Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Friday, December 17, 1971 Bruce Hutchison Unrealistic nationalism Polls do not reflect the opinion of the man in the street with 100 per cent accuracy but they are a useful guide in relating to policy-makers the pulse of public concern. Recently a Gallop Poll concerning Canada's position in regards to the United States economic policies showed that 59 per cent of those interviewed believe that the only method of surviving bad effects on our export trade is to develop business with other countries. They indicated they would even prefer a threat of a serious depression in order to remain an independent nation, to any union with the U.S. Only 19 per cent thought we should enter some form of economic union, accepting the possibility that our top manufacturers might have to move across the line. It's a good thing for both government and industry to be aware of the sentiments of the public concerning our national pride, but the rough facts of economic life remain unchanged and the government must deal with these. Canada has never been able to generate enough capital to build plants to provide sufficient jobs, and continues to depend on U.S. capital for assistance. But the Nixon administration's proposed bill to set up the Domestic International Sales Corporation might press Canadian officials to seek more financial investment from countries farther afield. Under the DISC bill there would be corporate tax incentives for U.S. companies with subsidiaries both abroad and in Canada to pull back to the U.S. and produce for world markets at their domestic plants. This would be a rough blow for Canada, as in some areas, particularly Ontario, a large proportion of the manufacturing plants are U.S. subsidiary companies. If these return to the U.S. as could happen, Ontario's position as a "have" province would be seriously impaired. Canada's dependency on U.S. investment is by no means new. For years it has been a boon to our pocket-books, while now it appears to be a blow to our pride. But we can't have it both ways. Canada needs foreign investment to continue its growth, and whether it comes from the U.S., or elsewhere is immaterial. Canada outgrew both French and British interests, it doubtless can survive American investment without either damaging our pride or our independence further. When the cat's away The old saw about what the mice do when the cat isn't around, is ringing in the ears of Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia these days. While President Tito was travelling around world capitals recently, students in Zagreb were demonstrating as the police passively looked on. The demonstration appeared to have the approval of the local Communist authorities. Croatia has always been a thorn in Tito's side, in spite of the fact that he is a Croatian himself. Nowadays the Croats are showing their discontent because they feel they contribute a large share of the Yugoslav economic pie, but receive only a morsel in return from the federal government in Belgrade. The first uprising which turned into an anti-Communist demonstration, has been followed by more of the same since Tito returned to Yugoslavia. The redoubtable aging president has been making preparations for several years now to provide for a collective leadership when he is no longer on the scene to run the show. But the very fact that uprisings of this nature are taking place while Marshal Tito is still very much around, are an ominous indication of things to come when he isn't there. Fragmentation of a nation which he has done so much to unify, is the Marshal's nightmare. It could become a reality in the near future. A resident correspondent of the London Observer, Lajos Lederer, says bluntly that the Yugoslav Communist party is disintegrating and that Tito himself is losing control. The only people who would cheer at this prospect are the Russians, who might very well pick up the pieces. Lord Goodman's defence By Jane Huckvale London Observer has published a lengthy letter by Lord Goodman, the man who laid the ground work for the proposed British independence agreement with Rhodesia. Lord Goodman's defence of the agreement which has been labelled a sell - out by many commentators, is a powerful one - fust because he is able to circumvent the more difficult and less understood clauses and bring them down to direct terms Which the public can more readily understand, and second, because he admits unequivocally that the Rhodesian African was sold out long ago, not simply since the terms of settlement. He castigates the British colonial administrations in no uncertain terms saying that "notwithstanding our reserved powers (we) accepted discriminatory legislation against the black man; proffered constitutions that entrenched discrimination at least to its then point of development, and ultimately remained infirm and supine at the seizure of power by a handful of desperate men determined to assert the black man wxild never be fit to rule." The "desperate T.en" of course are Mr. Smith's government who now command a military force of some 70,000, plus a police force, mainly African, who, Lord Goodman believes are wholly loyal to the regime. Further, says Lo>rd Goodman there is no hope of outside assistance in a possible African insurrection. He also says that the tribal chiefs are loyal to the present structure and that they and their people will prefer to go along with it, rather than to risk wide-scale protest which would cause bloodshed, chaos and upheaval bound to set the whole country back-instead of forward. He feels assured that apartheid, towards which Rhodesia was headed, has now been prevented, and that the country will eventually be ruled by the majority. How long will that take? Lord Goodman doesn't know. As for the loopholes, Lord Goodman does not claim to be Mr. Smith's guarantor of good faith. But, he says if Mr. Smith or his successors "betray the agreement the consequences will be on