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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 46

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuesday, December 17, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 15 Paunch residue turns into asset ompliments of the Season! By DR. BOB HIRONAKA Animal Nutritionist Lethbridge Research Station Necessity is often the mother of invention Faced with a constant cost of removing paunch residue and increasing pressure from environmental protection agencies on where to dump this waste, a packing plant in Lethbridge decided to try and turn this liability into a saleable feed Based on trials to date, it would appear that they have a winner Paunch residue is the partially digested feed in the rumen (paunch) of cat- tle at slaughter It is very moist, but it is high in vitamins and protein and is a reasonably good food source of energy The partially digested material is not suitable for feed However, after it is cooked at more than 300 degrees and dried, cattle and sheep learn to eat it when it is mixed with other feedstuffs In a trial with sheep at the Lethbridge Research Station we found that about 53 per cent of the dry matter was digestible and that it contained over 14 per cent protein Of the protein, 66 per cent was digestible Thus, the dried paunch residue was about equal to alfalfa hay in feeding value We noticed that sheep were reluctant to eat the dried paunch residue when it was their only feed The consumption was greatly increased when as little as 12 per cent of the diet was alfalfa cubes However, the proof of the pudding would be in its acceptance by cattle To test this, we fed mixtures af paunch residue and alfalfa cubes in ratios of 70- 30, 80-20, and 90-10 to three groups of eight yearling steers In a 28-day period to determine the acceptance of the paunch residue, the steers on the 70-30 diet con- sumed an average of 14 pounds of paunch residue and seven pounds of alfalfa cubes per day Those on the 80-20 diet consumed 15 pounds of paunch residue and four pounds of alfalfa cubes On the 90-10 diet, the average consumption was 12 pounds of paunch residue and 1 4 pounds of alfalfa cubes Although the main pur- pose of the trial was to determine if cattle would eat paunch residue, animal weights were also recorded during the 28-day feeding period The average daily gains by the steers were 1 26 and 0 93 pounds on the 70-30 and 80-20 diets Those on the 90- MERRY CHRISTMAS HAPPY NEW YEAR BUT IT IS NOT TOO EARLY TO ORDER YOUR 1975 BABY CHICKS You Get Your Choice of Dates By ORDERING NOWl Swifts' Broiler Built Meat Chicks Swifts Shaver 288 Pullets Swifts' Shaver Sex Sal Links and Swifts Nicholas White Turkeys SWIFT CANADIAN CO. LIMITED HATCHERY DEPT. 22412th Street N. Lethbridge, Alberta Phone 328-6439 or 328-7214 10 diet lost 0 23 pounds per day The difference in total feed intake and rate of gain between steers with 20 and 30 per cent alfalfa in their daet can be attributed to the difference in weight of alfalfa consumed Therefore, for maximum consumption, paunch residue should not exceed 80 per cent of the diet Based on our preliminary results, it appears that a way has been found to convert an industrial waste into a useful and saleable feed Lockwood 220 Electric Sprinkler Guaranteed spring Delivery! Rental Purchase Available! McCLEARY FARM IMPLEMENTS SUPPLY i 2636-2nd Ave. N., Lethbridge Phone 328-5374 firestone STORES Features state ch-issis w th d rect read channel ind cators The polystyrene C3bmet u. th walnut gra n ncludes a telescop ng antenna Includes 80 sol d chassis and sol d state UHF tuner albO direct read VHF UHF channel nd cators The polystyrene cabinet is n a wal nut gram finish 1 00% solid state chassis black rnatr x picture tube advanced One Touch color tunng w th customatic tint range lock and castorb Smart mediterranean console n pecan f nish with decorative hardware QA ns i 20 (185sq in Spectra Bnte I Picture Tube o Solid State Chass s and Tuners Advanced One Touch Color Tun ng Color and Tint Range Lock Automatic Fine Tunirg Control (AFC) Automatic Chroma Control (ACC) Polystyrene Cabinet in Walnut Gra n Soundesign STEREO SYSTEM with 8 TRACK AM FIV1 Ste fo rpre ver w th bu It i 8 trark rt.0 tipr ch rk volume incp id tr bU d ro itrols 1 spt Tmto mat c rpctrd chanqor wide ring speakers stereo headphonesind walnut venper finish mob !e stand w th shepherd 'ype castors USE OUR fircstonc CREDIT PLAN OR We make it easy CORNER 3rd AVE. 8th ST. S. Stores PHONE 327-8548 ;