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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Friday, December 17, 1971 Bruce Hutchison Ui I rea I istic 1 la tiona lism Polls do not rel'lecl the opinion of the man in the street with 100 per cent accuracy but they are a useful guide in relating to "policy-makers the pulse of public concern. Recently a Gallop Poll concerning Canada's position in regards to the United States economic policies showed that 59 per cent of those interviewed believe that the only method of surviving bad effects on our export trade is to develop business with other countries. They indicated tliey would even prefer a threat of a serious depression in order to remain an independent nation, to any union with the U.S. Only 19 per cent "thought we should enter some form of economic union, accepting the possibility that our top manufacturers might have to move across the line. It's a good thing for both government and industry to be aware of the sentiments of the public concerning our national pride, but the rough facts of economic life remain unchanged and the government must deal with these. Canada has never been able to generate enough capital to build plants to provide sufficient jobs, and continues to depend on U.S. capital for assistance. But the Nixon administration's proposed bill to set up the Domestic Intemational Sales Coi-poration might press Canadian officials to seek more financial investment from countries farther afield. Under the DISC bill there would be corporate tax incentives for U.S. companies with subsidiaries both abroad and in Canada to pull back to the U.S. and produce for world markets at their domestic plants. This would be a rough blow for Canada, as in some areas, particularly Ontario, a large proportion of the manufacturing plants are U.S. subsidiary companies. If these return to the U.S. as could happen, Ontario's position as a "have" province would 136 seriously impaired. Canada's dependency on U.S. investment is by no means new. For years it has been a boon to our pocket-books, while now it appears to be a blow to our pride. But we can't have it both ways. Canada needs foreign investment to continue its growth, and whether it comes from the U.S., or elsewhere is immaterial. Canada outgrew both French and British interests, it doubtless can survive American investment without either damaging our pride or our independence further. When the cat's aimy Tlie old saw about what the mice do when the cat isn't around, is ringing in the eai's of Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia these days. VV h i 1 e President Tito was travelling around world capitals recently, students in Zagreb were demonstrating as the police passively looked on. The demonstration appeared to have the approval of the local ConruTnunist authorities. Croatia has always been a thorn in Tito's side, in spite of the fact that he is a Croatian himself. Nowadays the Croats are showing their discontent because they feel they contribute a large share of the Yugoslav economic pie, but receive only a morsel in return from the federal government in Belgrade. The first uprising which turned into an anti-Communist demonstration, has been followed by more of the same since Tito returned to Yugoslavia. The redoubtable aging president has been making preparations for several years now to provide for a collective leadership when he is no longer on the scene to run the show. But the very fact that uprisings of this nature are taking place while Marshal Tito is still very much around, are an ominous indication of things to come when he isn't there. Fragmentation of a nation which he has done so much to unify, is the Marshal's nightmare. It could become a reality in the near future. A resident correspondent of the London Observer, Lajos Lederer, says bluntly that the Yugoslav Communist party is disintegrating and that Tito himself is losing control. The only people who would cheer at this prospect are the Russians, who might very well pick up the pieces. Lord Goodmaiis defence By Jane Hiickvale T^HE London Observer has published a lengthy letter by Lord Goodman, the man who laid the ground work for the proposed British independence agreement with Rhodesia. Lord Goodman's defence of the aigreement which has been labelled a sell - out by many commenta.tors, is a powerful one - fii'st because he is able to circumvent the more difficult and less understood clauses and bring then: down to direct terms which the public can more readily understand, and second, because he admits unequivocally that the Rhodesian African was sold out long ago, not simply since the terms of settlement. He castigates the British colonial administrations in no uncertain terms saying that "notwithstanding our reserved powers (we) accepted discriminatory legislation against the black man; proffered constitutions that entrenched discrimination at least to its then point of development, and ultimately remained infirm and supine at the seizure of power by a handful of desperate men detennined to assert the black man v/Md never be fit to rule." The "desperate T.en" of course are Mr. Smith's government who now command a military foi-ce of some 70,000, plus a police force, mainly African, who, Lord Goodman believes are wholly loyal to the regime. Further, says Lord Goodman thei'e is no hope of outside assistance in a possible African insurrection. He also says that the tribal chiefs are loyal to the present structure and that they and their people will prefer to go along with it, rather than to risk wide-scale protest which would cause bloodshed, chaos and upheaval bound to set the whole country back-instead of forward. He feels assured that apartheid, towards which Rhodesia was headed, has now been prevented, and that the country will eventually Ix! niled by the majority. How long will that take? Lord Goodman doesn't know. As for the loopl?oles, Lord Goodman does not claim to be Mr. Smith's guarantoi- of good faith. But, he says if Mr. Smith or his successors "betray tlie agreement the consequences will be on their heads and on the heads of their many innocent fellow countrymen. "The African will, I feel sure," he says, "regard such a betrayal as the grossest provocation he has yet re-ceivetl. The Europeans ^vill then recognize that their sui-vival in Rhodesia can be only as long as they can m.aintain themselves by terrified vigilance and dwindling force." No one, except those of hopelessly entrenched views, believes that the proposed Rhodesian settlement is a conscious and deliberate betrayal of the African cause. It is impossible, on reading Lord Goodman's spirited, yet qualified, defence to believe that he is insincere. But when he says that African mass opinion is to be gauged by mass meetings held in the tribal areas at a system of public meetings controlled by chiefs who are "loyal to the regime" can we believe that this is a true and honest mettod of arriving at the conclusion? He admits that almost without exception, Africans are qualified to form a considered individual opinion. Then what is tlie matter vitii a secret referendum which would allow them to do just that? And why are the African nationalist leaders still kept behind bars? The answer is obvious. Sanctions were beginning to bite very hard immediately prior to Sir Alec's agreement to the proposed settlement. A few years more and they could have been much more effective in which case Mr. Smith would be forced to accept more realistic terms. At least that is what some people think. There is room for argument. It is certain that the Security Cotmcil \\-ill not abandon sanctions until a fauer a.n-angenient by which to gauge opinion of all Rhodesians, black and wliite, is arrived at. In spite of Lord Goodman's conviction that the Rhodesian settlement is not a sell-out, but the best deal that could be arrived at under existing circumstances, it's still not good enough. Dressing in the dark By Doug Walker TVOW that we have to depart for work before sunrise a new hazard has m-truded upon my existence: having to dress in the dark. It Ls necessary because of my solicitousness for 'sleeping beauty' - my wife - who doesn't rouse herself until some undisclosed time after the house is emptied of the rest of us. Mid-way through one morning, after I had taken off my jacket and circulated through (Jie newsroom and back shop, 1 made the discovery tliat my pull-on shirt was on backwards. This necessitated a discreet visit to the mens' room' where in the privacy of a cubicle I reversed the shii-t. Such a catastrophe would not have oc-cuiTcd if my fashion-conscious family would abandon me to the wearing of those antediluvian shirts with buttons i\o\m the front. Dull of wit though I may be in the pre-