their heads and on the heads of their many innocent fellow countrymen. "The African will, I feel sure," he says, "regard such a betrayal as the grossest provocation he has yet received. The Europeans will then recognize that their survival in Rhodesia can be only as long as they can maintain themselves by terrified vigilance and dwindling force." No one, except those of hopelessly entrenched views, believes that the proposed Rhodesian settlement is a conscious and deliberate betrayal of the African cause. It is impossible, on reading Lord Goodman's spirited, yet qualified, defence to believe that he is insincere. But when he says that African mass opinion is to be gauged by mass meetings held in the tribal areas at a system of public meetings controlled by chiefs who are "loyal to the regime" can we believe that this is a true and honest method of arriving at the conclusion? He admits that almost without exception, Africans are qualified to form a considered individual opinion. Then what is the matter with a secret referendum which would allow them to do just that? And why are the African nationalist leaders still kept behind bars? The answer is obvious. Sanctions were beginning to bite very hard immediately prior to Sir Alec's agreement to the proposed settlement. A few years more and they could have been much more effective in which case Mr. Smith would be forced to accept more realistic terms. At least that is what some people think. There is room for argument. It is certain that the Security Council will not abandon sanctions until a fairer arrangement by which to gauge opinion of all Rhodesians, black and white, is arrived at. In spite of Lord Goodman's conviction that the Rhodesian settlement is not a sell-out, but the best deal that could be arrived at under existing circumstances, it's still not good enough. Dressing in the dark By Doug Walker TVOW that we have to depart for work before sunrise a new hazard has intruded upon my existence: having to dress in the dark. It is necessary because of my solicitousness for 'sleeping beauty' - my wife - who doesn't rouse herself until some undisclosed time after the house is emptied of the rest of us. Mid-way through one morning, after I had taken off my jacket and circulated through the newsroom and back shop, 1 made the discovery that my pull-on shirt was on backwards. This necessitated a discreet visit to the mens' roorrr where in the privacy of a cubicle I reversed the shirt. Such a catastrophe would not have occurred if my fashion-conscious family would abandon me to the wearing of those antediluvian shirts with buttons down the front. Dull of wit though I may be in the pre-dawn, 1 am not likely to try to button up backwards. Earthlings up to no good these days AFTER its recent tour of the solar system, the flying saucer from outer space returned to its home port with alarming news. As the captain of this expedition reported to the Grand Council, everything seemed to be normal on the other planets but mysterious events were under way on a speck of cosmic matter known as the earth. "The earthlings," said the captain, "are obviously up to something dangerous. They call it Christmas, an ancient festival of religion, peace and goodwill. Or so they say. But that didn't fool us for a moment when most of their energies are devoted to military preparations, which they can well afford. "They're so rich, in fact, that two of their most affluent states on a continent called Asia are celebrating Christmas with a major war to demonstrate their superiority over the corrupt and decadent states of the West." "This doesn't make much sense," the president of the council remarked. "Not to us spacemen,' perhaps," said the captain, "but unfortunately our civilization and thought processes lag far behind those of the earth. No, some subtle logic is at work, beyond our understanding. We could guess that much from the earthlings' secret password. "Everywhere we went they were muttering over and over again two sinister words that sounded like Merry Christmas. But since we could find no one who was in the least merry, except a few Eskimos in their houses of ice, we realized at once that the password had aH-other meaning which we couldn't decipher." "All, that's indeed sinister, the president agreed. "Yes, and something else puzzled us,' the captain admitted. "All the earthlings told us that Christmas had once been a. season of simple pleasure, even a mystical idea, with certain quaint, rather charming legends. They actually used to enjoy it, but all that has changed. Christmas, they said, has become a vast commercial transaction, a competition in the exchange of ever more expensive gifts, a pagan status symbol, enjoyed only by small children. "This explanation, too, is clearly a subterfuge to fool us. No sane living creature could be as prod i g a 1, discontented and desperate as the earthlings pretend to be in their weird feast of the winter solstice." "Possibly," the presi dent suggested, "they're crazy." "We thought of that,' the captain replied, "but it won't do. Madness on such a scale, and at such financial cost, is impossible. No, they're quite sane, perfectly governed, coldly realistic, strictly rational. They all said so. "Take, for instance, their most popular myth. They pretend that the earth's natural wealth is being depleted by excessive use, over - population and pollution. If that were tree why would they be using more resources, creating more earthlings, and spilling more poison into the air and ocean every day? "Why would they worship with such ardent enthusiasm and sincere faith their grim trinity of gods called the GNP, the Standard of Living and Economic Growth? We couldn't interpret these peculiar sacraments and the earthlings themselves didn't seem to understand them very well, either. So they tried to hide their confusion under the myth of an innocent - looking figure, with a false white beard, called Santa Claus. Everyone denies any belief in his existence