in Cairo. Apart from losing personal prestige, Sadat has destroyed the Egyptian left wiag -which Presdent Nasser used to use as a balance wheel against the array, A good liver nfraseif, the president has baaed Ms regime airiest entirely on Egypt's middle class of military men. and civil servants. He has evea placed the Arab Socialist Union, the mats power base of the so- cial reformers, under tfae direc- tion of Sayed Maeri, a rich landowner -wife a taste for breeding horses. With the left thus checked, the right wisg has had free play for its grievances and ri- valries. One example is an un- counted reversion to reBgkea fosdaiserjiaSsis. that has coma to tfae surface recently in ugly incidents between Moslems and Egypt's Christian, or Coptic, commtiEiry. however, the real trouble comes in the army, which is the major source of power in this country. Right- wing opposition to tfae presi- dent within, the mfdtary has de- vel oped in two soceessiva waves, First, there was opposition led by tee defense minister, General Mohammed Sadefc, to reliance on Russia for training and equipment of the army to fight against Israel Under pres- sure from General Sader, the president saddenJy decSied last July to invite most of the Rus- sian military oat of Egypt. When General Sadek Kept op criticism nonetheles, the pres- ident, on. Oct. 25, dismissed him as minister of defense. Since tbea, friends of General Sadek have been wit to get the president. Last month there at least three incidents the armed forces grave enough to warrant arrests. Doe of the incidents seems to nave been a foC-Sedged attempt at a a coop d'etat, involving plans to move on Cairo with an arm- ored force, and, to move Gen- eral Sadek into the presideat's office. The coup rumors are now so prominent that it is hard to make any confident judgments of wfcat -sin happen, nezt Bat my own gacss is that President Sadat muddle through. Despite a decliae in services, for one thing, the president has managed to keep the Egyptian middle clast relativery veil stuffed with cars, apartments, TV sets, refrigerators and other amenities. There fa dis- content among the class that rare Egypt, bat nothing like desperation. Moreover, the army has grown it now numbers about men to the point where a small cliqoe cannot stage the kind of coop Cotone! Nasser brougM off back in 1562. Many ofScers have to be in on the plot, and experience so far suggests that a few at least tend to talk. Fina_lly Pesident Sadal seems determined to hold on. He has surroacded himself with an effective police including a former intelligence officer. General Ahmed Ismail, as new minister of defence wen equipped to penetrate plots against the regime. He has not hesitated to strike agaisst the plotters even, it seems to the point of sow placing General Sadek in custody. IB these circnmstaaces. my best judgment is that President Sadat be the rsaa to deal with when the next move to- wards settlement comes in the Near East. But it has to be added that the precarious inter- nal stuaika here does not give him much room for on terms of Matters of life and death that worry France By Boris Kidel, London Observer eommentator PARIS The jgnltotincjg of two men in a Paris jail recent- ly, coming soon after a contro- versial abortion trial, demon- strates the chronic conserva- tism of France's political es- tabrlishroent its fear of trcrrersia! issues. Hopes of liberal Frenchmen that the death penalty had quiet- ly fallen into abeyance were shattered by tee double execu- tion. Five men have been sent- enced to death since M. Georges Pompidou became president of the Republic three years ago. In each ease, cistng his prerogative inherited from France's mwiarchs, he granted a reprieve. This time, for that are being tioned by arxjlitknists, be re- fused ckmerxry. France is one the very fer? Ttoo Comrmiriist cours'ries ;n Europe to retain capita! pun- ishment Afraid of going against the wishes of their voters, French members of Parlia- ment have ignored the issue for decades: the last full-scale parliamentary debate on cap- ital punishment, was in As recently as executions still carried out ;n public. often in a street with of spectators lining rooftops and perched on trees, Abolitionists also claimed that 1L Pompidou let hizoseH be in- tirnidated. by France's prison -warders who were threatening protest action, posr siblv a strike creating chaos in the country's jails, if the two men were reprieved. Claoxie Buffet, 39. ajid Roger Bonterns, 27, had ceen senter-ced to death for murdering a prison guard and a nurse, held hostage in an attempted break from tbe Qairvauz high security jail. M. Albert Nsod, one of France's most respected law- yers, said it was unworthy of a nation whose generous idesla had shaken the world to remain one of the 3ast countries with capital punishment "Does any- one believe that the guillotine deters crime? he asked. '-To cut off hescs is a lazy solution which creates a false sense of security. Abolitionists are convinced that Buffet and Bontems were at least partly the victims (rf deplorable French prison con- ditiom. Only a few months be- fore the prison tragedy, a judge sounded the alarm tbout Ciarmux. "Hideous crimes are being prepared there, he said, but his warn- ing went unheeded, Now at last even conservative newspapers are becoming troubled about the death penalty. Parliament's reluctance to tamper with the 52-year-old ab- ortion law is another glaring ex- ample of political inertia. About French women are es- timated to undergo abortions annually. Because of existing laws 85 per cent of them term- inate their pregnancies without qualified medical assistance. At least of the Wvrr.en die. Public attention was focused oo the problem by the trial of a working-class mother whose 17-year-old daughter underwent an abortion after being raped. Leading doctors arsd scientists appeared in court to defend the mother's decision to e.vj her daughter's She risk- ed five years in jail, but in tfris case the court was lenient and pronounced symbolic sentences. The verdict does not solve France's abortion scandal Ap- pearing for the defence, Profes- sor Paul Millies, a practising Catholic, courageously c o n- demned French social injust- ice which makes it possible for women with money to have ab- ortions easily uwter medical supervision, whOe tbe poor have to resort to clandestine means. He admitted that be himself had performed abortion in Ms youth on a working-daw mother of four who had been abandoned by her husband. Since then be had helped-other women to end their pregnancies for social reasons. The Health Minister, M. Jean Foyer, a fervent opponent of legalized abortion. "It's not my idea of social progress to pass on the vices of the rich to the he is repotted to have said recently. The Roman Catholic Church supports him and so do nation- alists like Defence Minister, M. Michel Debre, who fear an un- favorable effect en the French birthrate if abortion is easier. Whether the next Parliament win be prepared to face up to the problems of the death pen- alty and abortion is uncertain. So far their caution and con- servatism have proved to he stronger than pressure for form. And, above all, ive French governments havt lacked the courage to take tbt lead in favor of change. The Lethbridge Herald 7tiJ St S.f Let'nbndge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and P Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN No, QC12 of Ctnttoft trim tna mt Canadian Daily AroeJcfion ftw AutfH Burttu CLIO W. MOW! US, flftar ana PuttHMr THOMAS It ADAMS, DOH PILLINO WILLIAM HAY ES'rfsr Assecive Ctfitsf HOY VJLii K. ui Editor THE HEUID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;