but that also is a diabolically clever trick when the financial and economic policies of all their governments are based on the myth and carry the trade mark of Santa Claus." "The thing is baffling," said the president. "Or again,' the captain went on, "how could anyone accept their pretence that the richest and most divided of their na- BERRY'S WORLD 1*71 W NlA,1�c 'It's spooky, ya know, when ya stop an' think"we're 16 now. In a few more years we could be mayors of e'rtiesl" c 1OT1 tj NEA, lue, "Do you think we've been standing around out here long enough so that people will think we're 'lot real' around the lodge this even/nj?" tions - oddly named the United States - is nearly bankrupt when its income rises statistically year after year and at Christmas there are three turkeys in every pot and a hangover in every household? "Even more extraordinary is the situation next door in a nation called Canada.' There the inhabitants have more natural resources and enjoy a more fortunate life than any people on the earth. Yet they complain of their grinding poverty, their government, their neighbors, their dismal future and themselves. "And in a macabre native joke they bewail their lack of national identity though all the" other earthlings envy their unique good luck and try to imitate it. This collective inferiority complex is designed, of course, to cloak some ominous strategy which the Canadians share among themselves. "Why, even the skeptical Americans and their tough-minded leader are deceived when the Canadian emtperor promises that Canada will not invade and take over the United States. Those Canadians are fiends incarnate. We must watch them." "I agree," said the president. "But how can we protect ourselves? The earthlings must have solved all the problems of their own planet or they wouldn't be shooting rockets, weapons and men into space, probing closer to our territory all the time. They wouldn't be spending such enormous sums of money if poverty or any other serious trouble existed on the earth. They wouldn't be saying Merry Christmas unless they had something to be merry about. "It's quite obvious," the president concluded, "that they intend to conquer us. And when I hear that two members of their supposedly gentle female sex are the earth's leading warriors, frankly I see no chance of escape." "Well, we shall have a brief reprieve anyhow," said the captain. "The earthlings will be paralyzed, harmless and broke until they recover from their mid-winter mania.' (Herald Special Service) Maurice Western Should not exaggerate Trudeau-Nixon relations /"OTTAWA: The prime minis-ter's rather breath less comments at a Washington news conference and his more restrained report to the House of Commons on the talks with Mr. Nixon have been greeted with some derision by critics inside and outside Parliament. Faced with such questions as those framed by Mr. Trudeau, what other responses could possibly have been expected from an American president? But, while the "fantastically new statement" may not be fantastically important, it is possibly of very considerable significance that Mr. Trudeau felt a compulsion to pose the questions. It may, for rather different reasons, be significant that he came away from the meeting genuinely reassured by Mr. Nixon's answers, even though he had nothing to show by way of tangible gains from the negotiations. Mr. Trudeau, as he has frequently demonstrated, is a most unusual prime minister. He is distinguished, it seems to me, by certain logical habits of mind which set him apart from any of his predecessors. He appears to prefer a sort of clean slate approach to problems, one which takes nothing for granted. Thus we began with a public debate on foreign policy leading to an extraordinary white paper; extraordinary because it was thought necessary to begin with a tabula rasa on which was afterwards written such basic questions as, why have a foreign policy? What in the broadest sense are our national aims? Should external activities be directly related to national policies pursued within Canada? While this curiously academic exercise was in progress, NATO was in crisis and Europe, following the Soyiet occupation of Prague, desperately attempting to read the meaning of the Brezhnev doctrine. It seems true also, in approaching a problem, Mr. Trudeau feels bound to take into consideration every conceivable hypothesis, including some which would seem preposterous to many people. This is intellectual honesty of a high order. The consequences may, however, be disconcerting, even damaging, for the prime minister also has a habit of thinking out loud: of propounding questions with no very clear indication of how much importance he attached to them and some- times, as a labor leader lately observed, of playing a devil's advocate role in various discussions. The point is that Mr. Trudeau (and Mr. Sharp) have for some time been hinting at a possible and very gloomy interpretation of American policies. This is tuat the U.S. administration might be deliberately attempting to impose a permanent trade deficit on this country to further an aim of buying up resources and enterprise and turning Canada into an economic colony. It has been difficult from the prime minister's various statements to judge how seriously he took this Marxist - type hypothesis. Evidently Mr. Trudeau was very serious; the suspicion in his mind deep - seated. It may have been there for a long time. It would, for example, help to explain his controversial statements in the Soviet Union - long before the Nixon measures - about the "overpowering presence" and the Doc Welby By Don Oakley, NEA service rpHERE'S such a thing as too good an image. It's reported that some doctors are annoyed by the popularity of the nation's most familiar family doctor, Marcus Welby, M.D., who first gained fame as a movie actor named Robert Young. It seems that having watched Doc Welby's bedside manner on television, his intense empathy with his patients - yea, his willingness to make house calls even - a lot of people are beginning to expect the same sort of impractical behavior from their own doctors. They didn't get away with that stuff when surly Ben Casey was around. In the meantime, when the 23rd annual convention of the Amer* ican Academy of General Practice got under way in Miami Beach, one of the first orders of business was to vote on a proposed amendment to change the name to The American Academy of Family Physicians. And guess whose picture was on the cover of the official AAGP program, hands professionally drapped in the pockets of his white coat, stethoscope around Ms neck? Marcus Welby, of course. consequent "danger to our national identity from a cultural, economic and perhaps even military point of view." The idea of a Washington meeting was not Mr. Trudeau's it was Robert Stanfield's. But the nature of the conversations, as reported by the prime minister, perplexed Mr. Stanfield and many other people. This may have been because Mr. Trudeau, with such a burden on his mind, was seeking reassurance which another political leader would not have regarded as particularly relevant in the circumstances. In any case, the prime minister met Mr. Nixon and was much impressed. This is not surprising; the popular notion of the U.S. president does not accord at ail with what one heai-s of him from diplomats -including some from countries very critical of American foreign policies. Mr. Trudeau obtained more than the reassurance he sought; he also convinced himself that he had been wrong in an earlier view that the U.S. government neither knows nor cares what is happening to Canada as a result of its new economic program. From this standpoint, the visit may well prove important. It may, by breaking through barriers of suspicion, have opened a road to more meaningful negotiations about the important specifics which concern Edgar Benson and Jean-Luc Pepin. There is another and less encouraging interpretation which is being placed on the Washington trip. For a long time, and more intensively in recent weeks, the cabinet has been debating a policy on foreign investment. On the evidence of the Gray paper, ministers are considering a screening agency which would be another instrument (along with the CDC and the Competitive Practices Tribunal) for controlling and directing the flow of funds in accordance with the government's notions of our national needs. One objection to such a policy is that it would be damaging to our relations with the United States, the source of most foreign capital flowing into Canada. Mr. Trudeau is now in a position to dismiss this argument by pointing to Mr. Nixon's specific recognition of Canada's right to take or not to take foreign capital; to decide the matter in relation to our own policies and requirements. No president has ever denied this right; if he did he would be inviting attack by critics in the United States. Nevertheless, the assurance from Mr. Nixon is doubtless of some value from the standpoint of political controversy in Canada. The trouble is that it does not, in reality, meet the objection. Mr. Trudeau's relations with Mr. Nixon, though important, are only one factor in the extremely complex network of relationships involving the two countries. Canada's legal right to discriminate in these matters involving capital inflows cannot relieve us of the consequences of discrimination. Business interests adversely affected by the operations of a screening agency with vast discretionary powers are not likely to suffer in silence. They will be heard by the senators and congressmen who make the laws of the United States, sometimes with inadequate regard for the wishes of the incumbent administration. Mr. Pepin is busily putting together a package of Canadian irritations with which to counter the grievances against Canada being advanced by the United States. It would have been possible at any time over the past 20 years to make up such a package and examination would probably have shown that the source of most of them was the Congress, not the administration. For example, it Is the Congress which tacks buy American riders on to innocent bills. It is the Congress which deals with anti-dumping laws or prescribes valuations. It was the Congress which wrote Publio Law 480, the statute dealing with' "give - aways" so unfavorably remembered by western farmers. If Canada develops a bad image in the United States, it seems unlikely that our interests will be sympathetically regarded by U.S. legislators or even by the administration, despite Mr. Nixon's frank, but certainly not surprising, recognition of our legal rights. This is the problem and it cannot be conjured away by presidential reassurances, however useful they be to our government in Canadian political controversies. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through The Herald 1911 - A Raymond, building commonly known as the knitting factory, has been renovated and turned into a play house. The play house, remodeled by a group called "The Alta Music Co Ltd.", will make posible a series of entertainment features different from what Raymond has had before. 1921 - Abolition of the present system of school taxation and control by local trustees and substitution of a general plan of municipal school boards will be urged on the government as the result of a resolu- tion passed at the convention of the Alberta rural municipalities. 1931 - The gravelling contract for the shortest highway route from Calgary to Leth-bridge, with Vulcan at the midpoint, has been awarded. It is provided that at least 60 per cent of the labor will be local. 1941 - Canada's system of keeping part of soldier's pay for after the war was praised in the House of Commons in London today. 1951 - Four $25 scholarships will be awarded to city high school students by the "Y" Teen Club of Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press ana tne Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"